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Part of a series on
Hindu scriptures

Aum

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Samhita · Brahmana · Aranyaka · Upanishad

Aitareya · Brihadaranyaka · Isha · Taittiriya · Chandogya · Kena · Maitri · Mundaka · Mandukya · Katha · Kaushitaki · Prashna · Shvetashvatara

Shiksha · Chandas · Vyakarana · Nirukta · Jyotisha · Kalpa

Mahabharata · Ramayana

Other scriptures

Smriti · Śruti · Bhagavad Gita · Purana · Manu Smriti · Agama · Pancharatra · Tantra · Akilathirattu · Sūtra · Stotra · Dharmashastra · Divya Prabandha · Tevaram · Ramacharitamanas ·
Yoga Vasistha


The following is a bibliography of Hindu scriptures and texts. Hinduism is based on "the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by different persons in different times."[1] The scriptures were transmitted orally, in verse form to aid memorization, for many centuries before they were written down.[2][3] While many of these texts are in Sanskrit, several others have been composed in, or translated into other Indian languages.

This selected list gives a brief description of Hindu scriptures or related concepts and links to the relevant article. It also has a selected list of religious scholars who translated or wrote commentaries on Hindu scriptures.

Contents

A

  • Agama - important smriti scriptures. Different denominations understand this term in different ways.

B

C

Chandas - (छंदः), the study of Vedic meter, is one of the six Vedanga disciplines, or "organs of the vedas. Chandogya Upanishad - is associated with the Samaveda. It figures as number 9 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. It is part of the Chandogya Brahmana, which has ten chapters.

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

  • Jātaka (जातक): The Jataka is a voluminous body of folklore and mythic literature, primarily associated with the Theravada Buddhist tradition, as written in the Pali language (from about the 3rd century, C.E.); The story of Rama is told in one of Jātakas.[5]

K

  • Kamba Ramayanam (கம்ப இராமாயணம்): 12th century Tamil version of Ramayana.

L

M

  • Mahābhārata (महाभारत): One of the two major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the other being the Ramayana. The Mahabharata is of religious and philosophical importance in India; in particular, the Bhagavad Gita, which is one of its chapters (Bhishmaparva) and a sacred text of Hinduism.
  • Manu Smriti (मनुस्मृति) : The Manusmriti translated Laws of Manu is regarded as an important work of Hindu law and ancient Indian society. Manu was the forefather of all humans and author of Manu Smriti. Certain historians believe it to have been written down around 200 C.E. under the reign of Pushymitra Sunga of Sangha clan, who is alleged to have persecuted many Buddhists, to regulate a code of conduct consolidating Hinduism.

N

O

P

  • Purāṇa (पुराण): Purana meaning "ancient" or "old" is the name of a genre (or a group of related genres) of Indian written literature (as distinct from oral literature). Its general themes are history, tradition and religion. It is usually written in the form of stories related by one person to another.

Q

R

  • Ṝgveda (ऋग्वेद): The Rigveda is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns counted as the holiest of the four religious texts of Hindus, known as the Vedas.
  • Rudrayamala Tantra

S

  • Sahasranama - a book containing a list of names of deities
  • Sūtra (सूत्र): Sūtra refers to an aphorism or a collection of such aphorisms in the form of a book or text. 'Sutras' form a school of Vedic study, related to and somewhat later than the Upanishads.

T

  • Tantras (तंत्र): The esoteric Hindu traditions of rituals and yoga. Tantra can be summarised as a family of voluntary rituals modeled on those of the Vedas, together with their attendant texts and lineages.

U

V

  • Veda (वेद): Collectively refers to a corpus of ancient Indo-Aryan religious literature that are considered by adherents of Hinduism to be Śruti or revealed knowledge.
  • Vijnana Bhairava Tantra - a teaching where Bhairavi (Parvati) asks Bhairava (Lord Shiva) to reveal the essence of the way one has to tread on the path to the realization of the highest reality – the state of Bhairava.

Y

Z

Commentators and scholars

  • Kumārila Bhaṭṭa: (कुमारिल भट्ट): Philosopher and Mimamsa scholar. He is famous for many of his seminal theses on Mimamsa, such as Mimamsaslokavarttika. Bhatta was an staunch believer in the supreme validity of Vedic injunction, a great champion of Purva-Mimamsa and a confirmed ritualist.

References

  1. ^ Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda Vol III. 118-120; Vol. I. 6-7.
  2. ^ Sargeant, Winthrop, Introduction to The Bhagavad Gita at 3 (New York, 1984) ISBN 0-87395-831-4
  3. ^ Swami Nikhilananda, The Upanishads: A New Translation Vol. I, at 3 (5th Ed. 1990) ISBN 0-911206-15-9
  4. ^ Swarupananda, Swami (1909). "Foreword". Bhagavad Gita. Advaita Ashrama. pp. i-ii. http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/sbg/sbg03.htm. 
  5. ^ Richman, Paula (2001). Questioning Ramayanas. University of California Press. p. 1. http://books.google.com/books?id=7RW6MrAiJ-0C&pg=PA1. 
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