The Full Wiki

List of Hungarian rulers: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on List of Hungarian rulers

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

(Redirected to List of rulers of Hungary article)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a List of rulers of Hungary, which includes the grand princes (895-1000), the kings (1000-1918), and regent Miklós Horthy (1920-1944).

For a list of presidents until present day, see List of heads of state of Hungary.

Contents

Timeline

Leaders of Hungary

House of Árpad

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
HetVezer-ChroniconPictum.jpg High Prince Álmos c.858 c.895 The first Hungarian leader, and father of Árpád. He strengthened the alliance between the other six Magyar tribal leaders.
Nte-kir-arpad.jpg Árpád c.895 c.907 Led the Magyars into Central Europe around 896.[1] According to the dual system of rulership (similar to the Khazars), he was the actual leader with Kurszán as religious head.

Grand princes of Hungary

House of Árpad

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
The rulers of the first half of the 10th century are often disputed, as the Hungarian nation consisted of several tribes led by various leaders. The most frequently proposed are:
Szabolcs c.907  ?
Tarhos c.907 c.922
Solt in Solt.JPG Zoltán c.907 c.947 Also known as Zaltas. The youngest (fifth) son of Árpád, and Third Grand Prince of the Hungarians (Magyars).
Fajsz Fajsz.jpg Fajsz c.947 c.955 Also known as Fali or Falicsi. Son of Jutocsa (Jutas) the third son of Árpád.
Taksony KK.jpg Taksony c.955 c.972 Son of Zoltán (Zaltas)  
Geza-ChroniconPictum.jpg Géza c.972 997 Son of Taksony  
StefanIHongarije.jpeg Stephen I
(Szent István)
997 1000 Son of Géza. Last Grand Prince.

Kings of Hungary

House of Árpad

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
StefanIHongarije.jpeg Stephen I
(Szent István)
1000 15 August 1038 Son of Géza. Proclaimed the first King of Hungary.
Dynastic struggle 1038–1046
Chronicon Pictum P053 Péter és III Henrik.JPG Peter Orseolo
(Orseolo Péter)
15 August 1038 1041 Also known as Peter I the Venetian. Grandson of Géza. Dethroned.
Sámuel Aba.jpg Samuel Aba (Aba Sámuel) 1041 5 July 1044 Leader of the Kabar tribe. Married Géza's daughter Gizella.
Chronicon Pictum P053 Péter és III Henrik.JPG Peter Orseolo 1044 1046 Reinstated, but dethroned again.
Vatha pagan rising 1046-1047
Nte-kir-1andras.jpg Andrew I (András) 1047 1061 Árpád dynasty restored
Nte-kir-1bela.jpg Béla I (Béla) 1061 August 1063 brother of Andrew I
Weber Salamon a börtönben.jpg Solomon (Salamon) August 1063 28 October 1074 son of Andrew I
Géza I.jpg Géza I 28 October 1074 25 April 1077 son of Béla I
King St. Ladislaus.jpg St. Ladislaus (Szent László) 25 April 1077 29 July 1095 son of Béla I
Kálmán Thuróczy.jpg Coloman (Könyves Kálmán) 29 July 1095 3 February 1116 son of Géza I.
Stefan II węgierski.jpg Stephen II 3 February 1116 3 April 1131 Son of Kálmán
II Bela KK.jpg Béla II the Blind (Vak Béla) 3 April 1131 13 February 1141 grandson of Géza I., son of Álmos, Kálmán's executed younger brother
Géza II.jpg Géza II 13 February 1141 31 May 1162 son of Béla II
III Istvan koronazasa KK.jpg Stephen III 31 May 1162 4 March 1172 son of Géza II
Chronicon Pictum P121 A korona elrablása.JPG Ladislaus II 31 May 1162 14 January 1163 rebel anti-king, younger brother of Géza II.
Stephen IV of Hungary.jpg Stephen IV 14 January 1163 June 1163 rebel anti-king, younger brother of Géza II.
III Bela.png Béla III 4 March 1172 13 April 1196 younger brother of Stephen III.
Emeric of Hungary.jpg Emeric (Imre) 13 April 1196 30 November 1204 son of Béla III.
III.László.jpg Ladislaus III 30 November 1204 7 May 1205 son of Imre, crowned and died as a child
IIAndrás.jpg Andrew II 7 May 1205 21 September 1235 brother of Imre
Kk ivb.jpg Béla IV 14 October 1235 3 May 1270 son of Andrew II., the "second founder" after the First Mongol invasion (1241-42)
V Istvan koronazasa.jpg Stephen V 3 May 1270 6 August 1272 son of Béla IV.
Kun L szl Thuroczy.jpg Ladislaus IV the Cuman (Kun László) 6 August 1272 10 July 1290 son of Steven V.; unsuccessful Mongol invasion; lived with the nomad cuman tribes
III Andras Thuroczy.jpg Andrew III 4 August 1290 14 January 1301 grandson of Andrew II., born in Venice last of the Árpád dynasty
Advertisements

Kings of different houses

Přemyslid Dynasty

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Wenzel3.jpg Wenceslaus of Bohemia 1301 1305 King of Bohemia, elected as King of Hungary but not universally recognized

House of Wittelsbach

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Ota3 Thurocsi.jpg Otto of Bavaria (Béla V) 6 December 1305 1308 Duke of Lower Bavaria as Otto III , was not universally recognized

House of Anjou

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Chronicon Pictum I Karoly Robert.jpg Charles I (I. Károly) 20 August 1310 16 July 1342 established the Angevin dynasty in Hungary.
Ludwik Wegierski.jpg Louis I the Great(Nagy Lajos) 16 July 1342 11 September 1382 also became King of Poland (1370)
Mária Thuróczy.jpg Mary I (I. Mária) 11 September 1382 17 May 1395 married Sigismund of Luxemburg
Charles III of Naples (head).jpg Charles II the Small(Kis Károly) 31 December 1385 24 February 1386 also King of Naples, in opposition to Mary

House of Luxembourg

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Albrecht Dürer 082.jpg Sigismund I (Zsigmond) 31 March 1387 9 December 1437 later also Roman-German King (since 1410), King of Bohemia (since 1419), Holy Roman Emperor (since 1433)

House of Habsburg

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Albrecht II. von Habsburg.jpg Albert I 1 January 1438 27 October 1439 son-in-law of Sigismund, also Roman-German King, King of Bohemia, Duke of Austria
Kingship disputed between Vladislaus I and Ladislaus Posthumus

House of Jagiellon

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Wladyslaw Warnenczyk.jpg Vladislaus I 15 May 1440 10 November 1444 also King of Poland

House of Habsburg

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Ladislas the Posthumous 001.jpg Ladislaus V the Posthumus 15 May 1440 23 November 1457 born in 1440 after his father's death, spent most of his life in captivity.

House of Hunyadi

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Iancu Hunedoara.jpg John Hunyadi (Hunyadi János) 1446 1453 ruled as regent. Fought with great success against the Ottomans
Matthias Corvinus.jpg Matthias I Corvinus (Corvin Mátyás or Hunyadi Mátyás) 24 January 1458 6 April 1490 son of John Hunyadi, also King of Bohemia

House of Jagiellon

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary.jpg Vladislaus II 15 July 1490 13 May 1516 also King of Bohemia
Louis2.jpg Louis II 13 May 1516 29 August 1526 also King of Bohemia; killed in the Battle of Mohács

Habsburg Dynasty

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Kingship disputed between Ferdinand of Austria and John Zápolya during the Ottoman invasion
Hans Bocksberger der Aeltere 001.jpg Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (Ferdinánd) 16 December 1526 25 July 1564 claimed the throne according the agreement between the House of Jagiellon and the House of Habsburg

House of Szapolyai

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Szapolyai János fametszet.jpg János Szapolyai (Szapolyai János) 10 November 1526 22 July 1540 Also claimed the throne, with support of Hungarian nobles and later the Ottoman Sultan.
John II Sigismund.jpg John II Sigismund Szapolyai (Szapolyai János Zsigmond) 22 July 1540 16 August 1570 son of János Szapolyai, but renounced his royal claim in 1570 in favour of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Hungary was effectively split into three parts: Royal Hungary in the north and west, Ottoman Hungary in the south, and the Principality of Transylvania in the east. The following, until 1699, gives the rulers of "Royal Hungary".

Habsburg Dynasty

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Nicolas Neufchâtel 002.jpg Maximilian (I. Miksa) 8 September 1563 12 October 1576  
Joseph Heintz d. Ä. 002.jpg Rudolf I 25 September 1572 26 June 1608  
Lucas van Valckenborch 003.jpg Matthias II (II. Mátyás) 26 June 1608 20 March 1619  
Ferdinand II with insignia.jpg Ferdinand II 1 July 1618 15 February 1637  
Frans Luycx 002.jpg Ferdinand III 8 December 1625 2 April 1657  
Jan van den Hoecke 002.jpg Ferdinand IV 16 June 1647 9 July 1654  
Benjamin von Block 001.jpg Leopold I (I. Lipót) 27 June 1655 5 May 1705 Habsburgs began colonization of Serbs (1690) and Germans (1682–1699) in Southern Hungary.
Hungary reunited under Habsburg rule after the Great Turkish War in 1699.
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor.jpg Joseph I (I. József) 9 December 1687 17 April 1711  
Portrait of Charles III of Habsburg.jpg Charles III (III. Károly) 11 April 1711 20 October 1740 Large scale German settlements in Hungary begin (1720–1800).
Kaiserin Maria Theresia (HRR).jpg Maria II Theresa (II. Mária Terézia) 20 October 1740 29 November 1780 Enjoyed broad support of Hungarian nobles;

Habsburg-Lorraine Dynasty

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Anton von Maron 006.png Joseph II
(II. József)
29 November 1780 20 February 1790  
Leopold II.jpg Leopold II
(II. Lipót)
20 February 1790 1 March 1792  
FranciscusII.png Francis II
(I. Ferenc)
1 March 1792 2 March 1835  
Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg Ferdinand V
2 March 1835 2 December 1848 Being epileptic and mentally ill, abdicated in favour of his nephew, Franz Joseph (son of his younger brother Franz Karl). Died in 1875.
Franz Joseph, circa 1915.JPG Franz Joseph I
(I. Ferenc József)
2 December 1848 21 November 1916 later regained the rule with Russian help in 1849. Crowned in 1867.
Emperor karl of austria-hungary 1917.png Charles IV
21 November 1916 16 November 1918 Reigned until 1918, when he "renounced participation" in state affairs, but did not abdicate. He spent the remaining years of his life attempting to restore the monarchy until his death in 1922.

Regency (1920-1944) and Dissolution (1946)

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Horthy the regent.jpg Miklós Horthy 1 March 1920 3 November 1944 Navy admiral Horthy officially 'represented' the defunct Hungarian monarchy despite Charles I of Austria's attempts to retake the throne of Hungary. The state was effectively a "kingdom without a king". Dethronization of Habsburgs enacted by Hungarian Parliament in 1921.

Pretenders of the Hungarian throne

Habsburg-Lorraine Dynasty

Potrait Ruler Began Ended Remarks
Emperor karl of austria-hungary 1917.png Charles IV
(IV. Károly)
16 November 1918 1 April 1922 He returned to Hungary twice to try unsuccessfully to retake his throne in 1921.
Habsburgotto.jpg Otto II
(II. Ottó)
1 April 1922 present In a declaration dated 31 May 1961, Otto renounced all claims to the Austrian throne.

References

[2]
[3][4][5][6]

  1. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/35973/Arpad-dynasty
  2. ^ Allan Ellenius, Wim Blockmans, European Science Foundation; The Origins of the Modern State in Europe: 13th to 18th Centuries, Oxford University Press, 1998
  3. ^ Bálint Hóman, Gyula Szekfű, Gyula Szekfu; Magyar történet; Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, 1938
  4. ^ Štefan Holčík; Korunovačné slávnosti, Bratislava 1563-1830, Tatran, 1986
  5. ^ Jenő Vértesy; Kölcsey Ferencz, Nyomatott a Magyar királyi Egyetemi könyvnyomdában, 1885
  6. ^ Slovenská akadémia vied; Historický časopis, Vydatelʹstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied., 1985

External links

See also


This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád.

See Heads of state of Hungary for a list of post-1918 presidents.

Rulers of Hungary since 895

Affiliation Ruler Reigns of rulers Remarks
Árpáds Álmos c.858-c.895 Álmos was the first Hungarian leader, father of Árpád. He strengthened the alliance between the other six proto-Magyar tribal leaders.
Árpáds Árpád c.895–c.907 Árpád is said to have led the proto-Magyars into Central Europe. According to the dual system of rulership (based on the similar Khazar rulership method), he was the actual ruler leader alongside of Kurszán as religious leader.
The rulers during the first half of the 10th century are very much disputed, as the Hungarian nation consisted of several tribes led by various leaders. Most frequently proposed are:
Szabolcs c.907–?
Árpáds Tarhos c.907–c.922
Árpáds Zoltán c.907–c.947
Árpáds Fajsz c.947–c.955  
Árpáds Taksony c.955–c.972  
Árpáds Géza c.972–997 son of Taksony  
Árpáds St. Stephen
(Szent István)
997–1038 son of Géza, first king of Hungary (1000)
Dynastic struggle 1038–1046
Urseolo Peter Urseolo
(Orseolo Péter)
1038–1041 grandson of Géza
Aba Sámuel Aba 1041–1044 husband of Géza's daughter; leader of the Kabar tribe
Urseolo Peter Urseolo 1044–1046 grandson of Géza
Vatha pagan rising 1046-1047
Árpáds Andrew I the White or the Catholic (András) 1047–1061 Árpád dynasty restored
Árpáds Béla I (Béla) 1061–1063 brother of Andrew I
Árpáds Solomon (Salamon) 1063–1074 son of Andrew I
Árpáds Géza I 1074–1077 son of Béla I
Árpáds St. Ladislaus (Szent László) 1077–1095 son of Béla I
Árpáds Coloman (Könyves Kálmán) 1095–1116 son of Géza I.
Árpáds Stephen II 1114–1131 Son of Kálmán
Árpáds Béla II the Blind (Vak Béla) 1131–1141 grandson of Géza I., son of Álmos, Kálmán's executed younger brother
Árpáds Géza II 1141–1161 son of Béla II
Árpáds Stephen III 1161–1162 son of Géza II
Árpáds Ladislaus II 1162–1163 rebel anti-king, younger brother of Géza II.
Árpáds Stephen IV 1163 rebel anti-king, younger brother of Géza II.
Árpáds Stephen III (restored) 1163–1172  
Árpáds Béla III 1172–1196 younger brother of Stephen III.
Árpáds Emeric (Imre) 1196–1204 son of Béla III.
Árpáds Ladislaus III 1204–1205 son of Imre, crowned and died as a child
Árpáds Andrew II 1205–1235 brother of Imre
Árpáds Béla IV 1235–1270 son of Andrew I., the "second founder" after the First Mongol invasion (1241-42)
Árpáds Stephen V 1270–1272 son of Béla IV.
Árpáds Ladislaus IV the Cuman (Kun László) 1272–1290 son of Steven V.; unsuccessful Mongol invasion; lived with the nomad cuman tribes
Árpáds Andrew III 1290–1301 grandson of Andrew II., born in Venice last of the Árpád dynasty
Přemyslid Wenceslaus of Bohemia (Vencel) 1301–1305 King of Bohemia, elected as King of Hungary but not universally recognized
Wittelsbach Otto of Bavaria
(Ottó) or Béla V
1305–1308 Duke of Lower Bavaria, was not universally recognized
Angevin Charles Robert I
(Károly Róbert)
1308–1342 established the Angevin dynasty in Hungary.
Angevin Louis I the Great
(Nagy Lajos)
1342–1382 also King of Poland
Angevin Maria I (I. Mária) 1382–1395 married Sigismund of Luxemburg
Angevin Charles II the Small
(Kis Károly)
1385–1386 also King of Naples, in opposition to Mary
Luxemburg Sigismund (Zsigmond) 1387–1437 later also Roman-German King (since 1410), King of Bohemia (since 1419), Holy Roman Emperor (since 1433)
Habsburg Albert 1437–1439 son-in-law Sigismund, also Roman-German King, King of Bohemia, Duke of Austria
Kingship disputed between Ulászló I and Ladislaus Posthumus
Jagiellon Ulászló I 1440–1444 also King of Poland
Habsburg Ladislaus V Posthumus 1440–1457 born in 1440 after his father's death, spent most of his life in captivity.
Hunyadi János Hunyadi 1446–1453 ruled as regent. Fought with great success against the Ottomans
Hunyadi Matthias Corvinus (Corvin Mátyás) 1458-1490 son of János Hunyadi, also King of Bohemia
Jagiellon Ulászló II 1490–1516 also King of Bohemia
Jagiellon Louis II 1516–1526 also King of Bohemia; killed in the Battle of Mohács
Kingship disputed between Ferdinand of Austria and John Zápolya during the Ottoman invasion
Habsburg Ferdinand I (Ferdinánd) 1526–1564 also Roman-German King and later Holy Roman Emperor, claimed the throne as brother-in-law of Louis II.
Szapolyai John I Zápolya
(Szapolyai János)
1526–1540 claimed the throne with support of Hungarian nobles and later the Ottoman Sultan.
Szapolyai John II Sigismund Zápolya (Szapolyai János Zsigmond) 1540-1570 son of John Zápolya, electus rex Hungariae, first under the guardianship of his mother Isabella Jagiełło and Frater György, renounced his royal claim in 1570 in favour of Maximilian, but remained Prince of Transylvania and parts of Hungary until his death in 1571.
Hungary was effectively split into three parts: Royal Hungary in the north and west, Ottoman Hungary in the south, and the Principality of Transylvania in the east. The following, until 1699, gives the rulers of "Royal Hungary".
Habsburg Maximilian (I. Miksa) 1563–1576  
Habsburg Rudolf I 1572–1608  
Habsburg Matthias II (II. Mátyás) 1608–1619  
Habsburg Ferdinand II 1618–1637  
Habsburg Ferdinand III 1625–1647  
Habsburg Ferdinand IV 1647–1654  
Habsburg Leopold I (I. Lipót) 1655–1705 Habsburgs began colonization of Serbs (1690) and Germans (1682–1699) in Southern Hungary.
Hungary reunited under Habsburg rule after the Great Turkish War in 1699.
Habsburg Joseph I (I. József) 1687–1711  
Habsburg Charles III (III. Károly) 1711–1740 Large scale German settlements in Hungary begin (1720–1800).
Habsburg Maria II Theresa [1]
(II. Mária Terézia) [2][3][4][5]
1740–1780 Enjoyed broad support of Hungarian nobles;
Habsburg Joseph II (II. József) 1780–1790  
Habsburg Leopold II (II. Lipót) 1790-1792  
Habsburg Francis I (I. Ferenc) 1792–1835  
Habsburg Ferdinánd V
(V. Ferdinánd)
1835–1848  
Habsburg Francis Joseph
(Ferenc József)
1848–1916 dethroned in 1848 but later regained the rule with Russian help in 1849, crowned in 1867.
Habsburg Charles IV (IV. Károly) 1916–1918 Last King of Hungary, twice unsuccessfully tried to regain the throne in 1921.

References

  1. ^ Allan Ellenius, Wim Blockmans, European Science Foundation; The Origins of the Modern State in Europe: 13th to 18th Centuries, Oxford University Press, 1998
  2. ^ Bálint Hóman, Gyula Szekfű, Gyula Szekfu; Magyar történet; Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, 1938
  3. ^ Štefan Holčík; Korunovačné slávnosti, Bratislava 1563-1830, Tatran, 1986
  4. ^ Jenő Vértesy; Kölcsey Ferencz, Nyomatott a Magyar királyi Egyetemi könyvnyomdában, 1885
  5. ^ Slovenská akadémia vied; Historický časopis, Vydatelʹstvo Slovenskej akadémie vied., 1985

External links

File:Flag of Hungary portal


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message