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This article contains Indic text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks or boxes, misplaced vowels or missing conjuncts instead of Indic text.

This List of Indian poets consists of poets:

  • of Indian ethnic, cultural or religious ancestry
  • born in India or emigrated to India
  • from other regions of the world who are poets in any of the Indian languages

Each has published poetry books either in an Indian language or in English.

Unless otherwise noted at the top of each section, poets are listed in alphabetical order by surname, as rendered in English.

Contents

Assamese

Bengali

Bengali language names in parentheses

Indian poets writing in English

In alphabetical order by last name:

Gujarati

In alphabetical order by last name:

  • Akho (15911659), poet, Vedantist and radical[6]
  • Bai Astor (fl. 19th century), a woman[6]
  • Badarayan (19051963)[6]
  • Balashankar (18581899)[6]
  • Sundarji Betai (19051989)[6]
  • Bhojo Bhagat (17851850), devotional poet[6]
  • Niranjan Bhagat (born 1926), poet and academic[7]
  • Bhalan (c. 14261500)Known as Adi Kavi-First Gujarti Poet- [6]
  • Kavi Botadkar (18701924)[6]
  • Raghuvir Chaudharay (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Suresh Dalal (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Dalpatram (18201898), father of Nanalal Dapatram Kavi[6]
  • Balmukund Dave (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Makarand Dave (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Harindra Dave (19301995, editor of the daily Janshakti (1951–1962), poet[7]
  • Yagnesh Dave (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Dayaram (17571852)[6]
  • Deepakba Desai (18811955), woman poet who wrote khandakavyas[6]
  • Mahadev Desai (18921942), writer in English, Gujarati and Bengali, who translated poetry and prose into Gujarati; also Gandhi's private secretary for many years and called "Bapu's Boswell"[6]
  • Ramanlal V. Desai (18901954), novelist and short-story writer, published a couple of volumes of poetry[6]
  • Sanskritirani Desai (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Dhiro (17531825), devotional poet[6]
  • Saroop Dhruv (born 1948)[6]
  • Chaitanya Divatia (born1908), a woman[6]
  • Bhogilal Gandhi (fl. 20th century), writer and poet[6]
  • Mansukhlal Jhaveri (19071981)[6]
  • Anil Joshi (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Suresh Joshi (19211986), novelist, short-story writer, critic, poet and writer[6]
  • Umashankar Joshi – see listing under "Umashankar", below
  • Kalapi (18741900)[6]
  • Kant (18671923), writer and poet who wrote khandakavyas (narrative poems) and ghazals
  • Ardoshir Faramji Kharbardar (18811953), Parsi[citation needed]
  • Manoj Khanderia (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Nanalal Dalpatram Kavi (નાનાલાલ દલપતરામ કવિ), full name: Nanalal Dapatram Kavi, (18771946), author and poet, son of Dalpatram (1820–1898)
  • Yoseph Macwan (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Beheramji Malabari (late 19th century to early 20th century) [6]
  • Priyakant Maniyar (19271976), businessman and poet[7]
  • Adil Mansuri (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Jaya Mehta (1929)[6]
  • Meerabai (मीराबाई) (1498–1547), alternate spelling: Meera, Mira, Meera Bai; Hindu poet-saint, mystical poetess whose compositions, extant version of which are in Gujarati and a Rajasthani dialect of Hindi, remain popular throughout India
  • Jhaverchand Meghani (18961947), novelist, poet, short-story writer, folklorist
  • Narsinh Mehta, alternate spelling: Narasingh Mehta (c. 1414 – c. 1481), Hindu poet-saint notable as a bhakta, an exponent of Hindu devotional religious poetry; acclaimed as Adi Kavi (Sanskrit for "first among poets") of Gujarat, where he is especially revered
  • Sumatiben Mehta (18901911), a woman[6]
  • Chinu Modi (born 1939), novelist, short-story writer, critic, lecturer, scriptwriter, freelancer in advertising and poet associated with the Hotel Poets Group; has been editor of Hreigh Kruti and Unmoolan[7]
  • K. M. Munshi (18871971), novelist, playwright, writer, politician and lawyer
  • Tapigauri Munshi (fl. 19th century), mother of K. M. Munshi[citation needed]
  • Panna Naik (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Vihang Naik (born 1969) Gujarati Language poet also writing in English and translates poetry from Gujarati into English .
  • Narasinghrao, (18591937) poet and writer[6]
  • Narmad (18341886)[6]
  • Diwaliben Nathalal (fl. 19th century), a woman[6]
  • Padmanabh (fl. 15th century)[6]
  • Alibai Palankat (fl. 19th century), a woman[6]
  • Savitagauri Pandya (18501925), a woman[6]
  • Ramesh Parekh (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Gita Parikh (1929[6]
  • Prabod Parikh (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Vipin Parikh (born 1930)[7]
  • Jayant Pathak (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Hasmuth Pathak (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Heeraben Pathak (fl. 20th century), a woman, poet and wife of Ramanayan Pathak[6]
  • Ramanayan Pathak (18871955), poet and husband of Heeraben Pathak[6]
  • Jaimangauri Pathakji (19011984), a woman[6]
  • Premanand (poet) (16401700) nonreligious poet who wrote originally in Hindi, but when reprimanded by his guru, switched to Gujarati, which he vowed to develop into a language of fine literary expression[6]
  • Radheshyam (fl. 20th century) poet and critic[6]
  • Rajendra Shukla
  • Madhav Ramanuj (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Khaki Praveenchandra Ruparel ([fl.] 20th century), writer and poet[6]
  • Anniben Saraiya (19171983)[6]
  • Gulam Muhammad Shaikh (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Gulammohammed Sheikh (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Chandrakant Sheth (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Rajendra Shah (born 1913)[6]
  • Jyotsna Shukla (18921976), a woman[6]
  • Rajendra Shukla (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Sitanshu (fl. 20th century), poet, critic and playwright [6]
  • Sneharashmi, pen name of Jhinabhai Desai, 20th-century poet who popularized haiku in Gujarati literature[7]
  • Sundaram (19091990), poet, short-story writer, travel writer, biographer and critic[6]
  • Swapnastha (fl. 20th century)[6]
  • Labhshanker Thacker ([fl.] 20th century)[7]
  • Udayan Thakker (fl. 20th century)[7]
  • Balawantrai Thakore (18691952), the first Imagist and formalist poet in Gujarati literature; introduced into Gujarati the sonnet and prithvi meter, "which is closest to English blank verse", according to The Handbook of Twentieth-Century Indian Literature[6]
  • Chandrakant Topiwala[6]
  • Govardhanram N. Tripathi (18551907), novelist and poet[6]
  • Umashankar Joshi (19111988), novelist, poet, playwright, writer and academic; surname: Umashankar[6]
  • Pushpa Vakil (19081985), a woman[6]
  • Sitanshu Yashashchander (born 1941)[6]
  • Vinod Joshi (born 1955)[citation needed]

Hindi

Kannada

Kashmiri

Konkani

  • Poet Borkar Balakrishna Bhagwant Borkar and also known as "Baki-baab" (19101984) wrote mostly in Marathi but with numerous works in Konkani
  • Felix Paul Noronha (born 1916)[9]

Maithili

Malayalam

Medieval Poets

Renaissance Poets

Romantic Poets

Neo-Romantic Poets

Modernist Poets

Postmodern Poets

Manipuri

Marathi

For Konkani poets, see "Konkani" section, above

Oriya

  • Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja (born sometime from 1670 to 1688), poet and member of the royal family of a princely state
  • Fakir Mohan Senapati ଫକିର ମୋହନ ସେନାପତି (18431918), short-story writer, novelist, poet, writer, government official and social activist who has variously been called the "Father of Modern Oriya Literature" and Vyasakabi or "founder poet" of the language. He wrote what is regarded as the first short story in the Oriya language, whose preservation he championed.
  • Gangadhar Meher (18621924), poet and prose author
  • Kabibar Radhanath Ray (18481908), modernist poet, essayist and translator who introduced into Oriya literature new forms of and topics in poetry, including blank-verse, satire in the manner of Dryden and Pope, concern with social problems, and patriotic sentiments
  • Gopabandhu Das called Utkal Mani ("Gem of Orissa"), (18771928), social worker, political activist, writer, novelist and poet

Contemporary poets

Nepali

Punjabi

Rajasthani

Sanskrit

Ancient Poets

Modern Poets

  • Rewa Prasad Dwivedi;Varanasi[citation needed]
  • Ram Karan Sharma;New Delhi
  • Ramakanta Sukla;New Delhi[citation needed]
  • Vindhyeshwari Prasad Mishra 'Vinay'Varanasi[citation needed]
  • Harshdev Madhav[citation needed]
  • Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra ;Allahabad[citation needed]
  • Shivji Upadhyay;Varanasi[citation needed]
  • Srinivas Rath; Ujjain[citation needed]
  • Haridatta Sharma;Allahabad[citation needed]
  • Dr.P.C.Devasya[citation needed]
  • Viveka Pandey;(Handia);Allahabad[citation needed]
  • Upendra Panadey;Varanasi[citation needed]
  • Kaushalendra Pandey;Varanasi[citation needed]
  • Hari Prasad Adhikari;Varanasi[citation needed]
  • Sadashiv Kumar Dwivedi;Varanasi[citation needed]

Sindhi

Tamil

Ancient Sangam and Medieval

  • Thiruvalluvar திருவள்ளுவர் ([fl.] c. 2nd century B.C. – 8th century A.D.) poet who wrote the Thirukkural, an ethical work
  • Avvaiyar the name of more than one poet who was active during different periods of Tamil literature; Auvaiyar I lived during the Sangam period (c. first and second century C.E.)
  • Ilango Adigal
  • Kaniyan poonguntranar Who wrote the famus "யாதும் ஊரே யாவரும் கேளீர்", one of the Pura naanuru song[citation needed]
  • Kamban (poet) கம்பர் (fl. 12th century), medieval poet who wrote Kamban ramayanam, the Tamil version of Ramayana[citation needed]
  • Sekkizhar (fl. 12th century), poet and scholar
  • Nakkeerar (fl. c. 9th century)

see also Sangam literature

Bakthi

Patriots

  • Subramanya Bharathi சுப்பிரமணிய பாரதி, called Mahakavi Bharati ("Great Poet Bharati") (18821921) poet, writer, independence advocate and reformer
  • Subramanya Siva (18841925), poet and independence advocate
  • Bharathidasan பாரதிதாசன், also spelt Bharatidasan (18911964), poet, playwright, screenwriter, short-story writer and essayist

Modern

Telugu

This list is in alphabetical order by family name (surname). The position (first, second, last place) in a Telugu name is complicated. Traditionally, most Telegu family names have been given first, followed by the given name. For men, the two names are often followed by a caste title, such as Reddy, Sastri or Raju. In the 20th century, caste titles have been replaced by secondary given names such as Rao, Babu and Baba. Women may have only two-part names or an extension of the given name, such as Devi or Amma. Christian names follow the same order, but Muslim names often have the family name at the end. Many poets use one- or two-word pen names.[12]

  • Annamacharya శ్రీ తాళ్ళపాక అన్నమాచార్య (14081503), mystic saint composer of the 15th century, widely regarded as the Telugu pada kavita pitaamaha (grand old man of simple poetry); husband of Tallapaka Tirumalamma
  • Aarudhra, pen name of Bhagavatula Siva Sankara Sastry (19251998), author, poet, essayist, writer of stories (including detective stories), playwright, translator, composer of film songs
  • Balijepalli Lakshmikantham, (18811953), poet and dramatist[13]
  • Chaganti Somayajulu (19151993), short-story writer and poet
  • Chellapilla Venkata Sastry[14]
  • Devulapalli Krishna Sastry (18871981), poet and writer of radio plays, known as "Andhra Shelly"
  • Divakarla Tirupati Sastry[14]
  • Errana ఎఱ్ఱన్న also known as "Yellapregada" or "Errapregada" (fl. 14th century), poet in the court of Prolaya Vemareddy who ruled areas in the future state of Andhra Pradesh; third poet of the Kavi Trayam, or "Trinity of Poets", that translated Mahabharatamu into Telugu over the course of a few centuries: he concluded the project by translating the half-finished "Aranya Parvamu" in the mode of Nannaya Bhattaraka and then shifting to that of Tikkana as a bridge between the two styles; honored with the title Prabandha Parameshwara ("the supreme lord of Prabandha") and Shambudasusu;[15] belonged to Srivatsa gotram and Apastambha sutram of the Brahmin caste
    • Gurajada Apparao గురజాడ అప్పారావు (18621915) poet, writer and playwright who wrote the first Telugu play, Kanyasulkam; also an influential social reformer sometimes called Mahakavi ("the great poet")
  • Jwalamukhi జ్వాలాముఖీ , pen name of Veeravalli Raghavacharyulu (19382008), poet, novelist, writer and political activist
  • Kandukuri Veeresalingam (18481919), social reformer, poet, scholar, founded the journal Vivekavardhani, introduced the essay, biography, autobiography and the novel into Telugu literature[14]
  • Molla, also known as "Mollamamba", both popular names of Atukuri Molla (14401530) poet who wrote Telugu Ramayan; a woman
  • Nannaya Bhattaraka, also known as the First Poet "Aadi Kavi", the first poet of the Kavi Trayam, or "Trinity of Poets", that translated Mahabharatamu into Telugu over the course of a few centuries
  • Potana, born Bammera Pothana (14501510), poet best known for his translation of the Bhagavata Purana from Sanskrit; the book is popularly known as Pothana Bhagavatham
  • Rayaprolu Subba Rao[14]
  • C. R. Reddy[14]
  • Sri Rangam Srinivasa Rao popularly known as Sri Sri[citation needed]
  • Sri Sri - Srirangam Srinivasa Rao (19101983)
  • Tallapaka Tirumalamma, also known as "Timmakka" and "Thimmakka" (fl. 15th century) poet who wrote Subhadra Kalyanam; wife of singer-poet Annamacharya and was popularly known as Timmakka
  • Tikkana తిక్కన్న also called "Tikkana Somayaji" (12051288) a poet born into a literary family during the Golden Age of Kakatiya dynasty; the second poet of the Kavi Trayam, or "Trinity of Poets", that translated Mahabharatamu into Telugu over the course of a few centuries; he translated last 15 chapters, but didn’t touch the half-finished Aranya Parvamu; the other two poets were Nannaya Bhattaraka and Errana
  • Timmakka – see Tallapaka Tirumalamma
  • Vemana వేమన (fl. 14th century) poet, many of whose poems are now colloquial phrases in Telugu; a yogi or yogi-like person whose poems, in a simple style, are all in the Ataveladi ("dancing lady") meter, dealing with mystic, satirical, moral and social subjects, including social problems and challenging traditions; he is often portrayed in the nude
  • Viswanatha Satyanarayana (18951976), popularly known as the Kavi Samraat ("Emperor of Poetry")
Modern Poets

Urdu

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p George, K. M., editor, Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: An Anthology: Surveys and Poems, p 65, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992, ISBN 9788172013240, retrieved January 8, 2009
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n These poets were prominent enough to mention in the introduction of King, Bruce, editor, Modern Indian Poetry in English (first edition), Delhi: Oxford University Press, from Amazon.co display of "Introduction", retrieved December 11, 2008
  3. ^ a b c d e f Knippling, Alpana Sharma, "Chapter 3: Twentieth-Century Indian Literature in English", in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India (Google books link), Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 9780313287787, retrieved December 10, 2008
  4. ^ Knippling, Alpana Sharma, "Chapter 3: Twentieth-Century Indian Literature in English", in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India (Google books link), Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 9780313287787 ("These poets were joined, in the late 1960s and 1970s by [...] Arvind Krishna Mehrota and Pritish Nandy" -- p 91), retrieved December 10, 2008
  5. ^ http://india.poetryinternationalweb.org/piw_cms/cms/cms_module/index.php?obj_id=11771
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av Mohan, Sarala Jag, Chapter 4: "Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature" (Google books link), in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 9780313287787, retrieved December 10, 2008
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Ramanathan, Suguna; Rita Kothari, editors and translators, [Modern Gujarati Poetry: A Selection], published by Sahitya Akademi, 1998, ISBN 9788126002948, Google Books version retrieved December 17, 2008
  8. ^ Lal Ded
  9. ^ a b Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 9788172017989, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Paniker, Ayyappa, "Modern Malayalam Literature" chapter in George, K. M., editor, ' 'Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology' ', pp 231–255, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992, retrieved January 10, 2009
  11. ^ Web page titled "Robin S. Ngangom" at Poetry International website, retrieved January 25, 2009
  12. ^ "A Note on Telugu Names", p xix, Hibiscus on the Lake: Twentieth-century Telugu Poetry from India, edited and translated by Velcheru Narayana Rao, University of Wisconsin Press, 2003, ISBN 9780299177041, retrieved January 19, 2009
  13. ^ George, K. M., Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology, p 411, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992 ISBN 9788172013240, retrieved via Google Books, January 4, 2008
  14. ^ a b c d e Natarajan, Nalini and Emmanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, [1] Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Chapter 11: "Twentieth-Century Telugu Literature" by G. K. Subbarayudu and C. Vijayasree' ', pp 306-328, retrieved via Google Books, January 4, 20089
  15. ^ Vaishanava yugamu
  16. ^ "Ismail" article, p 1752, Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature Volume 2, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1988, ISBN 9788126011940, retrieved via Google Books on January 19, 2009
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