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States and
territories of India
by:
Area
Population
Highest Point
GDP
Tax revenues
Voters
Abbreviations
Natural growth rate
Vaccination
Literacy rate
Electricity
Capitals
Media exposure
Origin of name
HIV awareness
Household size
Underweight people
TV ownership
Transport network
Power capacity

India is divided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories (UTs). States have their own government, whereas union territories are administered by the Central government. As per the Constitution of India, the central government can also empower a union territory with a legislature. As of 2008, two union territories, the National Capital Territory of Delhi and Puducherry have their own legislatures.

The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to the administrative, legislative and judicial capitals. The administrative capital is where executive government offices are located, the legislative capital is where the state assembly convenes, and the judicial capital is the location of the territorial High Courts of India.

States and territories

Map of India showing its subdivision into states and territories.
Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.

States:

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  1. Haryana
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Jammu and Kashmir
  4. Jharkhand
  5. Karnataka
  6. Kerala
  7. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Mizoram
  5. Nagaland
  6. Orissa
  7. Punjab
  1. Rajasthan
  2. Sikkim
  3. Tamil Nadu
  4. Tripura
  5. Uttar Pradesh
  6. Uttarakhand
  7. West Bengal

Union Territories:

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  4. Daman and Diu
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. National Capital Territory of Delhi
  7. Puducherry
State or UT Administrative capital Legislative capital Judiciary capital Year of establishment Former capital
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair Kolkata 1956
Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad 1956[1]
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1972
Assam Dispur Guwahati Guwahati 1972 Shillong[2] (1874-1972)
Bihar Patna Patna Patna 1841
Chandigarh Chandigarh[3] Chandigarh 1966
Chattisgarh Raipur Raipur Bilaspur 2000
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa Mumbai 1961
Daman and Diu Daman Mumbai 1987
National Capital Territory of Delhi Delhi Delhi Delhi 1956
Goa Panaji[4] Porvorim Mumbai 1961
Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1970 (1960-1970)
Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966
Himachal Pradesh Shimla Shimla Shimla 1948
Jammu and Kashmir • Srinagar (S)

• Jammu (W)

• Srinagar (S)

• Jammu (W)

Srinagar 1948
Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000
Karnataka Bangalooru Bangalooru Bangalooru 1956 Mysooru
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Ernakulam 1956
Lakshadweep Kavaratti Ernakulam 1956
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956 Nagpur[5] (1861-1956)
Maharashtra Mumbai[6]

• Nagpur (W/2nd)[7]

• Mumbai (S+B)

• Nagpur (W)[8]

Mumbai 1818
1960
Manipur Imphal Imphal Guwahati 1947
Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Guwahati 1970
Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1972
Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963
Orissa Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Cuttack 1948 Cuttack (1936-1948)
Puducherry Puducherry Puducherry Chennai 1954
Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966 • Lahore[9] (1936-1947)

• Shimla (1947-1966)

Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1948
Sikkim Gangtok[10] Gangtok Gangtok 1975
Tamil Nadu Chennai[11] Chennai Chennai 1956
Tripura Agartala Agartala Guwahati 1956
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Allahabad 1937
Uttarakhand Dehradun[12] Dehradun Nainital 2000
West Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata 1947

Notes

  1. ^ Andhra Pradesh was formed combining erstwhile Andhra state and Telugu speaking region of Hyderabad state(Telangana). Capital of Andhra state was Kurnool.
  2. ^ Shillong was the joint capital of Meghalaya and Assam in 1971, after Meghalaya split from Assam.
  3. ^ Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two states.
  4. ^ Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.
  5. ^ Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar which was a province from 1861 until 1950. It became the major constituent of Madhya Pradesh, after it was formed in 1950. Nagpur remained the capital of the new state. In 1956, Berar (Vidarbha) was separated from Madhya Pradesh, and merged with the Bombay State. Nagpur thus lost the status of a capital city. In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.
  6. ^ Mumbai (Bombay) was the capital of Bombay Presidency which was a province until 1950. After that it became the capital of Bombay State, which was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  7. ^ In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra. Although an official notification to this effect was only given in 1988. The India yearbook of the government of India still does not mention Nagpur, being either the second or winter capital of Maharashtra.
  8. ^ Under the Nagpur pact, one of the preconditions for Vidarbha joining the state of Maharastra was that, at least one of the legislative sessions every year should be held in Nagpur. This session is supposed to specially deal with Vidarbha's problems.
  9. ^ Lahore was the capital of Punjab when the state was created in 1936. It is now a part of Pakistan.
  10. ^ Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.
  11. ^ Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Tamil Nadu in 1956.
  12. ^ Dehradun is the provisional capital of Uttaranchal. The town of Gairsen is being built as the state's new capital.orissa's previous name was kalinga

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References

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Template:India States and Territories Labelled Map

Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.

States:

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  8. Haryana
  9. Himachal Pradesh
  10. Jammu and Kashmir
  11. Jharkhand
  12. Karnataka
  13. Kerala
  14. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Mizoram
  5. Nagaland
  6. Orissa
  7. Punjab
  8. Rajasthan
  9. Sikkim
  10. Tamil Nadu
  11. Tripura
  12. Uttar Pradesh
  13. Uttarakhand
  14. West Bengal

Union Territories:

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  4. Daman and Diu
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. National Capital Territory of Delhi
  7. Puducherry

This is a list of Indian state and union territory capitals.

India is divided into twenty-eight states and six union territories (UTs) and one national capital territory. States have their own government, whereas UTs are administered by the Central government. However, Pondicherry, a UT, has its own The National Capital Territory of Delhi is a special region that has its own elected government and a status in between a state and a union territory.

Capitals

The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to the administrative, legislative and judicial capitals. The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located, the legislative capital is where the state assembly convenes, and the judicial capital is the location of the state or territorial High Courts of India.

The date mentioned refers to when the city became the capital of the state or territory. In the following table S and W refers to the summer and winter sessions respectively. B refers to the budget session of the legislature.

The administrative capital in bold lettering is considered to be the main capital of the state. The former capital refers to a city which was the capital from admission into the Indian Union. An absence of a legislative capital means that it is administered by the Central government.

STATE or UT ADMINIST. LEGIS. JUDIC. SINCE FORMER CAPITAL
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair Kolkata 1956
Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad Hyderabad Hyderabad 1956 Kurnool
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Itanagar Guwahati 1972
Assam Guwahati Dispur Guwahati 1972 Shillong[1] (1874-1972)
Bihar Patna Patna Patna 1936
Chandigarh Chandigarh[2] Chandigarh 1966
Chhattisgarh Raipur Raipur Bilaspur 2000
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa Mumbai 1961
Daman and Diu Daman Mumbai 1987
[[Wikipedia:New Delhi(National Capital Territory)|NCT–Delhi]] Delhi Delhi Delhi 1956
Goa Panaji[3] Porvorim Mumbai 1961
Gujarat Gandhinagar Gandhinagar Ahmedabad 1970 Ahmedabad (1960-1970)
Haryana Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966
Himachal Pradesh Shimla Shimla Shimla 1948
Jammu and Kashmir • Srinagar (S)

• Jammu (W)

• Srinagar (S)

• Jammu (W)

Srinagar 1948
Jharkhand Ranchi Ranchi Ranchi 2000
Karnataka Bengaluru Bengaluru Bengaluru 1956 Mysore
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram T'puram Ernakulam 1956 Kochi[4] (1949-1956)
Lakshadweep Kavaratti Ernakulam 1956
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Bhopal Jabalpur 1956 Nagpur[5] (1861-1956)
Maharashtra Mumbai[6]

• Nagpur (W/2nd)[7]

• Mumbai (S+B)

• Nagpur (W)[8]

Mumbai 1818
1960
Manipur Imphal Imphal Guwahati 1947
Meghalaya Shillong Shillong Guwahati 1970
Mizoram Aizawl Aizawl Guwahati 1972
Nagaland Kohima Kohima Guwahati 1963
Orissa Bhubaneshwar Bhubaneshwar Cuttack 1948 Cuttack (1936-1948)
Pondicherry Pondecherry Pondecherry Chennai 1954
Punjab Chandigarh Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966 • Lahore[9] (1936-1947)

• Shimla (1947-1966)

Rajasthan Jaipur Jaipur Jodhpur 1948
Sikkim Gangtok[10] Gangtok Gangtok 1975
Tamil Nadu Chennai[11] Chennai Chennai 1956
Tripura Agartala Agartala Guwahati 1956
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Lucknow Allahabad 1937
Uttarakhand Dehradun[12] Dehradun Nainital 2000
West Bengal Kolkata Kolkata Kolkata 1905

Notes

  1. ^ Shillong was the joint capital of Meghalaya and Assam in 1971, after Meghalaya split from Assam.
  2. ^ Chandigarh is the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and is a Union Territory, separate from the two states.
  3. ^ Panaji was the capital of Goa from 1843 when it was ruled by the Portuguese.
  4. ^ Kochi was the capital of the state of Travancore-Cochin, which formed part of the new state of Kerala in 1956.
  5. ^ Nagpur was the capital of Central Provinces and Berar.
  6. ^ Mumbai (Bombay) was the capital of Bombay Presidency, which was split into Gujarat and Maharashtra in 1960.
  7. ^ In 1960, under the Nagpur pact, Nagpur became the second capital of Maharashtra.
  8. ^ Under the Nagpur pact, one of the preconditions for Vidarbha joining the state of Maharastra was that, at least one of the legislative sessions every year should be held in Nagpur. This session is supposed to specially deal with Vidarbha's problems.
  9. ^ Lahore was the capital of Punjab when the state was created in 1936. It is now a part of Pakistan.
  10. ^ Gangtok has been the capital of Sikkim since 1890. Sikkim joined the Indian Union in 1975.
  11. ^ Chennai (Madras) was the capital of the Madras Presidency since 1839, which was redrawn as Tamil Nadu in 1956.
  12. ^ Dehradun is the provisional capital of Uttaranchal is being built as the state's new capital.

Andhra Pradesh was formed combining erstwhile Andhra Rashtram and Telugu speaking regions of Madras Presidency and Hyderabad princely state. The capital of Andhra Rashtram was Kurnool.

References

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at List of Indian state and union territory capitals. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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