List of Internet top-level domains: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of Internet top-level domains. The top-level domain article provides the background information.

The official list of all top-level domains is maintained by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA).[1]

gTLD Entity Notes
.aero air-transport industry Must verify eligibility for registration; only those in various categories of air-travel-related entities may register.
.asia Asia-Pacific region This is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Asia, Australia, and the Pacific.
.biz business This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by commercial entities in accordance with the domain's charter.
.cat Catalan This is a TLD for Web sites in the Catalan language or related to Catalan culture.
.com commercial This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.coop cooperatives The .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles.
.cum cumpilation The .cum TLD is limited to the GNN Faithful.
.edu educational The .edu TLD is limited to accredited postsecondary institutions (nearly all 2 and 4-year colleges and universities in the U.S. and increasingly overseas, e.g., Australia and China).
.gov U.S. governmental The .gov TLD is limited to U.S. governmental entities and agencies (mostly but not exclusively federal).
.info information This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.int international organizations The .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs which are endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations.
.jobs companies The .jobs TLD is designed to be added after the names of established companies with jobs to advertise. At this time, owners of a "company.jobs" domain are not permitted to post jobs of third party employers.
.mil U.S. military The .mil TLD is limited to use by the U.S. military.
.mobi mobile devices Must be used for mobile-compatible sites in accordance with standards.
.museum museums Must be verified as a legitimate museum.
.name individuals, by name This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by individuals (or the owners of fictional characters) in accordance with the domain's charter.
.net network This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.org organization This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.pro professions Currently, .pro is reserved for licensed or certified lawyers, accountants, physicians and engineers in France, Canada, UK and the U.S. A professional seeking to register a .pro domain must provide their registrar with the appropriate credentials.
.tel Internet communication services  
.travel travel and tourism industry related sites Must be verified as a legitimate travel-related entity.
ccTLD Country/dependency/region Notes
.ac  Ascension Island  
.ad  Andorra  
.ae  United Arab Emirates  
.af  Afghanistan  
.ag  Antigua and Barbuda  
.ai  Anguilla  
.al  Albania  
.am  Armenia  
.an  Netherlands Antilles Local presence required
.ao  Angola  
.aq  Antarctica Defined by the Antarctic Treaty as everything south of latitude 60°S.
.ar  Argentina  
.as  American Samoa  
.at  Austria  
.au  Australia Includes Ashmore and Cartier Islands and Coral Sea Islands.
.aw  Aruba  
.ax  Åland  
.az  Azerbaijan  
.ba  Bosnia and Herzegovina  
.bb  Barbados  
.bd  Bangladesh  
.be  Belgium  
.bf  Burkina Faso  
.bg  Bulgaria (България
.bh  Bahrain  
.bi  Burundi  
.bj  Benin  
.bm  Bermuda  
.bn  Brunei Darussalam  
.bo  Bolivia  
.br  Brazil  
.bs  Bahamas  
.bt  Bhutan  
.bv  Bouvet Island Not in use (Norwegian dependency; see .no).
.bw  Botswana  
.by  Belarus  
.bz  Belize  
.ca  Canada Subject to Canadian Presence Requirements (see .ca).
.cc  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australian territory: do not confuse with Cocos islands in Guam).
.cd  Democratic Republic of the Congo Formerly Zaire.
.cf  Central African Republic  
.cg  Republic of the Congo  
.ch  Switzerland (Confoederatio Helvetica, Confédération helvétique)
.ci  Côte d'Ivoire  
.ck  Cook Islands  
.cl  Chile Domain registrations require local presence in Chile.
.cm  Cameroon A local entity/company in Cameroon is required to register a domain name.
.cn  People's Republic of China Registration allowed worldwide. Hong Kong and Macau also maintain TLDs.
.co  Colombia  
.cr  Costa Rica  
.cu  Cuba  
.cv  Cape Verde  
.cx  Christmas Island  
.cy  Cyprus  
.cz  Czech Republic  
.de  Germany (Deutschland)
.dj  Djibouti  
.dk  Denmark  
.dm  Dominica  
.do  Dominican Republic  
.dz  Algeria (Dzayer)
.ec  Ecuador  
.ee  Estonia (Eesti) Only available for Estonia registered brands and companies.
.eg  Egypt  
.er  Eritrea  
.es  Spain (España)
.et  Ethiopia  
.eu  European Union Restricted to institutions (under the .europa.eu subdomain), companies, and individuals in the European Union (or in other overseas or autonomous regions of member countries).
.fi  Finland  
.fj  Fiji  
.fk  Falkland Islands  
.fm  Federated States of Micronesia Used for some radio related websites outside Micronesia, notably Last.fm and Rinse FM
.fo  Faroe Islands  
.fr  France Can only be used by organisations or persons with a presence in France (including overseas).
.ga  Gabon  
.gb  United Kingdom Seldom used; the primary ccTLD used is .uk for United Kingdom.
.gd  Grenada  
.ge  Georgia (country)  
.gf  French Guiana (See also .fr).
.gg  Guernsey  
.gh  Ghana  
.gi  Gibraltar  
.gl  Greenland  
.gm  The Gambia  
.gn  Guinea  
.gp  Guadeloupe Still used for Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin (see also .fr).
.gq  Equatorial Guinea  
.gr  Greece  
.gs  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands  
.gt  Guatemala  
.gu  Guam  
.gw  Guinea-Bissau  
.gy  Guyana  
.hk  Hong Kong Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
.hm  Heard Island and McDonald Islands  
.hn  Honduras  
.hr  Croatia (Hrvatska)
.ht  Haiti  
.hu  Hungary  
.id  Indonesia  
.ie  Republic of Ireland (Éire) Only available for Ireland registered brands and companies. Foreign companies can register if doing business in Ireland or provide TM. Since 2007 personal names are allowed to be registered subject to guidelines.
.il  Israel  
.im  Isle of Man  
.in  India Under INRegistry since April 2005 (except: gov.in, mil.in, ac.in, edu.in, res.in).
.io  British Indian Ocean Territory  
.iq  Iraq  
.ir  Iran  
.is  Iceland (Ísland)
.it  Italy Restricted to companies and individuals in the European Union.
.je  Jersey  
.jm  Jamaica  
.jo  Jordan  
.jp  Japan  
.ke  Kenya  
.kg  Kyrgyzstan  
.kh  Cambodia (Khmer, former Kâmpŭchea)
.ki  Kiribati  
.km  Comoros  
.kn  Saint Kitts and Nevis  
.kp  Democratic People's Republic of Korea  
.kr  Republic of Korea  
.kw  Kuwait  
.ky  Cayman Islands  
.kz  Kazakhstan  
.la  Laos (Currently being marketed as the unofficial domain for Los Angeles).
.lb  Lebanon Must be registered with a company in Lebanon to register
.lc  Saint Lucia  
.li  Liechtenstein  
.lk  Sri Lanka  
.lr  Liberia  
.ls  Lesotho  
.lt  Lithuania  
.lu  Luxembourg  
.lv  Latvia  
.ly  Libya  
.ma  Morocco  
.mc  Monaco  
.md  Moldova  
.me  Montenegro  
.mg  Madagascar  
.mh  Marshall Islands  
.mk  Republic of Macedonia The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
.ml  Mali  
.mm  Myanmar  
.mn  Mongolia Some second-level domains are reserved for special use .mn
.mo  Macau Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China.
.mp  Northern Mariana Islands  
.mq  Martinique (See also .fr).
.mr  Mauritania  
.ms  Montserrat  
.mt  Malta  
.mu  Mauritius  
.mv  Maldives  
.mw  Malawi  
.mx  Mexico  
.my  Malaysia Must be registered with a company in Malaysia to register.
.mz  Mozambique  
.na  Namibia  
.nc  New Caledonia (See also .fr).
.ne  Niger  
.nf  Norfolk Island  
.ng  Nigeria  
.ni  Nicaragua  
.nl  Netherlands First official country TLD that was assigned to a country.
.no  Norway Must be registered with a company in Norway to register.
.np  Nepal  
.nr  Nauru  
.nu  Niue Commonly used by Danish, Dutch and Swedish websites, because in those languages 'nu' means “now”.
.nz  New Zealand  
.om  Oman  
.pa  Panama  
.pe  Peru  
.pf  French Polynesia With Clipperton Island (See also .fr).
.pg  Papua New Guinea  
.ph  Philippines  
.pk  Pakistan  
.pl  Poland  
.pm  Saint-Pierre and Miquelon  
.pn  Pitcairn Islands  
.pr  Puerto Rico  
.ps  Palestinian territories PA-controlled West Bank and Gaza Strip.
.pt  Portugal Only available for Portuguese registered brands and companies.
.pw  Palau  
.py  Paraguay  
.qa  Qatar  
.re  Réunion (See also .fr)
.ro  Romania  
.rs  Serbia (See also former .yu still in use).
.ru  Russia (See also former .su still in use).
.rw  Rwanda  
.sa  Saudi Arabia  
.sb  Solomon Islands  
.sc  Seychelles  
.sd  Sudan  
.se  Sweden  
.sg  Singapore  
.sh  Saint Helena  
.si  Slovenia  
.sj  Svalbard and  Jan Mayen Islands Not in use (Norwegian dependencies; see .no).
.sk  Slovakia  
.sl  Sierra Leone  
.sm  San Marino  
.sn  Senegal  
.so  Somalia  
.sr  Suriname  
.st  São Tomé and Príncipe  
.su former  Soviet Union Still in use.
.sv  El Salvador  
.sy  Syria  
.sz  Swaziland  
.tc  Turks and Caicos Islands  
.td  Chad  
.tf  French Southern and Antarctic Lands Seldom used (see also .fr).
.tg  Togo  
.th  Thailand  
.tj  Tajikistan  
.tk  Tokelau Also used as a free domain service to the public.
.tl  East Timor Old code .tp is still in use.
.tm  Turkmenistan  
.tn  Tunisia  
.to  Tonga  
.tp  East Timor ISO code has changed to TL; .tl is now assigned but .tp is still in use.
.tr  Turkey  
.tt  Trinidad and Tobago  
.tv  Tuvalu Much used by television broadcasters. Also sold as advertising domains.
.tw  Republic of China (Taiwan) Registration allowed worldwide, local presence not required.
.tz  Tanzania  
.ua  Ukraine  
.ug  Uganda  
.uk  United Kingdom  
.us  United States of America (Commonly used by U.S. State and local governments instead of .gov TLD).
.uy  Uruguay  
.uz  Uzbekistan  
.va  Vatican City  
.vc  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  
.ve  Venezuela  
.vg  British Virgin Islands  
.vi  U.S. Virgin Islands  
.vn  Vietnam  
.vu  Vanuatu  
.wf  Wallis and Futuna (See also .fr).
.ws  Samoa Formerly Western Samoa.
.ye  Yemen  
.yt  Mayotte (See also .fr).
.yu  Yugoslavia Now used for Serbia and Montenegro.
.za  South Africa (Zuid-Afrika).
.zm  Zambia  
.zw  Zimbabwe  
IDNA TLD[2] Language Word
.xn--0zwm56d simplified Chinese (Han script) 测试. (ICANN’s example.test: http://例子.测试/)
.xn--11b5bs3a9aj6g Hindi (Devanagari script) परीक्षा. (ICANN’s example.test: http://उदाहरण.परीक्षा/)
.xn--80akhbyknj4f Russian (Cyrillic script) испытание. (ICANN’s example.test: http://пример.испытание/)
.xn--9t4b11yi5a Korean (Hangul script) 테스트. (ICANN’s example.test: http://실례.테스트/)
.xn--deba0ad Yiddish (Hebrew script) טעסט. (ICANN’s example.test: http://בײַשפּיל.טעסט/)
.xn--g6w251d traditional Chinese (Han script) 測試. (ICANN’s example.test: http://例子.測試/)
.xn--hgbk6aj7f53bba Persian (Perso-Arabic script) آزمایشی. (ICANN’s example.test: http://مثال.آزمایشی/)
.xn--hlcj6aya9esc7a Tamil (Tamil script) பரிட்சை. (ICANN’s example.test: http://உதாரணம்.பரிட்சை/)
.xn--jxalpdlp Greek (Greek script) δοκιμή. (ICANN’s example.test: http://παράδειγμα.δοκιμή/)
.xn--kgbechtv Arabic (Perso-Arabic script) إختبار. (ICANN’s example.test: http://مثال.إختبار/)
.xn--zckzah Japanese (Kanji, Hiragana, Katakana scripts) テスト. (ICANN’s example.test : http://例え.テスト/)
Infrastructure Entity Notes
.arpa Address and Routing Parameter Area This is an Internet infrastructure TLD.

See also

References

  1. ^ IANA maintained list of top-level domains
  2. ^ The IDNA TLDs have been added for the purpose of testing the use of IDNA at the top level, and are likely to be temporary. Each of the eleven TLDs encodes a word meaning "test" in some language. See the ICANN announcement of 15 October 2007 and the IDN TLD evaluation gateway.

External links

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Simple English

Here is a list of currently existing Top Level Domains (TLDs).

iTLDEntityNotes
.arpaAddress and Routing Parameter AreaThis is an internet infrastructure tld.
.rootunknownThis is in root for unknown purpose, with only one entry (a TXT record).
gTLDEntityNotes
.aeroair-transport industry 
.bizbusinessThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.catCatalanThis is a TLD for websites in the Catalan language or related to Catalan culture.
.comcommercialThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.coopcooperatives 
.edueducationalThe .edu TLD is limited to institutions of learning (mostly U.S.), such as 2 and 4-year colleges and universities.
.govU.S. governmentThe .gov TLD is limited to U.S. government entities and agencies
.infoinformationThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.intinternational organizationsThe .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs which are endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations.
.jobscompaniesThe .jobs TLD is designed to be added after the names of established companies with jobs to advertise. At this time, owners of a "company.jobs" domain are not permitted to post jobs of third party employers.
.milUnited States MilitaryThe .mil TLD is limited to use by the U.S. military
.mobimobile devices 
.museummuseums 
.nameindividuals, by name 
.netnetworkThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.orgorganizationThis is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.
.proprofessionsCurrently, .pro is reserved for licensed doctors, attorneys, and certified public accountants only. A professional seeking to register a .pro domain must provide their registrar with the appropriate credentials.
.traveltravel and travel-agency related sites 
ccTLDCountry/dependency/regionNotes
.acAscension Island 
.adAndorra 
.aeUnited Arab Emirates 
.afAfghanistan 
.agAntigua and Barbuda 
.aiAnguilla 
.alAlbania 
.amArmenia 
.anNetherlands Antilles 
.aoAngola 
.aqAntarcticaDefined as per the Antarctic Treaty as everything south of latitude 60°S
.arArgentina 
.asAmerican Samoa 
.atAustria 
.auAustraliaIncludes Ashmore and Cartier Islands and Coral Sea Islands
.awAruba 
.azAzerbaijan 
.baBosnia and Herzegovina 
.bbBarbados 
.bdBangladesh 
.beBelgium 
.bfBurkina Faso 
.bgBulgaria 
.bhBahrain 
.biBurundi 
.bjBenin 
.bmBermuda 
.bnBrunei Darussalam 
.boBolivia 
.brBrazil 
.bsBahamas 
.btBhutan 
.bvBouvet IslandNot in use
.bwBotswana 
.byBelarus 
.bzBelize 
.caCanada 
.ccCocos (Keeling) Islands 
.cdDemocratic Republic of the CongoFormerly Zaire
.cfCentral African Republic 
.cgRepublic of the Congo 
.chSwitzerland (Confoederatio Helvetica) 
.ciCôte d'Ivoire 
.ckCook Islands 
.clChile 
.cmCameroon 
.cnPeople's Republic of China (mainland only)The special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau use separate Internet top-level domains. For the islands under the administration of the Government of the Republic of China (Taiwan), such as Taiwan, Quemoy, Matsu and Penghu, please refer to ".tw" .
.coColombia 
.crCosta Rica 
.cuCuba 
.cvCape Verde 
.cxChristmas Island 
.cyCyprus 
.czCzech Republic 
.deGermany (Deutschland) 
.djDjibouti 
.dkDenmark 
.dmDominica 
.doDominican Republic 
.dzAlgerianot available for private use
.ecEcuador 
.eeEstonia 
.egEgypt 
.erEritrea 
.esSpain (España) 
.etEthiopia 
.euEuropean Union 
.fiFinland 
.fjFiji 
.fkFalkland Islands 
.fmFederated States of Micronesia 
.foFaroe Islands 
.frFrance 
.gaGabon 
.gbUnited KingdomSeldom used; the primary ccTLD is .uk
.gdGrenada 
.geGeorgia 
.gfFrench Guiana 
.ggGuernsey 
.ghGhana 
.giGibraltar 
.glGreenland 
.gmThe Gambia 
.gnGuinea 
.gpGuadeloupe 
.gqEquatorial Guinea 
.grGreece 
.gsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 
.gtGuatemala 
.guGuam 
.gwGuinea-Bissau 
.gyGuyana 
.hkHong KongHong Kong is a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. It uses a separate internet top-level domain from the rest of China.
.hmHeard Island and McDonald Islands 
.hnHonduras 
.hrCroatia (Hrvatska) 
.htHaiti 
.huHungary 
.idIndonesia 
.ieIreland 
.ilIsrael 
.imIsle of Man 
.inIndia 
.ioBritish Indian Ocean Territory 
.iqIraq 
.irIran 
.isIceland 
.itItalyRestricted to companies and individuals in the European Union
.jeJersey 
.jmJamaica 
.joJordan 
.jpJapan 
.keKenya 
.kgKyrgyzstan 
.khCambodia (Khmer) 
.kiKiribati 
.kmComoros 
.knSaint Kitts and Nevis 
.krSouth Korea 
.kwKuwait 
.kyCayman Islands 
.kzKazakhstan 
.laLaos 
.lbLebanon 
.lcSaint Lucia 
.liLiechtenstein 
.lkSri Lanka 
.lrLiberia 
.lsLesotho 
.ltLithuania 
.luLuxembourg 
.lvLatvia 
.lyLibya 
.maMorocco 
.mcMonaco 
.mdMoldova 
.meMontenegroMontenegro still uses .yu
.mgMadagascar 
.mhMarshall Islands 
.mkRepublic of Macedonia 
.mlMali 
.mmMyanmar 
.mnMongolia 
.moMacau Macau is a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. It uses a separate internet top-level domain from the rest of China.
.mpNorthern Mariana Islands 
.mqMartinique 
.mrMauritania 
.msMontserrat 
.mtMalta 
.muMauritius 
.mvMaldives 
.mWMalawi 
.mxMexico 
.myMalaysia 
.mzMozambique 
.naNamibia 
.ncNew Caledonia 
.neNiger 
.nFNorfolk Island 
.ngNigeria 
.niNicaragua 
.nlNetherlands 
.noNorway 
.npNepal 
.nrNauru 
.nuNiue 
.nzNew Zealand 
.omOman 
.paPanama 
.pePeru 
.pFFrench PolynesiaWith Clipperton Island
.pgPapua New Guinea 
.phPhilippines 
.pkPakistan 
.plPoland 
.pmSaint-Pierre and Miquelon 
.pnPitcairn Islands 
.prPuerto Rico 
.psPalestinian territoriesi.e., West Bank and Gaza Strip
.ptPortugal 
.pwPalau 
.pyParaguay 
.qaQatar 
.reRéunion 
.roRomania 
.rsSerbiaSerbia still uses .yu
.ruRussia 
.rwRwanda 
.saSaudi Arabia 
.sbSolomon Islands 
.scSeychelles 
.sdSudan 
.seSweden 
.sgSingapore 
.shSaint Helena 
.siSlovenia 
.sjSvalbard and Jan Mayen IslandsNot in use
.skSlovakia 
.slSierra Leone 
.smSan Marino 
.snSenegal 
.soSomalia 
.srSuriname 
.stSão Tomé and Príncipe 
.suformer Soviet UnionStill in use
.svEl Salvador 
.sySyria 
.szSwaziland 
.tcTurks and Caicos Islands 
.tdChad 
.tfFrench Southern and Antarctic Lands 
.tgTogo 
.thThailand 
.tjTajikistan 
.tkTokelaualso used as a free domain service to the public 
.tlTimor-LesteOld code .tp is still in use
.tmTurkmenistan 
.tnTunisia 
.toTonga 
.tpEast TimorISO code has changed to TL; .tl is now assigned but .tp is still in use
.trTurkey 
.ttTrinidad and Tobago 
.tvTuvalualso sold as advertising domains  
.twRepublic of China (Taiwan area only) This is only used in the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of China on Taiwan, such as the islands of Taiwan, Quemoy, Matsu and Penghu.
.tzTanzania 
.uaUkraine 
.ugUganda 
.ukUnited Kingdom 
.umUnited States Minor Outlying Islands 
.usUnited States of America 
.uyUruguay 
.uzUzbekistan 
.vaVatican City State 
.vcSaint Vincent and the Grenadines 
.veVenezuela 
.vgBritish Virgin Islands 
.viU.S. Virgin Islands 
.vnVietnam 
.vuVanuatu 
.wfWallis and Futuna 
.wsSamoaFormerly Western Samoa
.yeYemen 
.ytMayotte 
.yuYugoslavia.yu was first given to Yugoslavia. In 2003, Yugoslavia became the union of Serbia and Montenegro. Serbia and Montenegro was given .cs, but they never used it. In 2006, the union ended. Now, both Montenegro and Serbia still use .yu.
.zaSouth Africa (Zuid Afrika) 
.zmZambia 
.zwZimbabwe 

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