List of Irish by-elections: Wikis

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This is a list of all by-elections to Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament (Oireachtas) since 1923. By-elections in Ireland occur to fill vacant seats which can be caused by the death, resignation or expulsion of a sitting Teachta Dála (Member of Parliament).

There have been two by-elections during the lifetime of the 30th Dáil. There were no by-elections during the 1st,[n 1] 2nd,[n 1] 3rd, 7th, 9th, 11th, 22nd, 25th and 26th Dála. The longest period without a by-election was almost 10 years between 1984 and 1994. The largest number of by-elections on one day was eight on 11 March 1925.

There have been 125 by-elections since 1923. 89 of these were caused by the death of a sitting Teachta Dála (TD). 22 TDs elected at a by-election were never subsequently re-elected at a general election.

Contents

List

  • Note: The entries for by-elections in which seats changed hands are shown in italics
Winner Party Constituency Date Dáil Outgoing Party Reason for vacancy

Kennedy, HughHugh Kennedy[n 2] CnaG Dublin South 01923-10-27 27 October 1923 4th Dáil Hayes, MichaelMichael Hayes CnaG Resignation of Michael Hayes
Patrick McGilligan CnaG NUI 01923-11-03 3 November 1923 4th Dáil MacNeill, EoinEoin MacNeill CnaG Resignation of Eoin MacNeill
James O'Mara[n 2] CnaG Dublin South 01924-03-12 12 March 1924 4th Dáil Cosgrave, PhilipPhilip Cosgrave CnaG Death of Philip Cosgrave
Batt O'Connor CnaG Dublin County 01924-03-19 19 March 1924 4th Dáil Derham, MichaelMichael Derham CnaG Death of Michael Derham
Richard O'Connell CnaG Limerick 01924-05-28 28 May 1924 4th Dáil Hayes, RichardRichard Hayes CnaG Resignation of Richard Hayes
Noonan, MichaelMichael Noonan[n 2] CnaG Cork East 01924-11-18 18 November 1924 4th Dáil Thomas O'Mahony CnaG Death of Thomas O'Mahony
Lemass, SeánSeán Lemass SF Dublin South 01924-11-18 18 November 1924 4th Dáil Kennedy, HughHugh Kennedy CnaG Appointment of Hugh Kennedy as Chief Justice
Madden, JohnJohn Madden SF Mayo North 01924-11-18 18 November 1924 4th Dáil Coyle, HenryHenry Coyle CnaG Disqualification of Henry Coyle
Egan, MichaelMichael Egan CnaG Cork Borough 01924-11-19 19 November 1924 4th Dáil Alfred O'Rahilly CnaG Resignation of Alfred O'Rahilly
Denis McCullough[n 2] CnaG Donegal 01924-11-20 20 November 1924 4th Dáil Ward, Peter J.Peter J. Ward CnaG Resignation of Peter J. Ward
Bolger, ThomasThomas Bolger[n 2] CnaG Carlow–Kilkenny 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Gibbons, SeánSeán Gibbons CnaG Resignation of Seán Gibbons
John Joe O'Reilly CnaG Cavan 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Milroy, SeánSeán Milroy CnaG Resignation of Seán Milroy
Leonard, PatrickPatrick Leonard CnaG Dublin North 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Cahill, FrancisFrancis Cahill CnaG Resignation of Francis Cahill on 30 October 1924
Traynor, OscarOscar Traynor SF Dublin North 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Seán McGarry CnaG Resignation of Seán McGarry on 30 October 1924
Hennessy, ThomasThomas Hennessy CnaG Dublin South 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Daniel McCarthy CnaG Resignation of Daniel McCarthy
Holt, SamuelSamuel Holt SF Leitrim–Sligo 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Carter, ThomasThomas Carter CnaG Resignation of Thomas Carter on 30 October 1924
Roddy, MartinMartin Roddy CnaG Leitrim–Sligo 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Alexander McCabe CnaG Resignation of Alexander McCabe
Tierney, MichaelMichael Tierney CnaG Mayo North 01925-03-11 11 March 1925 4th Dáil Macgrath, JosephJoseph McGrath CnaG Resignation of Joseph McGrath on 29 October 1924
Conlon, MartinMartin Conlon CnaG Roscommon 01926-02-11 11 February 1926 4th Dáil Finlay, HenryHenry Finlay CnaG Resignation of Henry Finlay
Norton, WilliamWilliam Norton Lab Dublin County 01926-02-18 18 February 1926 4th Dáil Figgis, DarrellDarrell Figgis Ind Death of Darrell Figgis
Dwyer, JamesJames Dwyer CnaG Leix–Offaly 01926-02-18 18 February 1926 4th Dáil Seán McGuinness SF Disqualification of Seán McGuinness

Gearóid O'Sullivan CnaG Dublin County 01927-08-24 24 August 1927 5th Dáil Kevin O'Higgins CnaG Assassination of Kevin O'Higgins
Hennessy, ThomasThomas Hennessy CnaG Dublin South 01927-08-24 24 August 1927 5th Dáil Markiewicz, ConstanceConstance Markiewicz FF Death of Constance Markiewicz

Gorey, DenisDenis Gorey CnaG Carlow–Kilkenny 01927-11-03 3 November 1927 6th Dáil Cosgrave, W. T.W. T. Cosgrave CnaG Resignation of W. T. Cosgrave (elected for 2 constituencies)
Rice, VincentVincent Rice CnaG Dublin North 01928-04-03 3 April 1928 6th Dáil Larkin, JamesJames Larkin IWL Disqualification of James Larkin due to bankruptcy
Thomas F. O'Higgins CnaG Dublin North 01929-03-14 14 March 1929 6th Dáil Byrne, AlfredAlfred Byrne Ind Election of Alfred Byrne to Seanad Éireann
Seán Mac Eoin CnaG Leitrim–Sligo 01929-06-07 7 June 1929 6th Dáil Holt, SamuelSamuel Holt FF Death of Samuel Holt
Geoghegan, JamesJames Geoghegan FF Longford–Westmeath 01930-06-13 13 June 1930 6th Dáil Killane, JamesJames Killane FF Death of James Killane
Finlay, ThomasThomas Finlay CnaG Dublin County 01930-12-09 9 December 1930 6th Dáil Cooper, BryanBryan Cooper CnaG Death of Bryan Cooper
Harris, ThomasThomas Harris FF Kildare 01931-06-29 29 June 1931 6th Dáil Colohan, HughHugh Colohan Lab Death of Hugh Colohan

Rowlette, RobertRobert Rowlette[n 2] Ind University of Dublin 01933-10-13 13 October 1933 8th Dáil Craig, JamesJames Craig Ind Death of James Craig
Lavery, CecilCecil Lavery FG Dublin County 01935-06-17 17 June 1935 8th Dáil Batt O'Connor FG Death of Batt O'Connor
Corbett, EamonEamon Corbett FF Galway 01935-06-19 19 June 1935 8th Dáil Martin McDonogh FG Death of Martin McDonogh
Neilan, MartinMartin Neilan[n 2] FF Galway 01936-08-13 13 August 1936 8th Dáil Hogan, PatrickPatrick Hogan FG Death of Patrick Hogan
Allen, DenisDenis Allen FF Wexford 01936-08-17 17 August 1936 8th Dáil Esmonde, OsmondOsmond Esmonde FG Death of Osmond Esmonde

Maccann, JohnJohn McCann FF Dublin South 01939-06-06 6 June 1939 10th Dáil Beckett, JamesJames Beckett FG Death of James Beckett
Keane, John J.John J. Keane[n 2] FF Galway West 01940-05-30 30 May 1940 10th Dáil Tubridy, SeánSeán Tubridy FF Death of Seán Tubridy

Donal O'Donoghue[n 2] FF Kerry South 01944-11-10 10 November 1944 12th Dáil Lynch, FionánFionán Lynch FG Appointment of Fionán Lynch as a Judge
Shanahan, PatrickPatrick Shanahan[n 2] FF Clare 01945-12-04 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Burke, PatrickPatrick Burke FG Death of Patrick Burke
de Valera, VivionVivion de Valera FF Dublin North West 01945-12-04 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Seán T. O'Kelly FF Election of Seán T. O'Kelly as President
Crowley, HonorHonor Crowley FF Kerry South 01945-12-04 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Crowley, FrederickFrederick Crowley FF Death of Frederick Crowley
Commons, BernardBernard Commons CnaT Mayo South 01945-12-04 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Clery, MicheálMicheál Clery FF Appointment of Micheál Clery as County Registrar of Dublin
Corish, BrendanBrendan Corish Lab Wexford 01945-12-04 4 December 1945 12th Dáil Corish, RichardRichard Corish Lab Death of Richard Corish
Macgrath, PatrickPatrick McGrath FF Cork Borough 01946-06-14 14 June 1946 12th Dáil Dwyer, WilliamWilliam Dwyer Ind Resignation of William Dwyer
Seán MacBride CnaP Dublin County 01947-10-29 29 October 1947 12th Dáil Fogarty, PatrickPatrick Fogarty FF Death of Patrick Fogarty
Kinane, PatrickPatrick Kinane CnaP Tipperary 01947-10-29 29 October 1947 12th Dáil William O'Donnell CnaT Death of William O'Donnell
Ormonde, JohnJohn Ormonde FF Waterford 01947-10-29 29 October 1947 12th Dáil Morrissey, MichaelMichael Morrissey FF Death of Michael Morrissey

Blaney, NeilNeil Blaney FF Donegal East 01948-12-07 7 December 1948 13th Dáil Blaney, NealNeal Blaney FF Death of Neal Blaney
Murphy, William J.William J. Murphy[n 2] Lab Cork West 01949-06-15 15 June 1949 13th Dáil Murphy, Timothy J.Timothy J. Murphy Lab Death of Timothy J. Murphy
Odonnell, PatrickPatrick O'Donnell FG Donegal West 01949-11-16 16 November 1949 13th Dáil Brady, BrianBrian Brady FF Death of Brian Brady

Carew, JohnJohn Carew FG Limerick East 01952-06-26 26 June 1952 14th Dáil Bourke, DanielDaniel Bourke FF Death of Daniel Bourke
Calleary, PhelimPhelim Calleary FF Mayo North 01952-06-26 26 June 1952 14th Dáil Ruttledge, P. J.P. J. Ruttledge FF Death of P. J. Ruttledge
Kenneally, WilliamWilliam Kenneally FF Waterford 01952-06-26 26 June 1952 14th Dáil Redmond, BridgetBridget Redmond FG Death of Bridget Redmond
Byrne, ThomasThomas Byrne Ind Dublin North West 01952-11-12 12 November 1952 14th Dáil Byrne, Alfred P.Alfred P. Byrne Ind Death of Alfred P. Byrne
Barry, RichardRichard Barry FG Cork East 01953-06-18 18 June 1953 14th Dáil Keane, SeánSeán Keane Lab Death of Seán Keane
Deering, MarkMark Deering FG Wicklow 01953-06-18 18 June 1953 14th Dáil Brennan, ThomasThomas Brennan FF Death of Thomas Brennan
Lahiffe, RobertRobert Lahiffe FF Galway South 01953-08-21 21 August 1953 14th Dáil Fahy, FrankFrank Fahy FF Death of Frank Fahy
Barrett, StephenStephen Barrett FG Cork Borough 01954-03-03 3 March 1954 14th Dáil Thomas F. O'Higgins FG Death of Thomas F. O'Higgins
Coburn, GeorgeGeorge Coburn FG Louth 01954-03-03 3 March 1954 14th Dáil Coburn, JamesJames Coburn FG Death of James Coburn

Colbert, MichaelMichael Colbert FF Limerick West 01955-12-13 13 December 1955 15th Dáil Madden, DavidDavid Madden FG Death of David Madden
Kathleen O'Connor[n 2] CnaP Kerry North 01956-02-29 29 February 1956 15th Dáil Connor, JohnnyJohnny Connor CnaP Death of Johnny Connor
Byrne, PatrickPatrick Byrne Ind Dublin North East 01956-04-30 30 April 1956 15th Dáil Byrne, AlfredAlfred Byrne Ind Death of Alfred Byrne
Egan, KieranKieran Egan FF Leix–Offaly 01956-04-30 30 April 1956 15th Dáil Davin, WilliamWilliam Davin Lab Death of William Davin
Galvin, JohnJohn Galvin FF Cork Borough 01956-08-02 2 August 1956 15th Dáil Macgrath, PatrickPatrick McGrath FF Death of Patrick McGrath
Medlar, MartinMartin Medlar FF Carlow–Kilkenny 01956-11-14 14 November 1956 15th Dáil Walsh, ThomasThomas Walsh FF Death of Thomas Walsh
Lemass, Jnr, NoelNoel Lemass, Jnr FF Dublin South West 01956-11-14 14 November 1956 15th Dáil Doyle, PeadarPeadar Doyle FG Death of Peadar Doyle

Sherwin, FrankFrank Sherwin Ind Dublin North Central 01957-11-14 14 November 1957 16th Dáil Gallagher, ColmColm Gallagher FF Death of Colm Gallagher
Millar, AnthonyAnthony Millar FF Galway South 01958-05-30 30 May 1958 16th Dáil Beegan, PatrickPatrick Beegan FF Death of Patrick Beegan
Cummins, PatrickPatrick Cummins FF Dublin South Central 01958-06-25 25 June 1958 16th Dáil Murphy, JackJack Murphy Ind Resignation of Jack Murphy
Oceallaigh, SeanSeán Ó Ceallaigh FF Clare 01959-07-22 22 July 1959 16th Dáil de Valera, ÉamonÉamon de Valera FF Election of Éamon de Valera as President
Ryan, RichieRichie Ryan FG Dublin South West 01959-07-22 22 July 1959 16th Dáil Butler, BernardBernard Butler FF Death of Bernard Butler
Johnston, HenryHenry Johnston[n 2] FF Meath 01959-07-22 22 July 1959 16th Dáil Griffin, JamesJames Griffin FF Death of James Griffin
Teehan, PatrickPatrick Teehan[n 2] FF Carlow–Kilkenny 01960-06-23 23 June 1960 16th Dáil Hughes, JosephJoseph Hughes FG Death of Joseph Hughes
Joseph McLoughlin FG Sligo–Leitrim 01961-03-01 1 March 1961 16th Dáil Flynn, StephenStephen Flynn FF Death of Stephen Flynn

Belton, PaddyPaddy Belton FG Dublin North East 01963-05-30 30 May 1963 17th Dáil Belton, JackJack Belton FG Death of Jack Belton
Galvin, SheilaSheila Galvin[n 2] FF Cork Borough 01964-02-19 19 February 1964 17th Dáil Galvin, JohnJohn Galvin FF Death of John Galvin
Boylan, TerenceTerence Boylan FF Kildare 01964-02-19 19 February 1964 17th Dáil Norton, WilliamWilliam Norton Lab Death of William Norton
Burke, JoanJoan Burke FG Roscommon 01964-07-08 8 July 1964 17th Dáil Burke, JamesJames Burke FG Death of James Burke
Donnellan, JohnJohn Donnellan FG Galway East 01964-12-03 3 December 1964 17th Dáil Donnellan, MichaelMichael Donnellan CnaT Death of Michael Donnellan
Desmond, EileenEileen Desmond Lab Cork Mid 01965-03-10 10 March 1965 17th Dáil Desmond, DanDan Desmond Lab Death of Dan Desmond

Oleary, JohnJohn O'Leary FF Kerry South 01966-12-07 7 December 1966 18th Dáil Crowley, HonorHonor Crowley FF Death of Honor Crowley
Browne, FadFad Browne FF Waterford 01966-12-07 7 December 1966 18th Dáil Lynch, ThaddeusThaddeus Lynch FG Death of Thaddeus Lynch
French, SeánSeán French FF Cork Borough 01967-11-09 9 November 1967 18th Dáil Casey, SeanSeán Casey Lab Death of Seán Casey
Collins, GerryGerry Collins FF Limerick West 01967-11-09 9 November 1967 18th Dáil Collins, JamesJames Collins FF Death of James Collins
Barrett, SylvesterSylvester Barrett FF Clare 01968-03-14 14 March 1968 18th Dáil Murphy, WilliamWilliam Murphy FG Death of William Murphy
Timmins, GodfreyGodfrey Timmins FG Wicklow 01968-03-14 14 March 1968 18th Dáil Everett, JamesJames Everett Lab Death of James Everett
Desmond O'Malley FF Limerick East 01968-05-22 22 May 1968 18th Dáil Donogh O'Malley FF Death of Donogh O'Malley

Sherwin, SeánSeán Sherwin[n 2] FF Dublin South West 01970-03-04 4 March 1970 19th Dáil Dunne, SeánSeán Dunne Lab Death of Seán Dunne
Malone, PatrickPatrick Malone FG Kildare 01970-04-14 14 April 1970 19th Dáil Sweetman, GerardGerard Sweetman FG Death of Gerard Sweetman
Cooney, PatrickPatrick Cooney FG Longford–Westmeath 01970-04-14 14 April 1970 19th Dáil Lenihan, PatrickPatrick Lenihan FF Death of Patrick Lenihan
Delap, PatrickPatrick Delap[n 2] FF Donegal–Leitrim 01970-12-02 2 December 1970 19th Dáil Odonnell, PatrickPatrick O'Donnell FG Death of Patrick O'Donnell
Larry McMahon FG Dublin County South 01970-12-02 2 December 1970 19th Dáil Boland, KevinKevin Boland FF Resignaton of Kevin Boland
Fitzgerald, GeneGene Fitzgerald FF Cork Mid 01972-08-02 2 August 1972 19th Dáil Forde, PaddyPaddy Forde FF Death of Paddy Forde

Toal, BrendanBrendan Toal[n 2] FG Monaghan 01973-11-27 27 November 1973 20th Dáil Childers, Erskine H.Erskine H. Childers FF Election of Erskine H. Childers as President
Brosnan, SeánSeán Brosnan FF Cork North East 01974-11-13 13 November 1974 20th Dáil Ahern, LiamLiam Ahern FF Death of Liam Ahern
Kitt, Michael P.Michael P. Kitt FF Galway North East 01975-03-04 4 March 1975 20th Dáil Kitt, Michael F.Michael F. Kitt FF Death of Michael F. Kitt
Geoghegan-Quinn, MáireMáire Geoghegan-Quinn FF Galway West 01975-03-04 4 March 1975 20th Dáil Geoghegan, JohnnyJohnny Geoghegan FF Death of Johnny Geoghegan
Kenny, EndaEnda Kenny FG Mayo West 01975-11-12 12 November 1975 20th Dáil Kenny, HenryHenry Kenny FG Death of Henry Kenny
Keaveney, PaddyPaddy Keaveney[n 2] IFF Donegal North East 01976-06-10 10 June 1976 20th Dáil Cunningham, LiamLiam Cunningham FF Death of Liam Cunningham
Halligan, BrendanBrendan Halligan[n 2] Lab Dublin South West 01976-06-10 10 June 1976 20th Dáil Lemass, Jnr, NoelNoel Lemass, Jnr FF Death of Noel Lemass, Jnr

Burke, LiamLiam Burke FG Cork City 01979-11-07 7 November 1979 21st Dáil Kerrigan, PatrickPatrick Kerrigan Lab Death of Patrick Kerrigan
Barry, MyraMyra Barry FG Cork North East 01979-11-07 7 November 1979 21st Dáil Brosnan, SeánSeán Brosnan FF Death of Seán Brosnan
Coughlan, ClementClement Coughlan FF Donegal 01980-11-06 6 November 1980 21st Dáil Brennan, JosephJoseph Brennan FF Death of Joseph Brennan

Skelly, LiamLiam Skelly FG Dublin West 01982-05-25 25 May 1982 23rd Dáil Burke, RichardRichard Burke FG Resignation of Burke on appointment as EU Commissioner
Treacy, NoelNoel Treacy FF Galway East 01982-07-20 20 July 1982 23rd Dáil Callanan, JohnnyJohnny Callanan FF Death of Johnny Callanan

Coughlan, CathalCathal Coughlan[n 2] FF Donegal South West 01983-05-13 13 May 1983 24th Dáil Coughlan, ClementClement Coughlan FF Death of Clement Coughlan
Leonard, TomTom Leonard FF Dublin Central 01983-11-23 23 November 1983 24th Dáil Colley, GeorgeGeorge Colley FF Death of George Colley
Cowen, BrianBrian Cowen FF Laois–Offaly 01984-06-14 14 June 1984 24th Dáil Cowen, BernardBernard Cowen FF Death of Bernard Cowen

Byrne, EricEric Byrne DL Dublin South Central 01994-06-09 9 June 1994 27th Dáil Oconnell, JohnJohn O'Connell FF Resignation of John O'Connell
Ring, MichaelMichael Ring FG Mayo West 01994-06-09 9 June 1994 27th Dáil Flynn, PádraigPádraig Flynn FF Resignation of Pádraig Flynn on appointment as EU Commissioner
Lynch, KathleenKathleen Lynch DL Cork North Central 01994-11-10 10 November 1994 27th Dáil Osullivan, GerryGerry O'Sullivan Lab Death of Gerry O'Sullivan
Coveney, HughHugh Coveney FG Cork South Central 01994-11-10 10 November 1994 27th Dáil Cox, PatPat Cox PD Resignation of Pat Cox after election as MEP
Fox, MildredMildred Fox Ind Wicklow 01995-06-29 29 June 1995 27th Dáil Fox, JohnnyJohnny Fox Ind Death of Johnny Fox
Keaveney, CeciliaCecilia Keaveney FF Donegal North East 01996-04-02 2 April 1996 27th Dáil Blaney, NeilNeil Blaney IFF Death of Neil Blaney
Lenihan, BrianBrian Lenihan, Jnr FF Dublin West 01996-04-02 2 April 1996 27th Dáil Lenihan, BrianBrian Lenihan, Snr FF Death of Brian Lenihan, Snr

Osullivan, JanJan O'Sullivan Lab Limerick East 01998-03-11 11 March 1998 28th Dáil Kemmy, JimJim Kemmy Lab Death of Jim Kemmy
Ryan, SeánSeán Ryan Lab Dublin North 01998-03-11 11 March 1998 28th Dáil Burke, RayRay Burke FF Resignation of Ray Burke
Coveney, SimonSimon Coveney FG Cork South Central 01998-10-23 23 October 1998 28th Dáil Coveney, HughHugh Coveney FG Death of Hugh Coveney
Upton, MaryMary Upton Lab Dublin South Central 01999-10-27 27 October 1999 28th Dáil Upton, PatPat Upton Lab Death of Pat Upton
Healy, SéamusSéamus Healy Ind Tipperary South 02000-06-22 22 June 2000 28th Dáil Ferris, MichaelMichael Ferris Lab Death of Michael Ferris
Hayes, TomTom Hayes FG Tipperary South 02001-06-30 30 June 2001 28th Dáil Ahearn, TheresaTheresa Ahearn FG Death of Theresa Ahearn

Murphy, CatherineCatherine Murphy[n 2] Ind Kildare North 02005-03-11 11 March 2005 29th Dáil Maccreevy, CharlieCharlie McCreevy FF Resignation of Charlie McCreevy on appointment as EU Commissioner
Macentee, ShaneShane McEntee FG Meath 02005-03-11 11 March 2005 29th Dáil Bruton, JohnJohn Bruton FG Resignation of John Bruton on appointment as EU Ambassador to the United States

Lee, GeorgeGeorge Lee FG Dublin South 02009-06-05 5 June 2009 30th Dáil Brennan, SéamusSéamus Brennan FF Death of Séamus Brennan
Maureen O'Sullivan Ind Dublin Central 02009-06-05 5 June 2009 30th Dáil Gregory, TonyTony Gregory Ind Death of Tony Gregory
N/A Donegal South West 02010 2010 30th Dáil Pat "the Cope" Gallagher FF Election of Pat "the Cope" Gallagher to the European Parliament
N/A Dublin South 02010 2010 30th Dáil Lee, GeorgeGeorge Lee FG Resignation of George Lee
N/A Waterford 02010 2010 30th Dáil Cullen, MartinMartin Cullen FF Resignation of Martin Cullen

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b The First Dáil and Second Dáil were revolutionary parliaments of the self-proclaimed Irish Republic, and as such by-elections were both unnecessary and impractical.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v TDs who were never subsequently re-elected.

Sources

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