List of Leonese monarchs: Wikis

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Leon Arms.svg

In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850-866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. In 910, an independent Kingdom of León was founded when the king of Asturias divided his territory amongst his three sons.

Below follows a list of Leonese monarchs. It is, in part, a continuation of the list of Asturian monarchs.

Contents

Kings of León

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Astur Dynasty

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Ordoño I de Asturias 01.jpg Ordoño I 831 850 - 27 May 866 27 May 866
Alfonso III de Asturias 01.jpg Alfonso III the Great c. 848 866 - 10 December 910 10 December 910
García I de León.jpg García I c. 871 910 - 914 914
Ordoño II de León 01.jpg Ordoño II c. 873 914 - 924 924 also the king of Galicia from 910
Fruela II c. 875 924 - 925 924 also the king of Galicia from 924 and of Asturias from 910
Alfonso IV the Monk c. 890 924 - 931 933 abdicated
Ramiro II de León 01.jpg Ramiro II c. 900 931 - 950 950
Ordoño III c. 926 951 - 956 956
Sancho I the Fat  ? 956 - 958 966
Ordoño IV the Wicked c. 926 958 - 960 962
Sancho I the Fat  ? 960 - 966 966
Ramiro III 961 966 - 984 985
Bermudo II the Gouty 956 982 - 999 999
Alfonso V 994 999 - 1028 1028
Bermudo III 1010 1028 - 4 September 1037 4 September 1037

Jiménez Dynasty

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Ferdinand the Great.JPG Ferdinand I the Great 1017 1037 - 1065 1065
AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg Alfonso VI before June 1040 1065 - January 1072 29 June/1 July 1109 deposed by brother
(restored later the same year)
Sancho II 1036/8 January 1072 - 7 October 1072 7 October 1072 also king of Castile (1065-1072)
AlfonsoVI of Castile.jpg Alfonso VI
(again)
before June 1040 7 October 1072 - 29 June/1 July 1109 29 June/1 July 1109 also king of Castile (1072-1109)
UrracaCastile.jpg Urraca 1082 1109 - 8 March 1126 8 March 1126 also queen of Castile (1109-1126)

House of Burgundy

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Alfonso VII.jpg Alfonso VII the Emperor 1 March 1105 1135 - 21 August 1157 21 August 1157 also king of Galicia (1111-1157) and king of Castile (1126-1157)
Ferdinand II 1 March 1137 1157-1188 22 January 1188
Alfonso IX 15 August 1171 1188-1230 23 September 1230
Fernando III de Castilla.png Ferdinand III the Saint 30 July or 5 August 1199 1230-1252 30 May 1252 also king of Castile from 1217, canonised in 1671
All kings hereafter were also kings of Castile
Alfonso X el Sabio (José Alcoverro) 01.jpg Alfonso X the Learned 23 November 1221 1252-1284 4 April 1284
Sancho IV de León y Castilla.jpg Sancho IV the Brave 1257 or 1258 1284-1295 25 April 1295
Fernando IV de León y Castilla.jpg Ferdinand IV the Summoned 6 December 1285 1295-1312 7 September 1312
Alfonso XI Coin.jpg Alfonso XI the Just 13 August 1311 1312-1350 26/27 March 1350
Pedro I of Castilla.jpg Peter the Cruel 30 August 1334 1350-1369 23 March 1369

House of Trastámara

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Picture Name Birth Reign Death Notes
Pedro Castile beheading.jpg Henry II the Bastard 13 January 1334 1369-1379 29 May 1379
John I 24 August 1358 1379-1390 9 October 1390
Henry III the Infirm 4 October 1379 1390-1406 1406
John II 6 March 1405 1406-1454 20 July 1454
Enrique IV.jpg Henry IV the Impotent 5 January 1425 1454-1474 11 December 1474
Isabel la Católica-2.jpg Isabella I 22 April 1451 1454-1474 28 November 1504
Johanna I van Castilië.JPG Joanna the Mad 6 November 1479 1504-1555 12 April 1555 She went insane in 1506. Her regents were all family taking advantage of her illness.
Regents
Juan de Flandes 004.jpg Philip I the Handsome July 22, 1478 1504-1506 September 25, 1506 Joanna's husband
Michel Sittow 004.jpg Ferdinand V March 10, 1452 1506-1516 January 23, 1516 Joanna's father
At this time (1516), the union of the Spanish kingdoms is generally called Spain and Charles I is the first King of Spain.
Tizian 066.jpg Charles I 24 February 1500 1516-1556 21 September 1558 Joanna's son, also king in his own right

Suggested Reading

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile", pp. 235-302.

See also


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