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This page provides general information about notable Linux distributions in the form of a categorized list. Distributions are organized into sections by the major distribution they are based on, or the package management system they are based around.

Contents

Debian-based

Debian GNU/Linux is a distribution that emphasizes free software. It is supported on many hardware platforms. Debian and distributions based on it use the .deb package format and the dpkg package manager.

Distribution Description
64 Studio Attempts to specialize in audio and video production on x86-64 workstations.
AbulÉdu French. Designed for data processing in educational establishments.
AGNULA Former DeMuDi for multimedia production
Baltix Ubuntu-based distribution for Lithuanian and Latvian people. Supported languages are Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, Russian, English, Norwegian and other around Baltic region. Main language is Lithuanian.
BeatrIX A compact distribution from the Czech Republic that focuses on providing a user-friendly desktop environment.
Behördendesktop A Debian-based public Linux distribution developed by the German Federal Office for Information Security.
Corel Linux Commercial. Short-lived desktop distribution, bought by Xandros Linux.
Damn Small Linux A desktop Linux distribution designed to be extremely lightweight and run on less powerful hardware.
Dreamlinux A Brazilian Linux distribution.
Elive A Live CD and Distribution featuring Enlightenment as the only window manager. Aims to be intuitive and easy to use.
Evelin BSP A commercial Linux distribution targeting embedded platforms.
Finnix A small system administration Live CD that is available for multiple architectures.
Freespire A Debian-based, community-driven and -supported project tied to the commercial Linspire distribution.
Gibraltar Commercial. Router/firewall distribution.
gnuLinEx A distribution promoted by the government of Extremadura, Spain.
grml Live CD for system recovery
Hikarunix A distribution solely for studying and playing the game of Go. Based on Damn Small Linux.
Jolicloud Jolicloud is in development and Pre-beta testing. Jolicloud is built upon Debian and Ubuntu 9.10, but is tweaked to be more suitable for computers that have weaker specifications in terms of disk storage, memory and screen size. It is designed to run on relatively low-powered netbook computers.
Kanotix An installable live CD for desktop usage using KDE, focusing on convenient scripts and GUI for ease of use.
Knoppix The first Live CD (later DVD) version of Debian GNU/Linux.
Kurumin Earlier, it was a version of the Knoppix distribution, modified with Debian and designed for Brazilian users.
LEAF Project The Linux Embedded Appliance Framework. A tiny primarily floppy-based distribution for routers, firewalls and other appliances.
LiMux An ISO 9241 industry workplace certified Linux distribution, deployed at the City of Munich, Germany.
Linspire Commercial. Desktop-oriented distribution, previously called Lindows. Focuses on a proprietary software application manager obtained via a paid (CNR) subscription. Bought by Xandros Linux.
Maemo A development platform for hand held devices such as the Nokia N800, N810 and Nokia N900 Internet Tablets and other Linux-based devices.
MEPIS Focuses on ease of use. Also includes lightweight variant called antiX. antiX is meant to be used on older computers with limited hardware.
Neopwn Debian based network penetration-testing distribution for mobile phones.
NepaLinux A Debian and Morphix based distribution focused for desktop usage in Nepali language computing.
OpenZaurus Debian packages and ROM image for the Sharp Zaurus PDA. Replaced by Ångström distribution.
Outernet Server A modified version of Debian that installs pre-configured and is specifically meant for a High speed multimedia Networks.
Parsix Optimized for personal computers
Progeny Componentized Linux Distribution from Progeny Linux Systems which was also founded by Debian founder Ian Murdock.
puredyne puredyne is a live distro developed to provide media artists with a complete set of tools for realtime audio and video processing.
Rxart Desktop-oriented distribution. Focused on providing proprietary software.
Sacix A Debian Pure Blend originally created to support the educational and free software diffusion goals of the Telecentres project of the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
Salgix Distribution developed and maintained by GMSI (Gemini Microsystems International) for its line of Visual Computing workstations.
Santa Fe Linux A commercial distribution by New Mexico Software. Discontinued.
sidux Multilingual desktop-oriented Live CD based on Debian unstable.
Skolelinux A distribution from Norway. It is provided as a thin client distribution for schools.
Sunwah Linux A Chinese distribution
Symphony OS Includes the Mezzo desktop environment. Previous versions were based on Knoppix.
The Linux Router Project A defunct floppy-based distribution for routers and firewalls. Supplanted by LEAF Project.
Ubuntu A distribution sponsored by Canonical Ltd as well as receiving major funding from South African Mark Shuttleworth. Aims to offer a complete and polished desktop on a single CD.
Ulteo Virtual desktop project
UserLinux Commercial distribution that would have included GNOME. Short-lived.
Vyatta Commercial open source network operating system includes routing, firewall, VPN, intrusion prevention and more. Designed to be an open source Cisco replacement.
Xandros Open Circulation Edition Based on Xandros 3.0 Standard Edition. DVD burning is disabled and CD burning is restricted to a maximum speed of 4X.
Xebian For the Xbox home gaming console.

Knoppix-based

Knoppix, itself, is based on Debian.

Distribution Description
Feather Linux It boots from either a CD or a USB flash drive. Uses Knoppix-based hardware detection and the Fluxbox window manager.
Kaella The French translation of Knoppix.
Morphix A Live CD distribution with different flavours, including GNOME. Used as a base for many other custom live distribution such as Clusterix, PHLAK or Gnix.
Musix A Knoppix/Debian based distribution, intended for music production, graphic design, audio, video editing, and other tasks. It is built with only free software.
PHLAK A Live security distribution based on Morphix.

Ubuntu-based

Ubuntu is a distribution based on Debian. Each has a different release schedule: Debian's release cycle is 2 years, and Ubuntu's is 6 months. Ubuntu's packages are downloaded from Debian, re-packaged with Ubuntu version numbers and integrated to the system with Ubuntu-specific patches as needed. Ubuntu officially only supports 2 computer architectures; Debian, about 10. Ubuntu has two maintenance lines (stable, in development); Debian has several suites (stable, testing, unstable, experimental).

Official distributions

These Ubuntu variants simply install a set of packages different from the original Ubuntu, but since they draw additional packages and updates from the same repositories as Ubuntu, all of the same software is available for each of them.

Distribution Description
Ubuntu Server Edition An official derivative made for use in servers. Ubuntu Server handles mail, controls printers, acts as a fileserver, can host LAMP and more.
Kubuntu An official derivative of Ubuntu using KDE instead of the GNOME which is used by default in Ubuntu.
Xubuntu An official derivative of Ubuntu using Xfce. Xubuntu is intended for use on less-powerful computers or those who seek a highly efficient desktop environment on faster systems, and uses mostly GTK+ applications.
Lubuntu Lubuntu is a project that is intended to lead to an official derivative of the Ubuntu operating system that is "lighter, less resource hungry and more energy-efficient", using the LXDE desktop environment.[1][2].
Edubuntu A complete Linux-based operating system targeted for primary and secondary education. It is freely available with community based support. The Edubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Edubuntu Manifesto: that software, especially for education, should be available free of charge and that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities. Since version 8.04, Edubuntu has now been named Ubuntu Education Edition and has been made as an add-on for the Ubuntu operating system.
Gobuntu Gobuntu was an official derivative of the Ubuntu operating system, aiming to provide a distribution consisting entirely of free software. It was officially announced by Mark Shuttleworth on July 10, 2007, and daily builds of Gobuntu 7.10 began to be publicly released. The project ended around the release of 8.04 and has since merged into mainline Ubuntu as a 'free software' option.
Ubuntu JeOS (pronounced as "juice") Described as "an efficient variant [...] configured specifically for virtual appliances".
Ubuntu Mobile An embedded operating system designed for use on mobile devices. The operating system will use Hildon from maemo as its graphical frontend.
Ubuntu Netbook Edition[3] Released in 2008,[4] Netbook Edition is an official derivative of Ubuntu designed for netbooks using the Intel Atom processor.

Contributed distributions

Distribution Description
Ubuntu Studio Based on Ubuntu, providing open-source applications for multimedia creation aimed at the audio, video and graphic editors.
Mythbuntu provides an Ubuntu-based and MythTV based distribution that is supposed to be easy to configure, maintain, and use.

Third-party distributions

Unofficial variants and derivatives are not controlled or guided by Canonical and are generally forks with different goals in mind:

Distribution Description
ABC GNU/Linux An Ubuntu-based distribution for building Beowulf clusters
BackTrack Developed by Remote Exploit and designed for penetration testing.
Buddhabuntu Ubuntu based distribution for Buddhists to complement Ubuntu Christian Edition and Muslim Editions
BlankOn Ubuntu-based distribution for users in Indonesia.
Buildix An Ubuntu-based Linux distribution, developed by Global IT professional services firm, ThoughtWorks. For agile developers.
CrunchBang Linux An Ubuntu based distribution featuring the lightweight Openbox window manager and GTK+ applications developed from a minimal Ubuntu install and has been designed to offer a good balance of speed and functionality.
easypeasy Fork of Ubuntu designed for netbooks
eBox Router/Firewall and NAS/PDC
Eeebuntu Specifically for the Eee PC range of netbooks
Fluxbuntu Light-weight and featuring the Fluxbox window manager
Future OS
gNewSense Designed for users who wish to use only free software. It is officially sponsored and recommended by the Free Software Foundation. The project has also produced a set of scripts that allow anyone to create a free distribution.
Goobuntu An Ubuntu-based distribution used internally by Google.
gOS Uses the GNOME desktop environment with user interface enhancements to make it work more like Mac OS X, it also features Google Apps, Picasa, Google Gadgets and other web-based applications, and comes with Wine 1.0 pre-installed
Guadalinex Ubuntu-based distribution promoted by the local government of Andalucia, Spain, for home users and schools.
Hiweed Chinese Linux distribution, based on Ubuntu. Its features include preconfigured Chinese applications, such as Chinese (simplified) input method, Chinese-English and English-Chinese dictionaries, and Chinese (simplified) true-type fonts.
HP Mi (MIE) Based on Ubuntu 8.04 LTS, designed by Canonical and HP for use on the HP Mini 1000 and 110 series netbooks.[5]
Impi Linux South African and focuses on the enterprise and government sector.
Kuki Linux Lightweight Ubuntu-based Linux distribution founded by João Ferro, built to be a replacement for the Linpus Linux Lite distribution on the Acer Aspire One.
Leeenux Linux Based on Ubuntu, for Asus Eee PC with 7" screen
Linux4One Based on Ubuntu, specially designed to work on the Acer Aspire One series
Linux Mint Linux Mint synchronizes its release-cycle with Ubuntu's, and is tailored to user-friendliness for desktop users.
LinuxMCE (Linux Media Center Edition) Kubuntu based distribution that provides in-depth HTPC functionality as well as home automation.
LinuxTLE A Thai Linux distribution.
LliureX A distribution by the Generalitat Valenciana
Longhorn Linux An attempt at recreating cancelled features and design from Windows Vista's development, (primarily, if not completely, before the 2004 Development Reset,) and praised features that those days of Longhorn did not have.
LOUD (LCSEE Optimized Ubuntu Distribution) An Ubuntu distribution used at West Virginia University. It contains several specialized educational packages as well as its own themes and login manager.
Maryan Linux Based on Ubuntu. Uses Enlightenment as its default window manager, also has Fluxbox and Pekwm ready to use. It is aimed at users migrating from Microsoft Windows.
MAX Stands for MAdrid LinuX.
Molinux Ubuntu based initiative to introduce the Castile-La Mancha community in Spain to the information society.
Moon OS Moon OS uses the Enlightenment window manager and also has an LXDE version, and is based on the LTS release.
Mundus OS
nUbuntu or Network Ubuntu Based on Ubuntu. Available as a Live CD and Full Install with tools needed for penetration-testing servers and networks.
OpenGEU Ubuntu based distribution with Enlightenment window manager, previously known as Geubuntu.
Poseidon Linux For academic and scientific use. Based on Ubuntu, but enhanced by e.g. GIS/maps, numerical modelling, 2D/3D/4D visualization, statistics, tools for creating simple and complex graphics, programming languages.
PSUbuntu Ubuntu distribution intended for the PlayStation 3.
Qimo 4 Kids educational games for children aged 3 and up. Ubuntu-based with easy to use interface.
Sabily Ubuntu based distribution for Muslims (formerly Ubuntu Muslim Edition).
Spri Lightweight Ubuntu derivative replacing GNOME desktop environment with lightweight IceWM window manager. Designed for ageing and low powered computer hardware.
Super OS (formerly: Super Ubuntu) Aiming to provide an ‘Out of the Box’ experience, containing various enhancements over Ubuntu.
Trisquel Fully free software, based on Ubuntu.
TurnKey Linux Virtual Appliance Library Open source project developing a family of free, Ubuntu-based appliances optimized for ease of use in server-type usage scenarios.
U-lite Has the main goal to be very light consuming hardware resources. The last version uses the LXDE desktop environment. It was previously called Ubuntulite.
Ubuntu Christian Edition Packaging Ubuntu together with Christian software (Bible study tools, support for church worship) and parental control tools.[6]
Ubuntu Rescue Remix Ubuntu Rescue Remix is a GNU/Linux live system which runs from CD or USB flash device. It provides the data recovery specialist with a command-line interface environment.
Ubuntu Complete Remix Ubuntu Complete Remix contains a selection of software on LiveDVD.
Ultimate Edition Formerly Ubuntu Ultimate, it is based on Ubuntu and contains various software not included in the official Ubuntu repositories.
wattOS A lightweight distribution that is aimed at low powered and older computers.
XBMC Live An embedded operating system with XBMC Media Center designed to make any computer into a dedicated media center appliance.
Ylmf OS Based on Ubuntu and uses a Windows XP-like design.
Zenix The successor to Ubuntu Buddhist edition.
ZevenOS Similar to BeOS, with some extra tools.

Gentoo-based

Gentoo is a distribution designed to have highly optimized and frequently updated software. Distributions based on Gentoo use the Portage package management system with emerge or one of the alternative package managers.

Distribution Description
Funtoo Linux Funtoo Linux is a new project started by Daniel Robbins to improve the Gentoo Linux core system and tools.[citation needed]
Calculate Linux Calculate Linux is a family of distributions.
Gentoox An adaptation of Gentoo for the Xbox.
iloog For academic/student usage.
Knopperdisk A new distribution aimed at USB sticks.
Kororaa Aimed at easy installation of a Gentoo system by using install scripts instead of manual configuration.
PapugLinux Minimalist Gentoo
Pentoo Penetration-testing Live CD
Sabayon Linux An installable Live DVD with multiple desktop environments. Uses a customized version of Red Hat's Anaconda Installer. Includes a Media Center application.
SystemRescueCD System rescue Live CD version of Gentoo.
Tin Hat Linux Based on hardened Gentoo
Ututo Made in Argentina.
VidaLinux Uses Anaconda as its installer.

Pacman-based

Pacman is a package manager that is capable of resolving dependencies and automatically downloading and installing all necessary packages. In theory, a user need only run a single command to completely update the system.

Distribution Description
Arch Linux An i686- and x86-64-optimized distribution targeted at experienced users. Arch runs on a rolling release system and uses the pacman utility for package management.
DeLi Linux A desktop based mini distribution with office suite, web browser and other graphical programs to run on a 486. Built from scratch with some influences from Slackware and CRUX.
Frugalware A general purpose Linux distribution designed for intermediate users. Has some influences from Slackware, and uses the heavily modified Pacman package manager.
UKnow4Kids A minimalist Linux Live DVD compiling educational software for children 2- to 10-years-old (some applications may appeal to children in their teens), including Gcompris and KDE Education. UKnow4Kids is based on Arch Linux, but aimed at inexperienced Linux/computer users.

RPM-based

Red Hat Linux and SUSE Linux were the original major distributions that used the RPM file format, which is today used in several package management systems. Both of these later divided into commercial and community-supported distributions. Red Hat Linux divided into a community-supported distribution sponsored by Red Hat called Fedora, and a commercially supported distribution called Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Distribution Description
aLinux A distribution for home use designed to be equivalent to Windows XP Home (formerly known as Peanut Linux). Discontinued.
ALT Linux Several distributions including Master, Compact, and Junior. Provides support for Cyrillic languages.[7]
Ark Linux A distribution focused on ease of use and ease of learning.
Caldera OpenLinux Caldera bought SCO then took the SCO name and no longer produces a Linux distribution. Last release: 3.1.1 - Jan. 30, 2002
cAos Linux A general purpose distribution. Designed to have low overhead, run on older hardware, and be easily customizable.
Fedora Community-supported distribution sponsored by Red Hat. It usually features cutting-edge Linux technologies.
Linkat A distribution promoted by the government of Catalonia, Spain.
Lycoris Desktop/LX
Mandriva Linux Easy to use system through its unique Control Center.
PLD Linux Distribution RPM-based Linux distribution. Last release: 2009-04-01
Red Hat Linux Split into Fedora Core and Red Hat Enterprise Linux. The last official release was Red Hat Linux 9 in March 2003.
SUSE Linux A desktop-oriented Linux distribution by Novell, Inc., popular in Europe.
  • openSUSE - A community-developed branch, sponsored by Novell. It maintains a strict policy of ensuring all code in the standard installs will be from Free/Libre/Open-Source Software solutions, including Linux kernel Modules. Novell's enterprise Linux products are all based on the codebase that comes out of the openSUSE project.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server - A server-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell, Inc. and targeted at the business market.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (previously branded Novell Linux Desktop) - A desktop-oriented Linux distribution supplied by Novell, Inc. and targeted at the enterprise market.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time - A specialized version of the SUSE distribution from Novell designed to support low latency for time critical operations.
Turbolinux Based on Red Hat Linux.
Vine Linux A Japanese distribution based on Red Hat Linux.
YOPER A desktop distribution from New Zealand that focuses on optimizing system performance for workstation use.

Fedora-based

Distribution Description
Aurora SPARC Linux For Sun's SPARC architecture
Berry Linux A medium-sized Fedora-based distribution that provides support in Japanese and English.
BLAG Linux and GNU Fully free software
EduLinux For educational purposes
EnGarde Secure Linux Server-only distribution designed to be secure.[8]
K12LTSP A distribution for educational purpose. Comes with LTSP support.
Linpus Linux Focused on the Chinese market, along with Linpus Lite focused on the netbook market.
Moblin Built around the Intel Atom processor
MythDora Specialized distribution for easy setup of the MythTV PVR software, similar to KnoppMyth, based on Fedora.
Network Security Toolkit A Live CD/DVD with security and networking tools to perform routine security and networking diagnostic and monitoring tasks.
Ojuba Linux Focused on providing the best Arabic support, as well as some Islamic tools such as Hijra (Hijri calendar) and Minbar (prayer time indicator).
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Red Hat's officially supported distribution. Meant for enterprise use.
Russian Fedora Remix A remix of Fedora.
Trustix A distribution focused on security.[9]
Xange Xange (formerly Simplis, formerly Vixta) is a distribution that tries to emulate the appearance of Windows Vista. It is based on KDE.
Yellow Dog Linux For the PowerPC platform.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux-based

Distribution Description
Asianux A distribution co-developed between Red Flag Software Co., Ltd., Miracle Linux Corp. and Haansoft, INC., focused on Chinese, Japanese and Korean supports.
CentOS Community-supported distribution that aims to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux without the inclusion of proprietary software.
ClearOS Small Business Server. File, Print, Messaging, UTM, VPN.
EVEREST Linux Based on Red Flag Linux. Provides support for the Loongson architecture.
Fermi Linux LTS Based on Scientific Linux.[10]
Miracle Linux Developed by Japanese software vendor Miracle Linux Co., Ltd
Oracle Enterprise Linux Supported by Oracle. Aims to be fully compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Red Flag Linux A distribution developed in China and optimized for the Chinese market. Based on Asianux.
Rocks Cluster Distribution A distribution for building a High-Performance Computing computer cluster, with a recent release supporting Cloud computing. It is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux but with extensions to support large multi-node heterogeneous systems for clusters (HPC), Cloud, and Data Warehousing (in development).
Scientific Linux A distribution co-developed by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), which aims to be compatible with and based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
SME Server Based on CentOS and targeting Small and Medium Enterprises.
TrixBox A Voice Over IP (VoIP) distribution based on CentOS.
White Box Enterprise Linux A distribution designed to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Discontinued.

Mandriva Linux-based

Distribution Description
Annvix A security-focused server distribution. Originally based on Mandrake 9.2 but has diverged a lot. Discontinued.
Caixa Mágica A Portuguese distribution.
MCNLive A Mandriva-based distribution designed to run from CD or USB Flash Drive, focused on multimedia, internet, graphics.
PCLinuxOS A Live CD distribution. Originally based on Mandrake 9.2. Later rebased on Mandriva 2007.
Trinity Rescue Kit Aimed specifically at offline operations for Windows and Linux systems such as rescue, repair, password resets and disk cloning

PCLinuxOS-based

Distribution Description
Granular Linux Based on Mandriva Linux and features two desktop environments - KDE & Enlightenment
Karoshi A PCLinuxOS-based distribution designed for use in schools.
TinyMe A lightweight distribution based on PCLinuxOS; remastered with Unity Linux.

Slackware-based

Slackware is known as a highly customizable distribution that stresses ease of maintenance and reliability over cutting-edge software and automated tools. Generally considered a distribution for advanced users, it is often suggested to those who want to learn the inner workings of a Linux operating system.

Distribution Description
Austrumi An 86 MB bootable live CD
BasicLinux A mini Linux designed to run in old PCs (386). Has a certain degree of compatibility with Slackware packages.
GoblinX A live CD that features multiple customizable desktop environments.[citation needed]
HostGIS HostGIS Linux is a Slackware based distribution specifically made for handling GIS information.
KateOS A desktop distribution aimed at intermediate users. It uses Xfce as its default desktop environment.
MuLinux Floppy-based distribution with replaceable modules.
NimbleX Completely customizable through the NimbleX website.
Recovery Is Possible Live CD for system maintenance and recovery.[11]
Salix OS Uses Xfce as its default desktop environment.
Sentry Firewall A firewall, server or intrusion detection system distribution.
Slackintosh An unofficial port of Slackware to the PowerPC architecture.
Slamd64 An unofficial port of Slackware to the x86-64 architecture.
SLAX A very popular live CD which aims to provide a complete desktop for general use. Permanent installation of SLAX is not recommended or supported; it is designed for "live" use only.
SMS - Slack Mini Server A server distribution (inc. dovecot, postfix, mailscanner, clamav, spamassassin, openldap), manageable through webmin interface or kde environment. Also features TorrentFlux (a php bittorrent client) and Rtorrent with Wtorrent. DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 215, 13 August 2007 SMS FEATURES
STUX Live CD
Topologilinux Designed to run from within Microsoft Windows, Topologilinux can be installed without any changes to the user's hard disk.
VectorLinux A lightweight distribution designed to be easy to use even for new users. Generally considered well-suited for older hardware.
Wolvix A desktop-oriented Linux distribution based on Slackware, mainly targeted at home users, featuring Xfce.
Zenwalk Originally a minimal version of Slackware, Zenwalk has evolved into a very different operating system; however, compatibility with Slackware is still maintained.
ZipSlack A lightweight and portable version of Slackware

SLAX-based

SLAX's modularity and reputation of quality have made it a popular base for other live CD projects.

Distribution Description
Emnix A SLAX-based distribution focused around portability and practicality. Production has ceased and Emnix replaced with Project Esma.
DAVIX A live CD for data analysis and visualization.
DNALinux A small distribution designed for running bioinformatics software, including BLAST and EMBOSS.
Simplelinux A Mini-distribution, codenamed "1Malaysia Linux". Using the latest XFCE window manager, Can either use it "Live" or installed to hard disk. Support x86_64, ARM, and IA-64 based processor architecture[citation needed]

Others

The following distributions are simply not categorized under the preceding sections.

Distribution Description
Billix A live CD or live USB system administration toolkit and multi-boot distribution with the ability to install any of the included distributions.
Coyote Linux Router/firewall distribution.
CRUX CRUX is a lightweight, i686-optimized distribution targeted at experienced users. The focus is "keep it simple", which is reflected in a simple tar.gz-based package system, BSD-style initscripts, and a relatively small collection of trimmed packages
DD-WRT Embedded firewall distribution.
Devil-Linux Router/firewall/server distribution running from CD or USB. Configuration held on USB or floppy disk.
Draco GNU/Linux Uses pkgsrc for package management.
DSLinux Version of Linux designed for the Nintendo DS.
dyne:bolic Live CD geared toward multimedia (audio and video) production, but comes with other non-media specific application (eg: word processor, desktop publisher).
Endian Firewall Specializes in Routing/Firewalling and Unified Threat Management.
Familiar Linux Distribution for iPAQ handhelds.
Fli4l a single floppy ISDN, DSL and Ethernet-Router.
Foresight Linux A distribution built around the Conary package manager.
FREESCO A free replacement for proprietary routers supporting up to 10 network cards and up to 10 modems.
GeeXboX Live CD media center distribution, mainly to play special-encoded video files (eg: .ogg, XVID) on home theater.
GoboLinux An alternative distribution which redefines the file system hierarchy by installing everything belonging to one application in one folder under /Programs, and using symlinks from /System and its subfolders to point to the proper files.
Google Chrome OS Designed by Google to work exclusively with web applications.[citation needed] Not yet released in binary form, though source code and directions to manually build it (under the name "Chromium-Based OS") are available.[12]
IPCop Router/firewall distribution.
iPodLinux Embedded Linux firmware for the Apple iPod based on the µCLinux kernel.
Jlime Distribution for the HP Jornada 6xx and 7xx and NEC MobilePro 900(c) handhelds.
KaeilOS Embedded Linux distribution
Lunar Linux A source code-based distribution descended from Sorcerer GNU/Linux.
MCC Interim Linux MCC Interim Linux, possibly the first Linux distribution. Created by the Manchester Computing Centre in February 1992.
MkLinux A legacy distribution for PowerPC systems that runs the Linux kernel as a server on top of the Mach microkernel.
Mobilinux By Montavista for smartphones.
MontaVista Linux Embedded systems distribution by MontaVista Software.
NASLite a floppy-based Linux designed to turn an old computer into a simple Network Attached Storage device.
Nitix Developed by Net Integration Technologies Inc., Nitix claims to be the first autonomic Linux-based server operating system.
OpenWrt Embedded firewall distribution.
Pardus Developed by Turkish National Research Institute of Electronics and Cryptology. It uses PISI as package manager, COMAR as configuration framework.
PS2 Linux Sony Computer Entertainment distribution released officially for the PlayStation 2 video game console.
Puppy Linux A mini distribution which runs well under low-end PCs - even under 32 MB RAM. Includes Slackware 12 support (since version 3).
rPath A distribution built around the Conary package manager.
SLAMPP Designed to be used on a home server.
SliTaz GNU/Linux A small desktop distribution. The ISO is under 30 MB; runs entirely in RAM; uses its own tazpkg package system.
Smallfoot Developed by the Santa Cruz Operation ( SCO UNIX / SCO Group ), formerly Caldera.
SmoothWall Router/firewall distribution.
Softlanding Linux System One of the earliest distributions, developed from 1992–1994; Slackware was originally based on it.
Sorcerer A source code-based distribution.
Source Mage GNU/Linux A source code-based distribution, descended from Sorcerer.
Stable Hybrid Release For smartphones, offering Enlightenment's Illume user interface. It is based on FSO.
Thinstation Thin client distribution supporting all major connectivity protocols.
Tinfoil Hat Linux Bootable floppy distribution focusing on extreme security
Tiny Core Linux Tiny Core Linux is a minimalist (around 10 MB) Linux system focusing on providing a base system with BusyBox, FLTK and other minimalist software.
tomsrtbt Root boot disk.
xPUD Small distribution, aimed at being simple and usable. Features "plate" interface
Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X One of the oldest Linux distributions, not updated since 1995.
Zencafe Designed for use at internet cafes.

See also

References

External links


Simple English

Linux can be changed, so there are many versions and distributions of Linux, with the Kernel changed. Here is a list about the distributions:

Contents

Debian-based

Debian is a distribution that only accepts free software. It is supported on many hardware platforms.

Distribution Description
64 Studio Attempts to specialize in audio and video production on AMD64 workstations.
AbulÉdu For education projects
Baltix For Lithuanian and Latvian people
BeatrIX A distribution from the Czech Republic.
DeMuDi For multimedia production
Dreamlinux A Brazilian Linux distribution based on Morphix, Elive, Debian and Kanotix.
eBox for Router/Firewall and NAS/PDC
Elive A LiveCD intuitive and easy to use.
Feather Linux Like Damn Small Linux, but not based on it. It can work with Debian packages. It is a light distribution.
Finnix A small system administration Live CD.
Gibraltar Router/firewall distribution.
gnuLinEx A distribution promoted by the government of Extremadura, Spain.
Kanotix An installable live CD for desktop usage using KDE,easy to use.
Knoppix The first Live CD (later DVD) version of Debian GNU/Linux.
Linspire Desktop-oriented distribution, previously called Lindows.
Longhorn Linux A Debian Based Distro made to look and feel like Windows Longhorn.
Maemo A version made for devies such as the Nokia n8x0.
MEPIS An easy to install Linux Distribution.
MintPPC Fast and slick Linux for PowerPC computers.
NepaLinux A Debian and Morphix based distribution in Nepali language.
OpenZaurus Debian packages and ROM image for the Sharp Zaurus PDA.
Parsix GNU/Linux Parsix is an installable live CD based on Kanotix and Debian sid.
PingOO French distribution helped by local communities,public organizations,schools etc.
Rxart Desktop-oriented distribution.
Satux Is a 100% Brazilian distribution.
Skolelinux A distribution from Norway,distributing for schools.
sidux Based on Debian ,unstable.
Symphony OS Includes the Mezzo desktop environment. Old versions were based on Knoppix.
The Linux Router Project Router distribution
Trisquel A Debian based distribution, created in Galicia ,Spain.It has support for old PCs, includes a 3D desktop with Compiz.
Tuquito Created in Argentina.
Ubuntu A distribution sponsored by Canonical Ltd as well as receiving big funding from South African Mark Shuttleworth.
UserLinux Commercial distribution that would have included GNOME. It was never published.
Xandros Open Circulation Edition based on Xandros 3.0 Standard Edition.
Xebian For the Xbox home gaming console.

Knoppix-based

Knoppix is itself based on Debian.

Distribution Description
Buildix For agile developers.
Kaella The French translation of Knoppix.
Feather Linux Knoppix-based Linux distribution which currently fits in under 128 MB.
Kalango A Brazilian Knoppix-based distribution designed to have a very nice look.
KnoppMyth Specialized Knoppix distribution for easy setup of the MythTV PVR software.
Kurumin A version of the Knoppix distribution designed for Brazilian users.
Morphix A LiveCD distribution.
Musix A Knoppix/Debian based distribution, intended for music production, graphic design, audio, video editing, and other tasks. It is built with only free software.
PAIPIX A Debian "live" distribution based on Knoppix and Kanotix for desktop usage,from Portugal

Ubuntu-based

Ubuntu is based on Debian.

Distribution Description
Edubuntu Official derivative; designed for use in classroom
Fluxbuntu Soft distribution using the Fluxbox window manager
Freespire Distribution made especially for streaming media from the Internet.
gNewSense Free general purpose operating system, it is built with only free software.
Gnoppix Offers the GNOME desktop environment on a Live CD.
Gobuntu Free general purpose operating system.
gOS Rocket Based on Ubuntu 7.10 and the Enlightenment window manager, and designed for a US$200 Wal-Mart computer.
Guadalinex An Ubuntu-based distribution promoted by the local government of Andalucia, Spain.
Hiweed A distribution for the Chinese language.
Impi Linux A South African based distribution for to be used in Africa.
Kubuntu Official derivative; uses the KDE desktop environment.
LinuxMCE Distribution designed to allow a computer to act as a Home Theater PC.
Linux Mint Distribution focused on multimedia. Contains Compiz Fusion.
Mythbuntu Designed to simplify the installation of MythTV on a ]]home theater]] PC.
nUbuntu Includes tools used for testing of servers and networks.
OpenGEU Combines the power and flexibility of Gnome with the look of Enlightenment.
Ubuntu Christian Edition A Christian edition of Ubuntu
Ubuntu Studio
Sabily A fully-themed distribution made for Muslims, comes with packages such as prayer-time reminder and Qur'an recitations.
Super OS includes support for more multimedia formats and aiming for an "out-of-the-box" experience
Xubuntu Official derivative; uses the Xfce desktop environment.

Gentoo-based

Gentoo is a distribution designed to have highly optimized and frequently updated software.

Distribution Description
Gentoox An adaptation of Gentoo for the Xbox.
Knopperdisk A new distribution that can stay at USB sticks.
Kororaa A distribution easy to using and installing with a manual configuration.
Pentoo For testing Live CD distribution.
Sabayon Linux
SystemRescueCD System rescue Live CD version of Gentoo.
Ututo A distribution made in Argentina.
VidaLinux A distribution which uses Anaconda as its installer.

RPM-based

Red Hat Linux and SUSE Linux were the original major distributions that used the RPM file format, which is today used in several package management systems. Both of these later divided into commercial and community-supported distributions.

Fedora-based

Distribution Description
Aurox Young Polish distribution.
Aurora SPARC Linux A distribution that brings a modified Fedora to Sun's SPARC architecture
BLAG Linux and GNU A Free Software-based distribution designed for basic home use.
Fox Linux An Italian distribution designed for basic home use.
K12Linux and K12LTSP A distribution for educational purpose.
Linux XP Distribution that focuses for to be easy to use.
Yellow Dog Linux A Fedora-based distribution for the PowerPC platform,is the official official supported Linux for the PlayStation 3.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux-based

Distribution Description
Asianux
CentOS Community-supported distribution that to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux without proprietary software.
SME Server Based on CentOS.
ClarkConnect Router/firewall distribution
Pie Box Enterprise Linux Created for to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux with few changes.
Scientific Linux A distribution co-developed by Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).
White Box Enterprise Linux A distribution designed to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Others (RPM-based)

Distribution Description
aLinux A distribution for home use designed to be as Windows XP Home.
ALT Linux
Annvix A security-focused server distribution.
Ark Linux A distribution focused on ease of use and ease of learning.
Berry Linux A Fedora-based distribution that supports [[Japanese[]] and English languages.
Caixa Mágica A Portuguese distribution.
Caldera Linux
cAos Linux Designed for to run on older hardware, and be easily customizable.
EduLinux A distribution for educational projects.
EnGarde Secure Linux Server-only distribution designed to be safe.
LiMux
Linkat A distribution promoted by the government of Catalonia, Spain.
Mandriva Linux Free Free
MCNLive A Mandriva-based distribution designed to run from CD or USB Flash Drive.
PCLinuxOS A Live CD distribution.Originally based on Mandrake 9.2.
PLD Linux Distribution For expert people.
QiLinux Made in Italy.
Red Flag Linux A distribution developed in China and make good for the Chinese people.
Red Hat Linux
SAM Linux A live and installation CD based on PCLinuxOS 2007 and Xfce.
Sharif Linux A bilingual Persian-English distribution for the Iranian people.
SUSE Linux A desktop-oriented Linux distribution helped by Novell, Inc.. SUSE is one of the most popular distributions in Europe.
  • openSUSE - A branch developed by the community and sponsored by Novell.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server - A server-oriented Linux distribution helped by Novell, Inc..
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop A desktop-oriented Linux distribution helped by Novell, Inc. and targeted at the enterprise market.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time - A specialized version of the SUSE distribution from Novell.
Trustix A distribution based for to be safe.
Turbolinux Based on Red Hat Linux.
Vine Linux A Japanese distribution based on Red Hat Linux.
YOPER A desktop distribution from New Zealand.

Slackware-based

Slackware is known as a highly customizable distribution,generally considered a distribution for expert users.

Distribution Description
Austrumi A soft distribution (50MB).
easys GNU/Linux Slackware based enterprise Desktop equipped with KDE.
Frugalware A general purpose Linux distribution.
GoblinX
HostGIS
NimbleX .
Plamo Linux A Japanese Linux distribution designed for simplicity.
Slackintosh
Slamd64
SLAX A very popular live CD.
Topologilinux Designed to run from within Microsoft Windows.
Vector Linux A soft distribution designed to be easy to use even for new users.
Zenwalk Linux

SLAX-Based

SLAX's distributions are know for be really good in branch of quality.

Distribution Description
Arudius
BackTrack
DNALinux
SLAMPP Designed to be used on a home server.

Others

The following distributions either use another packaging system, do not use any, or are simply not categorized.

Distribution Description
Arch Linux An i686- and x86-64-optimized, independently developed distribution targeted at experienced users. Arch runs on a rolling release system and uses the pacman utility for package management. Extra software to customize the system is added via pacman from the Arch repositories.
corvix Corvix is a currently new emerging linux distribution, which provides a stable basis system (debian/etch or FreeBSD) and uses a portage (Gentoo) alike system to add custom bleeding edge software. It provides a complete framework for installing (under <4minute-install) and maintaining a high-performance cluster.
Coyote Linux Router/firewall distribution.
CRUX CRUX is a lightweight, i686-optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users. The primary focus of this distribution is "keep it simple", which is reflected in a simple tar.gz-based package system, BSD-style initscripts, and a relatively small collection of trimmed packages
DD-WRT Embedded firewall distribution.
DeLi Linux A desktop based mini distribution with office suite, web browser and other graphical programs to run on a 486. Built from scratch with some influences from Slackware and CRUX.
Devil-Linux firewall/router/server distribution running from CD.
DSLinux Version of Linux designed for the Nintendo DS.
dyne:bolic Live CD geared toward multimedia (audio and video) production, but comes with other non-media specific application (eg: word processor, desktop publisher). It is completely free software as defined by the Free Software Foundation.
Familiar Linux Distribution for iPAQ handhelds.
Fli4l a single floppy ISDN, DSL and Ethernet-Router.
Foresight Linux A distribution built around the Conary package manager.
FREESCO A free replacement for proprietary routers supporting up to 10 network cards and up to 10 modems.
Fedora A free workstation for home or company workers.
GeeXboX Live CD media center distribution, mainly to play special-encoded video files (eg: .ogg, XVID) on home theater.
GoboLinux An alternative Linux distribution which redefines the entire file system hierarchy by installing everything belonging to one application in one folder under /Programs, and using symlinks from /System and its subfolders to point to the proper files.
Hikarunix A distro solely for studying and playing the game of Go.
IPCop Router/firewall distribution.
iPodLinux Embedded Linux firmware for the Apple iPod based on the µCLinux kernel.
Jlime Distribution for the HP Jornada 6xx and 7xx and NEC MobilePro 900(c) handhelds.
Lunar Linux A source code-based distribution descended from Sorcerer GNU/Linux.
Lycoris Desktop/LX: Fell down to one employee and then acquired by Mandriva.
MCC Interim Linux MCC Interim Linux, possibly the first Linux distribution. Created by the Manchester Computing Centre in February of 1992.
MkLinux A distribution for PowerPC systems that runs the Linux kernel as a server on top of the Mach microkernel.
Mobilinux By Montavista for smartphones.
MontaVista Linux Embedded systems distro by MontaVista Software.
NASLite a floppy-based Linux designed to turn an old computer into a simple Network Attached Storage device.
NimbleX A modular distribution intended for non-experienced users. It runs from the CD/USB.
Nitix Developed by Net Integration Technologies Inc., Nitix claims to be the first autonomic Linux-based server operating system.
OpenWrt Embedded firewall distribution.
Pardus Developed in Turkey. It uses PISI as package manager, COMAR as configuration framework.
PS2 Linux Sony Computer Entertainment distribution released officially for the PlayStation 2 video game console.
Puppy Linux A mini distribution which runs well under low-end PCs - even under 32 MB RAM. Includes Slackware 12 support (since version 3).
Rocks Cluster Distribution A distribution for building a High-performance computing computer cluster.
ROOT GNU/Linux A general purpose distribution for advanced users focusing on stability, flexibility and speed.
rPath A distribution built around the Conary package manager.
Sentry Firewall A firewall, server or intrusion detection system distribution.
SliTaz GNU/Linux A small desktop distro. The ISO is 25 MB; runs entirely in RAM.
SmoothWall Router/firewall distribution.
Softlanding Linux System One of the earliest distributions, developed from 1992-1994; Slackware was originally based on it.
Sorcerer A source code-based distribution.
Source Mage GNU/Linux A source code-based distribution, descended from Sorcerer.
Tinfoil Hat Linux Bootable floppy distribution focusing on extreme security
tomsrtbt Root boot disk.
Tuga Commercial desktop distribution made in Italy, based on QiLinux.
Yggdrasil Linux/GNU/X One of the oldest Linux distributions, not updated since 1995.








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