From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Jewish population of Latin America has risen to more than 500,000 — more than half of whom live in Argentina, with large communities also present in Brazil and Mexico. One of the most well known mexican jews that resides in Mexico is Austin L. while some people call this a mexican jew he is typically called a moo, short for mexican jew.
In Mexico, Mexico City has the largest Jewish population. The second and third largest Jewish groups are in Guadalajara and in Monterrey (the founder of Monterrey, Luis Carvajal, was persecuted by the Inquisition for practicing Judaism). The book Estudio histórico de la migración judía a México 1900-1950 has records of almost 11,300 who immigrated to Mexico between 1900 and 1950. A majority of these (7,023) where Ashkenazi Jews who originated from Eastern Europe, mainly from Poland. 2,640 others arrived from either Spain or the Ottoman Empire and 1,619 from Cuba and the United States. In 1990 there were almost 58,000 and 45,000 people in 2000 professing the Jewish religion in the country, according to the INEGI.
The following is a list of some renowned past and present Mexican Jews (not all of them with both parents Jewish, not all of them practicing Judaism), arranged by their main field of activity:
Architecture, design and engineering
- Franklin Eugene Sammons Israel Katzman architect, academic, author, photographer.
- Abraham Zabludovsky, architect, brother of journalist Jacobo Zabludovsky
- Alejandro Zohn, architect, Austrian born
- Michel Rojkind Halpert, architect, Mexico www.rojkindarquitectos.com
- Rosario Friedman, mechanical engineer, robot architect
- Tina Luebbeuson, english teacher
Biology and medicine
- Jacobo Grinberg Zylberbaum, psychologist and neuroscientist, creator of the neurosyntergic theory; he mysteriously disappeared during the 1990s.
- Luis Perelman Javnozon, sexologist, co-owner of the first library specialized on sexuality books in Mexico, El Armario Abierto.
- Rinna Riesenfeld, sexologist and co-owner of El Armario Abierto.
- Pablo Rudomín Zevnovaty, neuroscientist and Mexican government's research consultant.
- Carlo DeFrancoberg famous Cuban gynecologist, renouned for his revolutionary break-through in yeast infection treatment utilizing saliva from ferral Chihuahuas.
- Yael Azses Halabe famous Gynecologyst who invented the Chin Manouver
- Bernardo Fishleder famous Cardiologist author of many books on the subject,
History and politics
- Liam Higgins, .Writer and Historian.
- León Krauze, journalist, politics analyst, son of Enrique Krauze
- Helen Kleinbort Krauze, historian, mother of Enrique Krauze
- Enrique Semo, historian, writer, activist, politician, Mexico City's Secretary of Culture; father of Ilán Semo Groman (La Jornada and Universidad Iberoamericana) and Alejandro Semo (Casa Talavera), both of them historians.
- Mónica Unikel-Fasja, historian, specialist on the early days of the Mexican Jewish community
- Arturo Warman, anthropologist, cabinet member of Salinas and Zedillo
- Samuel Carlos Gitler Hammer Algebraic Topology, Member of " EL COLEGIO NATIONAL".
- Monserrat Payan Director of Physical Measurement Dept. , Member of " EL COLEGIO NATIONAL".
Physics and astronomy
Actors and actresses
- Erick Elias, actor, model, singer
- Raul Julia-Levy, actor, producer
- David Ostrosky, actor
- Sara Paxton, actress
- Wolf Ruvinskis Manevics, actor, professional wrestler and magician.
- Ari Telch, actor.
Ari Borovoy Raquel Pankowsky Gabriela Goldsmith Diana Bracho
Producers, screenwriters and creators
- Ilan Arditti, radio broadcaster, TV host, producer & director of Escuchaz.com an internet based radio station. Recently produced Rockeando Por Haiti in Mexico City; a benefit concert to help Haitatians.
- Uriel Waizel, journalist, radio broadcaster and music critic.
Singers and popular musicians
- Anita Brenner, writer, historian
- Mariana Frenk-Westheim, writer and translator
- Margo Glantz, writer & critic
- Arnoldo Kraus, author
- Myriam Moscona, author, journalist, poet and Ladino translator
- Vicky Nizri, novelist
- Travis Williams, African Canadian novelist
- Moises Salinas author and psychologist
- Sara Sefchovich, writer
- Ilan Stavans, literary critic
- Carlos Alazraki, prominent old-school publicist, son of Benito Alazraki
- Mauricio Achar Hamui, founder of Librerias Gandhi book stores chain
- Isaac Saba Raffoul, owner of the biggest pharmaceutics distribution company in Mexico Grupo Casa Saba, the mini mart chain Grupo Xtra and the Marriott Hotels in Cancún, richest Jewish man in Mexico.
- Rafael Sacal Micha, businessman, entrepreneur. Previoiusly the owner of Casa Aries Mexico, leather goods. Now owns the largest and most popular Talavera (pottery) company in the world, Uriarte Talavera. Cousin of Adela Micha.
- Emilio Azcarraga Jean, (convert, but unconverted after divorcing his first wife) owner of the biggest broadcasting television company in latinamerica, Televisa.
- Luis de Carvajal y de la Cueva was a Portuguese adventurer, slave-trader and governor of the state of Nuevo León in the 16th century.
- Luis de Carvajal (Joseph Lumbroso), "The Young", was the nephew, namesake and heir designate of the first Governor of Nuevo Reino de León in the 16th century. He died burned at the stake in 1596 in Mexico City.
- Baltasar de Carvajal (David Lumbroso), nephew of Luis de Carvajal y de la Cueva, fled to Salónica and became rabbi.
- Miguel de Carvajal (Abraham Lumbroso), nephew of Luis de Carvajal y de la Cueva, fled along with his brother Baltasar to Salónica and became rabbi, too.
- Mariana Rodríguez de Matos (Mariana Núnez de Carvajal y de la Cueva) died burned at the stake on March 25, 1601.
- Anica Rodríguez de Matos (Anica de León Carvajal y de la Cueva) was burned at the stake on April 25, 1649.
- Bernardo López de Mendizábal was Governor of New Mexico from 1659 to 1661.
- Jorge Castañeda Gutman, Mexican foreign minister from 2000 to 2004 (Jewish mother).
- Santiago Levy Algazi, director of the Mexican Social Security Institute from December 2000 to September 2005.
- José Yves Limantour, Secretary of the Finance of Mexico from 1893 until the fall of the Porfirio Díaz regime, was descendant of French Jews.
- Diego de Montemayor, founder of Monterrey.
- Alberto del Canto, founder of Nuevo León.
- Isabel Rodríguez Carvajal, niece of Luis de Carvajal y de la Cueva.
- José Woldenberg Karakowski, ex-president of the Federal Electoral Institute.
- Antonio De La Cadena-Maluenda, conquistador 1525 New Spain (Mexico City) Mossen Truchas de Calatayud was his progenitor.
- Senya Fleshin, Ukrainian-born anarchist and photographer, companion of Mollie Steimer
- Mollie Steimer, Russian born anarchist and American anti-war activist and political prisoner of both Russia and the U.S.
- Alec Acosta, Gay rights activist and creator of the dirty sanchez.
- Danny "Tito" Bluestein, born anti-gay activist that led armed raids on homosexual brothels. Later realized, after a raid gone wrong, that he preferred it in his rear. Also known as "Tito-ito" and "Little Beetch Boy," not to mention the infamous "Little Boy Ass Pounder" that he received for his many exploits.
- Rosendo S. Gervitz, founder and "President for Life" of Centro Deportivo Israelita de México (CDI - Israeli Sport Center of Mexico, the largest of its kind in Latin America) and Club de Golf Bellavista (both enterprises were built so Mexican Jews that faced discrimination would have sports, golf, and community centers that were open to Mexicans of all denominations)
- René Dayán, director of Tribuna Israelita (Israeli Tribune)
- Mauricio Lulka, executive director of Comité Central de la Comunidad Judía en México (Central Committee of the Jewish Community in Mexico)
- David Serur, president of Instituto Cultural México-Israel (Mexico-Israel Cultural Institute)
- ^ Luis Perelman "Voluntario y activista en varias instituciones de educación y derechos de la sexualidad del país y vocal de la mesa de Tribuna Israelita, oficina de opinión y análisis de la comunidad Judía Mexicana"
- ^ a b c NPR : Mexican Cartoon Character at Center of Dispute (cache) "I come from a Jewish family. My parents came from Poland to Mexico."
- ^ NPR : The Jewish Traveler-Mexico City By Wayne Hoffman "No visit to Mexico City would be complete without a Jewish walking tour led by Monica Unikel-Fasja (52-94-17-30), an expert on local history who is publishing a book on Mexico’s synagogues this year"
- ^ Infancia y juventud - Catedra Interinstitucional Arturo Warman
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- ^ Jewish Physicists
- ^ Mi pagina con frames
- ^ Deborah Dultzin 60th Conference
- ^ Ia Unam-Cu
- ^ Marcos Moshinsky :: Background "Moshinsky belongs to a family of Jewish emigrants from the Ukraine, in whose capital, Kiev, he was born on 20 April 1921. He has lived in Mexico, where he received his entire elementary and higher education and has spent almost all his professional life, from the age of three."
- ^ Bloom, Nate (2007-04-05). "Celebrity Jews". The Jewish News Weekly of Northern California. http://www.jewishsf.com/content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/32125/format/html/displaystory.html. Retrieved 2007-04-05.
- ^ Jones, Jen (3/07). "Sara Paxton". JVibe (Jewish Family & Life). 14-17.
- ^ Paxton, Sara (2005-11-25, 2005-12-11). "Sara's Blog". Sara Paxton Official website. http://blog.columbiarecords.com/sarapaxton/. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
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- ^ The Theatre of Sabina Berman. The Agony of Ecstasy and Other Plays.(Book Review) "while fleeing Nazi Europe, Berman's Polish Jewish parents were forced to land in Mazatlan when the attack on Pearl Harbor diverted their Japanese ship from San Francisco."
- ^ Aldo Castillo Gallery "Pedro Friedeberg was born in Florence, Italy in 1936 to German-Jewish parents that left Germany to escape the war."
- ^ Opera Japonica/Daniel Catán "I was born of Jewish parents in Mexico City. Many people don't realize that there is a Jewish community there. Actually, quite a few Jewish people came from Europe and settled there. One of my parents came from the south of Russia and the other came from Spain."
- ^ Jewish Violinists
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- ^ a b Invenciones multitudinarias: escritoras judíomexicanas contemporáneas "Guadalupe Cortina’s study of Mexican Jewish women writers features general introductions to four writers and textural analyses of their work. The writers are Margo Glantz, Ethel Krauze, Sara Levi Calderón, and, more briefly discussed than the previous three, Sara Sefchovich. "
- ^ El IMSS y las esvásticas "Aclaro que soy judío y que no conozco a Levy. Acepto que estas líneas conllevan sesgo, no sólo por mi origen, sino porque la mayor parte de mi familia fue asesinada por la ideología nazi, cuyas esvásticas ahora reproducen el doctor Bulmaro y algunos de sus allegados."
- ^ Where Words Like Monarchs Fly "Myriam Moscona is the daughter of Sephardic parents who came to Mexico from Bulgaria."
- ^ Interview: Ilan Stavans "born in Mexico in 1961 to an Eastern European Jewish family"
- ^ El mejor homenaje a Achar, continuar su legado de ética y decencia profesional "Amigos, familiares, empleados y diversos integrantes de la comunidad intelectual -el escritor Carlos Monsiváis y la cantante Tania Libertad, entre otros- despidieron ayer al fundador y director de librerías Gandhi, Mauricio Achar Hamui, fallecido el martes víctima de un infarto. El acto se efectuó en una capilla de la funeraria Gayosso de Félix Cuevas, dispuesta ex profeso. Sin embargo, como el librero pertenecía al culto judío, su cuerpo no fue llevado a dicha funeraria sino que permaneció en una sinagoga de la ciudad, a la que sólo tuvieron acceso los parientes más cercanos. "
- ^ Rafael Sacal ofrece coctel por inauguración "Ciudad de México.- El empresario mexicano Rafael Sacal organizó animada reunión para inaugurar su tienda de artesanías en Santa Fe."
- ^ Jewish Agency Finds Work For Mexico's Unemployed Jews "Fox's cabinet currently includes three Jews: Victor Lichtinger, secretary of the environment; Julio Frenk, secretary of Health, and Santiago Levy, director of the Social Security Institute."
- ^ 100 year of Jewish immigration "The exhibit has photos of many members of the community who have become well known for their artistic or cultural contributions. Wolf Ruvinskis was a famous wrestler in the 1950s.... Jacobo Zabludovsky is a household name, having been a prominent news anchor for decades both in television and radio."