List of Minnesota Twins managers: Wikis

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Ron Gardenhire in a warm-up jacket and baseball uniform pants, standing in the outfield at Fenway Park
Ron Gardenhire, manager of the Minnesota Twins since 2002

In its 108-year history, the Minnesota Twins baseball franchise of Major League Baseball's American League has employed 29 managers.[1] The duties of the manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[2] Eight of these team managers have been "player-managers", all during the Washington Senators era;[1] specifically, they managed the team while still playing for it.[3]

The Minnesota franchise began its life as the Washington Senators in Washington, D. C., where they played from their inception in 1901 to 1960.[4] In the early twentieth century, the Senators were managed consecutively by three future members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame, bookended by Bucky Harris, who managed the team from 1924 to 1928 and again from 1935 to 1942. Walter Johnson managed the team for four seasons from 1929 to 1932, and he was followed by Joe Cronin, who led for the next two seasons (19331934). In 1960, the American League awarded an expansion franchise to Minneapolis, Minnesota; however, owner Calvin Griffith moved his team to Minnesota,[5][6] and Washington was awarded the expansion team instead. Thus, the Minnesota Twins began play at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota the following year, during the tenure of manager Cookie Lavagetto,[7] and have played at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in downtown Minneapolis since 1982.

Seven managers have taken the franchise to the postseason, with current manager Ron Gardenhire leading them to four playoff appearances, the most in their franchise history.[8] Two managers have won the World Series with the franchise: Bucky Harris, in 1924 against the New York Giants;[9] and Tom Kelly, in 1987 against the St. Louis Cardinals[10] and 1991 against the Atlanta Braves.[11] Harris is also the longest-tenured manager in their franchise history, with 2,776 games of service in parts of 18 seasons between 1924 and 1954;[12] he is followed by Kelly, who managed 2,386 games over 16 seasons from 1986 to 2001.[13] The manager with the highest winning percentage in team history is Billy Martin, who managed the team in 1969 and achieved a record of 97–65 (.599). Conversely, the manager with the lowest winning percentage is Malachi Kittridge, whose winning percentage of .059 was achieved with a record of 1–16 in the first half of 1904. Kittridge's tenure is also the shortest in team history.[1]

Contents

Table key

WPct
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA
Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW
Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PL
Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
or
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame (‡ denotes induction as manager)[14]
§
Member of the Twins Hall of Fame[15]

Managers

Clark Griffith standing against a wall and looking right, wearing a baseball uniform
Clark Griffith, manager, 1912–1920
Black-and-white image of Bucky Harris standing in a baseball dugout
Bucky Harris, three-time manager; 1924–1928, 1935–1942, 1950–1954
#[a] Manager Years Wins Losses WPct PA PW PL WS Ref
1 Jim Manning 1901 61 73 .455 [16]
2 Tom Loftus 19021903 104 169 .381 [17]
3 Malachi Kittridge 1904 1 16 .059 [18]
4 Patsy Donovan 1904 37 97 .296 [19]
5 Jake Stahl 19051906 119 182 .395 [20]
6 Joe Cantillon 19071909 158 297 .347 [21]
7 Jimmy McAleer 19101911 130 175 .426 [22]
8 Clark Griffith 19121920 693 646 .518 [23]
9 George McBride 1921 80 73 .523 [24]
10 Clyde Milan 1922 69 85 .448 [25]
11 Donie Bush 1923 75 78 .490 [26]
12 Bucky Harris 19241928 429 334 .562 2 7 7 1 [12][4]
13 Walter Johnson 19291932 350 264 .570 [27]
14 Joe Cronin 19331934 165 139 .543 1 1 4 0 [28][4]
Bucky Harris 19351942 558 663 .457 [12]
15 Ossie Bluege 19431947 375 394 .488 [29]
16 Joe Kuhel 19481949 106 201 .345 [30]
Bucky Harris 19501954 349 419 .454 [12]
17 Chuck Dressen 19551957 116 212 .354 [31]
18 Cookie Lavagetto 19571961 271 384 .414 [32]
19 Sam Mele 19611967 522 431 .546 1 3 4 0 [33][4]
20 Cal Ermer 19671968 145 129 .529 [34]
21 Billy Martin 1969 97 65 .599 1 0 3 0 [35][4]
22 Bill Rigney 19701972 208 184 .531 1 0 3 0 [36][4]
23 Frank Quilici 19721975 280 287 .494 [37]
24 Gene Mauch 19761980 378 394 .490 [38]
25 Johnny Goryl 19801981 34 38 .472 [39]
26 Billy Gardner 19811985 268 353 .278 [40]
27 Ray Miller 19851986 109 130 .456 [41]
28 Tom Kelly§[b] 19862001 1140 1244 .478 2 16 8 2 [13][4]
29 Ron Gardenhire 2002–present 709 588 .547 5 6 17 0 [42][4]
Totals 29 managers 108 seasons 8138 8675 .484 10 33 44 3

Statistics current through 2008 season

Footnotes

References

General references
In-text citations
  1. ^ a b c "Minnesota Twins Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/MIN/managers.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  2. ^ "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/manager. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  
  3. ^ Stein, Fred (2002). And the Skipper Bats Cleanup: A History of the Baseball Player-Manager, with 42 Biographies of Men Who Filled the Dual Role. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1228-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=VQFPr7UyEvMC&dq=And+the+Skipper+Bats+Cleanup:+A+History+of+the+Baseball+Player-Manager,+with+42+Biographies+of+Men+Who+Filled+the+Dual+Role&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=KU5dDLYHOK&sig=p--BRdW50n3hvhgNHUXRMaYZ6dA&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPA1,M1.  
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Twins playoff history". USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc.. 2008. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/playoffs/min-history.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-19.  
  5. ^ "Twins Timeline (1960-1969)". Minnesota Twins. http://minnesota.twins.mlb.com/min/history/timeline1.jsp. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  6. ^ "Griffith dies after developing kidney infection". ESPN. Associated Press. 1999-10-20. http://static.espn.go.com/mlb/news/1999/1020/124107.html. Retrieved 2009-03-05.  
  7. ^ "1961 Minnesota Twins Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/MIN/1961.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  8. ^ "Minnesota Twins Team History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/MIN/. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  9. ^ "1924 Washington Senators Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/WSH/1924.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  10. ^ "1987 Minnesota Twins Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/MIN/1987.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  11. ^ "1991 Minnesota Twins Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/MIN/1991.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  12. ^ a b c d "Bucky Harris Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/harribu01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  13. ^ a b "Tom Kelly Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/kellyto01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  14. ^ "Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/hof.shtml. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  
  15. ^ "Minnesota Twins Hall of Famers". Minnesota Twins. http://minnesota.twins.mlb.com/min/history/twins_hall_of_famers.jsp. Retrieved 2008-08-19.  
  16. ^ "Jim Manning Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/manniji01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  17. ^ "Tom Loftus Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/loftuto01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  18. ^ "Malachi Kittridge Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/kittrma01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  19. ^ "Patsy Donovan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/donovpa01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  20. ^ "Jake Stahl Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/stahlja01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  21. ^ "Joe Cantillon Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/cantijo99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  22. ^ "Jimmy McAleer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/mcaleji01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  23. ^ "Clark Griffith Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/griffcl01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  24. ^ "George McBride Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/mcbrige01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  25. ^ "Clyde Milan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/milancl01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  26. ^ "Donie Bush Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/bushdo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  27. ^ "Walter Johnson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/johnswa01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  28. ^ "Joe Cronin Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/cronijo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  29. ^ "Ossie Bluege Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/bluegos01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  30. ^ "Joe Kuhel Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/kuheljo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  31. ^ "Chuck Dressen Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/dressch01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  32. ^ "Cookie Lavagetto Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/lavagco01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  33. ^ "Sam Mele Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/melesa01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  34. ^ "Cal Ermer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/ermerca01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  35. ^ "Billy Martin Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/martibi02.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  36. ^ "Bill Rigney Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/rignebi01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  37. ^ "Frank Quilici Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/quilifr01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  38. ^ "Gene Mauch Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/mauchge01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  39. ^ "Johnny Goryl Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/goryljo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  40. ^ "Billy Gardner Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/gardnbi02.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  41. ^ "Ray Miller Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/millera99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  42. ^ "Ron Gardenhire Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/gardero01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  43. ^ "Manager of the Year Award Winners". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/manage.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  

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