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List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia: Wikis

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This is a list of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia. There are currently 119 current National Historic Landmarks (NHLs), 1 former NHL, and 13 historic sites that are National Historical Parks or other areas in the National Park Service system.

Contents

Current NHLs

The National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) are widely distributed across Virginia's 95 counties and 39 independent cities.

[1] Landmark name[2] Image Date designated[2] Locality[2][3] County[2] Description[3]
1 Alexandria Historic District ca. 1919 HABS photograph 01966-11-13 November 13, 1966 Alexandria
38°48′12″N 77°02′47″W / 38.803333°N 77.046389°W / 38.803333; -77.046389 (Alexandria Historic District)
Alexandria (independent city) A historic district
2 Aquia Church HABS photograph 01991-07-05 July 5, 1991 Garrisonville Stafford A church
3 Bacon's Castle 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 Bacon's Castle
37°06′38″N 76°43′41″W / 37.11056°N 76.72806°W / 37.11056; -76.72806 (Bacon's Castle)
Surry A castle.
4 Ball's Bluff Battlefield and National Cemetery Ball's Bluff National Cemetery.jpg 01984-04-27 April 27, 1984 Leesburg Loudoun Site of an embarrassing Union defeat early in the American Civil War, caused by inept generalship, after which drowned troops' bodies floated down the Potomac River to Washington, D.C.
5 Benjamin Banneker, SW-9 Intermediate Boundary Stone VA-BannekerBoundaryStone.jpg 01976-05-11 May 11, 1976 Arlington
38°53′24″N 77°09′34″W / 38.8901229289°N 77.1594625585°W / 38.8901229289; -77.1594625585 (Benjamin Banneker: Sw 9 Intermediate Boundary Stone)
Arlington A boundary stone associated with Benjamin Banneker, (1731-1806), multi-talented surveyor and one of most well-known black men in colonial America
6 Barracks, Virginia Military Institute 1968 HABS photograph 01965-12-21 December 21, 1965 Lexington
37°47′25″N 79°26′19″W / 37.790278°N 79.438611°W / 37.790278; -79.438611 (VMI Barracks (approx.))
Lexington (independent city) Gothic style cadet barracks building on the grounds of Virginia Military Institute
7 Berkeley Berkeley plantation harrison home.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Charles City Charles City A plantation.
8 Berry Hill HABS photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 South Boston
36°41′48″N 78°56′39″W / 36.6967315643°N 78.9442251731°W / 36.6967315643; -78.9442251731 (Berry Hill)
Halifax A Greek Revival plantation mansion, imitating the Parthenon
9 Brandon HABS and NRHP pics avail. 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Burrowsville
37°15′27.1440″N 76°59′36.2039″W / 37.25754°N 76.993389972°W / 37.25754; -76.993389972 (Brandon Plantation)
Prince George Plantation tended from 1614 on, with unusual brick mansion in style of Palladio's "Roman Country House" completed in 1760's
10 Bremo Historic District HABS photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Bremo Bluff Fluvanna James River plantation with mansion probably designed by Thomas Jefferson
11 Bruton Parish Church Bruton Parish Church Today.jpg 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′09″N 76°42′10″W / 37.2692899128°N 76.7027610648°W / 37.2692899128; -76.7027610648 (Bruton Parish Church)
Williamsburg (independent city) Earliest church in the British American colonies to reflect the infusion of English Renaissance style.
12 Camden 1980 HABS photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Port Royal Caroline 2-story Italian villa featuring such 19th-century innovations as a central heating system, gas lights, inside toilets, and shower baths.
13 Camp Hoover Camphoover.jpg 01988-06-07 June 7, 1988
38°29′30.7″N 78°25′15.5″W / 38.491861°N 78.420972°W / 38.491861; -78.420972 (Rapidan Camp)
Madison President Herbert Hoover's rustic presidential retreat, also known as Rapidan Camp.
14 Cape Henry Lighthouse CapeHenryTwoLighthouses.jpg 01964-01-29 January 29, 1964 Virginia Beach
36°55′26″N 76°00′30″W / 36.9238540822°N 76.0082410227°W / 36.9238540822; -76.0082410227 (Cape Henry Lighthouse)
Virginia Beach (independent city) First lighthouse to be erected by the Federal Government.
15 Carter's Grove image pending 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Williamsburg James City Georgian country house and plantation near Williamsburg, recently closed and sold to a private owner
16 Cedar Creek Battlefield and Belle Grove Plantation

Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park
Bellegrove.JPG 01969-08-11 August 11, 1969 Middletown and Strasburg
39°10′03″N 78°18′03″W / 39.1675°N 78.30083°W / 39.1675; -78.30083 (Cedar Creek and Belle Grove)
Frederick and Warren Site of the American Civil War battle of Cedar Creek and the Belle Grove Plantation.
17 Christ Church, Lancaster Christ church lancaster pulpit photo.jpg 01961-05-30 May 30, 1961 Irvington Lancaster Example of British Colonial ecclesiastical architecture.
18 Christ Church, Alexandria Christchurchalexandria.jpg 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Alexandria Alexandria (independent city) 1773 Georgian brick church
19 Confederate Capitol Virginia State Capitol.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°26′01″W / 37.5387576°N 77.4335940°W / 37.5387576; -77.4335940 (Virginia Capitol)
Richmond (independent city) From July 1861 to April 1865, the Confederate Congress met here; state capitol before and after the war
20 Charles Richard Drew House image pending 01976-05-11 May 11, 1976 Arlington
38°52′21″N 77°05′14″W / 38.872600°N 77.087178°W / 38.872600; -77.087178 (Drew, Charles Richard, House)
Arlington Home of Dr. Charles R. Drew, an African-American physician and researcher whose leadership on stockpiling blood plasma saved lives in World War II
21 Drydock Number One, Norfolk Naval Shipyard DrydockNumber1.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Portsmouth
36°49′07″N 76°17′35″W / 36.8187230544°N 76.2930630727°W / 36.8187230544; -76.2930630727 (Drydock No. 1)
Portsmouth (independent city) Union frigate USS Merrimack was rebuilt by the Confederates in this drydock, becoming the ironclad CSS Virginia. Now part of Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
22 Egyptian Building Egyptianbuildingfront.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′18″N 77°25′45″W / 37.5384309593°N 77.4291684125°W / 37.5384309593; -77.4291684125 (Egyptian Building)
Richmond (independent city) First permanent home of the Medical Department of Hampden-Sydney College
23 Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel 1985 HAER photograph 01985-10-03 October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°04′49″N 76°20′29″W / 37.0802809507°N 76.3415136105°W / 37.0802809507; -76.3415136105 (Eight-foot High Speed Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city) Wind tunnel at Langley Research Center.
24 Elsing Green Elsinggreen.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Tunstall King William Georgian plantation house built by Carter Braxton
25 Exchange Building 1968 HABS photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Petersburg
37°13′48″N 77°24′16″W / 37.2301048298°N 77.4044496954°W / 37.2301048298; -77.4044496954 (Exchange Building)
Petersburg (independent city) Two story Greek Revival structure with a Doric Portico.
26 Five Forks Battlefield Five forks.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Petersburg
37°08′21″N 77°37′23″W / 37.13927°N 77.62292°W / 37.13927; -77.62292 (Five Forks Battlefield)
Dinwiddie Site of Battle of Five Forks, where Lee's flank was turned, leading to virtual end of the American Civil War in 1865.
27 Gerald R. Ford, Jr., House Gerald Ford Home 2.jpg 01985-12-17 December 17, 1985 Alexandria
38°48′40″N 77°04′49″W / 38.8111894223°N 77.0802632259°W / 38.8111894223; -77.0802632259 (Gerald Ford House)
Alexandria (independent city) House of President Gerald R. Ford.
28 Fort Monroe Fort Monroe Aerial.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Hampton
37°00′13″N 76°18′27″W / 37.00361°N 76.3075°W / 37.00361; -76.3075 (Fort Monroe)
Hampton (independent city) Fort Monroe was completed in 1834, and is named in honor of U.S. President James Monroe. Completely surrounded by a moat, the six-sided stone fort is the only one of its kind left in the United States that is still an active Army post.
29 Fort Myer Historic District Wright-Fort Myer.jpg 01972-11-28 November 28, 1972 Arlington Arlington U.S. Army post adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery.
30 Franklin and Armfield Office Franklin-armfield-office.JPG 01978-06-02 June 2, 1978 Alexandria
38°48′07″N 77°03′17″W / 38.801911417°N 77.054660815°W / 38.801911417; -77.054660815 (Franklin and Armfield Office)
Alexandria (independent city) Largest slave trading firm in the antebellum South
31 Full Scale 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel HAER photograph 01985-10-03 October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°04′52″N 76°20′30″W / 37.0809993519°N 76.3417512724°W / 37.0809993519; -76.3417512724 (Full Scale Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city) Full-scale wind tunnel at Langley Research Center.
32 Gadsby's Tavern Gadsbys-tavern.JPG 01963-11-04 November 4, 1963 Alexandria
38°48′13″N 77°02′38″W / 38.8036302213°N 77.0440011721°W / 38.8036302213; -77.0440011721 (Gadsby's Tavern)
Alexandria (independent city) Original tavern was a central part of the social, economic, political, and educational life of the city of Alexandria, and the United States. (Try Gadsby's Tavern Museum)
33 Ellen Glasgow House HABS photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°26′42″W / 37.5409335813°N 77.4450029298°W / 37.5409335813; -77.4450029298 (Glasgow, Ellen, House)
Richmond (independent city) Residence of author Ellen Glasgow
34 Carter Glass House 1976 HABS photograph 01976-12-08 December 8, 1976 Lynchburg
37°24′48″N 79°08′51″W / 37.4134512422°N 79.1474883057°W / 37.4134512422; -79.1474883057 (Carter Glass House)
Lynchburg (independent city) A home of influential congressman and senator Carter Glass
35 Green Springs Historic District NPS photograph 01974-05-30 May 30, 1974 Zion Crossroads
38°0′55″N 78°9′51″W / 38.01528°N 78.16417°W / 38.01528; -78.16417 (Green Springs Historic District)
Louisa Rural manor houses and related buildings.
36 Greenway Court HABS photograph 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 White Post
39°02′40″N 78°07′09″W / 39.044365558°N 78.1191950459°W / 39.044365558; -78.1191950459 (Greenway Court)
Clarke Remnants of 5,000,000-acre (20,000 km2) estate of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, only British peer in America, where George Washington worked as a surveyor
37 Gunston Hall Gunston hall loc tree.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Lorton
38°38′49.10″N 77°8′47.12″W / 38.646972°N 77.1464222°W / 38.646972; -77.1464222 (Gunston Hall)
Fairfax Home of the United States Founding Father George Mason.
38 Hampton Institute Hampton Institute - geography.jpg 01974-05-30 May 30, 1974 Hampton Hampton (independent city) Hampton University began in 1868 as a teacher training school to train young Black men and women.
39 Hanover County Courthouse HanoverCourthouseandMemorial.jpg 01973-11-07 November 7, 1973 Hanover Court House
37°45′40″N 77°22′03″W / 37.7612038601°N 77.3675072611°W / 37.7612038601; -77.3675072611 (Hanover County Courthouse)
Hanover This Georgian courthouse has been used continuously since its completion around 1735. It was here that, in 1763, Patrick Henry argued and won THE PARSON'S CAUSE, a case involving religious liberty in the Colony.
40 The Homestead TheHomesteadFront.JPG 01991-07-17 July 17, 1991 Hot Springs Bath Example of Georgian and Colonial Revival architecture.
41 Jackson Ward Historic District 162560pr.jpg 01978-06-02 June 2, 1978 Richmond Richmond (independent city) An historically African-American neighborhood.
42 Stonewall Jackson Headquarters Jackson headquarters.png 01967-05-28 May 28, 1967 Winchester
39°11′17″N 78°09′58″W / 39.1879470123°N 78.166125059°W / 39.1879470123; -78.166125059 ("Stonewall" Jackson Headquarters)
Winchester (independent city) Confederate Major General Jackson lived here during the 1861-1862 winter
43 Kenmore 1983 HABS photograph 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Fredericksburg
38°17′35″N 77°27′59″W / 38.2931548394°N 77.4664676626°W / 38.2931548394; -77.4664676626 (Kenmore)
Fredericksburg (independent city) Home of Fielding Lewis
44 Lee Chapel, Washington and Lee University Lee Chapel.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.7855082917°N 79.4421129052°W / 37.7855082917; -79.4421129052 (Lee Chapel, Washington And Lee University)
Lexington (independent city) Victorian Gothic brick chapel commemorates the years Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) served as president (1865-1870) of the college, then known as Washington College. Lee is buried in a chapel vault.
45 Lightship No. 101, Portsmouth |A Light Named Portsmouth.jpg 01989-05-05 May 5, 1989 Portsmouth
36°50′12″N 76°17′55″W / 36.8367987736°N 76.2986155953°W / 36.8367987736; -76.2986155953 (Lightship No. 101, Portsmouth)
Portsmouth (independent city) Lightship Portsmouth, commissioned as Lightship 101, was first stationed at Cape Charles, Virginia.
46 Lunar Landing Research Facility LunarLandingResearchFacility.GIF 01985-10-03 October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°06′01″N 76°23′23″W / 37.1002757457°N 76.3898034759°W / 37.1002757457; -76.3898034759 (Lunar Landing Research Facility)
Hampton (independent city) Crane at Langley Research Center used to practice Apollo lunar landings
47 Main Street Station and Trainshed Main Street Station.jpg 01976-12-08 December 8, 1976 Richmond
37°31′58″N 77°25′45″W / 37.5328611436°N 77.4292026432°W / 37.5328611436; -77.4292026432 (Main Street Station And Trainshed)
Richmond (independent city) Station is an example of Beaux-Arts influence, and trainshed is one of the last gable-roofed trainsheds in America.
48 Marlbourne image pending 01964-07-19 July 19, 1964 Richmond Hanover Property of Confederate secessionist Edmund Ruffin
49 Gen. George C. Marshall House Dodona Manor.JPG 01996-06-19 June 19, 1996 Leesburg
39°06′51″N 77°33′36″W / 39.114178°N 77.559959°W / 39.114178; -77.559959 (Marshall, Gen. George C., House)
Loudoun Last home of General George C. Marshall, who called it Dodona Manor.
50 John Marshall House HABS photo 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Richmond
37°32′27″N 77°25′59″W / 37.5408915267°N 77.4330847553°W / 37.5408915267; -77.4330847553 (Marshall, John, House)
Richmond (independent city) Home of 4th Chief Justice John Marshall.
51 Cyrus McCormick Farm and Workshop image pending 01964-07-19 July 19, 1964 Steele's Tavern Rockbridge Home of the inventor of mechanical reaper.
52 Gari Melchers Home image pending 01965-12-21 December 21, 1965 Falmouth Stafford Residence and studio of painter Gari Melchers
53 Menokin VA-Menokin.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Warsaw Richmond Home of Declaration of Independence signer Francis Lightfoot Lee.
54 Gen. William Mitchell House image pending 01976-12-08 December 8, 1976 Middleburg Fauquier and/or Loudoun? Residence of General William "Billy" Mitchell, advocate of military air power.
55 James Monroe Law Office Law office jmonroe.jpg 01966-11-11 November 11, 1966 Fredericksburg
38°18′01″N 77°27′42″W / 38.300193645°N 77.4616750693°W / 38.300193645; -77.4616750693 (Monroe Law Office)
Fredericksburg (independent city) James Monroe used this structure as a law office from 1786 to 1789.
56 James Monroe Tomb WP Commons photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°31′59″N 77°27′20″W / 37.5331536389°N 77.4555666809°W / 37.5331536389; -77.4555666809 (Monroe, James, Tomb)
Richmond (independent city) Tomb with "flamboyant and delicate tracery in cast iron" of President James Monroe
57 Monticello Thomas Jefferson's Monticello Estate.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Charlottesville
38°0.5′N 78°27.2′W / 38.0083°N 78.4533°W / 38.0083; -78.4533 (Monticello)
Albemarle Mansion of President Thomas Jefferson.
58 Montpelier Montpelier.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Orange Orange Residence of President James Madison.
59 Monument Avenue Historic District Mon-AveLee.jpg 01997-12-09 December 9, 1997 Richmond Richmond (independent city) Broad tree-lined avenue with several impressive memorials.
60 Monumental Church 162438pv.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′13″N 77°25′48″W / 37.5369897008°N 77.4300156292°W / 37.5369897008; -77.4300156292 (Monumental Church)
Richmond (independent city) Early Greek Revival church.
61 Robert R. Moton House image pending 01981-12-21 December 21, 1981 Capahosic Gloucester Retirement home of Black educator Robert Russa Moton
62 Robert Russa Moton High School 01998-08-05 August 5, 1998 Farmville Prince Edward Site of a 1951 student strike that led to court case striking down the practice of "separate but equal" schools; now a museum
63 Mount Airy Mount Airy.jpg 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 Warsaw
37°58′20″N 76°47′29″W / 37.97222°N 76.79139°W / 37.97222; -76.79139 (Mount Airy)
Richmond Stone plantation house. Burial place of Francis Lightfoot Lee.
64 Mount Vernon Mtvernon1.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Alexandria
38°42′28″N 77°05′10″W / 38.7079°N 77.0861°W / 38.7079; -77.0861 (Mount Vernon)
Fairfax Plantation home of President George Washington.
65 Natural Bridge Natural Bridge VA size.JPG 01998-08-05 August 5, 1998 Natural Bridge
37°37′32″N 79°32′43″W / 37.6256806633°N 79.5451727263°W / 37.6256806633; -79.5451727263 (Natural Bridge)
Rockbridge Natural rock arch. (Once owned by Thomas Jefferson)
66 New Kent School and George W. Watkins School 02001-08-07 August 7, 2001 New Kent and Quinton New Kent Pair of schools that represent widespread token desegregation of southern schools in the decade after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education supreme court decision. Focus of 1968 Green v. County School Board, which was effective in bringing about real desegregation.
67 Oak Hill 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Leesburg Loudoun Residence of President James Monroe
68 Oatlands Plantation 1973 HABS photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Leesburg Loudoun Notable Federal-style mansion designed and built by George Carter.
69 Old City Hall 1981 HABS photograph 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′16″N 77°25′59″W / 37.5378730659°N 77.4330658333°W / 37.5378730659; -77.4330658333 (City Hall)
Richmond (independent city) Example of the High Victorian Gothic style.
70 Pentagon The Pentagon US Department of Defense building.jpg 01992-10-05 October 5, 1992 Arlington
38°52′16″N 77°03′21″W / 38.87099°N 77.05596°W / 38.87099; -77.05596 (The Pentagon)
Arlington Building is symbolic of national military power.
71 Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield 02006-02-17 February 17, 2006 Petersburg Dinwiddie Site of Union breakthrough that collapsed Confederate General Lee's fortifications from Petersburg to Richmond, on April 2, 1865.
72 Pittsylvania County Courthouse HABS photograph 01987-10-12 October 12, 1987 Chatham
36°49′24″N 79°23′54″W / 36.8234111261°N 79.3982679873°W / 36.8234111261; -79.3982679873 (Pittsylvania County Courthouse)
Pittsylvania In 1878, Judge J.D. Coles was arrested for excluding Black citizens from serving as jurors.
73 Pocahontas Exhibition Coal Mine 01994-10-12 October 12, 1994 Pocahontas Tazewell 1882 Mine in the Pocahontas coalfield.
74 Poplar Forest Poplar Forest1.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Lynchburg Bedford Thomas Jefferson built this structure as a country retreat.
75 Potomac (Potowmack) Canal Historic District Potomac-Canal-Historic-District.JPG 01982-12-17 December 17, 1982 Great Falls Fairfax Remains of an impressively engineered canal built beside the falls of the Potomac.
76 Prestwould HABS photograph 02003-07-31 July 31, 2003 Clarksville Mecklenburg Most intact and best documented plantation surviving in Southside Virginia.
77 Quarters 1 (Fort Myer) image pending 01972-11-28 November 28, 1972 Arlington Arlington Residence of all U.S. Army Chiefs of Staff since 1910
78 Peyton Randolph House Peyton Randolph House.jpg 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′13″N 76°42′00″W / 37.2701839534°N 76.7001309504°W / 37.2701839534; -76.7001309504 (Peyton Randolph House)
Williamsburg (independent city) Home of Peyton Randolph, first President of the Continental Congress.
79 Virginia Randolph Cottage 1980 HABS photograph 01974-12-02 December 2, 1974 Glen Allen
37°39′40″N 77°28′56″W / 37.661124°N 77.482340°W / 37.661124; -77.482340 (Virginia Randolph Cottage)
Henrico Commemorates notable Black teacher Virginia E. Randolph (1874-1958).
80 Rendezvous Docking Simulator NASA photograph 01985-10-03 October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°05′02″N 76°22′41″W / 37.0838282299°N 76.3780276457°W / 37.0838282299; -76.3780276457 (Rendezvous Docking Simulator)
Hampton (independent city) Trainer used by Gemini and Apollo program astronauts to practice rendezvous and docking techniques at Langley Research Center
81 Reynolds Homestead image pending 01977-12-22 December 22, 1977 Critz
36°38′32″N 80°08′55″W / 36.6422976814°N 80.1485822619°W / 36.6422976814; -80.1485822619 (Reynolds Homestead)
Patrick Home of R. J. Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
82 Ripshin Farm image pending 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Trout Dale Grayson Summer home of author Sherwood Anderson.
83 Rising Sun Tavern Rising sun tavern.jpg 01964-01-29 January 29, 1964 Fredericksburg
38°18′17″N 77°27′45″W / 38.304773735°N 77.4624016944°W / 38.304773735; -77.4624016944 (Rising Sun Tavern)
Fredericksburg (independent city) Tavern built by Charles Washington, youngest brother of George Washington
84 Rotunda, University of Virginia Rotunda.jpg 01965-12-21 December 21, 1965 Charlottesville
38°01′51″N 78°30′19″W / 38.0307975629°N 78.5052224415°W / 38.0307975629; -78.5052224415 (University Of Virginia Rotunda)
Charlottesville (independent city) Designed by Thomas Jefferson shortly before his death.
85 Sabine Hall HABS photograph 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Tappahannock Richmond Early Georgian two story brick mansion.
86 St. John's Episcopal Church StJohnsRichmond.JPG 01961-01-20 January 20, 1961 Richmond
37°31′46″N 77°25′11″W / 37.5295394637°N 77.4198162958°W / 37.5295394637; -77.4198162958 (St. John's Episcopal Church)
Richmond (independent city) Patrick Henry delivered his "Liberty or Death" speech here.
87 St. Luke's Church (Smithfield) St Lukes Church Smithfield VA.jpg 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 Smithfield
36°56′17″N 76°35′11″W / 36.9380915484°N 76.5862759508°W / 36.9380915484; -76.5862759508 (St. Luke's Church (Smithfield))
Isle Of Wight Designed in the Gothic style of medieval English parish churches.
88 Saratoga Saratoga 01973-11-07 November 7, 1973 Boyce Clarke Gray limestone Georgian house built by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan, best known for his victory over the British at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
89 Savannah (nuclear ship) NSsavannah-1962.gif 01991-07-17 July 17, 1991 Newport News
32°47′12″N 79°54′31″W / 32.7866276696°N 79.9086140284°W / 32.7866276696; -79.9086140284 (NS Savannah)
York First nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship.
90 Sayler's Creek Battlefield Sayler'sCreekBattlefield 1936 LookingAcrossSaylersCreek cropped.jpg 01985-02-04 February 4, 1985 Farmville Amelia and Prince Edward Sites of Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6, 1865, where 1/4 of Lee's army was cut off, three days before surrender at Appomattox
91 Scotchtown (Patrick Henry House) HABS photograph 01965-12-21 December 21, 1965 Ashland Hanover Plantation house of unusual size that was childhood home of Dolley Madison and later a home of Patrick Henry
92 James Semple House James Semple House 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′06″N 76°41′36″W / 37.2682987147°N 76.6933221123°W / 37.2682987147; -76.6933221123 (Semple, James, House)
Williamsburg (independent city) House likely designed by Thomas Jefferson; a relative of the Semples, President John Tyler resided here while attending school.
93 Shack Mountain 01992-10-05 October 5, 1992 Charlottesville Albemarle Home of Fiske Kimball, author of Thomas Jefferson, Architect.
94 Shirley Shirley Plantation 2006.jpg 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Hopewell Charles City Oldest plantation in Virginia. Try also Shirley.
95 Spence's Point NRHP pics avail. 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Westmoreland Westmoreland Farm home of writer John Roderigo Dos Passos.
96 Stratford Hall StratfordHallPlantationEastGarden.jpg 01960-10-07 October 7, 1960 Lerty
38°08′59″N 76°50′23″W / 38.1498014349°N 76.8397313057°W / 38.1498014349; -76.8397313057 (Stratford Hall)
Westmoreland Notable example of early Georgian architecture. Birthplace of Robert E Lee.
97 Adam Thoroughgood House 1969 HABS photograph 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 Virginia Beach Virginia Beach (independent city) One of the oldest houses in the British Colonies, built by Adam Thoroughgood.
98 Thunderbird Archeological District image pending 01977-05-05 May 5, 1977 Limeton Warren Three archeological sites.
99 Tredegar Iron Works Tredegar Iron Works.gif 01977-12-22 December 22, 1977 Richmond Richmond (independent city) One of the largest iron works from 1841 to 1865.
100 Tuckahoe Tuckahoe Plantation 01969-08-11 August 11, 1969 Manakin Goochland and Henrico Tuckahoe, owned by the Randolph family, was the home of president Thomas Jefferson for 7 years during his boyhood.
101 John Tyler House Sherwood Forest-1961.jpg 01961-07-04 July 4, 1961 Charles City Charles City Residence of President John Tyler.
102 University of Virginia Historic District University of Virginia West Lawn 1914.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Charlottesville Charlottesville (independent city) District includes Jefferson's original "academical village" and the Rotunda.
103 Variable Density Tunnel NASA photograph 01985-10-03 October 3, 1985 Hampton
37°04′37″N 76°20′39″W / 37.076825889°N 76.3441525971°W / 37.076825889; -76.3441525971 (Variable Density Tunnel)
Hampton (independent city) Steel tank from a wind tunnel at Langley Research Center. (use source [1])
104 Virginia Governor's Mansion Governor mansion richmond 1905.jpg 01988-06-07 June 7, 1988 Richmond
37°32′12″N 77°25′57″W / 37.5367583392°N 77.432497723°W / 37.5367583392; -77.432497723 (Governor's Mansion)
Richmond (independent city) State Executive Mansion.
105 Virginia Military Institute Historic District Barracks at Virginia Military Institute 01974-05-30 May 30, 1974 Lexington Lexington (independent city) First State-supported military college.
106 Maggie Lena Walker House

Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site
Maggie L. Walker House NPS.jpg 01975-05-15 May 15, 1975 Richmond
37°32′45″N 77°26′17″W / 37.5459265937°N 77.4380019542°W / 37.5459265937; -77.4380019542 (Maggie Lena Walker House)
Richmond (independent city) Home of Maggie Lena Walker, first woman to establish an American bank.
107 Washington and Lee University Historic District WashingtonLeeUniversity.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Lexington
37°47′08″N 79°26′32″W / 37.7855082917°N 79.4421129052°W / 37.7855082917; -79.4421129052 (Lee Chapel, Washington And Lee University)
Lexington (independent city) Neoclassical buildings that form one of the most dignified college campuses. Washington & Lee University
108 George Washington Boyhood Home Site Ferry Farm.jpg 02000-02-16 February 16, 2000 Fredericksburg Stafford Known locally as Ferry Farm, site of fables about George Washington's boyhood
109 Waterford Historic District Waterford, Virginia town center.jpg 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Waterford Loudoun Picturesque village, oldest settlement in Loudoun County
110 Westover WestoverPlantationSEGL.jpg 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 Charles City
37°19′58″N 77°10′23″W / 37.33278°N 77.17306°W / 37.33278; -77.17306 (Westover Plantation)
Charles City Plantation that is ancestral seat of the Byrd family
111 White House of the Confederacy WHC 1865 LC-B811- 3376.jpg 01960-12-19 December 19, 1960 Richmond
37°32′20″N 77°25′47″W / 37.5388878372°N 77.4297377619°W / 37.5388878372; -77.4297377619 (White House Of The Confederacy)
Richmond (independent city) Ricv Residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis.
112 Wickham-Valentine House The Wickham House, Richmond, VA.jpg 01971-11-11 November 11, 1971 Richmond
37°32′22″N 77°25′52″W / 37.5395803278°N 77.4311182643°W / 37.5395803278; -77.4311182643 (Valentine Museum)
Richmond One of Richmond's finest Federal residences.
113 Williamsburg Historic District Colonial Williamsburg Duke of Gloucester Street.jpg 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 Williamsburg Williamsburg (independent city) Capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1799.
114 Woodlawn Woodlawn August 2003 A.jpg 01998-08-05 August 5, 1998 Alexandria Fairfax Flagship property of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Try also Woodlawn
115 Woodrow Wilson Birthplace Wilson Birthplace Jan 2007.jpg 01964-07-19 July 19, 1964 Staunton
38°08′55″N 79°04′09″W / 38.1484733285°N 79.0691360817°W / 38.1484733285; -79.0691360817 (Woodrow Wilson Birthplace)
Staunton (independent city) Birthplace of President Thomas Woodrow Wilson.
116 Wren Building, College of William and Mary College of William and Mary Wren1 Williamsburg.jpg 01960-10-09 October 9, 1960 Williamsburg
37°16′08″N 76°42′33″W / 37.2689728498°N 76.7091257019°W / 37.2689728498; -76.7091257019 (Wren Building, College Of William And Mary)
Williamsburg (independent city) Wren Building at the College of William and Mary.
117 Wythe House GeorgeWythehouse.jpg 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Williamsburg
37°16′12″N 76°42′12″W / 37.2699583647°N 76.7032836156°W / 37.2699583647; -76.7032836156 (Wythe House)
Williamsburg (independent city) One of Virginia's finest Georgian brick townhouse and home of George Wythe.
118 Yeocomico Church YeocomicoChurch.jpg 01970-04-15 April 15, 1970 Tucker Hill Westmoreland Significant example of transitional Colonial architecture.
119 Zirkle Mill Zirkle Mill wiki Notated sm.jpg 01983-02-10 February 10, 1983 Forestville Shenandoah Prime example of pre-colonial grist mill. Built circa 1765. In operation for 180 years

Historic areas administered by the National Park Service

National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are then often not also named NHLs per se. There are 13 of these in Virginia. The National Park Service lists these thirteen together with the NHLs in the state,[4] The Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park and the Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site are also NHLs and are listed above. The remaining 11 are:

Landmark name
Image Date established[5] Location County Description
1 Appomattox Court House National Historical Park 2006 photograph 01935-08-13 August 13, 1935 Appomattox Appomattox
2 Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial 2004 photograph 01925-03-04 March 4, 1925 Arlington Arlington
3 Booker T. Washington National Monument Booker T. Washington National Monument 01956-04-02 April 2, 1956 Hardy Franklin
4 Colonial National Historical Park 1995 HAER photograph 01930-12-30 December 30, 1930 James City, York and Williamsburg (independent city)
5 Cumberland Gap National Historical Park photograph 01940-06-11 June 11, 1940 (shared with Kentucky and Tennessee)
6 Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park 2007 photograph 01927-02-14 February 14, 1927 Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Spotsylvania Spotsylvania
7 George Washington Birthplace National Monument 2007 photograph 01930-01-23 January 23, 1930 Colonial Beach Westmoreland
8 Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Harpers ferry.jpg 01944-06-30 June 30, 1944 Harpers Ferry, WV (shared with Maryland and West Virginia)
9 Manassas National Battlefield Park cannon on battlefield 01940-05-10 May 10, 1940 Manassas Prince William Site of the First and Second Battles of Bull Run.
10 Petersburg National Battlefield re-enactors on Petersburg National Battlefield 01926-07-03 July 3, 1926 Petersburg, Hopewell, and more Petersburg (independent city), and Dinwiddie May include NHL Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield, and does include NHL Five Forks Battlefield, both listed above, as well as other area.
11 Richmond National Battlefield Park Battle of Cold Harbor 01936-03-02 March 2, 1936 Richmond, Virginia and environs Richmond (independent city) 30 sites of American Civil War battles, including Gaines 'Mill, Glendale, and Malvern Hill, all sites of battles during the 1862 Seven Days Battles, as well as the 1864 battles of Cold Harbor and New Market Heights

Former NHLs

While no National Historic Landmarks in Virginia have been de-designated,[6] there is one that was moved out of the state.

Landmark name Image Date designated Locality County Description
1 USS Sequoia (presidential yacht) 1968 HABS photograph 01987-12-23 December 23, 1987 It is now in District of Columbia.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colors, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ a b c d National Park Service (November 2007) (PDF), National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State, http://www.cr.nps.gov/nhl/designations/Lists/LIST07.pdf, retrieved 2008-04-10 
  3. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/default.cfm.  Retrieved on various dates, and other sources cited in the articles on each of the sites.
  4. ^ These are listed on p.117 of "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State"
  5. ^ Date of listing as National Monument or similar designation, from various sources in articles indexed.
  6. ^ No Virginia sites are listed at National Historic Landmarks de-designation list.
  7. ^ "USS Sequoia Presidential Yacht". Sequoia Presidential Yacht Group. http://www.sequoiayacht.com/. Retrieved 2008-04-13. 

External links

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