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List of Newfoundland and Labrador premiers: Wikis

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Joey Smallwood was the first Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador after Confederation, and served in the position from 1949 to 1972.

The Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador is the First Minister for the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, which was at certain points in its history a colony, dominion, and province. The province has had a system of responsible government since 1855, when it became a British crown colony. In 1907, it became a dominion, and in 1949, it became a province and joined Canadian Confederation. Since then, the province has been a part of the Canadian federation and has kept its own legislature to deal with provincial matters. The province was named Newfoundland and Labrador in 2001.[1]

The province has a unicameral Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which the Premier is the leader of the party that controls the most seats in the House of Assembly. The Premier is Newfoundland and Labrador's head of government, and the Queen of Canada is its head of state and is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Premier picks a cabinet from the elected members to form the Executive Council of Newfoundland and Labrador, and presides over that body. Members are first elected to the House during general elections. General elections must be conducted every four years from the date of the last election. An election may also take place if the governing party loses the confidence of the legislature by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.[2]

From 1855 to 1908, the position of First Minister was known as Prime Minister and later Premier. After the colony was granted dominion status, the position became known as Prime Minister starting in 1908.[3] Democratic government was suspended in 1934 and replaced by an appointed Commission of Government, a six-member commission appointed by the United Kingdom and had three British and three Newfoundland appointees,[4] which ended in 1949 when Newfoundland became a province of Canada. Since the reinstitution of democratic government in 1949, the position of First Minister has again been known as Premier.[5]

Since 1855, Newfoundland and Labrador has been led by ten Colonial Prime Ministers, eleven Dominion Prime Ministers, three Chairmen of Commission of Government, and nine Premiers, of which four were part of a coalition government, fifteen were from the Liberal Party, thirteen were from the Progressive Conservative Party, and one was from the Anti-Confederation Party.

Contents

Newfoundland and Labrador Leaders (Pre-Confederation) (1949)

       Progressive Conservative Party of Newfoundland and Labrador       Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador       Anti-Confederation Party       Newfoundland Reform Party       Newfoundland Tory Party       Newfoundland People's Party

Premier
(party)
Period Parliaments Elections
Colonial Prime Ministers (Premiers)
1st Philip Francis Little
(Liberal Party)
May 7, 1855
1858
6th Elected May 7, 1855
Resigned 1858
2nd John Kent
(Liberal Party)
1858
1861
Designated 1858
7th Re-elected November 7, 1859
HughHoyles1861.jpg
3rd Sir Hugh W. Hoyles
(Conservative Party)
1861
April 1865
8th Elected May 2, 1861
FrederickCarter.jpg
4th Sir Frederick Carter
(1st time of 2)
April 1865
January 1870
9th Elected May 7, 1865 as a coalition
Charles Fox Bennett.jpg
5th Charles Fox Bennett
(Anti-Confederate Party)
January 1870
January 31, 1874
10th Elected November 13, 1869
11th Re-elected November 1873
Resigned January 31, 1874
FrederickCarter.jpg
Sir Frederick Carter
(Conservative Party)
(2nd time of 2)
January 31, 1874
April 1878
Designated January 31, 1874
12th Re-elected November 7, 1874
Resigned April 1878
Whiteway.jpg
6th Sir William Whiteway
(Conservative Party)
(1st time of 3)
April 1878
1885
Designated April 1878
13th Re-elected November 4, 1878
14th Re-elected November 6, 1882
Rthorburn.jpg
7th Sir Robert Thorburn
(Reform Party)
1885
1889
15th Elected October 31, 1885
Whiteway.jpg
Sir William Whiteway
(Liberal Party)
(2nd time of 3)
1889
April 11, 1894
16th Elected November 6, 1889
17th Re-elected November 6, 1893
Resigned April 11, 1894
8th Augustus F. Goodridge
(Tory Party)
April 11, 1894
December 13, 1894
Designated April 11, 1894
Resigned December 13, 1894
9th Daniel J. Greene
(Liberal Party)
December 13, 1894
February 8, 1895
Designated December 13, 1894
Resigned February 8, 1895
Whiteway.jpg
Sir William Whiteway
(Liberal Party)
(3rd time of 3)
February 8, 1895
October 1897
Designated February 8, 1895
10th Sir James Spearman Winter
(Tory Party)
October 1897
March 6, 1900
18th
...
Elected October 28, 1897
Resigned March 6, 1900
Dominion Prime Ministers
Robert Bond.jpg
1st Sir Robert Bond
(Liberal Party)
March 6, 1900[N 1]
March 2, 1909
... Designated March 6, 1900
19th Re-elected November 8, 1900
20th Re-elected October 31, 1904
21st Re-elected November 2, 1908
Resigned March 6, 1900
2nd Sir Edward Patrick Morris
(Newfoundland People's Party)
March 2, 1909
December 31, 1917
Designated March 2, 1909
22nd Re-elected May 8, 1909
23rd October 30, 1913
Resigned December 31, 1917
3rd Sir William F. Lloyd
(Liberal Party/National Government)
January 5, 1918
May 22, 1919
Designated January 5, 1918
Resigned May 22, 1919
4th Sir Michael Patrick Cashin
(Newfoundland People's Party)
May 22, 1919
November 17, 1919
Designated May 22, 1919
Richard Squires.jpg
5th Sir Richard Squires
(Liberal Reform Party)
November 17, 1919
July 24, 1923
Designated November 17, 1919
24th Re-elected November 2, 1919
25th Re-elected May 2, 1923
Resigned July 24, 1923
6th William Warren
(Liberal Reform party)
July 24, 1923
May 10, 1924
Designated July 24, 1923
Resigned May 10, 1924
7th Albert Hickman
(caretaker)
May 10, 1924
June 9, 1924
Designated May 10, 1924
8th Walter Stanley Monroe
(Liberal-Conservative Progressive Party)
June 9, 1924
August 1928
26th Elected June 2, 1924
Resigned August 1928
9th Frederick C. Alderdice
(Liberal-Conservative Progressive Party)
August 1928
November 17, 1928
Designated August 1928
Richard Squires.jpg
10th Sir Richard Squires
(Liberal Party)
November 17, 1928
June 1932
27th Elected October 29, 1928
11th Frederick C. Alderdice
(United Newfoundland Party)
June 1932
January 30, 1934
28th Elected June 11, 1932
Chairmen of Commission of Government
1st David Murray Anderson
(Non-partisan)
January 30, 1934
1935
2nd Humphrey T. Walwyn
(Non-partisan)
1936
1946
3rd Gordon MacDonald
(Non-partisan)
1946
April 1, 1949

Premiers of the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador

Joseph Smallwood signing Newfoundland into Confederation.jpg
1st Joseph R. Smallwood
(Liberal)
April 1, 1949
January 18, 1972
29th Elected May 27, 1949
30th Re-elected November 26, 1951
31st Re-elected October 2, 1956
32nd Re-elected August 20, 1959
33rd Re-elected November 10, 1962
34th Re-elected September 8, 1966
35th Re-elected October 28, 1971 as a hung legislature
Frank-Moores.jpg
2nd Frank D. Moores
( Progressive Conservative)
January 18, 1972
March 26, 1979
36th Elected March 27, 1972
37th Re-elected September 16, 1975
3rd Brian Peckford
( Progressive Conservative)
March 26, 1979
March 22, 1989
Designated March 26, 1979
38th Re-elected June 18, 1979
39t Re-elected April 6, 1982
40th Re-elected April 2, 1985
Resigned March 22, 1989
4th Thomas Rideout
( Progressive Conservative)
March 22, 1989
May 5, 1989
Designated March 22, 1989
5th Clyde Wells
(Liberal)
May 5, 1989
January 26, 1996
41st Elected April 20, 1989
42nd Re-elected May 3, 1993
6th Brian Tobin
(Liberal)
January 26, 1996
October 16, 2000
Designated January 26, 1996
43rd Re-elected February 22, 1996
44th Re-elected February 9, 1999
Resigned October 16, 2000
7th Beaton Tulk
(Liberal)
October 16, 2000
February 13, 2001
Designated October 16, 2000
Resigned February 13, 2001
8th Roger Grimes
(Liberal)
February 13, 2001
November 6, 2003
Designated February 13, 2001
Golfing with Danny Williams face smaller.jpg
9th Danny Williams
( Progressive Conservative)
November 6, 2003
Present
45th Elected October 21, 2003
46th Re-elected October 9, 2007

Living former premiers

As of January 2010, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Clyde Wells (1989–1996, born 1937). The most recent premier to die was Frank Moores (1972–1979), on July 10, 2005.

Name Term Date of birth
Brian Peckford 1979–1989 August 27, 1942 (1942-08-27) (age 67)
Tom Rideout 1989 June 25, 1948 (1948-06-25) (age 61)
Clyde Wells 1989–1996 November 9, 1937 (1937-11-09) (age 72)
Brian Tobin 1996–2000 October 21, 1954 (1954-10-21) (age 55)
Beaton Tulk 2000–2001 May 22, 1944 (1944-05-22) (age 65)
Roger Grimes 2001–2003 May 2, 1950 (1950-05-02) (age 59)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sir Robert Bond was the province's colonial Prime Minister until 1907.

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Newfoundland". Library and Archives Canada. 2005-05-02. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/confederation/023001-2230-e.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  
  2. ^ "History of the House of Assembly". Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly. http://www.assembly.nl.ca/pubinfo/history.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  
  3. ^ "Colonial Governors, 1855-1933". Memorial University of Newfoundland. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/govhouse/governorship/colonial.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  
  4. ^ "Commission Governors, 1934-1948". Memorial University of Newfoundland. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/govhouse/governorship/commission.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  
  5. ^ "Lieutenant-Governors, 1949-Present". Memorial University of Newfoundland. http://www.heritage.nf.ca/govhouse/governorship/lieutenant.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12.  
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