List of Nobel laureates by country: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Laureates of the Nobel Prize listed by country. Listings for Economics refer to the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. In contrast to the Nobel Prize, this award does not originate from the legacy of Alfred Nobel, but was founded by the Swedish central bank in 1968. The Nobel prize has been awarded 829 times, whereof 23 awards are affiliated with organizations.[1]

The present list ranks laureates under the country/countries that are stated by the Nobel Prize committee on its website.[2] Some laureates are listed under more than one country, because the official website mentions multiple countries in relation to the laureate.[3] If a country is merely mentioned as the place of birth, an asterisk(*) is used in the respective listing to indicate this.[4] In this case, the birth country is mentioned in italics at the other listings of this laureate. For the same award, two birth place related listings occur when the place of birth is currently in a different country then at the time of birth. Laureate–country connections that are not mentioned at the official website are not considered in this list.

Organizations are listed here if the Nobel Prize committee relates them to a single country.[5]

Contents

Algeria

  1. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji*, Physics, 1997
  2. Albert Camus*, Literature, 1957

Argentina

  1. César Milstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  2. Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Peace, 1980
  3. Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970
  4. Bernardo Houssay, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936

Australia

  1. Elizabeth H. Blackburn*, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  2. Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  3. J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  4. Peter C. Doherty, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  5. John Warcup Cornforth, Chemistry, 1975
  6. Patrick White, born in the United Kingdom, Literature, 1973
  7. John Carew Eccles, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  8. Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Physiology or Medicine, 1960
  9. Sir Howard Florey, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  10. William Lawrence Bragg*, Physics, 1915 (youngest recipient of a prize)

Austria

  1. International Atomic Energy Agency, 2005
  2. Elfriede Jelinek, Literature, 2004
  3. Eric R. Kandel*, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  4. Walter Kohn*, Chemistry, 1998
  5. Friedrich Hayek, Economics, 1974
  6. Konrad Lorenz, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  7. Karl von Frisch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  8. Max F. Perutz, Chemistry, 1962
  9. Wolfgang Pauli, Physics, 1945
  10. Richard Kuhn*, Chemistry 1938
  11. Otto Loewi*, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
  12. Victor Francis Hess, Physics, 1936
  13. Erwin Schrödinger, Physics, 1933
  14. Karl Landsteiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1930
  15. Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Physiology or Medicine, 1927
  16. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy*, Chemistry, 1925
  17. Friderik Pregl, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923
  18. Robert Bárány, Physiology or Medicine, 1914,
  19. Alfred Hermann Fried, Peace, 1911
  20. Philipp Lenard*, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovakia, Physics, 1905
  21. Bertha von Suttner, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic, Peace, 1905

Azerbaijan

  1. Lev Landau, Physics, 1962

Bangladesh

  1. Muhammad Yunus, Peace, 2006
  2. Grameen Bank, Peace, 2006

Belarus

  1. Zhores Ivanovich Alferov*, Physics, 2000

Belgium

  1. Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999
  2. Ilya Prigogine, born in Russia, Chemistry, 1977
  3. Christian de Duve, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology and Medicine, 1974
  4. Albert Claude, Physiology and Medicine, 1974
  5. Georges Pire, Peace, 1958
  6. Corneille Heymans, Physiology and Medicine, 1938
  7. Jules Bordet, Physiology and Medicine, 1919
  8. Henri La Fontaine, Peace, 1913
  9. Maurice Maeterlinck, Literature, 1911
  10. Auguste Beernaert, Peace, 1909
  11. Institut de Droit International, Peace, 1904

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  1. Vladimir Prelog*, born in then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
  2. Ivo Andrić*, born in then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961

Brazil

  1. Peter Medawar,* Physiology or Medicine, 1960

Bulgaria

  1. Elias Canetti*, Literature, 1981

Canada

  1. Willard S. Boyle*, Physics, 2009
  2. Robert Mundell, Economics, 1999
  3. Myron Scholes*, Economics, 1997
  4. William Vickrey*, Economic Sciences, 1996
  5. Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Peace, 1995
  6. Bertram N. Brockhouse, Physics, 1994
  7. Michael Smith, born in the United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1993
  8. Rudolph A. Marcus*, Chemistry, 1992
  9. Richard E. Taylor, Physics, 1990
  10. Sidney Altman, Chemistry, 1989
  11. John C. Polanyi, Chemistry, 1986
  12. David H. Hubel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  13. Saul Bellow*, Literature, 1976
  14. Gerhard Herzberg, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1971
  15. Charles B. Huggins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  16. Lester B. Pearson, Peace, 1957
  17. William Giauque*, Chemistry, 1949
  18. Frederick G. Banting, Physiology or Medicine, 1923

Chile

  1. Pablo Neruda, Literature, 1971
  2. Gabriela Mistral, Literature, 1945

China

  1. Charles K. Kao, Physics, 2009
  2. Gao Xingjian*, Literature, 2000
  3. Daniel C. Tsui*, Physics, 1998
  4. Edmond H. Fischer*, Medicine, 1992
  5. Chen Ning Yang, Physics, 1957
  6. Tsung-Dao Lee, Physics, 1957

Colombia

  1. Gabriel García Márquez, Literature, 1982

Costa Rica

  1. Oscar Arias Sánchez, Peace, 1987

Croatia

  1. Leopold Ružička*, Chemistry, 1939

Czech Republic

  1. Jaroslav Seifert, Literature, 1984
  2. Jaroslav Heyrovský, Chemistry, 1959
  3. Carl Ferdinand Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  4. Gerty Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Bertha von Suttner*, born in then Austrian-Hungary, Peace, 1905

Denmark

  1. Jens Christian Skou, Chemistry, 1997
  2. Niels Kaj Jerne, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  3. Aage Bohr, Physics, 1975
  4. Ben Roy Mottelson, Physics, 1975
  5. Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Literature, 1944
  6. Henrik Dam, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
  7. Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Physiology or Medicine, 1926
  8. Niels Bohr, Physics, 1922
  9. August Krogh, Physiology or Medicine, 1920
  10. Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Literature, 1917
  11. Henrik Pontoppidan, Literature, 1917
  12. Fredrik Bajer, Peace, 1908
  13. Niels Ryberg Finsen, born on Faroe Islands, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

East Timor

  1. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Peace, 1996
  2. José Ramos-Horta, Peace, 1996

Egypt

  1. Mohamed ElBaradei, Peace, 2005
  2. Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry, 1999
  3. Naguib Mahfouz, Literature, 1988
  4. Anwar El Sadat, Peace, 1978

Faroe Islands

  1. Niels Ryberg Finsen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

Finland

  1. Martti Ahtisaari, Peace, 2008
  2. Ragnar Granit*, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  3. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Chemistry, 1945
  4. Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Literature, 1939

France

  1. J. M. G. Le Clézio, Literature, 2008
  2. Luc Montagnier, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  3. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  4. Albert Fert, Physics, 2007
  5. Yves Chauvin, Chemistry, 2005
  6. Gao Xingjian, born in China, Literature, 2000
  7. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, born in Algeria, Physics, 1997
  8. Georges Charpak, Physics, 1992
  9. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991
  10. Maurice Allais, Economics, 1988
  11. Jean-Marie Lehn, Chemistry, 1987
  12. Claude Simon, born on Madagascar, Literature, 1985
  13. Gerard Debreu, Economics, 1983
  14. Jean Dausset, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  15. Roger Guillemin*, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  16. Seán MacBride*, Peace, 1974
  17. Louis Néel, Physics, 1970
  18. René Cassin, Peace, 1968
  19. Alfred Kastler, Physics, 1966
  20. François Jacob, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  21. Jacques Monod, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  22. André Lwoff, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  23. Jean-Paul Sartre, Literature, 1964 (declined the prize)
  24. Saint-John Perse, Literature, 1960
  25. Albert Camus, born in Algeria, Literature, 1957
  26. Andre Frederic Cournand, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  27. François Mauriac, Literature, 1952
  28. Léon Jouhaux, Peace, 1951
  29. André Gide, Literature, 1947
  30. Roger Martin du Gard, Literature, 1937
  31. Frédéric Joliot, Chemistry, 1935
  32. Irène Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935
  33. Ivan Bunin, born in Russia, Literature, 1933
  34. Charles Nicolle, Physiology or Medicine, 1928
  35. Henri Bergson, Literature, 1927
  36. Ferdinand Buisson, Peace, 1927
  37. Aristide Briand, Peace, 1926
  38. Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Physics, 1926
  39. Anatole France, Literature, 1921
  40. Léon Bourgeois, Peace, 1920
  41. Romain Rolland, Literature, 1915
  42. Charles Richet, Physiology or Medicine, 1913
  43. Alexis Carrel, Medicine, 1912
  44. Paul Sabatier, Chemistry, 1912
  45. Victor Grignard, Chemistry, 1912
  46. Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Chemistry, 1911
  47. Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, Peace, 1909
  48. Gabriel Lippmann*, born in Luxembourg, Physics, 1908
  49. Alphonse Laveran, Physiology or Medicine, 1907
  50. Louis Renault, Peace, 1907
  51. Henri Moissan, Chemistry, 1906
  52. Frédéric Mistral, Literature, 1904
  53. Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics, 1903
  54. Pierre Curie, Physics, 1903
  55. Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Physics, 1903
  56. Frédéric Passy, Peace, 1901
  57. Sully Prudhomme, Literature, 1901

Germany

  1. Herta Müller, born in Romania, Literature, 2009
  2. Harald zur Hausen, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  3. Gerhard Ertl, Chemistry, 2007
  4. Peter Grünberg, born in then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic, Physics, 2007
  5. Theodor W. Hänsch, Physics, 2005
  6. Robert Aumann*, Economics, 2005
  7. Wolfgang Ketterle, Physics, 2001
  8. Herbert Kroemer, Physics, 2000
  9. Günter Blobel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
  10. Günter Grass, born in then Free City of Danzig, now Poland, Literature, 1999
  11. Horst L. Störmer, Physics, 1998
  12. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  13. Reinhard Selten, Economics, 1994
  14. Bert Sakmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
  15. Erwin Neher, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
  16. Hans G. Dehmelt*, Physics, 1989
  17. Wolfgang Paul, Physics, 1989
  18. Johann Deisenhofer, Chemistry, 1988
  19. Robert Huber, Chemistry, 1988
  20. Hartmut Michel, Chemistry, 1988
  21. Jack Steinberger*, Physics, 1988
  22. J. Georg Bednorz, Physics, 1987
  23. Ernst Ruska, Physics, 1986
  24. Gerd Binnig, Physics, 1986
  25. Klaus von Klitzing, Physics, 1985
  26. Georges J.F. Köhler*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  27. Georg Wittig, Chemistry, 1979
  28. Arno Penzias*, Physics, 1978
  29. Henry Kissinger*, Peace, 1973
  30. Ernst Otto Fischer, Chemistry, 1973
  31. Karl Ritter von Frisch, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  32. Heinrich Böll, Literature, 1972
  33. Gerhard Herzberg*, Chemistry, 1971
  34. Willy Brandt, Peace, 1971
  35. Bernard Katz*, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  36. Max Delbrück*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  37. Manfred Eigen, Chemistry, 1967
  38. Hans Albrecht Bethe*, Physics, 1967
  39. Nelly Sachs*, Literature, 1966
  40. Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  41. Konrad Bloch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  42. Karl Ziegler, Chemistry, 1963
  43. Maria Goeppert-Mayer*, Physics, 1963
  44. J. Hans D. Jensen, Physics, 1963
  45. Rudolf Mössbauer, Physics, 1961
  46. Werner Forssmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  47. Max Born*, Physics 1954
  48. Walther Bothe, Physics, 1954
  49. Hermann Staudinger, Chemistry, 1953
  50. Fritz Albert Lipmann*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  51. Hans Adolf Krebs*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  52. Albert Schweitzer*, Peace, 1952
  53. Otto Diels, Chemistry, 1950
  54. Kurt Alder, Chemistry, 1950
  55. Herman Hesse*, Literature, 1946
  56. Ernst Boris Chain*, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  57. Otto Hahn, Chemistry 1944
  58. Otto Stern*, Physics, 1943
  59. Adolf Butenandt, Chemistry, 1939
  60. Gerhard Domagk, Physiology or Medicine, 1939
  61. Richard Kuhn, born in Austria Chemistry 1938
  62. Carl von Ossietzky, Peace, 1935
  63. Hans Spemann, Physiology or Medicine, 1935
  64. Werner Karl Heisenberg, Physics, 1932
  65. Otto Heinrich Warburg, Physiology or Medicine, 1931
  66. Carl Bosch, Chemistry 1931
  67. Friedrich Bergius, Chemistry, 1931
  68. Hans Fischer, Chemistry, 1930
  69. Thomas Mann, Literature, 1929
  70. Hans von Euler-Chelpin*, Chemistry, 1929
  71. Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Chemistry, 1928
  72. Ludwig Quidde, Peace, 1927
  73. Heinrich Otto Wieland, Chemistry, 1927
  74. Gustav Stresemann, Peace, 1926
  75. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, born in then Austrian Empire, now Austria, Chemistry, 1925
  76. James Franck, Physics, 1925
  77. Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Physics, 1925
  78. Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Physiology or Medicine, 1922
  79. Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921
  80. Walther Nernst, Chemistry, 1920
  81. Johannes Stark, Physics, 1919
  82. Fritz Haber, Chemistry 1918
  83. Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, Physics, 1918
  84. Richard Willstätter, Chemistry, 1915
  85. Max von Laue, Physics, 1914
  86. Gerhart Hauptmann, born in then Prussia, now Poland, Literature, 1912
  87. Wilhelm Wien, Physics, 1911
  88. Otto Wallach, Chemistry, 1910
  89. Albrecht Kossel, Physiology or Medicine, 1910
  90. Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse, Literature, 1910
  91. Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909
  92. Wilhelm Ostwald, born in then Russia, now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909
  93. Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Literature, 1908
  94. Paul Ehrlich, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
  95. Eduard Buchner, Chemistry, 1907
  96. Albert Abraham Michelson*, born in then Prussia, now Poland, Physics 1907
  97. Robert Koch, Physiology or Medicine, 1905
  98. Philipp Lenard, born in then Austrian Empire, now Slovakia, Physics, 1905
  99. Adolf von Baeyer, Chemistry, 1905
  100. Hermann Emil Fischer, Chemistry, 1902
  101. Theodor Mommsen, born in then Denmark, Literature, 1902
  102. Emil Adolf von Behring, Physiology or Medicine, 1901
  103. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Physics, 1901

Ghana

  1. Kofi Annan, Peace, 2001

Greece

  1. Odysseas Elytis, Literature, 1979
  2. Giorgos Seferis, Literature, 1963

Guatemala

  1. Rigoberta Menchú, Peace, 1992
  2. Miguel Ángel Asturias, Literature, 1967

Hong Kong

  1. Charles K. Kao, Physics, 2009

Hungary

  1. Avram Hershko*, Chemistry, 2004
  2. Imre Kertész, Literature, 2002
  3. George Andrew Olah* (György Oláh), Chemistry, 1994
  4. John Harsanyi*, Economics, 1994
  5. Dennis Gabor* (Dénes Gábor), Physics, 1971
  6. Eugene Wigner* (Jenő Wigner), Physics, 1963
  7. Georg von Békésy* (György Békésy), Physiology or Medicine, 1961
  8. George de Hevesy (György Hevesy), Chemistry, 1943
  9. Albert Szent-Györgyi, Physiology or Medicine, 1937
  10. Philipp Lenard* (Fülöp Lénárd), born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovakia, Physics, 1905

Iceland

  1. Halldór Laxness, Literature, 1955

India

  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan*, Chemistry, 2009
  2. Amartya Sen, Economics, 1998
  3. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar*, Physics, 1983
  4. Mother Teresa, born in then Ottoman Empire, now Macedonia, Peace, 1979
  5. Har Gobind Khorana*, Medicine, 1968
  6. C. V. Raman, Physics, 1930
  7. Rabindranath Tagore, Literature, 1913
  8. Rudyard Kipling*, Literature,1907
  9. Ronald Ross*, Physiology or Medicine, 1902

Iran

  1. Doris Lessing*, Literature, 2007
  2. Shirin Ebadi, Peace, 2003

Ireland

  1. Seamus Heaney, Literature, 1995
  2. Seán MacBride, born in France, Peace, 1974
  3. Samuel Beckett, Literature, 1969
  4. Ernest Walton, Physics, 1951
  5. George Bernard Shaw*, Literature, 1925
  6. William Butler Yeats, Literature, 1923

Israel

  1. Ada E. Yonath, Chemistry, 2009
  2. Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005
  3. Aaron Ciechanover, Chemistry, 2004
  4. Avram Hershko, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 2004
  5. Daniel Kahneman, Economics, 2002
  6. Yitzhak Rabin, Peace, 1994
  7. Shimon Peres, born in then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994
  8. Menachem Begin, born in then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1978
  9. Shmuel Yosef Agnon, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966

Italy

  1. Mario Capecchi*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  2. Riccardo Giacconi*, Physics, 2002
  3. Dario Fo, Literature, 1997
  4. Rita Levi-Montalcini, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  5. Franco Modigliani, Economics, 1985
  6. Carlo Rubbia, Physics, 1984
  7. Renato Dulbecco*, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  8. Eugenio Montale, Literature, 1975
  9. Salvador Luria*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  10. Giulio Natta, Chemistry, 1963
  11. Salvatore Quasimodo, Literature, 1959
  12. Emilio G. Segrè, Physics, 1959
  13. Daniel Bovet, born in Switzerland, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
  14. Enrico Fermi, Physics, 1938
  15. Luigi Pirandello, Literature, 1934
  16. Grazia Deledda, Literature, 1926
  17. Guglielmo Marconi, Physics, 1909
  18. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Peace, 1907
  19. Giosuè Carducci, Literature, 1906
  20. Camillo Golgi, Physiology or Medicine, 1906

Japan

  1. Osamu Shimomura*, Chemistry, 2008
  2. Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008
  3. Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008
  4. Yoichiro Nambu*, Physics, 2008
  5. Masatoshi Koshiba, Physics, 2002
  6. Koichi Tanaka, Chemistry, 2002
  7. Ryoji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001
  8. Hideki Shirakawa, Chemistry, 2000
  9. Kenzaburō Ōe, Literature, 1994
  10. Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987
  11. Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981
  12. Eisaku Satō, Peace, 1974
  13. Leo Esaki, Physics, 1973
  14. Yasunari Kawabata, Literature, 1968
  15. Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965
  16. Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949

Kenya

  1. Wangari Maathai, Peace, 2004

Korea, South

  1. Kim Dae-jung, Peace, 2000
  2. Charles J. Pedersen*, Chemistry, 1987

Latvia

  1. Wilhelm Ostwald, Chemistry, 1909

Lithuania

  1. Aaron Klug*, Chemistry, 1982

Macedonia

  1. Mother Teresa*, born in then Ottoman Empire, Peace, 1979

Mexico

  1. Mario J. Molina*, Chemistry, 1995
  2. Octavio Paz, Literature, 1990
  3. Alfonso García Robles, Peace, 1982

Myanmar (Burma)

  1. Aung San Suu Kyi, Peace, 1991

Netherlands

  1. Martinus J. G. Veltman, Physics, 1999
  2. Gerardus 't Hooft, Physics, 1999
  3. Paul J. Crutzen, Chemistry, 1995
  4. Simon van der Meer, Physics, 1984
  5. Nicolaas Bloembergen*, Physics, 1981
  6. Tjalling Koopmans, Economics, 1975
  7. Nikolaas Tinbergen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  8. Jan Tinbergen, Economics, 1969
  9. Frits Zernike, Physics, 1953
  10. Peter Debye, Chemistry, 1936
  11. Christiaan Eijkman, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
  12. Willem Einthoven, Physiology or Medicine, 1924
  13. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Physics, 1913
  14. Tobias Asser, Peace, 1911
  15. Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Physics, 1910
  16. Pieter Zeeman, Physics, 1902
  17. Hendrik Lorentz, Physics, 1902
  18. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Chemistry, 1901

New Zealand

  1. Alan MacDiarmid*, Chemistry, 2000
  2. Maurice Wilkins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  3. Ernest Rutherford*, Chemistry, 1908

Nigeria

  1. Wole Soyinka, Literature, 1986

Norway

  1. Finn E. Kydland, Economics, 2004
  2. Trygve Haavelmo, Economics, 1989
  3. Ivar Giaever, Physics, 1973
  4. Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Economics, 1969
  5. Odd Hassel, Chemistry, 1969
  6. Lars Onsager, Chemistry, 1968
  7. Sigrid Undset, Literature, 1928
  8. Fridtjof Nansen, Peace, 1922
  9. Christian Lous Lange, Peace, 1921
  10. Knut Hamsun, Literature, 1920
  11. Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Literature, 1903

Pakistan

  1. Abdus Salam, Physics, 1979

Palestinian authority

  1. Yasser Arafat, born in Egypt, Peace, 1994

Poland

  1. Wisława Szymborska, Literature, 1996
  2. Joseph Rotblat*, Peace, 1995
  3. Georges Charpak*, born in now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
  4. Lech Wałęsa, Peace, 1983
  5. Roald Hoffmann*, born in now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
  6. Czesław Miłosz, Literature, 1980
  7. Isaac Bashevis Singer*, Literature, 1978
  8. Tadeus Reichstein*, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  9. Władysław Reymont, Literature, 1924
  10. Marie Skłodowska-Curie*, Chemistry, 1911
  11. Henryk Sienkiewicz, Literature, 1905
  12. Marie Skłodowska-Curie*, Physics, 1903

Portugal

  1. José de Sousa Saramago, Literature, 1998
  2. António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, Physiology or Medicine, 1949

Romania

  1. Herta Müller*, Literature, 2009
  2. Elie Wiesel*, Peace, 1986
  3. George E. Palade*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Russia

  1. Leonid Hurwicz*, Economics, 2007
  2. Alexei A. Abrikosov, Physics, 2003
  3. Vitaly Ginzburg, Physics, 2003
  4. Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Physics, 2000
  5. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, Peace, 1990
  6. Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky*, Literature, 1987
  7. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Physics, 1978
  8. Ilya Prigogine*, Chemistry, 1977
  9. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov, Peace, 1975
  10. Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich, Economics, 1975
  11. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Literature, 1970
  12. Michail Sholokhov, Literature, 1965
  13. Nicolay G. Basov, Physics, 1964
  14. Aleksandr M. Prokhorov, born in Australia, Physics, 1964
  15. Lev Davidovich Landau, Physics, 1962
  16. Boris Pasternak, Literature, 1958 (forced to decline)
  17. Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Physics, 1958
  18. Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm, Physics, 1958
  19. Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Physics, 1958
  20. Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Chemistry, 1956
  21. Ivan Bunin*, Literature, 1933
  22. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
  23. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Physiology or Medicine, 1904

St Lucia

  1. Derek Walcott, Literature, 1992
  2. Sir Arthur Lewis*, Economics, 1979

Slovakia

  1. Philipp Lenard*, Physics, 1905

Slovenia

  1. Friderik Pregl*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Chemistry, 1923

South Africa

  1. J. M. Coetzee, Literature, 2003
  2. Sydney Brenner*, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  3. F.W. de Klerk, Peace, 1993
  4. Nelson Mandela, Peace, 1993
  5. Nadine Gordimer, Literature, 1991
  6. Desmond Tutu, Peace, 1984
  7. Allan M. Cormack*, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  8. Albert Lutuli, Peace, 1960
  9. Max Theiler, Physiology or Medicine, 1951

Spain

  1. Camilo José Cela, Literature, 1989
  2. Vicente Aleixandre, Literature, 1977
  3. Severo Ochoa*, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  4. Juan Ramón Jiménez, Literature, 1956
  5. Jacinto Benavente, Literature, 1922
  6. Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Physiology or Medicine, 1906
  7. José Echegaray, Literature, 1904

Sweden

  1. Arvid Carlsson, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  2. Alva Myrdal, Peace, 1982
  3. Sune Bergström, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  4. Bengt I. Samuelsson, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  5. Kai Siegbahn, Physics, 1981
  6. Torsten Wiesel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  7. Eyvind Johnson, Literature, 1974
  8. Harry Martinson, Literature, 1974
  9. Bertil Ohlin, Economics, 1977
  10. Gunnar Myrdal, Economics, 1974
  11. Ulf von Euler, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  12. Hannes Alfvén, Physics, 1970
  13. Ragnar Granit, born in Finland, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  14. Nelly Sachs, born in Germany, Literature, 1966
  15. Dag Hammarskjöld, Peace, 1961 (posthumously)
  16. Pär Lagerkvist, Literature, 1951
  17. Arne Tiselius, Chemistry, 1948
  18. Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Literature, 1931
  19. Nathan Söderblom, Peace, 1930
  20. Hans von Euler-Chelpin, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1929
  21. Theodor Svedberg, Chemistry, 1926
  22. Karl Manne Siegbahn, Physics, 1924
  23. Hjalmar Branting, Peace, 1921
  24. Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam, Literature, 1916
  25. Gustaf Dalén, Physics, 1912
  26. Selma Lagerlöf, Literature, 1909
  27. Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Peace, 1908
  28. Svante Arrhenius, Chemistry, 1903

Switzerland

  1. Kurt Wüthrich, Chemistry, 2002
  2. Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  3. Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  4. Richard R. Ernst, Chemistry, 1991
  5. Karl Alexander Müller, Physics, 1987
  6. Heinrich Rohrer, Physics, 1986
  7. Georges J. F. Köhler, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  8. Werner Arber, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  9. Vladimir Prelog, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
  10. Daniel Bovet, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
  11. Felix Bloch, Physics, 1952
  12. Tadeus Reichstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  13. Walter Rudolf Hess, Physiology or Medicine, 1949
  14. Paul Hermann Müller, Physiology or Medicine, 1948
  15. Hermann Hesse, born in Germany, Literature, 1946
  16. Leopold Ružička, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939
  17. Paul Karrer, Chemistry, 1937
  18. Albert Einstein, born in Germany, Physics, 1921
  19. Charles Édouard Guillaume, Physics, 1920
  20. Carl Spitteler, Literature, 1919
  21. Alfred Werner, Chemistry, 1913
  22. Theodor Kocher, Physiology or Medicine, 1909
  23. Élie Ducommun, Peace, 1902
  24. Charles Albert Gobat, Peace, 1902
  25. Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901

Taiwan

  1. Yuan T. Lee*, Chemistry, 1986

Tibet

  1. Tenzin Gyatso (The 14th Dalai Lama), Peace, 1989

Trinidad and Tobago

  1. V. S. Naipaul*, Literature, 2001

Turkey

  1. Orhan Pamuk, Literature, 2006

Ukraine

  1. Georges Charpak*, born in then Poland, Physics, 1992
  2. Roald Hoffmann*, born in then Poland, Chemistry, 1981
  3. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov*, born in then Russian Empire, Physiology or Medicine, 1908

United Kingdom

  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, born in India, Chemistry, 2009
  2. Charles K. Kao, born in China, Physics, 2009
  3. Jack W. Szostak*, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  4. Doris Lessing, born in Iran, Literature, 2007
  5. Sir Martin J. Evans, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  6. Oliver Smithies*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  7. Harold Pinter, Literature, 2005
  8. Clive W. J. Granger*, Economics, 2003
  9. Anthony J. Leggett*, Physics, 2003
  10. Peter Mansfield, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
  11. Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  12. John E. Sulston, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  13. Tim Hunt, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  14. Paul Nurse, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  15. V.S. Naipaul, Literature, 2001
  16. John Pople, Chemistry, 1998
  17. David Trimble, Peace, 1998
  18. John Hume, Peace, 1998
  19. John E. Walker, Chemistry, 1997
  20. Harold Kroto, Chemistry, 1996
  21. James A. Mirrlees, Economics, 1996
  22. Joseph Rotblat, born in Poland, Peace, 1995
  23. Richard J. Roberts, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
  24. Michael Smith*, Chemistry, 1993
  25. Ronald Coase, Economics, 1991
  26. James W. Black, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  27. Niels Kaj Jerne*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  28. César Milstein, born in Argentina, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  29. Richard Stone, Economics, 1984
  30. William Golding, Literature, 1983
  31. Aaron Klug, born in Lithuania, Chemistry, 1982
  32. John Robert Vane, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  33. Elias Canetti, born in Bulgaria, Literature, 1981
  34. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1980
  35. Arthur Lewis, born on St. Lucia, Economics, 1979
  36. Godfrey Hounsfield, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  37. Peter D. Mitchell, Chemistry, 1978
  38. James Meade, Economics, 1977
  39. Nevill Francis Mott, Physics, 1977
  40. Amnesty International, Peace, 1977
  41. Betty Williams, Peace, 1976
  42. Mairead Corrigan, Peace, 1976
  43. John Cornforth, born in Australia, Chemistry, 1975
  44. Christian de Duve*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  45. Friedrich Hayek, born in Austria, Economics, 1974
  46. Antony Hewish, Physics, 1974
  47. Patrick White*, Literature, 1973
  48. Geoffrey Wilkinson, Chemistry, 1973
  49. Brian David Josephson, Physics, 1973
  50. Rodney Robert Porter, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
  51. John Hicks, Economics, 1972
  52. Dennis Gabor, born in Hungary, Physics, 1971
  53. Bernard Katz, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  54. Derek Harold Richard Barton, Chemistry, 1969
  55. Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, Chemistry, 1967
  56. George Porter, Chemistry, 1967
  57. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Chemistry, 1964
  58. Andrew Huxley, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  59. Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  60. John Kendrew, Chemistry, 1962
  61. Max Perutz, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1962
  62. Francis Crick, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  63. Maurice Wilkins, born in New Zealand, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  64. Peter Medawar, born in Brazil, Physiology or Medicine, 1960
  65. Philip Noel-Baker, Peace, 1959
  66. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1958
  67. Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Chemistry, 1957
  68. Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, Chemistry, 1956
  69. Max Born, born in Germany, Physics, 1954
  70. Winston Churchill, Literature, 1953
  71. Hans Adolf Krebs, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  72. Archer John Porter Martin, Chemistry, 1952
  73. Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Chemistry, 1952
  74. John Cockcroft, Physics, 1951
  75. Bertrand Russell, Literature, 1950
  76. Cecil Frank Powell, Physics, 1950
  77. John Boyd Orr, Peace, 1949
  78. Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, Physics, 1948
  79. T. S. Eliot, born in the United States of America, Literature, 1948
  80. Edward Victor Appleton, Physics, 1947
  81. Robert Robinson, Chemistry, 1947
  82. Friends Service Council, Peace, 1947
  83. Martin Ryle, Physics, 1946
  84. Ernst Boris Chain, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  85. Alexander Fleming, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  86. George Paget Thomson, Physics, 1937
  87. Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Peace, 1937
  88. Norman Haworth, Chemistry, 1937
  89. Henry Hallett Dale, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
  90. James Chadwick, Physics, 1935
  91. Arthur Henderson, Peace, 1934
  92. Norman Angell, Peace, 1933
  93. Paul Dirac, Physics, 1933
  94. Charles Scott Sherrington, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
  95. John Galsworthy, Literature, 1932
  96. Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
  97. Arthur Harden, Chemistry, 1929
  98. Frederick Hopkins, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
  99. Owen Willans Richardson, Physics, 1928
  100. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Physics, 1927
  101. Austen Chamberlain, Peace, 1925
  102. George Bernard Shaw, born in Ireland, Literature, 1925
  103. John James Richard Macleod*, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
  104. Francis William Aston, Chemistry, 1922
  105. Archibald Hill, Physiology or Medicine, 1922
  106. Frederick Soddy, Chemistry, 1921
  107. Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917
  108. William Henry Bragg, Physics, 1915
  109. William Lawrence Bragg, born in Australia, Physics, 1915
  110. Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908
  111. Rudyard Kipling, born in India, Literature, 1907
  112. J. J. Thomson, Physics, 1906
  113. John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Physics, 1904
  114. William Ramsay, Chemistry, 1904
  115. William Randal Cremer, Peace, 1903
  116. Ronald Ross, Physiology or Medicine, 1902

United States

  1. Elinor Ostrom, Economics, 2009
  2. Oliver Eaton Williamson, Economics, 2009
  3. Barack Obama, Peace, 2009
  4. Thomas A. Steitz, Chemistry, 2009
  5. Willard S. Boyle, born in Canada, Physics, 2009
  6. George E. Smith, Physics, 2009
  7. Elizabeth Blackburn, born in Australia, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  8. Carol W. Greider, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  9. Jack W. Szostak, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  10. Paul Krugman, Economics, 2008
  11. Roger Yonchien Tsien, Chemistry, 2008
  12. Martin Chalfie, Chemistry, 2008
  13. Osamu Shimomura, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2008
  14. Yoichiro Nambu, born in Japan, Physics, 2008
  15. Leonid Hurwicz, born in Russia, Economics, 2007
  16. Eric S. Maskin, Economics, 2007
  17. Roger B. Myerson, Economics, 2007
  18. Al Gore, Peace, 2007
  19. Mario R. Capecchi, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  20. Oliver Smithies, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  21. Roger D. Kornberg, Chemistry, 2006
  22. John C. Mather, Physics, 2006
  23. Edmund S. Phelps, Economics, 2006
  24. George F. Smoot, Physics, 2006
  25. Andrew Z. Fire, Physiology or Medicine, 2006
  26. Craig C. Mello, Physiology or Medicine, 2006
  27. Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005
  28. Robert H. Grubbs, Chemistry, 2005
  29. Richard R. Schrock, Chemistry, 2005
  30. Thomas Schelling, Economics, 2005
  31. John L. Hall, Physics, 2005
  32. Roy J. Glauber, Physics, 2005
  33. Irwin Rose, Chemistry, 2004
  34. Edward C. Prescott, Economics, 2004
  35. David J. Gross, Physics, 2004
  36. H. David Politzer, Physics, 2004
  37. Frank Wilczek, Physics, 2004
  38. Richard Axel, Physiology or Medicine, 2004
  39. Linda B. Buck, Physiology or Medicine, 2004
  40. Peter Agre, Chemistry, 2003
  41. Roderick MacKinnon, Chemistry, 2003
  42. Robert F. Engle, Economics, 2003
  43. Anthony J. Leggett, born in United Kingdom, Physics, 2003
  44. Paul C. Lauterbur, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
  45. Alexei A. Abrikosov, born in Russia, Physics, 2003
  46. Daniel Kahneman, born in Israel, Economics, 2002
  47. Vernon L. Smith, Economics, 2002
  48. Jimmy Carter, Peace, 2002
  49. Raymond Davis Jr., Physics, 2002
  50. Riccardo Giacconi, born in Italy, Physics, 2002
  51. Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  52. H. Robert Horvitz, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  53. William S. Knowles, Chemistry, 2001
  54. K. Barry Sharpless, Chemistry, 2001
  55. Joseph E. Stiglitz, Economics, 2001
  56. George A. Akerlof, Economics, 2001
  57. A. Michael Spence, Economics, 2001
  58. Eric A. Cornell, Physics, 2001
  59. Carl E. Wieman, Physics, 2001
  60. Leland H. Hartwell, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  61. Alan Heeger, Chemistry, 2000
  62. Alan MacDiarmid, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 2000
  63. James J. Heckman, Economics, 2000
  64. Daniel L. McFadden, Economics, 2000
  65. Jack Kilby, Physics, 2000
  66. Paul Greengard, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  67. Eric R. Kandel, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  68. Ahmed H. Zewail, born in Egypt, Chemistry, 1999
  69. Günter Blobel, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
  70. Walter Kohn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1998
  71. Robert B. Laughlin, Physics, 1998
  72. Daniel C. Tsui, born in China, Physics, 1998
  73. Robert F. Furchgott, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  74. Louis J. Ignarro, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  75. Ferid Murad, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  76. Paul D. Boyer, Chemistry, 1997
  77. Robert C. Merton, Economics, 1997
  78. Myron Scholes, born in Canada, Economics, 1997
  79. Jody Williams, Peace, 1997
  80. Steven Chu, Physics, 1997
  81. William D. Phillips, Physics, 1997
  82. Stanley B. Prusiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1997
  83. Richard E. Smalley, Chemistry, 1996
  84. Robert F. Curl Jr., Chemistry, 1996
  85. William Vickrey, born in Canada, Economics, 1996
  86. David M. Lee, Physics, 1996
  87. Douglas D. Osheroff, Physics, 1996
  88. Robert C. Richardson, Physics, 1996
  89. Mario J. Molina, born in Mexico, Chemistry, 1995
  90. F. Sherwood Rowland, Chemistry, 1995
  91. Robert Lucas, Jr., Economics, 1995
  92. Martin L. Perl, Physics, 1995
  93. Frederick Reines, Physics, 1995
  94. Edward B. Lewis, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  95. Eric F. Wieschaus, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  96. George Andrew Olah, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 1994
  97. John Charles Harsanyi, born in Hungary, Economics, 1994
  98. John Forbes Nash, Economics, 1994
  99. Clifford G. Shull, Physics, 1994
  100. Alfred G. Gilman, Physiology or Medicine, 1994
  101. Martin Rodbell, Physiology or Medicine, 1994
  102. Kary B. Mullis, Chemistry, 1993
  103. Robert W. Fogel, Economics, 1993
  104. Douglass C. North, Economics, 1993
  105. Toni Morrison, Literature, 1993
  106. Russell A. Hulse, Physics, 1993
  107. Joseph H. Taylor Jr., Physics, 1993
  108. Phillip A. Sharp, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
  109. Rudolph A. Marcus, Chemistry, 1992
  110. Gary S. Becker, Economics, 1992
  111. Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  112. Edwin G. Krebs, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  113. Elias James Corey, Chemistry, 1990
  114. Merton H. Miller, Economics, 1990
  115. William F. Sharpe, Economics, 1990
  116. Harry M. Markowitz, Economics, 1990
  117. Jerome I. Friedman, Physics, 1990
  118. Henry W. Kendall, Physics, 1990
  119. Joseph E. Murray, Physiology or Medicine, 1990
  120. E. Donnall Thomas, Physiology or Medicine, 1990
  121. Sidney Altman, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1989
  122. Thomas R. Cech, Chemistry, 1989
  123. Hans G. Dehmelt, born in Germany, Physics, 1989
  124. Norman F. Ramsey, Physics, 1989
  125. J. Michael Bishop, Physiology or Medicine, 1989
  126. Harold E. Varmus, Physiology or Medicine, 1989
  127. Leon M. Lederman, Physics, 1988
  128. Melvin Schwartz, Physics, 1988
  129. Jack Steinberger, born in Germany, Physics, 1988
  130. Gertrude B. Elion, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  131. George H. Hitchings, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  132. Charles J. Pedersen, born in Korea, Chemistry, 1987
  133. Donald J. Cram, Chemistry, 1987
  134. Robert M. Solow, Economics, 1987
  135. Joseph Brodsky, born in Russia, Literature, 1987
  136. Dudley R. Herschbach, Chemistry, 1986
  137. Yuan T. Lee, born in Taiwan, Chemistry, 1986
  138. James M. Buchanan, Economics, 1986
  139. Elie Wiesel, born in Romania, Peace, 1986
  140. Stanley Cohen, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  141. Rita Levi-Montalcini, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  142. Jerome Karle, Chemistry, 1985
  143. Herbert A. Hauptman, Chemistry, 1985
  144. Franco Modigliani, born in Italy, Economics, 1985
  145. Michael S. Brown, Physiology or Medicine, 1985
  146. Joseph L. Goldstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1985
  147. Bruce Merrifield, Chemistry, 1984
  148. Henry Taube, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1983
  149. Gerard Debreu, born in France, Economics, 1983
  150. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, born in India, Physics, 1983
  151. William A. Fowler, Physics, 1983
  152. Barbara McClintock, Physiology or Medicine, 1983
  153. George J. Stigler, Economics, 1982
  154. Kenneth G. Wilson, Physics, 1982
  155. Roald Hoffmann, born in Poland, Chemistry, 1981
  156. James Tobin, Economics, 1981
  157. Nicolaas Bloembergen, born in the Netherlands, Physics, 1981
  158. Arthur L. Schawlow, Physics, 1981
  159. David H. Hubel, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  160. Roger W. Sperry, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  161. Walter Gilbert, Chemistry, 1980
  162. Paul Berg, Chemistry, 1980
  163. Lawrence R. Klein, Economics, 1980
  164. Czesław Miłosz, born in then Russian Empire, now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
  165. James Cronin, Physics, 1980
  166. Val Fitch, Physics, 1980
  167. Baruj Benacerraf, born in Venezuela, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  168. George D. Snell, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  169. Herbert C. Brown, Chemistry, 1979
  170. Theodore Schultz, Economics, 1979
  171. Steven Weinberg, Physics, 1979
  172. Sheldon Glashow, Physics, 1979
  173. Allan M. Cormack, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  174. Herbert A. Simon, Economics, 1978
  175. Isaac Bashevis Singer, born in Poland, Literature, 1978
  176. Robert Woodrow Wilson, Physics, 1978
  177. Arno Penzias, born in Germany, Physics, 1978
  178. Hamilton O. Smith, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  179. Daniel Nathans, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  180. Philip Anderson, Physics, 1977
  181. John H. van Vleck, Physics, 1977
  182. Roger Guillemin, born in France, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  183. Andrzej W. Schally, born in Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  184. Rosalyn Yalow, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  185. William Lipscomb, Chemistry, 1976
  186. Milton Friedman, Economics, 1976
  187. Saul Bellow, born in Canada, Literature, 1976
  188. Burton Richter, Physics, 1976
  189. Samuel C. C. Ting, Physics, 1976
  190. Baruch S. Blumberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
  191. Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
  192. Tjalling C. Koopmans, born in the Netherlands, Economics, 1975
  193. Ben R. Mottelson*, Physics, 1975
  194. James Rainwater, Physics, 1975
  195. David Baltimore, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  196. Renato Dulbecco, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  197. Howard Martin Temin, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  198. Paul J. Flory, Chemistry, 1974
  199. George E. Palade, born in Romania, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  200. Wassily Leontief, born in Germany, Economics, 1973
  201. Henry Kissinger, born in Germany, Peace, 1973
  202. Ivar Giaever, Norway, Physics, 1973
  203. Christian Anfinsen, Chemistry, 1972
  204. Stanford Moore, Chemistry, 1972
  205. William H. Stein, Chemistry, 1972
  206. Kenneth J. Arrow, Economics, 1972
  207. John Bardeen, Physics 1972
  208. Leon N. Cooper, Physics 1972
  209. Robert Schrieffer, Physics 1972
  210. Gerald Edelman, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
  211. Simon Kuznets, born in then Russia, now Belarus, Economics, 1971
  212. Earl W. Sutherland Jr., Physiology or Medicine, 1971
  213. Paul A. Samuelson, Economics, 1970
  214. Norman Borlaug, Peace, 1970
  215. Julius Axelrod, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  216. Murray Gell-Mann, Physics, 1969
  217. Max Delbrück, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  218. Alfred Hershey, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  219. Salvador Luria, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  220. Lars Onsager, born in Norway, Chemistry, 1968
  221. Luis Alvarez, Physics, 1968
  222. Robert W. Holley, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  223. Har Gobind Khorana, born in India, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  224. Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  225. Hans Bethe, born in Germany, Physics, 1967
  226. Haldan Keffer Hartline, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  227. George Wald, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  228. Robert S. Mulliken, Chemistry, 1966
  229. Charles B. Huggins, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  230. Francis Peyton Rous, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  231. Robert B. Woodward, Chemistry, 1965
  232. Richard P. Feynman, Physics, 1965
  233. Julian Schwinger, Physics, 1965
  234. Martin Luther King, Jr., Peace, 1964
  235. Charles H. Townes, Physics, 1964
  236. Konrad Bloch, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  237. Maria Goeppert-Mayer, born in Germany, Physics, 1963
  238. Eugene Wigner, born in Hungary, Physics, 1963
  239. John Steinbeck, Literature, 1962
  240. Linus C. Pauling, Peace, 1962
  241. James D. Watson, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  242. Melvin Calvin, Chemistry, 1961
  243. Robert Hofstadter, Physics, 1961
  244. Georg von Békésy, born in Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1961
  245. Willard F. Libby, Chemistry, 1960
  246. Donald A. Glaser, Physics, 1960
  247. Owen Chamberlain, Physics, 1959
  248. Emilio Segrè, born in Italy, Physics, 1959
  249. Arthur Kornberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  250. Severo Ochoa, born in Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  251. George Beadle, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  252. Joshua Lederberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  253. Edward Tatum, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  254. Chen Ning Yang, born in China, Physics, 1957
  255. Tsung-Dao Lee, born in China, Physics, 1957
  256. William B. Shockley, Physics, 1956
  257. John Bardeen, Physics, 1956
  258. Walter H. Brattain, Physics, 1956
  259. Dickinson W. Richards, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  260. André F. Cournand, France, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  261. Vincent du Vigneaud, Chemistry, 1955
  262. Willis E. Lamb, Physics, 1955
  263. Polykarp Kusch, born in Germany, Physics, 1955
  264. Linus C. Pauling, Chemistry, 1954
  265. Ernest Hemingway, Literature, 1954
  266. John F. Enders, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  267. Frederick C. Robbins, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  268. Thomas H. Weller, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  269. George C. Marshall, Peace, 1953
  270. Fritz Lipmann, born in then Germany, now Russia, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  271. E. M. Purcell, Physics, 1952
  272. Felix Bloch, born in Switzerland, Physics, 1952
  273. Selman A. Waksman, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952
  274. Edwin M. McMillan, Chemistry, 1951
  275. Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Chemistry, 1951
  276. Ralph J. Bunche, Peace, 1950
  277. Philip S. Hench, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  278. Edward C. Kendall, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  279. William Giauque, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1949
  280. William Faulkner, Literature, 1949
  281. T. S. Eliot*, Literature, 1948
  282. American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers), Peace, 1947
  283. Carl Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  284. Gerty Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  285. Wendell M. Stanley, Chemistry, 1946
  286. James B. Sumner, Chemistry, 1946
  287. John H. Northrop, Chemistry, 1946
  288. Emily G. Balch, Peace, 1946
  289. John R. Mott, Peace, 1946
  290. Percy W. Bridgman, Physics, 1946
  291. Hermann J. Muller, Physiology or Medicine, 1946
  292. Cordell Hull, Peace, 1945
  293. Isidor Isaac Rabi, born in Austria, Physics, 1944
  294. Joseph Erlanger, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  295. Herbert S. Gasser, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  296. Otto Stern, born in Germany, Physics, 1943
  297. Edward A. Doisy, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
  298. Ernest Lawrence, Physics, 1939
  299. Pearl S. Buck, Literature, 1938
  300. Clinton Davisson, Physics, 1937
  301. Eugene O'Neill, Literature, 1936
  302. Carl Anderson, Physics, 1936
  303. Harold C. Urey, Chemistry, 1934
  304. George R. Minot, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  305. William P. Murphy, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  306. George H. Whipple, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  307. Thomas H. Morgan, Physiology or Medicine, 1933
  308. Irving Langmuir, Chemistry, 1932
  309. Jane Addams, Peace, 1931
  310. Nicholas M. Butler, Peace, 1931
  311. Sinclair Lewis, Literature, 1930
  312. Frank B. Kellogg, Peace, 1929
  313. Arthur H. Compton, Physics, 1927
  314. Charles G. Dawes, Peace, 1925
  315. Robert A. Millikan, Physics, 1923
  316. Woodrow Wilson, Peace, 1919
  317. Theodore W. Richards, Chemistry, 1914
  318. Elihu Root, Peace, 1912
  319. Albert A. Michelson, born in Germany, Physics, 1907
  320. Theodore Roosevelt, Peace, 1906

Venezuela

  1. Baruj Benacerraf*, Physiology or Medicine, 1980

Vietnam

  1. Lê Ðức Thọ, Peace, 1973 (declined)

See also

References

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