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List of North Carolina county seats: Wikis

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Map showing the population density of North Carolina.

The U.S. State of North Carolina is divided into 100 counties. North Carolina ranks 28th in size by area, but has the seventh most counties in the country.[1]

Following the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, Charles II of England rewarded eight persons on March 24, 1663, for their faithful support in his efforts to regain the throne of England. He granted the eight grantees, called Lords Proprietor, the land called Carolina, in honor of Charles I, his father. The Province of Carolina from 1663 to 1729, was a North American British colony. Around 1729, the Province of North Carolina became a separate entity from the Province of South Carolina.

North Carolina county history stretches over 340 years, beginning in 1668 with the creation of Albemarle County and ending with the 1911 creation of Avery and Hoke counties. Five counties have since been divided or abolished altogether, the last being Dobbs County in 1791.

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS),[2] which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. North Carolina's FIPS code is 37, which when combined with the county code is written as 37XXX.

List

County
FIPS Code
[2]
County Seat
[3]
Created
[3]
Origin
[4]
Etymology
[4]
Population
(2000)[3][5]
Area
[3][5]
Map
Alamance County 001 Graham 1849 Orange County The Battle of Alamance which was derived from the local Native American word meaning "blue clay" found in the Great Alamance Creek &0000000000130800.000000130,800 &0000000000000435.000000435 sq mi
(&0000000000001127.0000001,127 km 2)
State map highlighting Alamance County
Alexander County 003 Taylorsville 1847 Caldwell County, Iredell County, and Wilkes County William J. Alexander, member of the legislature and Speaker of the North Carolina House of Commons &0000000000033603.00000033,603 &0000000000000263.000000263 sq mi
(&0000000000000681.000000681 km 2)
State map highlighting Alexander County
Alleghany County 005 Sparta 1859 Ashe County Derived from a corruption of the Delaware Indian name for the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers and is said to have meant "a fine stream" &0000000000010667.00000010,667 &0000000000000236.000000236 sq mi
(&0000000000000611.000000611 km 2)
State map highlighting Alleghany County
Anson County 007 Wadesboro 1750 Bladen County George, Lord Anson (1697–1762), a celebrated English admiral who circumnavigated the globe &0000000000025275.00000025,275 &0000000000000537.000000537 sq mi
(&0000000000001391.0000001,391 km 2)
State map highlighting Anson County
Ashe County 009 Jefferson 1799 Wilkes County Samuel Ashe (1725–1813), a Revolutionary patriot, superior court judge, and governor of North Carolina &0000000000024384.00000024,384 &0000000000000427.000000427 sq mi
(&0000000000001106.0000001,106 km 2)
State map highlighting Ashe County
Avery County 011 Newland 1911 Caldwell County, Mitchell County, and Watauga County Waightstill Avery (1741–1821), a soldier of the Revolution and Attorney General of North Carolina &0000000000017167.00000017,167 &0000000000000247.000000247 sq mi
(&0000000000000640.000000640 km 2)
State map highlighting Avery County
Beaufort County 013 Washington 1712 Original county Henry Somerset, Duke of Beaufort, who in 1709 became one of the Lords Proprietor &0000000000044958.00000044,958 &0000000000000959.000000959 sq mi
(&0000000000002484.0000002,484 km 2)
State map highlighting Beaufort County
Bertie County 015 Windsor 1722 Chowan County James or Henry Bertie, two Lords Proprietor of colonial North Carolina &0000000000019773.00000019,773 &0000000000000741.000000741 sq mi
(&0000000000001919.0000001,919 km 2)
State map highlighting Bertie County
Bladen County 017 Elizabethtown 1734 New Hanover County Martin Bladen, a member of the Board of Trade &0000000000032278.00000032,278 &0000000000000887.000000887 sq mi
(&0000000000002297.0000002,297 km 2)
State map highlighting Bladen County
Brunswick County 019 Bolivia 1764 Bladen County and New Hanover County George I of Great Britain (1660–1727), Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg &0000000000073143.00000073,143 &0000000000001050.0000001,050 sq mi
(&0000000000002719.0000002,719 km 2)
State map highlighting Brunswick County
Buncombe County 021 Asheville 1791 Burke County and Rutherford County Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary soldier, who was wounded and captured at the Battle of Germantown, and died a paroled prisoner in Philadelphia &0000000000206330.000000206,330 &0000000000000660.000000660 sq mi
(&0000000000001709.0000001,709 km 2)
State map highlighting Buncombe County
Burke County 023 Morganton 1777 Rowan County Thomas Burke (1747–1783), a member of the Continental Congress and governor of North Carolina &0000000000089148.00000089,148 &0000000000000515.000000515 sq mi
(&0000000000001334.0000001,334 km 2)
State map highlighting Burke County
Cabarrus County 025 Concord 1792 Mecklenburg County Stephen Cabarrus (1754–1808), member of the legislature and Speaker of the North Carolina House of Commons &0000000000131063.000000131,063 &0000000000000365.000000365 sq mi
(&0000000000000945.000000945 km 2)
State map highlighting Cabarrus County
Caldwell County 027 Lenoir 1841 Burke County and Wilkes County Joseph Caldwell (1773–1835), the first president of the University of North Carolina &0000000000077415.00000077,415 &0000000000000474.000000474 sq mi
(&0000000000001228.0000001,228 km 2)
State map highlighting Caldwell County
Camden County 029 Camden 1777 Pasquotank County Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden (1714–1794), who opposed the taxation of the American colonists &0000000000006885.0000006,885 &0000000000000306.000000306 sq mi
(&0000000000000793.000000793 km 2)
State map highlighting Camden County
Carteret County 031 Beaufort 1722 Craven County John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville (1690–1763), who inherited one-eighth share in the Province of Carolina through his great-grandfather George Carteret &0000000000059383.00000059,383 &0000000000001341.0000001,341 sq mi
(&0000000000003473.0000003,473 km 2)
State map highlighting Carteret County
Caswell County 033 Yanceyville 1777 Orange County Richard Caswell (1729–1789), member of the first Continental Congress and first governor of North Carolina after the Declaration of Independence &0000000000023501.00000023,501 &0000000000000428.000000428 sq mi
(&0000000000001109.0000001,109 km 2)
State map highlighting Caswell County
Catawba County 035 Newton 1842 Lincoln County Catawba Nation &0000000000141685.000000141,685 &0000000000000414.000000414 sq mi
(&0000000000001072.0000001,072 km 2)
State map highlighting Catawba County
Chatham County 037 Pittsboro 1771 Orange County William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708–1778), Secretary of State during the French and Indian War and was later Prime Minister of Great Britain &0000000000049329.00000049,329 &0000000000000709.000000709 sq mi
(&0000000000001836.0000001,836 km 2)
State map highlighting Chatham County
Cherokee County 039 Murphy 1839 Macon County Cherokee Nation &0000000000024298.00000024,298 &0000000000000497.000000497 sq mi
(&0000000000001287.0000001,287 km 2)
State map highlighting Cherokee County
Chowan County 041 Edenton 1668 Albemarle County Chowan Native American tribe &0000000000014526.00000014,526 &0000000000000233.000000233 sq mi
(&0000000000000603.000000603 km 2)
State map highlighting Chowan County
Clay County 043 Hayesville 1861 Cherokee County Henry Clay (1777–1852), statesman and orator who represented Kentucky in both the House of Representatives and Senate &0000000000008775.0000008,775 &0000000000000221.000000221 sq mi
(&0000000000000572.000000572 km 2)
State map highlighting Clay County
Cleveland County 045 Shelby 1841 Lincoln County and Rutherford County Benjamin Cleveland (1738–1806), a colonel in the American Revolutionary War who took part in the Battle of Kings Mountain &0000000000096287.00000096,287 &0000000000000469.000000469 sq mi
(&0000000000001215.0000001,215 km 2)
State map highlighting Cleveland County
Columbus County 047 Whiteville 1808 Bladen County and Brunswick County Christopher Columbus (1451–1507), navigator, explorer, and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas &0000000000054749.00000054,749 &0000000000000954.000000954 sq mi
(&0000000000002471.0000002,471 km 2)
State map highlighting Columbus County
Craven County 049 New Bern 1712 Bath County William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608–1697), who was a Lords Proprietor of colonial North Carolina &0000000000091436.00000091,436 &0000000000000774.000000774 sq mi
(&0000000000002005.0000002,005 km 2)
State map highlighting Craven County
Cumberland County 051 Fayetteville 1754 Bladen County Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (1721–1765), a military leader and son of George II &0000000000302963.000000302,963 &0000000000000658.000000658 sq mi
(&0000000000001704.0000001,704 km 2)
State map highlighting Cumberland County
Currituck County 053 Currituck 1668 Albemarle County Traditionally said to be an American Indian word for wild geese, also rendered "Coratank" &0000000000018190.00000018,190 &0000000000000526.000000526 sq mi
(&0000000000001362.0000001,362 km 2)
State map highlighting Currituck County
Dare County 055 Manteo 1870 Currituck County, Hyde County, and Tyrrell County Virginia Dare (b. 1587), the first child born of English parents in America &0000000000029967.00000029,967 &0000000000001562.0000001,562 sq mi
(&0000000000004046.0000004,046 km 2)
State map highlighting Dare County
Davidson County 057 Lexington 1822 Rowan County William Lee Davidson (1746–1781), an American Revolutionary War general who was mortally wounded at Cowan's Ford &0000000000147246.000000147,246 &0000000000000567.000000567 sq mi
(&0000000000001469.0000001,469 km 2)
State map highlighting Davidson County
Davie County 059 Mocksville 1836 Rowan County William Richardson Davie (1756–1820), a member of the Federal Convention and governor of North Carolina &0000000000034835.00000034,835 &0000000000000267.000000267 sq mi
(&0000000000000692.000000692 km 2)
State map highlighting Davie County
Duplin County 061 Kenansville 1750 New Hanover County Thomas Hay, Viscount Dupplin (1710–1787), who was the 9th Earl of Kinnoull &0000000000049063.00000049,063 &0000000000000819.000000819 sq mi
(&0000000000002121.0000002,121 km 2)
State map highlighting Duplin County
Durham County 063 Durham 1881 Orange County and Wake County The city of Durham which was named in honor of Dr. Bartlett Snipes Durham who donated the land on which the railroad station was located &0000000000223314.000000223,314 &0000000000000298.000000298 sq mi
(&0000000000000772.000000772 km 2)
State map highlighting Durham County
Edgecombe County 065 Tarboro 1741 Bertie County Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe (1680–1758), a Lord High Treasurer and Paymaster-General for Ireland &0000000000055606.00000055,606 &0000000000000507.000000507 sq mi
(&0000000000001313.0000001,313 km 2)
State map highlighting Edgecombe County
Forsyth County 067 Winston-Salem 1849 Stokes County Benjamin Forsyth (d. 1814), an American officer during the War of 1812 &0000000000306067.000000306,067 &0000000000000413.000000413 sq mi
(&0000000000001070.0000001,070 km 2)
State map highlighting Forsyth County
Franklin County 069 Louisburg 1779 Bute County Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), an author, politician, statesman, and Founding Father of the United States &0000000000047260.00000047,260 &0000000000000495.000000495 sq mi
(&0000000000001282.0000001,282 km 2)
State map highlighting Franklin County
Gaston County 071 Gastonia 1846 Lincoln County William Gaston (1778–1844), a United States Congressman and justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court &0000000000190365.000000190,365 &0000000000000364.000000364 sq mi
(&0000000000000943.000000943 km 2)
State map highlighting Gaston County
Gates County 073 Gatesville 1779 Chowan County, Hertford County, and Perquimans County Horatio Gates (1727–1806), an American general during the Revolution at the Battle of Saratoga &0000000000010516.00000010,516 &0000000000000346.000000346 sq mi
(&0000000000000896.000000896 km 2)
State map highlighting Gates County
Graham County 075 Robbinsville 1872 Cherokee County William Alexander Graham (1804–1875), a United States Senator, governor of North Carolina, and United States Secretary of the Navy &0000000000007993.0000007,993 &0000000000000302.000000302 sq mi
(&0000000000000782.000000782 km 2)
State map highlighting Graham County
Granville County 077 Oxford 1746 Edgecombe County John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville (1690–1763), who inherited one-eighth share in the Province of Carolina through his great-grandfather George Carteret &0000000000048498.00000048,498 &0000000000000537.000000537 sq mi
(&0000000000001391.0000001,391 km 2)
State map highlighting Granville County
Greene County 079 Snow Hill 1791 Dobbs County
Originally named Glasgow County
Nathanael Greene (1742–1786), a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War &0000000000018794.00000018,794 &0000000000000266.000000266 sq mi
(&0000000000000689.000000689 km 2)
State map highlighting Greene County
Guilford County 081 Greensboro 1771 Orange County and Rowan County Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford (1704–1790), a British politician and father of Prime Minister of Great Britain Frederick North &0000000000421048.000000421,048 &0000000000000658.000000658 sq mi
(&0000000000001704.0000001,704 km 2)
State map highlighting Guilford County
Halifax County 083 Halifax 1758 Edgecombe County George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax (1716–1771), a British statesman and President of the Board of Trade &0000000000057370.00000057,370 &0000000000000731.000000731 sq mi
(&0000000000001893.0000001,893 km 2)
State map highlighting Halifax County
Harnett County 085 Lillington 1855 Cumberland County Cornelius Harnett (1723–1781), an American Revolutionary and delegate in the Continental Congress &0000000000091025.00000091,025 &0000000000000601.000000601 sq mi
(&0000000000001557.0000001,557 km 2)
State map highlighting Harnett County
Haywood County 087 Waynesville 1808 Buncombe County John Haywood (1754–1827), a North Carolina State Treasurer &0000000000054033.00000054,033 &0000000000000555.000000555 sq mi
(&0000000000001437.0000001,437 km 2)
State map highlighting Haywood County
Henderson County 089 Hendersonville 1838 Buncombe County Leonard Henderson (1772–1833), Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court &0000000000089173.00000089,173 &0000000000000375.000000375 sq mi
(&0000000000000971.000000971 km 2)
State map highlighting Henderson County
Hertford County 091 Winton 1759 Bertie County, Chowan County, and Northampton County Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford (1718–1794), who was Lord of the Bedchamber to George II and George III &0000000000022601.00000022,601 &0000000000000360.000000360 sq mi
(&0000000000000932.000000932 km 2)
State map highlighting Hertford County
Hoke County 093 Raeford 1911 Cumberland County and Robeson County Robert Hoke (1837–1912), a Confederate general during the American Civil War &0000000000033646.00000033,646 &0000000000000392.000000392 sq mi
(&0000000000001015.0000001,015 km 2)
State map highlighting Hoke County
Hyde County 095 Swan Quarter 1705 Original county
Originally named Wickham County
Edward Hyde (c. 1650–1712), a governor of colonial North Carolina &0000000000005826.0000005,826 &0000000000001424.0000001,424 sq mi
(&0000000000003688.0000003,688 km 2)
State map highlighting Hyde County
Iredell County 097 Statesville 1788 Rowan County James Iredell (1751–1799), a comptroller at the port of Edenton and one of the original justices of the Supreme Court of the United States &0000000000122660.000000122,660 &0000000000000597.000000597 sq mi
(&0000000000001546.0000001,546 km 2)
State map highlighting Iredell County
Jackson County 099 Sylva 1851 Haywood County and Macon County Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), the 7th President of the United States &0000000000033121.00000033,121 &0000000000000494.000000494 sq mi
(&0000000000001279.0000001,279 km 2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Johnston County 101 Smithfield 1746 Craven County Gabriel Johnston (1699–1752), a governor of colonial North Carolina &0000000000121965.000000121,965 &0000000000000796.000000796 sq mi
(&0000000000002062.0000002,062 km 2)
State map highlighting Johnston County
Jones County 103 Trenton 1779 Craven County Willie Jones (1740–1801), opposed the ratification of the United States Constitution and declined an invitation to the Constitutional Convention &0000000000010381.00000010,381 &0000000000000473.000000473 sq mi
(&0000000000001225.0000001,225 km 2)
State map highlighting Jones County
Lee County 105 Sanford 1907 Chatham County and Moore County Robert E. Lee (1807–1870), a career United States Army officer and general of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War &0000000000049040.00000049,040 &0000000000000259.000000259 sq mi
(&0000000000000671.000000671 km 2)
State map highlighting Lee County
Lenoir County 107 Kinston 1791 Dobbs County
Originally named Glasgow County
William Lenoir (1751–1839), a captain in the American Revolutionary War who took part in the Battle of Kings Mountain &0000000000059648.00000059,648 &0000000000000402.000000402 sq mi
(&0000000000001041.0000001,041 km 2)
State map highlighting Lenoir County
Lincoln County 109 Lincolnton 1779 Tryon County Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810), a major general during the American Revolutionary War who participated in the Siege of Yorktown &0000000000063780.00000063,780 &0000000000000307.000000307 sq mi
(&0000000000000795.000000795 km 2)
State map highlighting Lincoln County
McDowell County 111 Marion 1842 Burke County and Rutherford County Joseph McDowell (1756–1801), a soldier in the American Revolutionary War who took part in the Battle of Kings Mountain &0000000000042151.00000042,151 &0000000000000446.000000446 sq mi
(&0000000000001155.0000001,155 km 2)
State map highlighting McDowell County
Macon County 113 Franklin 1828 Haywood County Nathaniel Macon (1758–1837), a member and Speaker of the United States House of Representatives &0000000000029811.00000029,811 &0000000000000519.000000519 sq mi
(&0000000000001344.0000001,344 km 2)
State map highlighting Macon County
Madison County 115 Marshall 1851 Buncombe County and Yancey County James Madison (1751–1836), the 4th President of the United States &0000000000019635.00000019,635 &0000000000000452.000000452 sq mi
(&0000000000001171.0000001,171 km 2)
State map highlighting Madison County
Martin County 117 Williamston 1774 Halifax County and Tyrrell County Josiah Martin (1737–1786), the last governor of colonial North Carolina &0000000000025593.00000025,593 &0000000000000461.000000461 sq mi
(&0000000000001194.0000001,194 km 2)
State map highlighting Martin County
Mecklenburg County 119 Charlotte 1762 Anson County Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818), the queen consort of George III of the United Kingdom &0000000000935304.000000935,304 &0000000000000546.000000546 sq mi
(&0000000000001414.0000001,414 km 2)
State map highlighting Mecklenburg County
Mitchell County 121 Bakersville 1861 Burke County, Caldwell County, McDowell County, Watauga County, and Yancey County Elisha Mitchell (1793–1857), a professor at the University of North Carolina who measured the height of Mount Mitchell &0000000000015687.00000015,687 &0000000000000222.000000222 sq mi
(&0000000000000575.000000575 km 2)
State map highlighting Mitchell County
Montgomery County 123 Troy 1779 Anson County Richard Montgomery (1738–1775), a major general during the Revolutionary War who was killed at the Battle of Quebec &0000000000026822.00000026,822 &0000000000000502.000000502 sq mi
(&0000000000001300.0000001,300 km 2)
State map highlighting Montgomery County
Moore County 125 Carthage 1784 Cumberland County Alfred Moore (1755–1810), a captain in the Revolutionary War and justice of the Supreme Court of the United States &0000000000074769.00000074,769 &0000000000000706.000000706 sq mi
(&0000000000001829.0000001,829 km 2)
State map highlighting Moore County
Nash County 127 Nashville 1777 Edgecombe County Francis Nash (1742–1777), a brigadier general in the Revolutionary War who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Germantown &0000000000087420.00000087,420 &0000000000000543.000000543 sq mi
(&0000000000001406.0000001,406 km 2)
State map highlighting Nash County
New Hanover County 129 Wilmington 1729 Craven County The royal family of England, members of the House of Hanover &0000000000160307.000000160,307 &0000000000000328.000000328 sq mi
(&0000000000000850.000000850 km 2)
State map highlighting New Hanover County
Northampton County 131 Jackson 1741 Bertie County James Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton (1687–1754), a British peer and politician &0000000000022086.00000022,086 &0000000000000551.000000551 sq mi
(&0000000000001427.0000001,427 km 2)
State map highlighting Northampton County
Onslow County 133 Jacksonville 1734 New Hanover County Arthur Onslow (1691–1768), Speaker of the British House of Commons &0000000000150355.000000150,355 &0000000000000909.000000909 sq mi
(&0000000000002354.0000002,354 km 2)
State map highlighting Onslow County
Orange County 135 Hillsborough 1752 Bladen County, Granville County, and Johnston County William V, Prince of Orange (1748–1806), the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic &0000000000118227.000000118,227 &0000000000000401.000000401 sq mi
(&0000000000001039.0000001,039 km 2)
State map highlighting Orange County
Pamlico County 137 Bayboro 1872 Beaufort County and Craven County Pamlico Sound and the Pamlico Native American tribe &0000000000012934.00000012,934 &0000000000000566.000000566 sq mi
(&0000000000001466.0000001,466 km 2)
State map highlighting Pamlico County
Pasquotank County 139 Elizabeth City 1668 Albemarle County Derived from the Native American word pasketanki which meant "where the current of the stream divides or forks" &0000000000034897.00000034,897 &0000000000000289.000000289 sq mi
(&0000000000000749.000000749 km 2)
State map highlighting Pasquotank County
Pender County 141 Burgaw 1875 New Hanover County William Dorsey Pender (1834–1863), Confederate soldier who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg of the American Civil War &0000000000041082.00000041,082 &0000000000000933.000000933 sq mi
(&0000000000002416.0000002,416 km 2)
State map highlighting Pender County
Perquimans County 143 Hertford 1668 Albemarle County Perquimans Native American tribe &0000000000011368.00000011,368 &0000000000000329.000000329 sq mi
(&0000000000000852.000000852 km 2)
State map highlighting Perquimans County
Person County 145 Roxboro 1791 Caswell County Thomas Person, an American Revolutionary War patriot &0000000000035623.00000035,623 &0000000000000404.000000404 sq mi
(&0000000000001046.0000001,046 km 2)
State map highlighting Person County
Pitt County 147 Greenville 1760 Beaufort County William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708–1778), Secretary of State during the French and Indian War and was later Prime Minister of Great Britain &0000000000133798.000000133,798 &0000000000000655.000000655 sq mi
(&0000000000001696.0000001,696 km 2)
State map highlighting Pitt County
Polk County 149 Columbus 1855 Henderson County and Rutherford County William Polk (1758–1834), officer in the American Revolutionary War and first president of the State Bank of North Carolina &0000000000018324.00000018,324 &0000000000000239.000000239 sq mi
(&0000000000000619.000000619 km 2)
State map highlighting Polk County
Randolph County 151 Asheboro 1779 Guilford County Peyton Randolph (c. 1721–1755), the first President of the Continental Congress &0000000000130454.000000130,454 &0000000000000790.000000790 sq mi
(&0000000000002046.0000002,046 km 2)
State map highlighting Randolph County
Richmond County 153 Rockingham 1779 Anson County Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond (1735–1806), a firm supporter of the American colonists and advocated removal of British troops &0000000000046564.00000046,564 &0000000000000480.000000480 sq mi
(&0000000000001243.0000001,243 km 2)
State map highlighting Richmond County
Robeson County 155 Lumberton 1787 Bladen County Thomas Robeson, an officer in the American Revolutionary War &0000000000123339.000000123,339 &0000000000000951.000000951 sq mi
(&0000000000002463.0000002,463 km 2)
State map highlighting Robeson County
Rockingham County 157 Wentworth 1785 Guilford County Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham (1730–1782), a British statesmen and two-time Prime Minister of Great Britain &0000000000091928.00000091,928 &0000000000000572.000000572 sq mi
(&0000000000001481.0000001,481 km 2)
State map highlighting Rockingham County
Rowan County 159 Salisbury 1753 Anson County Matthew Rowan (d. 1769), was the acting Governor of colonial North Carolina following the death of Governor Nathaniel Rice &0000000000130340.000000130,340 &0000000000000524.000000524 sq mi
(&0000000000001357.0000001,357 km 2)
State map highlighting Rowan County
Rutherford County 161 Rutherfordton 1779 Tryon County Griffith Rutherford (c. 1721–1805), an officer in the American Revolutionary War and a political leader in North Carolina &0000000000062889.00000062,889 &0000000000000566.000000566 sq mi
(&0000000000001466.0000001,466 km 2)
State map highlighting Rutherford County
Sampson County 163 Clinton 1784 Duplin County John Sampson, a member of Josiah Martin's council &0000000000060161.00000060,161 &0000000000000947.000000947 sq mi
(&0000000000002453.0000002,453 km 2)
State map highlighting Sampson County
Scotland County 165 Laurinburg 1899 Richmond County The country Scotland, part of the United Kingdom &0000000000035998.00000035,998 &0000000000000321.000000321 sq mi
(&0000000000000831.000000831 km 2)
State map highlighting Scotland County
Stanly County 167 Albemarle 1841 Montgomery County John Stanly (1774–1834), a United States Congressman and Speaker of the North Carolina House of Commons &0000000000058100.00000058,100 &0000000000000404.000000404 sq mi
(&0000000000001046.0000001,046 km 2)
State map highlighting Stanly County
Stokes County 169 Danbury 1789 Surry County John Stokes, a soldier of the Revolution who was seriously wounded at the Waxhaw massacre &0000000000044711.00000044,711 &0000000000000456.000000456 sq mi
(&0000000000001181.0000001,181 km 2)
State map highlighting Stokes County
Surry County 171 Dobson 1771 Rowan County The county of Surrey in England, birthplace of then governor William Tryon &0000000000071219.00000071,219 &0000000000000538.000000538 sq mi
(&0000000000001393.0000001,393 km 2)
State map highlighting Surry County
Swain County 173 Bryson City 1871 Jackson County and Macon County David Lowry Swain (1801–1868), a governor of North Carolina and president of the University of North Carolina &0000000000012968.00000012,968 &0000000000000541.000000541 sq mi
(&0000000000001401.0000001,401 km 2)
State map highlighting Swain County
Transylvania County 175 Brevard 1861 Henderson County and Jackson County Derived from the Latin words, trans meaning across and sylva meaning woods &0000000000029334.00000029,334 &0000000000000381.000000381 sq mi
(&0000000000000987.000000987 km 2)
State map highlighting Transylvania County
Tyrrell County 177 Columbia 1729 Chowan County, Currituck County, and Pasquotank County John Tyrrell, at one time was a Lords Proprietor &0000000000004149.0000004,149 &0000000000000600.000000600 sq mi
(&0000000000001554.0000001,554 km 2)
State map highlighting Tyrrell County
Union County 179 Monroe 1842 Anson County and Mecklenburg County Created as a compromise after a dispute between local Whigs and Democrats as to whether it should be named Clay or Jackson county &0000000000123677.000000123,677 &0000000000000640.000000640 sq mi
(&0000000000001658.0000001,658 km 2)
State map highlighting Union County
Vance County 181 Henderson 1881 Franklin County, Granville County, and Warren County Zebulon Baird Vance (1830–1894), a Confederate military officer in the American Civil War, twice governor of North Carolina, and United States Senator &0000000000042954.00000042,954 &0000000000000270.000000270 sq mi
(&0000000000000699.000000699 km 2)
State map highlighting Vance County
Wake County 183 Raleigh 1771 Cumberland County, Johnston County, and Orange County Margaret Wake, the wife of British colonial governor William Tryon &0000000000627846.000000627,846 &0000000000000857.000000857 sq mi
(&0000000000002220.0000002,220 km 2)
State map highlighting Wake County
Warren County 185 Warrenton 1779 Bute County Joseph Warren (1741–1775), a Patriot and volunteer private who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill &0000000000019972.00000019,972 &0000000000000444.000000444 sq mi
(&0000000000001150.0000001,150 km 2)
State map highlighting Warren County
Washington County 187 Plymouth 1799 Tyrrell County George Washington (1732–1799), the 1st President of the United States &0000000000013723.00000013,723 &0000000000000424.000000424 sq mi
(&0000000000001098.0000001,098 km 2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Watauga County 189 Boone 1849 Ashe County, Caldwell County, Wilkes County, and Yancey County The Watauga River, which came from a Native American word meaning "beautiful water" &0000000000042695.00000042,695 &0000000000000313.000000313 sq mi
(&0000000000000811.000000811 km 2)
State map highlighting Watauga County
Wayne County 191 Goldsboro 1779 Dobbs County
Originally named Glasgow County
Anthony Wayne (1745–1796), a general in the American Revolutionary War &0000000000113329.000000113,329 &0000000000000557.000000557 sq mi
(&0000000000001443.0000001,443 km 2)
State map highlighting Wayne County
Wilkes County 193 Wilkesboro 1778 Surry County John Wilkes (1725–1797), an English radical, journalist and politician &0000000000065632.00000065,632 &0000000000000760.000000760 sq mi
(&0000000000001968.0000001,968 km 2)
State map highlighting Wilkes County
Wilson County 195 Wilson 1855 Edgecombe County, Johnston County, Nash County, and Wayne County Louis D. Wilson, a state legislator from Edgecombe County who died of fever at Veracruz during the Mexican-American War &0000000000073814.00000073,814 &0000000000000374.000000374 sq mi
(&0000000000000969.000000969 km 2)
State map highlighting Wilson County
Yadkin County 197 Yadkinville 1850 Surry County The Yadkin River &0000000000036348.00000036,348 &0000000000000337.000000337 sq mi
(&0000000000000873.000000873 km 2)
State map highlighting Yadkin County
Yancey County 199 Burnsville 1833 Buncombe County and Burke County Bartlett Yancey (1785–1828), a United States Congressman, Speaker of the North Carolina Senate, and early advocate for the North Carolina Public School System &0000000000017774.00000017,774 &0000000000000313.000000313 sq mi
(&0000000000000811.000000811 km 2)
State map highlighting Yancey County

Map

Counties of North Carolina.

Historic counties

County Created Abolished Fate
Albemarle County 1664[6] 1689[6] Partitioned into Chowan County, Currituck County, Pasquotank County, and Perquimans County
Bath County 1696[7] 1739[7] Renamed as Craven County
Bute County 1764[8] 1779[8] Partitioned into Franklin County and Warren County
Dobbs County 1758[9] 1791[9] Partitioned into Greene County, Lenoir County, and Wayne County
Tryon County 1768[10] 1779[10] Partitioned into Lincoln County and Rutherford County

See also

References

General
  • Corbitt, David Leroy. The Formation of the North Carolina Counties, 1663-1943. Raleigh: State Dept. of Archives and History, 1950. Reprint, Raleigh: Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Dept. of Cultural Resources, 1987. ISBN 0-86526-032-X
  • Powell, William S. The North Carolina Gazetteer. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968. Reprint, 1985. ISBN 0-8078-1247-1
Specific
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