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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The location of Norway
An enlargeable map of the Kingdom of Norway
An enlargeable map of continental Norway

The Kingdom of Norway is a sovereign constitutional monarchy principally located in western Scandinavia of Northern Europe.[1] Norway is bordered by Sweden, Finland, and Russia, while the United Kingdom and the Faroe Islands lie to its west across the North Sea. The country's extensive coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean is home to its famous fjords.

Norway also includes the Arctic island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard is based upon the Spitsbergen Treaty, but that treaty does not apply to Jan Mayen. Bouvet Island in the South Atlantic Ocean and Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land in Antarctica are external dependencies, but those three entities do not form part of the kingdom.

Since World War II, Norway has experienced rapid economic growth, and is now amongst the wealthiest countries in the world.[2][3][4] Norway is the world's third largest oil exporter after Russia and Saudi Arabia and the petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of GDP.[5] It has also rich resources of gas fields, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals. Norway was the second largest exporter of seafood (in value, after China) in 2006.[6] Other main industries include food processing, shipbuilding, metals, chemicals, mining, fishing and pulp and paper products. Norway has a Scandinavian welfare system and the largest capital reserve per capita of any nation.

Norway was ranked highest of all countries in human development from 2001 to 2006, and came second in 2007 (to fellow Nordic country Iceland).[7] It also rated the most peaceful country in the world in a 2007 survey by Global Peace Index.[8] It is a founding member of NATO.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Norway:


General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Norway

Geography of Norway

An enlargeable topographic map of Norway
 Sweden 1,619 km
 Finland 727 km
 Russia 196 km
  • Coastline: 83,281 km
  • Population of Norway: 4,785,200
  • Area of Norway: 385,252 km²
  • Atlas of Norway

Environment of Norway

An enlargeable satellite image of Norway

Natural geographic features of Norway

Regions of Norway

Main article: Regions of Norway

Ecoregions of Norway

Main article: Ecoregions in Norway

Administrative divisions of Norway

Main article: Administrative divisions of Norway
Provinces of Norway
Districts of Norway
Municipalities of Norway

Demography of Norway

Main article: Demographics of Norway

Government and politics of Norway

Main article: Government of Norway and Politics of Norway

Branches of the government of Norway

Executive branch of the government of Norway

Legislative branch of the government of Norway

Judicial branch of the government of Norway

Foreign relations of Norway

International organization membership

The Kingdom of Norway is a member of: [1]

Law and order in Norway

Main article: Law of Norway

Military of Norway

Main article: Military of Norway

Local government in Norway

History of Norway

Main article: History of Norway, Timeline of the history of Norway, and Current events of Norway

Culture of Norway

Main article: Culture of Norway

Art in Norway

Sports in Norway

Main article: Sports in Norway

Economy of Norway

Main article: Economy of Norway
  • Norway Stock Exchange

Education in Norway

Main article: Education in Norway

Infrastructure of Norway

See also


External links


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