List of Norwegian Prime Ministers: Wikis

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This is a list of viceroys (visekonge), governors (rigsstatholder), first ministers (førstestatsråd) and prime ministers (statsminister) of Norway.

Until 1873, the king of the personal union between Sweden and Norway governed Norway through two cabinets: one in Stockholm and another in Christiania (now Oslo). The newly created Stockholm cabinet consisted of a prime minister and two ministers, whose role was to convey the attitudes of the Christiania cabinet to the Swedish king.

The cabinet in Christiania was led by a governor (rigsstatholder). For brief periods, the incumbent crown prince was appointed Viceroy of Norway by the king, in which case the viceroy became the highest authority in Christiania.

Whenever the king was present in Christiania, however, he assumed the highest authority, thus putting the governor or viceroy temporarily out of charge. Likewise, when there was no governor, viceroy or king present in Christiania (which was not unusual), the cabinet was led by the first minister, who was the most prominent member of the cabinet.

In July 1873, the position of governor was abolished after being vacant since 1856. Simultaneously, the post of first minister in Christiania was upgraded to Prime Minister of Norway. Although the office of Norwegian Prime Minister in Stockholm still existed, the real power and influence over state affairs was moved to the prime minister in Christiania. When the union was dissolved in 1905, the prime minister in Stockholm simply ceased to function.

Contents

Governors General of Norway

The Governor General of Norway, styled Rigsstatholder in Danish or Riksståthållare in Swedish, both meaning Lieutenant of the realm (see Stadtholder), and was the appointed head of the Norwegian Government in the absence of the Monarch.

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Governors General of Norway (1536–1814)

  • Peder Hansen Litle (1536 - 1551)
  • Jesper Friis (1551 - 1556)
  • Christiern Munk (1556 - 1572)
  • Pouel Ottesen Huitfeldt (1572 - 1577)
  • Ludvig Ludvigsson Munk til Norlund (9 July 1577 - 1583)
  • Ove Juel (1583 - 1588)
  • Aksel Gyldenstjerne (1588 - 1601)
  • Jørgen Friis til Krastrup (1601 - 1608)
  • Enevold Kruse til Hjermislov (1608 - 1618)
  • Jens Hermansson Juel (1618 - 1629)
  • Christopher Knudsson Urne til Asmark (1629 - 1642)
  • Hannibal Sehested (1642 - 24 June 1651)
  • Gregers Krabbe (1651 - 20 December 1655)
  • Nils Trolle til Trollesholm og Gavnø (1656 - 28 March 1661)
  • Iver Tageson Krabbe (8 Oct 1661 - 1664)
  • Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve, greve til Laurvig og Tønsberg (Jan 1664 - 1699)
  • Ove Juel (Vice Governor-general of Norway under Gyldenløve) (1669 - 5 June 1675)
  • Jens Juel (Vice Governor-general of Norway under Gyldenløve) (5 June 1675 - 9 May 1682)
  • Just Högh til Fultofte (Vice Governor-general of Norway under Gyldenløve) (9 May 1682 - 26 September 1694)
  • Frederik Gabel (30 September 1699 - 1708)
  • Johan Vibe (10 April 1708 - 22 Feb 1710)
  • Ulrik Frederik Valdemar, baron Løvendal (1 Aug 1710 - 30 April 1712)
  • Claus Henrik Vieregg (4 August 1712 - 14 July 1713)
  • Frederik Krag (19 September 1713 - 1722)
  • Ditlev Vibe (17 April 1722 - 5 October 1731)
  • Patroclus Rømeling (acting) 1731 - 1733
  • Christian greve Rantzau (1733 - 1739)
  • Hans Jakob Arnold (acting) (1739 - 11 Sep 1750)
  • Jacob von Benzon (11 September 1750 - 8 February 1771)
  • Carl, Landgraf zu Hessen (4 July 1766 - January 1768)(acting for Benzon)
  • 8 Feb 1771 - 25 July 1809 Vacant
  • Christian August von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg 25 July 1809 - 11 Jan 1810
  • Friedrich Landgraf zu Hessen-Kassel 11 Jan 1810 - 11 May 1813
  • Christian Frederik af Danmark (11 May 1813 - 16 Feb 1814)

Governors, Viceroys, and First Ministers (1814–1873)

Governors of Norway (1814–1856)

  1. Count Hans Henrik von Essen (1814–1816)
  2. Count Carl Carlsson Mörner (1816–1818)
  3. Count Johan August Sandels (1818–1827)
  4. Count Baltzar von Platen (1827–1829)
  5. Count Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg (1836–1840)
  6. Severin Løvenskiold (1841–1856)

Viceroys of Norway (periodically 1814–1857)

  1. Crown Prince Carl Johan (9 November–17 November 1814)
  2. Crown Prince Carl Johan (10 June–16 July 1816)
  3. Crown Prince Oscar (11 April–1 November 1824)
  4. Crown Prince Oscar (17 June–3 December 1833)
  5. Crown Prince Carl (17 June 1856–22 June 1857)

First Ministers of Norway (1814–1873)

  1. Frederik Gottschalck von Haxthausen (1814)
  2. Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz (1814–1815)
  3. Mathias Sommerhielm (1815–1822)
  4. Jonas Collett (1822–1836)
  5. Nicolai Johan Lohmann Krog (1836–1855)
  6. Jørgen Herman Vogt (1855–1858)
  7. Hans Christian Petersen (1858–1861)
  8. Frederik Stang (1861–1873); continued as Prime Minister until 1880

In 1873, the position of First Minister was upgraded to Prime Minister.

Prime Ministers of Norway (1814–1905)

Prime Ministers (1814–1873)

In 1873 the office of the Prime Minister moved from Stockholm to Christiania.
Prior to 1884, there were no organised political parties in Norway, and the Prime Ministers were considered senior civil servants (Embedsmenn). They were appointed by the King and were not subject to legislative confirmation. All Prime Ministers before 1884 opposed the constitutional reforms proposed by the parliamentary opposition, and was in their time viewed as conservatives.
# Name Picture Took office Left office Political Party Term
1 Peder Anker Peder Anker and family.jpg 1814 1822 N/A 1
2 Mathias Sommerhielm 1822 1827 N/A 2
3 Severin Løvenskiold Lovenskiold2.jpg 1828 1841 N/A 3
4 Frederik Due 1841 1858 N/A 4
5 Georg Sibbern 1858 1871 N/A 5
6 Otto Kierulf 1871 1873 N/A 6

Prime Ministers in Stockholm (1873–1905)

# Name Picture Took office Left office Political Party Term
1 Otto Kierulf 1873 1884 N/A 1
2 Wolfgang Wenzel von Haffner
(acting)
1884 1884 N/A 2
3 Carl Otto Løvenskiold 1884 1884 N/A 3
4 Ole Jørgen Richter Ole Richter by L Szacinski.png 1884 1888 Independent 4
5 Hans Georg Jacob Stang Noimage.png 1888 1889 Independent 5
6 Gregers Winther Wulfsberg Gram 1889 1891 Independent 6
7 Otto Albert Blehr Otto Albert Blehr.jpg 1891 1893 Independent 7
8 Gregers Winther Wulfsberg Gram 1893 1898 Independent 8
9 Otto Albert Blehr Otto Albert Blehr.jpg 1898 1902 Independent 9
10 Ole Anton Qvam Oaqvam.jpg 1902 1903 Independent 10
11 Sigurd Ibsen 1903 1905 Independent 11
12 Jørgen Løvland Jørgen Løvland.jpg 1905 1905 Independent 12

Prime Ministers in Christiania (1873–1905)

      Liberal Party of Norway (Venstre)       Conservative Party (Høyre)       Coalition Party (Samlingspartiet)

# Name Picture Took office Left office Political Party Term
1 Frederik Stang Frederik Stang.jpg 1873 1880 N/A 1
2 Christian August Selmer Christian Selmer.jpg 1880 1884 Conservative Party 2
3 Christian Homann Schweigaard Christian Homann Schweigaard.jpg 1884 1884 Conservative Party 3
4 Johan Sverdrup Sverdrup.jpg 1884 1889 Liberal Party 4
5 Emil Stang Emil Stang by Klem.png 1889 1891 Conservative Party 5
6 Johannes Steen Johannes Steen.jpg 1891 1893 Liberal Party 6
5 Emil Stang Emil Stang by Klem.png 1893 1895 Conservative Party 7
7 Francis Hagerup Georg Francis Hagerup.jpg 1895 1898 Conservative Party 8
6 Johannes Steen Johannes Steen.jpg 1898 1902 Liberal Party 9
8 Otto Blehr Otto Albert Blehr.jpg 1902 1903 Liberal Party 10
7 Francis Hagerup Georg Francis Hagerup.jpg 1903 1905 Coalition Party 11

Prime Ministers of Norway (1905–present)

In 1905, the union between Sweden and Norway was dissolved. Since then the office of the Prime Minister of Norway has been in Oslo, except for the years of Nazi-German occupation during World War II when the Norwegian government was in exile in London.

      Liberal Party of Norway (Venstre)       Conservative Party (Høyre)       Centre Party (Senterpartiet)       Norwegian Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)       Christian Democratic Party(Kristelig Folkeparti)       Liberal Left Party (Frisinnede Venstre)

Prime Ministers of Norway (1905–1945)

# Name Picture Took office Left office Political Party Term
1 Christian Michelsen Christian Michelsen.jpg 01905-03-11 11 March 1905 01907-10-23 23 October 1907 Liberal Party 1
2 Jørgen Løvland Jørgen Løvland.jpg 01907-10-23 23 October 1907 01908-03-19 19 March 1908 Liberal Party 2
3 Gunnar Knudsen Gunnar Knudsen.jpg 01908-03-19 19 March 1908 01910-02-02 2 February 1910 Liberal Party 3
4 Wollert Konow Wollert Konow (SB).png 01910-02-02 2 February 1910 01912-02-20 20 February 1912 Liberal Left Party 4
5 Jens Bratlie Jens Bratlie.jpg 01912-02-20 20 February 1912 01913-01-31 31 January 1913 Conservative Party 5
3 Gunnar Knudsen Gunnar Knudsen.jpg 01913-01-31 31 January 1913 01920-06-21 21 June 1920 Liberal Party 6
6 Otto Bahr Halvorsen Otto Bahr Halvorsen.jpg 01920-06-21 21 June 1920 01921-06-22 22 June 1921 Conservative Party 7
7 Otto Albert Blehr Otto Albert Blehr.jpg 01921-06-22 22 June 1921 01923-03-23 23 March 1923 Liberal Party 8
6 Otto Bahr Halvorsen Otto Bahr Halvorsen.jpg 01923-03-23 23 March 1923 01923-05-30 30 May 1923 Conservative Party 9
8 Abraham Berge Abraham Berge.jpg 01923-05-30 30 May 1923 01924-07-25 25 July 1924 Liberal Left Party 10
9 Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Johan Ludwig Mowinckel.jpg 01924-07-25 25 July 1924 01926-03-05 5 March 1926 Liberal Party 11
10 Ivar Lykke Ivar Lykke.jpg 01926-03-05 5 March 1926 01928-01-28 28 January 1928 Conservative Party 12
11 Christopher Hornsrud Hornsrud.jpg 01928-01-28 28 January 1928 01928-02-15 15 February 1928 Labour Party 13
9 Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Johan Ludwig Mowinckel.jpg 01928-02-15 15 February 1928 01931-05-12 12 May 1931 Liberal Party 14
12 Peder Kolstad 01931-05-21 21 May 1931 01932-03-14 14 March 1932 Agrarian Party 15
13 Jens Hundseid 01932-03-14 14 March 1932 01933-03-03 3 March 1933 Agrarian Party 16
9 Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Johan Ludwig Mowinckel.jpg 01933-03-03 3 March 1933 01935-03-20 20 March 1935 Liberal Party 17
14 Johan Nygaardsvold 01935-03-20 20 March 1935 01945-06-25 25 June 1945 Labour Party 18

De facto heads of government during World War II

During the German occupation of Norway during World War II there were four cabinets, that ruled as part of Josef Terboven's administration of Norway. These Governments were the de facto ruling body of Norway during the war, though Johan Nygaardsvold was still the de jure prime minister, in exile in London, United Kingdom.

# Name Picture Took office Left office Political Party Term
Vidkun Quisling QuislingOslo1942.jpg 01940-04-09 9 April 1940 01940-04-25 25 April 1940 National Unification
Ingolf Elster Christensen
as Chairman of the Administrative Council
01940-04-25 25 April 1940 01940-09-22 22 September 1940 Non-party
Josef Terboven
as Reichskommissar
Josef Terboven.jpg 01940-09-22 22 September 1940 01942-02-01 1 February 1942 National Socialist German Workers' Party
Vidkun Quisling
as Minister President
QuislingOslo1942.jpg 01942-02-01 1 February 1942 01945-05-08 8 May 1945 National Unification

Prime Ministers of Norway (1945–present)

# Name Picture Took office Left office Political Party Cabinet(s)
15 Einar Gerhardsen 01945-06-25 25 June 1945 01951-11-09 9 November 1951 Labour Party Gerhardsen's First Cabinet
Gerhardsen's Second Cabinet
16 Oscar Torp 01951-11-09 9 November 1951 01955-01-22 22 January 1955 Labour Party Torp's Cabinet
15 Einar Gerhardsen 01955-01-22 22 January 1955 01963-08-28 28 August 1963 Labour Party Gerhardsen's Third Cabinet
17 John Lyng 01963-08-28 28 August 1963 01963-09-25 25 September 1963 Conservative Party Lyng's Cabinet
15 Einar Gerhardsen 01963-09-25 25 September 1963 01965-10-12 12 October 1965 Labour Party Gerhardsen's Fourth Cabinet
18 Per Borten 01965-10-12 12 October 1965 01971-03-17 17 March 1971 Centre Party Borten's Cabinet
19 Trygve Bratteli Trygve Bratteli.jpg 01971-03-17 17 March 1971 01972-10-17 17 October 1972 Labour Party Bratteli's First Cabinet
20 Lars Korvald Korvald cropped.jpg 01972-10-17 17 October 1972 01973-10-12 12 October 1973 Christian Democratic Party Korvald's Cabinet
19 Trygve Bratteli Trygve Bratteli.jpg 01973-10-12 12 October 1973 01976-01-15 15 January 1976 Labour Party Bratteli's Second Cabinet
21 Odvar Nordli Odvar Nordli 2007 04 21.jpg 01976-01-15 15 January 1976 01981-02-04 4 February 1981 Labour Party Nordli's Cabinet
22 Gro Harlem Brundtland Gro Harlem Brundtland1 2007 04 20.jpg 01981-02-04 4 February 1981 01981-10-14 14 October 1981 Labour Party Brundtland's First Cabinet
23 Kåre Willoch Willoch 1983 (high resolution, cropped).jpg 01981-10-14 14 October 1981 01986-05-09 9 May 1986 Conservative Party Willoch's First Cabinet
Willoch's Second Cabinet
22 Gro Harlem Brundtland Gro Harlem Brundtland1 2007 04 20.jpg 01986-05-09 9 May 1986 01989-10-16 16 October 1989 Labour Party Brundtland's Second Cabinet
24 Jan P. Syse 01989-10-16 16 October 1989 01990-11-03 3 November 1990 Conservative Party Syse's Cabinet
22 Gro Harlem Brundtland Gro Harlem Brundtland1 2007 04 20.jpg 01990-11-03 3 November 1990 01996-10-25 25 October 1996 Labour Party Brundtland's Third Cabinet
25 Thorbjørn Jagland Thorbjorn Jagland 2007.jpg 01996-10-25 25 October 1996 01997-10-17 17 October 1997 Labour Party Jagland's Cabinet
26 Kjell Magne Bondevik KjellMagneBondevik.JPG 01997-10-17 17 October 1997 02000-03-17 17 March 2000 Christian Democratic Party Bondevik's First Cabinet
27 Jens Stoltenberg Jens Stoltenberg.jpg 02000-03-17 17 March 2000 02001-10-19 19 October 2001 Labour Party Stoltenberg's First Cabinet
26 Kjell Magne Bondevik KjellMagneBondevik.JPG 02001-10-19 19 October 2001 02005-10-17 17 October 2005 Christian Democratic Party Bondevik's Second Cabinet
27 Jens Stoltenberg Jens Stoltenberg.jpg 02005-10-17 17 October 2005 Incumbent Labour Party Stoltenberg's Second Cabinet

See also

External links


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