List of Olympic Games host cities: Wikis

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The opening ceremony of the 1896 Summer Olympics in the Panathinaiko Stadium in Athens, Greece
Beijing National Stadium, where opening and closing ceremonies were held for the 2008 Summer Olympics

Since the modern Olympic Games began in 1896, there have been 26 Summer Olympic Games held in 22 separate cities and 21 Winter Olympic Games held in 17 separate cities. In addition, three summer and two winter games were scheduled but were later canceled due to war, Berlin, Germany in 1916, Tokyo and Sapporo, Japan in 1940, and London, England and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy in 1944. Three cities have been chosen by the International Olympic Committee to host upcoming Olympic Games; London for the 2012 Summer Olympics, Sochi for the 2014 Winter Olympics, and Rio de Janeiro for the 2016 Summer Olympics. The 1906 Summer Olympics in Athens, known as the 1906 Intercalated Games, is not included in this list as the 1906 games are not officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee.[1]

Seven cities have hosted Olympic Games more than once; Athens in 1896 and 2004, Paris in 1900 and 1924, London in 1908 and 1948, St. Moritz in 1928 and 1948, Lake Placid in 1932 and 1980, Los Angeles in 1932 and 1984, and Innsbruck in 1964 and 1976. In addition, Stockholm has hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[b] London will become the first city to host three games as of the 2012 Summer Olympics.

The United States has hosted a total of eight games: more than any other country. France has hosted five and Germany, Italy, Japan, and Canada have each hosted three games. The United Kingdom will host its third game in 2012.

The games have primarily been hosted on the continents of Europe (30 games) and North America (12 games). Seven games have been hosted in Asia, including two games which were canceled due to war, and two games have been hosted on the continent of Oceania. Rio de Janeiro's winning bid for 2016 will be the first South American host. No Olympic games have been hosted in the continents of Africa and Antarctica. Other major geographic regions which have not hosted the Olympic games include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

Host cities are selected by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Currently, they are selected seven years in advance.[2] The selection process takes two years. In the first stage of the selection process, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After ten months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which of these applicant cities will become candidate cities based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In the second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC Session, a general meeting of IOC members.[3]

Contents

Olympic host cities

City Country Continent Flag Olympiad No. Season Year From To
Athens Greece Europe Greece S001I Summer 1896 April 6 April 15
Paris France Europe France S002II Summer 1900 May 14 October 28
St. Louis[a] United States North America United States S003III Summer 1904 July 1 November 23
London Great Britain Europe United Kingdom S004IV Summer 1908 April 27 October 31
Stockholm Sweden Europe Sweden S005V Summer 1912 May 5 July 27
Berlin Germany Europe German Empire S006VI Summer 1916 Cancelled due to WWI[4]
Antwerp Belgium Europe Belgium S007VII Summer 1920 April 20 September 12
Chamonix France Europe France W001I Winter 1924 January 25 February 4
Paris France Europe France S008VIII Summer 1924 May 4 July 27
St. Moritz Switzerland Europe Switzerland W002II Winter 1928 February 11 February 19
Amsterdam Netherlands Europe Netherlands S009IX Summer 1928 May 17 August 12
Lake Placid United States North America United States W003III Winter 1932 February 4 February 15
Los Angeles United States North America United States S010X Summer 1932 July 30 August 14
Garmisch-Partenkirchen Germany Europe Nazi Germany W004IV Winter 1936 February 6 February 16
Berlin Germany Europe Nazi Germany S011XI Summer 1936 August 1 August 16
Sapporo Japan Asia Japan W005aV Winter 1940 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
Tokyo Japan Asia Japan S012XII Summer 1940 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy Europe Italy W005bV Winter 1944 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
London Great Britain Europe United Kingdom S013XIII Summer 1944 Cancelled due to WWII[4]
St. Moritz Switzerland Europe Switzerland W005cV Winter 1948 January 30 February 8
London Great Britain Europe United Kingdom S014XIV Summer 1948 July 29 August 14
Oslo Norway Europe Norway W006VI Winter 1952 February 14 February 25
Helsinki Finland Europe Finland S015XV Summer 1952 July 19 August 3
Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy Europe Italy W007VII Winter 1956 January 26 February 5
Melbourne
Stockholm[b]
Australia
Sweden
Oceania
Europe
Australia
Sweden
S016XVI Summer 1956 November 22
June 10
December 8
June 17
Squaw Valley United States North America United States W008VIII Winter 1960 February 18 February 28
Rome Italy Europe Italy S017XVII Summer 1960 August 25 September 11
Innsbruck Austria Europe Austria W009IX Winter 1964 January 29 February 9
Tokyo Japan Asia Japan S018XVIII Summer 1964 October 10 October 24
Grenoble France Europe France W010X Winter 1968 February 6 February 18
Mexico City Mexico North America Mexico S019XIX Summer 1968 October 12 October 27
Sapporo Japan Asia Japan W011XI Winter 1972 February 3 February 13
Munich Germany Europe Germany S020XX Summer 1972 August 26 September 11
Innsbruck Austria Europe Austria W012XII Winter 1976 February 4 February 15
Montreal Canada North America Canada S021XXI Summer 1976 July 17 August 1
Lake Placid United States North America United States W013XIII Winter 1980 February 14 February 23
Moscow Soviet Union Europe[c] Soviet Union S022XXII Summer 1980 July 19 August 3
Sarajevo Yugoslavia Europe Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia W014XIV Winter 1984 February 7 February 19
Los Angeles United States North America United States S023XXIII Summer 1984 July 28 August 12
Calgary Canada North America Canada W015XV Winter 1988 February 13 February 28
Seoul South Korea Asia South Korea S024XXIV Summer 1988 September 17 October 2
Albertville France Europe France W016XVI Winter 1992 February 8 February 23
Barcelona Spain Europe Spain S025XXV Summer 1992 July 25 August 9
Lillehammer Norway Europe Norway W017XVII Winter 1994 February 12 February 27
Atlanta United States North America United States S026XXVI Summer 1996 July 19 August 4
Nagano Japan Asia Japan W018XVIII Winter 1998 February 7 February 22
Sydney Australia Oceania Australia S027XXVII Summer 2000 September 15 October 1
Salt Lake City United States North America United States W019XIX Winter 2002 February 8 February 24
Athens Greece Europe Greece S028XXVIII Summer 2004 August 13 August 29
Torino Italy Europe Italy W020XX Winter 2006 February 10 February 26
Beijing[d] China Asia People's Republic of China S029XXIX Summer 2008 August 8 August 24
Vancouver Canada North America Canada W021XXI Winter 2010 February 12 February 28
London Great Britain Europe United Kingdom S030XXX Summer 2012 July 27 August 12
Sochi Russia Europe[c] Russia W022XXII Winter 2014 February 7 February 23
Rio de Janeiro Brazil South America Brazil S031XXXI Summer 2016 August 5 August 21

Total Olympic Games by country

Rank Country Continent Summer Olympics hosted Winter Olympics hosted Total Olympics hosted
1  United States North America 4 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996) 4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002) 8
2  France Europe 2 (1900, 1924) 3 (1924, 1968, 1992) 5
3  Great Britain Europe 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 0 3
3  Canada North America 1 (1976) 2 (1988, 2010) 3
3  Italy Europe 1 (1960) 2 (1956, 2006) 3
3  Japan Asia 1 (1964) 2 (1972, 1998) 3
3 Nazi Germany/ Germany Europe 2 (1936, 1972) 1 (1936) 3
8  USSR/ Russia Europe 1 (1980) 1 (2014) 2
8 Greece/ Greece Europe 2 (1896, 2004) 0 2
8  Australia Oceania 2 (1956, 2000) 0 2
8  Norway Europe 0 2 (1952, 1994) 2
8  Austria Europe 0 2 (1964, 1976) 2
8  Switzerland Europe 0 2 (1928, 1948) 2
14  Brazil South America 1 (2016) 0 1
14  China Asia 1 (2008) 0 1
14  Spain Europe 1 (1992) 0 1
14  South Korea Asia 1 (1988) 0 1
14  Yugoslavia Europe 0 1 (1984) 1
14  Mexico North America 1 (1968) 0 1
14  Finland Europe 1 (1952) 0 1
14  Netherlands Europe 1 (1928) 0 1
14  Belgium Europe 1 (1920) 0 1
14  Sweden Europe 1 (1912) 0 1

Host cities for multiple Olympic Games

Rank City Country Continent Summer Olympics hosted Winter Olympics hosted Total Olympics hosted
1 London  Great Britain Europe 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 0 3
2 Athens Greece/ Greece Europe 2 (1896, 2004) 0 2
2 Los Angeles  USA North America 2 (1932, 1984) 0 2
2 Paris  France Europe 2 (1900, 1924) 0 2
2 Lake Placid  USA North America 0 2 (1932, 1980) 2
2 Innsbruck  Austria Europe 0 2 (1964, 1976) 2
2 St. Moritz  Switzerland Europe 0 2 (1928, 1948) 2

Notes

  • b Equestrian events were held in Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm had to bid for the equestrian competition separately; it received its own Olympic flame and had its own formal invitations and opening & closing ceremonies, just like the regular Summer Olympics.[7]
  • d Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR.[8] Although Hong Kong's separate NOC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games; it is not conducted under a separate bid, flame, etc., as was the 1956 Stockholm equestrian competition. The IOC website lists only Beijing as the host city.[9]

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 41. ISBN 9780313322785. http://books.google.com/books?id=QmXi_-Jujj0C. 
  2. ^ The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. 2003. pp. 247. ISBN 9781857432275. http://books.google.com/books?id=XLvU9lroRuUC&pg=PA247&lpg=PA247&dq=olympic+hosts+six+years+in+advance&source=bl&ots=FHVCXv4cAg&sig=xOkkmm5lt8Hh8d0LW8ihY8HI74k&hl=en&ei=uNvFSfHdL-GLtgfAzt3ICg&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct=result. 
  3. ^ "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/organisation/missions/cities_uk.asp. Retrieved 2009-06-04. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Durántez, Conrado (April-May 1997), "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF), Olympic Review XXVI (14): 56–57, http://www.la84foundation.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1997/oreXXVI14/oreXXVI14zl.pdf 
  5. ^ "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1904. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  6. ^ "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904". The New York Times. 1903-02-12. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9400E0DD1130E733A25751C1A9649C946297D6CF. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  7. ^ "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. http://www.sok.se/inenglish/stockholmmelbourne1956.4.18ea16851076df63622800011093.html. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  8. ^ Tim Pile. "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/global/main.jhtml?xml=/global/2008/06/25/expat-in-hong--kong.xml. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  9. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/beijing/index_uk.asp. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 

See also

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