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Charlie Manuel walks down the baseline with an unidentified Phillies player
Charlie Manuel, manager, 2005–present

In its 126-year history, the Philadelphia Phillies baseball franchise of Major League Baseball's National League has employed 51 managers and 10 general managers (GMs).[1][2] The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[3] Of those 51 managers, 15 have been "player-managers";[1] specifically, they managed the team while still being signed as a player.[4] In contrast, the general manager controls player transactions, hiring and firing of the coaching staff, and negotiates with players and agents regarding contracts.[5]

The Phillies posted their franchise record for losses in a season during their record-setting streak of 16 consecutive losing seasons (a season where the winning percentage is below .500), with 111 losses out of 154 games in 1941.[6] During this stretch from 1933 to 1948, the Phillies employed seven different managers, all of whom posted a winning percentage below .430 for their Phillies careers.[1] Seven managers have taken the Phillies to the postseason, with Danny Ozark leading the team to three playoff appearances. Dallas Green and Charlie Manuel are the only Phillies managers to win a World Series: Green in 1980 against the Kansas City Royals; and Manuel in 2008 against the Tampa Bay Rays.[7] The longest-tenured general manager is Paul Owens, with 11 years of service to the team as the general manager, from 1972 to 1983.[2] Owens also served as the team manager in 1972, and from 1983 to 1984.[1] After this time, he served as a team executive until 2003, and was inducted into the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame in recognition of his services.[8] Gene Mauch is the longest-tenured manager in franchise history, with 1,332 games of service in parts of nine seasons (19601968).[9]

The manager with the highest winning percentage over a full season or more was Arthur Irwin, whose .575 winning percentage is fourth on the all-time wins list for Phillies managers.[1] Conversely, the worst winning percentage over a season in franchise history is .160 by the inaugural season's second manager Blondie Purcell, who posted a 13–68 record during the 1883 season.[10]

Contents

Table key

WPct
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA
Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW
Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PL
Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
or
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame (‡ denotes induction as manager)[11]
§
Member of the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame

Managers

Sepia-tone baseball card of Bob Allen bent over, by the Old Judge Cigarette Factory
Bob Allen, manager, 1890
Black and white image of Hugh Duffy in a baseball cap and jacket, facing left
Hugh Duffy, manager, 1904–1906
Baseball card with drawing of Kaiser Wilhelm holding a bat
Kaiser Wilhelm, manager, 1921–1922
#[a] Manager Years Wins Losses Ties WPct PA PW PL WS Ref
1 Bob Ferguson 1883 4 13 0 .235 [12]
2 Blondie Purcell 1883 13 68 1 .160 [10]
3 Harry Wright 18841890 409 374 0 .522 [13]
4 Jack Clements 1890 13 6 0 .684 [14]
5 Al Reach 1890 4 7 0 .364 [15]
6 Bob Allen 1890 25 10 0 .714 [16]
Harry Wright 18911893 227 192 0 .542 [13]
7 Arthur Irwin 18941895 149 110 0 .575 [17]
8 Billy Nash 1896 62 68 0 .477 [18]
9 George Stallings 18971898 74 104 0 .416 [19]
10 Bill Shettsline 18981902 367 303 0 .548 [20]
11 Chief Zimmer 1903 49 86 0 .363 [21]
12 Hugh Duffy 19041906 206 251 0 .451 [22]
13 Billy Murray 19071909 240 214 0 .529 [23]
14 Red Dooin 19101914 392 370 0 .514 [24]
15 Pat Moran 19151918 323 257 0 .557 1 1 4 0 [25][26]
16 Jack Coombs§ 1919 18 44 0 .290 [27]
17 Gavvy Cravath§ 19191920 91 137 0 .399 [28]
18 Bill Donovan 1921 25 62 0 .287 [29]
19 Kaiser Wilhelm 19211922 83 137 0 .377 [30]
20 Art Fletcher 19231926 231 378 0 .379 [31]
21 Stuffy McInnis 1927 51 103 0 .331 [32]
22 Burt Shotton 19281933 370 549 0 .403 [33]
23 Jimmie Wilson 19341938 280 477 0 .370 [34]
24 Hans Lobert 1938 0 2 0 .000 [35]
25 Doc Prothro 19391941 138 320 0 .301 [36]
Hans Lobert 1942 42 109 0 .278 [35]
26 Bucky Harris 1943 38 52 0 .422 [37]
27 Freddie Fitzsimmons 19431945 105 181 0 .367 [38]
28 Ben Chapman 19451948 196 276 0 .415 [39]
29 Dusty Cooke 1948 6 6 0 .500 [40]
30 Eddie Sawyer 19481952 296 292 0 .504 1 0 4 0 [41][42]
31 Steve O'Neill 19521954 182 140 0 .565 [43]
32 Terry Moore 1954 35 42 0 .455 [44]
33 Mayo Smith 19551958 264 282 0 .484 [45]
Eddie Sawyer 19581960 94 131 0 .418 [41]
34 Andy Cohen 1960 1 0 0 1.000 [46]
35 Gene Mauch 19601968 646 684 0 .486 [9]
36 Bob Skinner 19681969 92 123 0 .428 [47]
37 George Myatt 1969 20 35 0 .364 [48]
38 Frank Lucchesi 19701972 166 233 0 .416 [49]
39 Paul Owens§ 1972 33 47 0 .413 [50]
40 Danny Ozark 19731979 594 510 0 .538 3 2 9 0 [51][52]
[53][54]
41 Dallas Green§ 19791981 169 130 0 .565 2 10 6 1 [55][56]
[57]
42 Pat Corrales 19821983 132 115 0 .534 [58]
Paul Owens§ 19831984 128 111 0 .536 1 4 5 0 [50][59]
43 John Felske 19851987 190 194 0 .495 [60]
44 Lee Elia 19871988 111 142 0 .439 [61]
45 John Vukovich§ 1988 5 4 0 .555 [62]
46 Nick Leyva 19891991 148 189 0 .439 [63]
47 Jim Fregosi 19911996 431 463 0 .482 1 6 6 0 [64][65]
48 Terry Francona 19972000 285 363 0 .440 [66]
49 Larry Bowa§[b] 20012004 337 308 0 .522 [67]
50 Gary Varsho 2004 1 1 0 .500 [68]
51 Charlie Manuel 2005–present 447 363 0 .552 2 11 6 1 [69][70]
[71][72]
Totals 51 managers 127 seasons 9,035 10,162 1 .470 11 34 40 2

Statistics current through 2009 regular season

General managers

Sepia-tone baseball card of Herb Pennock with his arms over his heads, pitching for the Boston Americans
Herb Pennock, GM, 1944–1948
Name Years Ref
Herb Pennock 19441948 [73]
Bob Carpenter 19501953 [2]
Roy Hamey 19541958 [2]
John Quinn 19591972 [2]
Paul Owens§ 1972–1983 [2][74]
Bill Giles 19841987 [2]
Woody Woodward 1987–1988 [75]
Lee Thomas 1988–1997 [76]
Ed Wade 19982005 [76]
Pat Gillick 20062008 [77]
Rubén Amaro, Jr. 2008–present [78]

Footnotes

References

General references
  1. "Philadelphia Phillies Managerial Register". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/managers.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-23.  
  2. "Phillies All-Time Managers". Philadelphia Phillies. http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/managers.jsp. Retrieved 2008-08-12.  
Inline citations
  1. ^ a b c d e "Philadelphia Phillies Managerial Register". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/managers.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-23.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Executive Database". Baseball America. http://www.baseballamerica.com/execdb/?show=franchise&fid=phi#gm. Retrieved 2008-07-23.  
  3. ^ "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/manager. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  
  4. ^ Stein, Fred (2002). And the Skipper Bats Cleanup: A History of the Baseball Player-Manager, with 42 Biographies of Men Who Filled the Dual Role. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1228-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=VQFPr7UyEvMC&dq=And+the+Skipper+Bats+Cleanup:+A+History+of+the+Baseball+Player-Manager,+with+42+Biographies+of+Men+Who+Filled+the+Dual+Role&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=KU5dDLYHOK&sig=p--BRdW50n3hvhgNHUXRMaYZ6dA&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPA1,M1.  
  5. ^ Schwarz, Alan (2005-12-21). "2005 General Manager Roundtable". Baseball America. http://www.baseballamerica.com/today/features/051221gmround.html. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  
  6. ^ "1941 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1941.shtml. Retrieved 2008-08-11.  
  7. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies Team History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  8. ^ "Phillies Wall of Fame". Philadelphia Phillies. http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/wall_of_fame.jsp. Retrieved 2008-08-12.  
  9. ^ a b "Gene Mauch Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/mauchge01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  10. ^ a b "Blondie Purcell Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/purcebl01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-23.  
  11. ^ "Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/hof.shtml. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  
  12. ^ "Bob Ferguson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/fergubo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  13. ^ a b "Harry Wright Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/wrighha01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  14. ^ "Jack Clements Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/clemeja01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  15. ^ "Al Reach Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/reachal01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  16. ^ "Bob Allen Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/allenbo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  17. ^ "Arthur Irwin Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/irwinar01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  18. ^ "Billy Nash Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/nashbi01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  19. ^ "George Stallings Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/stallge01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  20. ^ "Bill Shettsline Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/shettbi99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  21. ^ "Chief Zimmer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/zimmech01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  22. ^ "Hugh Duffy Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/duffyhu01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  23. ^ "Billy Murray Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/murrabi99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  24. ^ "Red Dooin Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/dooinre01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  25. ^ "Pat Moran Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/moranpa01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  26. ^ "1915 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1915.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  27. ^ "Jack Coombs Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/coombja01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  28. ^ "Gavvy Cravath Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/cravaga01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  29. ^ "Bill Donovan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/donovbi01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  30. ^ "Kaiser Wilhelm Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/wilheka01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  31. ^ "Art Fletcher Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/fletcar01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  32. ^ "Stuffy McInnis Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/mcinnst01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  33. ^ "Burt Shotton Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/shottbu01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  34. ^ "Jimmie Wilson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/wilsoji01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  35. ^ a b "Hans Lobert Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/loberha01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  36. ^ "Doc Prothro Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/prothdo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  37. ^ "Bucky Harris Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/harribu01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  38. ^ "Freddie Fitzsimmons Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/fitzsfr01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  39. ^ "Ben Chapman Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/chapmbe01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  40. ^ "Dusty Cooke Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/cookedu01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  41. ^ a b "Eddie Sawyer Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/sawyeed99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  42. ^ "1950 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1950.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  43. ^ "Steve O'Neill Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/o'neist01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  44. ^ "Terry Moore Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/moorete01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  45. ^ "Mayo Smith Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/smithma01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  46. ^ "Andy Cohen Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/cohenan01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  47. ^ "Bob Skinner Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/skinnbo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  48. ^ "George Myatt Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/myattge01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  49. ^ "Frank Lucchesi Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/lucchfr99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  50. ^ a b "Paul Owens Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/owenspa99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  51. ^ "Danny Ozark Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/ozarkda99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  52. ^ "1976 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1976.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  53. ^ "1977 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1977.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  54. ^ "1978 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1978.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  55. ^ "Dallas Green Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/greenda02.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  56. ^ "1980 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1980.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  57. ^ "1981 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1981.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  58. ^ "Pat Corrales Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/corrapa01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  59. ^ "1983 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1983.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  60. ^ "John Felske Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/felskjo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  61. ^ "Lee Elia Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/eliale01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  62. ^ "John Vukovich Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/vukovjo01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  63. ^ "Nick Leyva Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/leyvani99.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  64. ^ "Jim Fregosi Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/fregoji01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  65. ^ "1993 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/1993.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  66. ^ "Terry Francona". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/francte01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  67. ^ "Larry Bowa Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/bowala01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  68. ^ "Gary Varsho Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/varshga01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  69. ^ "Charlie Manuel Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/manuech01.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  70. ^ "2007 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/2007.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  71. ^ "2008 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/2008.shtml. Retrieved 2009-01-16.  
  72. ^ "2009 Philadelphia Phillies". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/2009.shtml. Retrieved 2009-01-16.  
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  74. ^ "Paul Owens dies at age 79". Major League Baseball. http://www.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20031226&content_id=623315&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb. Retrieved 2008-07-26.  
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  76. ^ a b "Phillies fire GM Wade after eight seasons". ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=2186589. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  77. ^ Mandel, Ken (2005-11-02). "Phillies name Gillick general manager". Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20051102&content_id=1263503&vkey=news_mlb&fext=.jsp&c_id=mlb. Retrieved 2008-07-23.  
  78. ^ Mandel, Ken (2008-11-03). "Amaro Jr. takes over reins for Phillies". Philadelphia Phillies. http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20081103&content_id=3660782&vkey=news_phi&fext=.jsp&c_id=phi. Retrieved 2008-11-04.  
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