List of Philadelphia Phillies no-hitters: Wikis

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Black-and-white image of a young Jim Bunning in a Detroit Tigers cap
Jim Bunning threw the only perfect game in Phillies history.

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They play in the National League East division. Also known in their early years as the "Philadelphia Quakers",[1] pitchers for the Phillies have thrown nine separate no-hitters in franchise history.[2] A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) retires each batter on the opposing team during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings".[3] No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.[4] A no-hitter is rare enough that four teams in Major League Baseball have never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.[a]

Of the nine no-hitters pitched by Phillies players, three have been won by a score of 6–0, more common than any other result. The largest margin of victory in a Phillies no-hitter was ten runs, in a 10–0 win by Chick Fraser. Two Phillies players have won their no-hitters by a one-run margin; Charlie Ferguson's no-hitter, the first in franchise history, was a 1–0 victory, as was the most recent no-hitter, thrown by Kevin Millwood in 2003. Two pitchers to throw no-hitters for the Phillies have been left-handed: Johnny Lush (in 1906) and Terry Mulholland (in 1990). The other seven pitchers were right-handed. No pitcher has thrown more than one no-hitter in a Phillies uniform, though some, including Hall of Famer Jim Bunning, have pitched more than one in their careers.[5] The longest interval between Phillies no-hitters was between the games pitched by Lush and Bunning, encompassing 58 years, 1 month, and 20 days. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between Mulholland's and Tommy Greene's games, with a total of merely 9 months and 8 days.[6]

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final."[7] Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap."[7] These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter. A different umpire presided over each of the Phillies' nine no-hitters, including Wes Curry, who created Major League Baseball's catcher interference rule.[8]

One perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, has been pitched in Phillies history. This feat was achieved by Bunning in 1964 and was the first perfect game in the National League since 1880.[5] As defined by Major League Baseball, "[in] a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."[3]

Contents

Key

 ¶  Indicates a perfect game
 £  Pitcher was left-handed
 *  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Table

Kevin Millwood, delivering a pitch from the mound for the Texas Rangers
The most recent no-hitter in Phillies history was pitched by Kevin Millwood.
Date Pitcher Final score Umpire Notes Ref
August 29, 1885 Charlie Ferguson 1–0 Wes Curry [9]
July 8, 1898 Red Donahue 5–0 John Gaffney [10]
September 18, 1903 Chick Fraser 10–0 Bob Emslie
  • Largest margin of victory for the Phillies in a no-hitter
  • First Phillies no-hitter in a road game
[11]
May 1, 1906 Johnny Lush£ 6–0 Hank O'Day
  • First Phillies no-hitter by a left-handed pitcher
[12]
June 21, 1964 Jim Bunning* 6–0 Ed Sudol [13]
June 23, 1971 Rick Wise 4–0 Jerry Dale
  • Two home runs also hit by pitcher Rick Wise
[14]
August 15, 1990 Terry Mulholland£ 6–0 Eric Gregg [15]
May 23, 1991 Tommy Greene 2–0 Jim Quick [16]
April 27, 2003 Kevin Millwood 1–0 Mike Everitt
  • Smallest margin of victory in a Phillies no-hitter (tie)
[17]

Footnotes

References

General references
Inline citations
  1. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/PHI/. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  
  2. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies Franchise History". ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/alltime/franchise?team=phi. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  3. ^ a b "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/about_mlb/rules_regulations.jsp. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  4. ^ Kurkjian, Tim (2008-06-29). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/columns/story?columnist=kurkjian_tim&id=3465888. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  5. ^ a b "History: Jim Bunning". Phillies.MLB.com. Major League Baseball. http://philadelphia.phillies.mlb.com/phi/history/phi_history_bunning.jsp. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  6. ^ a b "No Hitters Chronologically". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/nohit_chrono.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  7. ^ a b "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/official_info/umpires/rules_interest.jsp. Retrieved 2009-02-22.  
  8. ^ Bronson, Eric. Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, Pgs 98-99. ISBN 0812695569. http://books.google.com/books?id=Zc11bf7iopcC&pg=PA98&lpg=PA98&dq=%22Wes+Curry%22+baseball&source=web&ots=hMgAtUNlQf&sig=2NEAG3A0vsMtykgkBgXLt7uiBkU&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  9. ^ "The 1885 Philadelphia Phillies Game Log". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1885/VPHI01885.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  10. ^ "The 1898 Philadelphia Phillies Game Log". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1898/VPHI01898.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  11. ^ "The 1903 Philadelphia Phillies Game Log". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1903/VPHI01903.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  12. ^ "The 1906 Philadelphia Phillies Game Log". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1906/VPHI01906.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  13. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 6, New York Mets 0 (1)". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1964/B06211NYN1964.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  14. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 4, Cincinnati Reds 0". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1971/B06230CIN1971.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  15. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 6, San Francisco Giants 0". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1990/B08150PHI1990.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  16. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 2, Montreal Expos 0". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1991/B05230MON1991.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  
  17. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 1, San Francisco Giants 0". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/2003/B04270PHI2003.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-20.  

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