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Contents

This is a partial list of famous Polish or Polish-speaking or -writing persons. In the interest of fairness and accuracy, a minority of persons of mixed heritage have their respective ancestries credited.

History

Science

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Astronomy

Biology, medicine

Chemistry

Engineering

Economics

Invention

Computer science

Linguistics

Mathematics

Physics

Maria Skłodowska
Skłodowska
Karol Olszewski
Olszewski
Józef Rotblat
Rotblat
Marian Smoluchowski
Smoluchowski
Zygmunt Wróblewski
Wróblewski
Wojciech H. Zurek
Zurek

Social sciences

Jan Władysław Dawid
Dawid
Zygmunt Gloger
Gloger
Ludwik Krzywicki
Krzywicki
Maria Ossowska
Ossowska
Florian Znaniecki
Znaniecki

Other sciences

Music

see also: List of Polish composers

Penderecki
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Prose literature

See also: List of Polish writers and List of Polish novelists

Poetry

See also: List of Polish poets.

Philosophy

Fine arts

See also: List of Polish artists and painters

Entertainment

Business

Royalty

Nobility (szlachta)

see: List of szlachta

Military

Politics

Diplomats

Intelligence

Holocaust resisters

Religion

Jan Łaski (Protestant)

Assassins and terrorists

Miscellaneous

Models

Legendary persons

  • John Scolvus (Jan z Kolna), semi-legendary explorer and discoverer of America before Columbus (1476).
  • Pan Twardowski, semi-legendary Faust-like sorcerer; in Polish legend, the first man on the Moon.
  • Janek Wiśniewski, freedom fighter, hero of 1970 Gdynia riots.

Fictional characters

Sports

see also: list of Polish sports players

Track and field

Boxing

Chess

Fencing

Ice hockey

Skiing

Football (Soccer)

Swimming

Tennis

Weightlifting

Others



   Return to top of page.


Contents

This is a partial list of famous Polish or Polish-speaking or -writing persons. In the interest of fairness and accuracy, a minority of persons of mixed heritage have their respective ancestries credited.

History

]] ]]

]] ]] ]] ]] ]] [[File:|thumb|100px|Peszke]]

Science

Astronomy

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Biology, medicine

]] ]] ]]

[[File:|thumb|90px|Goldflam]] ]] ]]

Chemistry

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]] ]]

Engineering

]] ]] [[File:|thumb|80px|Magnuski]]

]] ]] ]]

Economics

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Invention

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Computer science

Linguistics

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]]

Mathematics

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]] ]]

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Physics

[[File:|85px|border|Maria Skłodowska]]
Curie
File:Josef Rotblat ID
Rotblat
File:Zygmunt Wró
Wróblewski
File:Marian
Smoluchowski
File:Zurek.gif
Zurek

Social sciences

  • Karol Myśliwiec, archeologist, Egyptologist
  • Maria Ossowska (sociologist)
  • Stanisław Ossowski (sociologist)
  • Bronisław Piłsudski (cultural anthropologist)
  • Jadwiga Staniszkis (sociologist)
  • Paweł Śpiewak (sociologist)
  • Jerzy Szacki (sociologist)
  • Zbigniew Szafrański, Egyptologist, archeologist
  • Jacek Szmatka (sociologist)
  • Piotr Sztompka (sociologist)
  • Edmund Wnuk-Lipiński (sociologist)
  • Florian Znaniecki (sociologist)

File:Jan Władysław
Dawid
File:Zygmunt
Gloger
File:Bronislaw
Malinowski
File:Maria
Ossowska
File:Znaniecki
Znaniecki

Other sciences

]] ]] ]]

Music

see also: List of Polish composers

]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]]

]] ]] ]] ]] [[File:|thumb|60px|Szpilman]]

[[File:|thumb|60px|Szymanowski]] ]]

Literature

See also: List of Polish writers and List of Polish novelists

[[File:|thumb|90px|Chojecki]] ]] ]] ]]

]] ]]

]]

]] ]] ]]

]]

Poetry

]]

]] See also: List of Polish poets.

]] ]] ]]

Philosophy

]]

]]

]]

File:Jan Śniadecki
Jan Śniadecki

[[File:|thumb|80px|Świętochowski]] ]] ]]

Fine arts

]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] see also: List of Polish artists and painters

]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]]

Entertainment

]]]]]]

]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]] ]]

Business

]] ]] ]] ]]

Royalty

]]]]]]]]]]]]

Nobility (szlachta)

see: List of szlachta

Military

]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]

Politics

]]]]]]]]]]]]

]] ]] ]]

Diplomats

]]]] ]]]]]]]]
  • Władysław Bartoszewski, foreign affairs minister of III RP (1995 and 2000-2001)
  • Józef Beck, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1932-1939)
  • Alois Friedrich von Brühl, Polish-Saxon diplomat, starost of Warsaw
  • Matthew Bryza, American diplomat
  • Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, foreign affairs minister of III RP (2001-2005)
  • Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, Polish and Russian diplomat; Russian Imperial foreign minister (1804-6)
  • Władysław Czartoryski, prince, the main diplomatic agent of the National Government (1863-1864)
  • Roman Dmowski, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1923)
  • Bronisław Geremek, foreign affairs minister of III RP (1997-2000)
  • Agenor Count Gołuchowski, foreign affairs minister of Austria-Hungary (1895-1906)
  • Krzysztof Grzymułtowski, diplomat and voivod of Poznań, author of the Eternal Peace Treaty with Russia (1686)
  • Stanisław Janikowski, diplomat in Rome, to Holy See (1927-1954)
  • Wacław Jędrzejewicz
  • Julian Klaczko, Polish-Austrian diplomat
  • Stanisław Kot, Polish ambassador to the Soviet Union (1941-1942) and to Italy (1945-1947)
  • Józef Lipski, Polish ambassador to Germany (1933-1939)
  • Juliusz Łukasiewicz
  • Ivan Maysky, Soviet diplomat
  • Stefan Meller, foreign affairs minister of III RP (2005-2006)
  • Lewis Bernstein Namier, British diplomat and historian
  • Andrzej Olechowski, foreign affairs minister of III RP (1993-1995)
  • Ignacy Paderewski, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1919) and third prime minister of Poland
  • Stanisław Patek, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1919-1920)
  • Edward Bernard Raczyński, count, Polish ambassador to the United Kingdom (1934-1945) and foreign affairs minister (1941-1943)
  • Adam Rapacki, foreign affairs minister of communist Poland (1956-1968)
  • Józef Retinger, advocate for a European Union
  • Dariusz Rosati, foreign affairs minister of III RP (1995-1997)
  • Adam Daniel Rotfeld, foreign affairs minister of III RP (2005)
  • Radosław Sikorski, foreign affairs minister of III RP (since 2007)
  • Konstanty Skirmunt, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1921-1922)
  • Aleksander Skrzyński, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1922-1923 and 1924-1926)
  • Krzysztof Skubiszewski, first foreign affairs minister of III RP (1989-1993)
  • Romuald Spasowski, Polish ambassador to the United States (1955-1961 and 1978-1981)
  • Andrey Vyshinsky, Soviet jurist and diplomat
  • Alexandre Joseph Count Colonna-Walewski, French foreign affairs minister
  • Leon Wasilewski, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1918-1919)
  • August Zaleski, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1926-1932)
  • Maurycy Klemens Zamoyski, foreign affairs minister of II RP (1924)
  • Josef Zieleniec, Czech foreign affairs minister
  • Sergey Yastrzhembsky, Russian diplomat

Intelligence

]] ]] ]] ]]

]] ]] ]]

  • Krystyna Skarbek, World War II British SOE agent.
  • Mieczysław Zygfryd Słowikowski (Rygor-Słowikowski), Polish Army intelligence officer whose work in North Africa facilitated Allied preparations for the 1942 Operation Torch landings.
  • Jerzy Sosnowski, major, a Polish spy in Germany (1926-1934) as Georg von Sosnowski, Ritter von Nalecz.
  • Antoni Szymański, Polish military attaché in Berlin (1932–39).
  • Halina Szymańska, World War II British intelligence agent; wife of Antoni Szymański.
  • Jan Włodarkiewicz, lieutenant colonel, the first commander of Wachlarz.
  • Marian Zacharski, Cold-War Polish intelligence agent convicted of espionage against the United States.

Holocaust resisters

]]]] ]]

Religion

]]]]]]]]]]
File:Jan
Jan Łaski (Protestant)

]] ]] ]]

  • Andrzej Alojzy Ankwicz (Roman Catholic Archbishop of Lwów, 1815-33, and Archbishop of Prague 1833-38).
  • Baal Shem Tov (Yisroel ben Eliezer (1698-1760), rabbi, the founder of Hasidic Judaism).
  • St. Józef Bilczewski (Roman Catholic Archbishop of Lvov, 1900-23).
  • Szymon Budny (Polish-Belarusian humanist and Arian priest).
  • St. Casimir Jagiellon (grandson of King Władysław II Jagiełło).
  • St. Adam (Albert) Chmielowski (Albertine).
  • August Czartoryski (beatified Prince).
  • Edmund Dalbor (Primate of Poland, Cardinal, 1915-26).
  • Albin Dunajewski (Bishop of Kraków, Cardinal, 1879-94).
  • Stanisław Dziwisz (Archbishop of Kraków since 2005, Cardinal).
  • Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski
  • Jacob Frank (Jewish messianic leader who merged Judaism and Christianity).
  • Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski
  • Piotr z Goniądza (religious writer).
  • Piotr Gamrat (Primate of Poland, 1541-45).
  • Józef Glemp (Primate of Poland since 1981, Cardinal).
  • Adam Stanisław Grabowski, Prince-Bishop of Warmia
  • August Hlond (Primate of Poland, 1926-48, Cardinal).
  • Stanislaus Hosius (legate to Poland, Cardinal and Prince-Bishop of Warmia).
  • St. Hyacinth (Dominican).
  • St. Jadwiga (Queen of Poland, 1384-99).
  • Henryk Jankowski (Prelate, Chaplain of "Solidarność")
  • Marian Jaworski (Polish Roman Catholic Archbishop of Lvov, since 1991, Cardinal).
  • Aleksander Kakowski (Archbishop of Warsaw, Cardinal).
  • St. Raphael Kalinowski (Carmelite).
  • St. Jan Kanty (professor at Kraków University).
  • Stanisław Karnkowski (Primate of Poland, 1581-1603; Interrex, 1586-87).
  • St. Maksymilian Maria Kolbe (Franciscan martyr, Auschwitz 1941).
  • Hugo Kołłątaj (priest, statesman).
  • St. Stanisław Kostka (Jesuit).
  • St. Faustina Kowalska (Sisters of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy).
  • Ignacy Krasicki (Primate of Poland).
  • Adam Stanisław Krasiński (Bishop of Kamieniec Podolski, 1757-98).
  • John Krol (Archbishop of Philadelphia, Cardinal, 1961-88).
  • Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski (Primate of Poland, 1866-86, Cardinal).
  • Jan Łaski (1456-1531), Primate of Poland, 1510-31.
  • Jan Łaski (1499–1560), Protestant reformer; nephew of the Primate.
  • Władysław Aleksander Łubieński (Archbishop of Lwów, 1758-59; and Primate of Poland, 1759-67; Interrex, 1763-64).
  • Franciszek Macharski (Archbishop of Kraków, 1978-2005, Cardinal).
  • Zbigniew Cardinal Oleśnicki (Bishop of Kraków, 1423-55, first Cardinal of Polish origin, since 1449, statesman).
  • Zbigniew Oleśnicki (nephew of Zbigniew Cardinal Oleśnicki; Primate of Poland, 1481-93).
  • Walenty Potocki (Count; converted to Judaism as Avrohom ben Avrohom, the Ger Tzedek of Vilna; died 1749).
  • Jan Puzyna (Bishop of Kraków, 1895-1911, Cardinal).
  • Jerzy Cardinal Radziwiłł (Bishop of Kraków, Cardinal, 1591-1600).
  • Tadeusz Rydzyk (Redemptorist).
  • St. Stanisław of Szczepanów (Bishop of Kraków, martyr 1079).
  • Adam Stefan Sapieha (Bishop/Archbishop of Kraków, Cardinal, 1911-51).
  • Piotr Skarga (Jesuit).
  • Kajetan Sołtyk (Bishop of Kiev, 1756-59; Bishop of Kraków, 1759-88).
  • Edmund Szoka (Archbishop of Detroit, Cardinal 1981-90).
  • Józef Tischner (priest, philosopher and first chaplain of the trade union "Solidarity").
  • Mikołaj Trąba (Archbishop of Gniezno, first Primate of Poland, 1418-22).
  • Jakub Uchański (Primate of Poland, 1562-81; Interrex, 1572-73 and 1574-75).
  • Piotr Wawrzyniak (priest and economist).
  • Karol Józef Wojtyla (Archbishop of Kraków, 1963-1978, Pope John Paul II, 1978-2005).
  • Stefan Wyszyński (Primate of Poland, Cardinal, 1948-81).
  • Reverend Monsignor (Wawrzyniec) Lawrence Wnuk (Protonotary Apostolic).

Assassins

]]

]]

Miscellaneous

]]]]

Models

Legendary persons

  • John of Kolno (Jan z Kolna, Johannes Scolnus or Scolvus), semi-legendary explorer and discoverer of America before Columbus (1476).
  • Pan Twardowski, semi-legendary Faust-like sorcerer; in Polish legend, the first man on the Moon.
  • Janek Wiśniewski, freedom fighter, hero of 1970 Gdynia riots.

Fiction characters

Sports

see also: list of Polish sports players

Track and field

Boxing

Chess

Fencing

Ice hockey

Skiing

Football (Soccer)

Swimming

Weightlifting

  • Waldemar Baszanowski
  • Marcin Dołęga
  • Szymon Kołecki
  • Mieczysław Nowak
  • Ireneusz Paliński
  • Agata Wróbel
  • Marian Zieliński

Others

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