List of Polish heads of state (1918–present): Wikis

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Republic of Poland

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Politics and government of
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Contents

Democratic Second Polish Republic (1918–1926)

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Naczelnik Państwa (Head of State)

# President Picture Took office Left office Notes
1 Marshal Józef Piłsudski Jozef Pilsudski1.jpg 14 November 1918 11 December 1922 Provisional Head of State
until 1919

Presidents of the Republic

# President Picture Took office Left office Notes
1 Gabriel Narutowicz Gabriel narutowicz.jpg 11 December 1922 16 December 1922 Assassinated
- Maciej Rataj Not titled as President, acted from 16 to 20 December 1922 as President of Sejm
2 Stanisław Wojciechowski Stanisław Wojciechowski.PNG 20 December 1922 14 May 1926 deposed in the May Coup
- Maciej Rataj Not titled as President, acted from 14 May to 4 June 1926 as President of Sejm

Authoritarian Second Polish Republic (1926–1939)

Inspectors-General of the Polish Armed Forces

Marshals of Poland were de facto dictators from the coup d'état on 14 May 1926 until 1939.

# President Picture Took office Left office Notes
1 Marshal Józef Piłsudski Jozef Pilsudski1.jpg 27 August 1926 12 May 1935 Died in office
2 Marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły Edward Rydz-Smigly.jpg 12 May 1935 27 October 1939 Exiled in Romania from 18 September after Poland's defeat.

President of the Republic

# President Picture Took office Left office Notes
3 Ignacy Mościcki Ignacy Moscicki.jpg 4 June 1926 30 September 1939 Exiled in Romania from 17 September after Poland's defeat.
Previously he was the surrogate ruler of Poland during the Piłsudski dictatorship following the May Coup.

Polish government-in-exile (1939–1945)

After the Nazi conquest of Poland, a Polish government-in-exile was formed under the protection of France and Britain. The government was recognized by the United Kingdom and, later, by the United States until 6 July 1945, when the Western Allies accepted Stalin's Communist government. The government in London lasted until 1990 but, without recognition, it was reduced to an honorific commettee.

The sole internationally recognized President of the exiled government was Władysław Raczkiewicz, which took office on 30 September 1939 after Ignacy Mościcki's resignation.

People's Republic of Poland (1944–1990)

First Secretaries of the Central Committee of PZPR

The Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR, Polish Workers Party until 21 December 1948) was the strongest institution in Communist Poland as founded under USSR protection on 31 December 1944 and recognized by the United States and the United Kingdom since 6 July 1945. The office of Chairman of the Central Committee was the strongest political position of the country, and Chairmen were de facto dictators of Poland until the restauration of the Presidency of the Republic in July 1989.

President of the Republic

# President Picture Took office Left office Notes
1 Bolesław Bierut Bierut1.gif 5 February 1947 20 November 1952 Previously, Head of State as President of the Presidium of the Popular Council from the restauration of the Republic on 31 December 1944.

Chairman of the Council of State of Poland

Until the year 1952, the President was also the chairman of the Council of State. The July Constitution abolished the office of president. Since then, the Council of State was the de iure collective head of state, but the First Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party were the de facto rulers.

President of the People's Republic

# President Picture Took office Left office Notes
2 Wojciech Jaruzelski Wojciech jaruzelski 2006.jpg 19 July 1989 22 December 1990 Following the Polish Round Table Agreement between PZPR and Solidarity, the Council of State was abolished and its Chairman became President for a transition period.

Third Republic of Poland (1990-Present)

President of the Republic

# President Picture Took office Left office Notes
1 Lech Wałęsa Lech walesa prezydent RP.jpg 22 December 1990 22 December 1995 First President elected by the popular vote
2 Aleksander Kwaśniewski Aleksander kwasniewski konferencja.jpg 23 December 1995 23 December 2005 First President reelected by the popular vote
3 Lech Kaczyński Lech Kaczyński.jpg 23 December 2005 Incumbent

See also


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