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List of Presidents of the Italian Republic: Wikis

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Italian Republic

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This is the list of the Presidents of the Italian Republic with the title Presidente della Repubblica since 1948. The Quirinal Palace (known in Italian as the Quirinale) in Rome is the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic. The eleven Presidents came from only five Regions: three from Campania (all born in Naples) and Piedmont, two from Sardinia (both born in Sassari) and Tuscany, and one from Liguria.

Contents

Presidents of the Italian Republic

Number Name Picture Born-Died Birthplace Took Office Left Office Party (at the time of election) [1]
1 Enrico De Nicola De Nicola ritratto.jpg 1877-1959 Naples July 1, 1946
as Provisional Head of State
January 1, 1948 [2]
May 12, 1948 Italian Liberal Party
2 Luigi Einaudi LuigiEinaud.jpg 1874-1961 Carrù,
Cuneo
May 12, 1948 May 11, 1955 Italian Liberal Party
3 Giovanni Gronchi Giovanni Gronchi.jpg 1887-1978 Pontedera,
Pisa
May 11, 1955 May 11, 1962 Christian Democracy
4 Antonio Segni Antonio Segni.jpg 1891-1972 Sassari May 11, 1962 December 6, 1964 [3] Christian Democracy
5 Giuseppe Saragat Giuseppe Saragat.jpg 1898-1988 Turin December 29, 1964 December 29, 1971 Italian Democratic Socialist Party
6 Giovanni Leone Leone303.jpg 1908-2001 Naples December 29, 1971 June 15, 1978 [4] Christian Democracy
7 Alessandro Pertini Pertini ritratto.jpg 1896-1990 Stella,
Savona
July 9, 1978 June 29, 1985 [5] Italian Socialist Party
8 Francesco Cossiga Francesco Cossiga2.jpg 1928- Sassari July 3, 1985 April 28, 1992 [6] Christian Democracy
9 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro Oscar Luigi Scalfaro.jpg 1918- Novara May 28, 1992 May 15, 1999 [7] Christian Democracy
10 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi Ciampi 2.jpg 1920- Livorno May 18, 1999 May 15, 2006 [7] No party affiliation [8]
11 Giorgio Napolitano Presidente Napolitano.jpg 1925- Naples May 15, 2006 Present Democrats of the Left; Democratic Party

Source: www.quirinale.it

Substitution of the Head of State

Sometimes in the Italian republican history, various politicians had to substitute for the Head of State who had dismissed. But only Enrico De Nicola, who was elected as Provisional Head of State by the Constitutional Assembly on June 28, 1946, had an official title and placed his residence in the Quirinal Palace. All the other men took only the powers, but not the title, of Head of State. After the adoption of the Italian Constitution in 1948, the President of the Senate is eligible to take the powers of Head of State in case of absence of the President of the Republic.

  • Enrico De Nicola, born in 1877 and died in 1959, was the only man who had the title, and not only the powers, of Provisional Head of State. He assumed the office on July 1, 1946, and became officially the President of the Republic on January 1, 1948, as ordered by the new Constitution.
  • Cesare Merzagora, born in 1898 and died in 1991, being the President of the Senate, took the provisional substitution of President Segni after his mental ictus of August 10, 1964, and the ordinary substitution after his resignation of December 6. He exercised the powers until December 29, 1964.
  • Amintore Fanfani, born in 1908 and died in 1999, being the President of the Senate, took the substitution of President Leone after his resignation for a bribery scandal on June 15, 1978. He exercised the powers until July 9, 1978.
  • Francesco Cossiga, born in 1928, being the President of the Senate, took the substitution of President Pertini on June 29, 1985, just four days before assuming the office of President of the Republic.
  • Giovanni Spadolini, born in 1925 and died in 1994, being the President of the Senate, took the substitution of President Cossiga on April 28, 1992. He exercised the powers until May 28, 1992.
  • Nicola Mancino, born in 1931, being the President of the Senate, took the substitution of President Scalfaro on May 15, 1999. He exercised the powers until May 18, 1999.

See also

References

  1. ^ Traditionally, the Presidents have not been members of any political party during their tenureship, in order to be considered above political fights.
  2. ^ He did not want to be called President of the Republic, but only Temporary Chief of State, as he had been elected by the Constituent Assembly. Nevertheless, according to the Italian Constitution approved in 1947, he assumed the title of President on January 1, 1948.
  3. ^ Resigned for illness.
  4. ^ Resigned after a bribery scandal.
  5. ^ Resigned to speed the election of the successor.
  6. ^ Resigned.
  7. ^ a b Resigned to speed the swear-in ceremony of the successor, who had already been elected.
  8. ^ He was a member of the Action Party, but the party ended its existence in 1947.

External links

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