List of Prime Ministers of Australia: Wikis

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Below is a list of Prime Ministers of Australia by name, birth date, birth place, date first elected to the Australian parliament, political party, electoral constituency, date assumed office, date left office, date left parliament (where applicable) and date of death (where applicable).

The parties shown are those to which the Prime Ministers belonged at the time they held office, and the electoral divisions shown are those they represented while in office. Several Prime Ministers belonged to parties other than those given and represented other electorates before and after their prime ministerships.

Contents

List

      Protectionist       Labor       Free Trade       Commonwealth Liberal       National Labor/Nationalist/United Australia       Country       Liberal

No. Name Born Place of Birth First elected Party Electorate Assumed office Left office Left Parliament Died Ref
1 Sir Edmund Barton Edmund Barton.PNG 18 January 1849 Sydney 29 March 1901 Protectionist Hunter, NSW 1 January 1901 24 September 1903 resigned
30 September 1903
7 January 1920 [1]
2 Alfred Deakin AlfredDeakin.jpeg 3 August 1856 Melbourne 29 March 1901 Protectionist Ballaarat, Vic1 24 September 1903 27 April 1904 (see below) (see below) [2]
3 Chris Watson ChrisWatsonSepia.jpg 9 April 1867 Valparaíso, Chile 29 March 1901 Labor Bland, NSW 27 April 1904 18 August 1904 retired
19 February 1910
18 November 1941 [3]
4 Sir George Reid Georgereid.jpg 25 February 1845 Johnstone, Renfrewshire, Scotland 29 March 1901 Free Trade East Sydney, NSW 18 August 1904 5 July 1905 resigned
24 November 1909
13 September 1918 [4]
(2) Alfred Deakin (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) 5 July 1905 13 November 1908 (see below) (see below)
5 Andrew Fisher Andrewfisher.JPG 29 August 1862 Crosshouse, East Ayrshire, Scotland 29 March 1901 Labor Wide Bay, Qld 13 November 1908 2 June 1909 (see below) (see below) [5]
(2) Alfred Deakin (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) Commonwealth Liberal (see above) 2 June 1909 29 April 1910 retired
23 April 1913
7 October 1919
(5) Andrew Fisher (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) 29 April 1910 24 June 1913 (see below) (see below)
6 Joseph Cook JosephCookPEO.jpg 7 December 1860 Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire, England 29 March 1901 Commonwealth Liberal Parramatta, NSW 24 June 1913 17 September 1914 resigned
11 November 1921
30 July 1947 [6]
(5) Andrew Fisher (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) 17 September 1914 27 October 1915 resigned
27 October 1915
22 October 1928
7 Billy Hughes Nla.ms-ms1538-10-582-e.jpg 25 September 1862 London, England 29 March 1901 Labor West Sydney, NSW 27 October 1915 14 November 1916 (see below) (see below) [7]
(7) Billy Hughes (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) National Labor (see above) 14 November 1916 17 February 1917 (see below) (see below)
(7) Billy Hughes (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) Nationalist Bendigo, Vic 17 February 1917 9 February 1923 died
28 October 1952
28 October 1952
8 Stanley Bruce Stanleybruce.jpg 15 April 1883 Melbourne 11 May 1918 Nationalist Flinders, Vic 9 February 1923 22 October 1929 lost his seat while PM 12 October 1929; re-elected 19 December 1931; resigned 6 October 1933 25 August 1967 [8]
9 James Scullin JamesSc.JPG 18 September 1876 Trawalla, Victoria 13 April 1910 Labor Yarra, Vic 22 October 1929 6 January 1932 retired
31 October 1949
28 January 1953 [9]
10 Joseph Lyons Josephlyons.jpg 15 September 1879 Circular Head, Tasmania 12 October 1929 United Australia Wilmot, Tas 6 January 1932 7 April 1939 died
7 April 1939
7 April 1939 [10]
11 Sir Earle Page EarlePage.jpg 8 August 1880 Grafton, New South Wales 13 December 1919 Country Cowper, NSW 7 April 1939 26 April 1939 defeated
9 December 1961
20 December 1961 [11]
12 Robert Menzies Robert Menzies 1930s.jpg 20 December 1894 Jeparit, Victoria 15 September 1934 United Australia Kooyong, Vic 26 April 1939 28 August 1941 (see below) (see below) [12]
13 Arthur Fadden FaddenPEO.jpg 13 April 1895 Ingham, Queensland 19 December 1936 Country Darling Downs, Qld 28 August 1941 7 October 1941 retired
14 October 1958
21 April 1973 [13]
14 John Curtin JohnCurtin.jpg 8 January 1885 Creswick, Victoria 17 November 1928 Labor Fremantle, WA 7 October 1941 5 July 1945 died
5 July 1945
5 July 1945
15 Frank Forde Frankforde.jpg 18 July 1890 Mitchell, Queensland 16 December 1922 Labor Capricornia, Qld 6 July 1945 13 July 1945 defeated
28 September 1946
28 January 1983
16 Ben Chifley Benchifley.jpg 22 September 1885 Bathurst, New South Wales 17 November 1928 Labor Macquarie, NSW 13 July 1945 19 December 1949 died
13 June 1951
13 June 1951
(12) Sir Robert Menzies (see above) (see above) (see above) (see above) Liberal (see above) 19 December 1949 26 January 1966 resigned
17 February 1966
15 May 1978
17 Harold Holt HaroldHoltPortrait1953.JPG 5 August 1908 Sydney 17 August 1935 Liberal Higgins, Vic 26 January 1966 19 December 19672 19 December 1967 disappeared on 17 December 1967, declared presumed dead on 19 December 1967
18 John McEwen Nla.pic-an23474705-v.jpg 29 March 1900 Chiltern, Victoria 15 September 1934 Country Murray, Vic 19 December 1967 10 January 1968 resigned
1 February 1971
20 November 1980
19 John Gorton JohnGorton1954.JPG 9 September 1911 Melbourne 22 February 1950 3 Liberal Higgins, Vic 10 January 1968 10 March 1971 retired
11 November 19754
19 May 2002
20 William McMahon Nla.pic-an23458756-v.jpg 23 February 1908 Sydney 10 December 1949 Liberal Lowe, NSW 10 March 1971 5 December 1972 resigned
4 January 1982
31 March 1988
21 Gough Whitlam Whitlam1955.jpg 11 July 1916 Melbourne 29 November 1952 Labor Werriwa, NSW 5 December 1972 11 November 1975 resigned
31 July 1978
-
22 Malcolm Fraser MalcolmFraser1982.JPEG 21 May 1930 Melbourne 10 December 1955 Liberal Wannon, Vic 11 November 1975 11 March 1983 resigned
31 March 1983
-
23 Bob Hawke BobHawke(cropped).jpg 9 December 1929 Bordertown, South Australia 18 October 1980 Labor Wills, Vic 11 March 1983 20 December 1991 resigned
20 February 1992
-
24 Paul Keating Paul Keating 1979.jpg 18 January 1944 Sydney 25 October 1969 Labor Blaxland, NSW 20 December 1991 11 March 1996 resigned
23 April 1996
-
25 John Howard Image-Howard2003upr.JPG 26 July 1939 Sydney 18 May 1974 Liberal Bennelong, NSW 11 March 1996 3 December 2007 lost his seat while PM
24 November 2007
-
26 Kevin Rudd KevinRuddZoom.JPG 21 September 1957 Nambour, Queensland 3 October 1998 Labor Griffith, QLD 3 December 2007 Incumbent - -

Footnotes

  1. The Electoral Division of Ballaarat was spelled with a double a until 1977.
  2. Holt went missing on 17 December 1967. On 19 December he was declared presumed dead and his commission as Prime Minister was terminated on that day. In 2005 the Victorian Coroner ruled that he had in fact drowned on 17 December.
  3. Gorton was elected to the Senate at the general election of 10 December 1949, but his term did not commence until 22 February 1950. He was appointed Prime Minister on 10 January 1968; resigned from the Senate on 1 February; and was elected to the House of Representatives at a by-election on 24 February.
  4. Gorton retired from the House of Representatives at the double dissolution of 11 November 1975, and stood for an Australian Capital Territory Senate seat as an independent at the general election of 13 December 1975, but was unsuccessful.

See also

References

  1. ^ Rutledge, Martha. "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849 - 1920)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070202b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  2. ^ Norris, R. (1981). "Deakin, Alfred (1856 - 1919)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A080275b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  3. ^ Nairn, Bede (1990). "Watson, John Christian (1867 - 1941)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A120450b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  4. ^ McMinn, W. G.. "Reid, Sir George Houstoun (1845 - 1918)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110362b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  5. ^ Murphy, D. J.. "Fisher, Andrew (1862 - 1928)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A080529b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  6. ^ Crowley, F. K.. "Cook, Sir Joseph (1860 - 1947)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A080108b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  7. ^ Fitzhardinge, L. F.. "Hughes, William Morris (Billy) (1862 - 1952)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090395b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  8. ^ Radi, Heather (1979). "Bruce, Stanley Melbourne [Viscount Bruce (1883 - 1967)"]. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A070460b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  9. ^ Robertson, J. R. (1988). "Scullin, James Henry (1876 - 1953)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110568b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  10. ^ Hart, P. R. (1986). "Lyons, Joseph Aloysius (1879 - 1939)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100181b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  11. ^ Bridge, Carl. "Page, Sir Earle Christmas Grafton (1880 - 1961)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A110127b.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-21.  
  12. ^ Martin, A. W. ({{{year}}}). "Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon (Bob) (1894 - 1978)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A150416b.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-22.  
  13. ^ Cribb, Margaret Bridson ({{{year}}}). "Fadden, Sir Arthur William (1894 - 1973)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A140134b.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-22.  

External links

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