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List of Prime Ministers of France: Wikis

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France

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
France



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Contents

Ancien Régime

Under the Ancien Régime, there was no official title for the leader of the government. The ministers of certain Kings of France nonetheless exercised lead the governmentde facto.

Portrait Name Took office Left office King
Maximilien-de-Sully.jpg Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully 1589 1610 Henry IV
Concino-Concini.jpg Concino Concini 1610 1617 Louis XIII
Cardinal Richelieu (Champaigne).jpg Cardinal Richelieu 1624 1642
Mazarin-mignard.jpg Cardinal Jules Mazarin 1642 1661
Louis XIV
absolute rule by Louis XIV 1661 1715
Guillaume Dubois.jpg Cardinal Guillaume Dubois 1715 10 August 1723
(died)
Louis XV
Philippe d'Orleans, regent, et Marie Madeleine de la Vieuville, Comtesse de Parabere (Jean-Baptiste Santerre).jpg Philippe II, Duc d'Orléans August 1723 2 December 1723
(died)
Louis IV Henri de Bourbon-Conde.jpg Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon December 1723 1726
Hyacinthe Rigaud;Cardinal Dubois.jpg Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury 1726 1743
absolute rule by Louis XV 1743 1758
Étienne-François de Choiseul.jpg Étienne François, duc de Choiseul 1758 1770
AIGUILLON (Emmanuel-Armand de Vignerot, duc d'),.jpg Emmanuel-Armand de Richelieu, duc d'Aiguillon 1771 1774
Jean-Fréderic Phélypeaux comte de Maurepas (1701-1781).jpg Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas 1774 1781 Louis XVI
Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes.jpg Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes 1781 1787
Lomeniedebrienne.jpg Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne 1787 1788
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker 1788 1789
Baron de Breteuil.jpg Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil 1789
Necker, Jacques - Duplessis.jpg Jacques Necker 1789 1790
Armand-Marc Comte de MONTMORIN-SAINT-HEREM.jpg Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin 1790 1791

First French Republic (1792-1804)

During the First French Republic periods the arrangements for the direction of the government of France changed frequently and there was no office of Prime Minister. See the relevant article for details.

First French Empire (1804-1815)

During the First French Empire periods the arrangements for the direction of the government of France changed frequently and there was no office of Prime Minister. See the relevant article for details.

Bourbon Restoration (1815-1830)

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Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
Talleyrand 01.jpg Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord,
Prince de Benevente
9 July 1815 26 September 1815 I
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1st time)
26 September 1815 29 December 1818
Dessolles.jpg Jean-Joseph, Marquis Dessolles 29 December 1818 19 November 1819 II
Élie, comte Decazes.jpg Élie, Comte Decazes 19 November 1819 20 February 1820 Constitutionalist
Armand Emmanuel Duke of Richelieu.jpg Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(2nd time)
20 February 1820 14 December 1821
Villèle.jpg Jean-Baptiste de Villèle 14 December 1821 4 January 1828 Ultra-Royalists
III
Martignac.jpg Jean-Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac 4 January 1828 8 August 1829 Ultra-Royalists IV
Jules de Polignac.jpg Jules, Prince de Polignac 8 August 1829 29 July 1830 Ultra-Royalists

July Monarchy (1830-1848)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
Position vacant 29 July 1830 13 August 1830
Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg Victor, duc de Broglie
(1st time)
13 August 1830 2 November 1830 Orléanist
Jacques Laffitte.jpg Jacques Laffitte 2 November 1830 13 March 1831 Orléanist
Perier.jpg Casimir Pierre Perier 13 March 1831 16 May 1832 Orléanist
Position vacant 16 May 1832 11 October 1832
Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Duc de Dalmatie
(1st time)
11 October 1832 18 July 1834
David Etienne Maurice Gerard.jpg Étienne Maurice, comte Gérard 18 July 1834 10 November 1834
Maret, duc de Bassano.jpg Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano 10 November 1834 18 November 1834
Mortier, Edouard.jpg Edouard Mortier, Duc de Treviso 18 November 1834 12 March 1835
Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie.jpg Victor, duc de Broglie
(2nd time)
12 March 1835 22 February 1836 Orléanist
Adolphe Thiers.jpg Adolphe Thiers
(1st time)
22 February 1836 6 September 1836 Orléanist/Parti du Mouvement
Comtemole.jpg Louis, comte Molé
(1st time)
6 September 1836 31 March 1839 Orléanist
Position vacant 31 March 1839 12 May 1839
Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Duc de Dalmatie
(2nd time)
12 May 1839 1 March 1840
Adolphe Thiers.jpg Adolphe Thiers
(2nd time)
1 March 1840 29 October 1840 Orléanist/Parti du Mouvement
Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult.jpg Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Duc de Dalmatie
(3rd time)
29 October 1840 19 September 1847
Guizot3.jpg François Guizot 19 September 1847 23 February 1848 Orléanist
Comtemole.jpg Louis, comte Molé
(2nd time)
23 February 1848 24 February 1848 Orléanist

Second French Republic (1848-1852)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
Jacques-Charles Dupont de L'Eure.jpg Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Republicans
Arago Francois portrait.jpg François Arago 10 May 1848 24 June 1848 Republicans
Cavaignac.jpg Louis-Eugène Cavaignac 28 June 1848 20 December 1848 Republicans
Barrot.jpg Odilon Barrot 20 December 1848 31 October 1849 Parti de l'Ordre
Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul.jpg Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul 31 October 1849 10 April 1851 Parti de l'Ordre
Leon-Faucher.jpg Léon Faucher 10 April 1851 26 October 1851 Parti de l'Ordre
Position vacant 26 October 1851 2 December 1852

Second French Empire (1852-1870)

Cabinet Chiefs

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
Position vacant 2 December 1852 27 December 1869 I, II, III
Ministerpräsident Ollivier.JPG Émile Ollivier 27 December 1869 9 August 1870 Bonapartist IV
Palikao.jpg Charles Cousin-Montauban,
Comte de Palikao
9 August 1870 4 September 1870 Bonapartist

Third French Republic (1870-1940)

President of the Government of National Defense

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
Trochu.jpg Louis Jules Trochu 4 September 1870 18 January 1871 Military

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(1st time)
19 February 1871 24 May 1873 Independent (ex-monarchist)
Debrogli.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie
(1st time)
25 May 1873 22 May 1874 Monarchist
Cissey.jpg Ernest Courtot de Cissey 22 May 1874 10 March 1875 Conservative
Buffet.jpg Louis Buffet 10 March 1875 23 February 1876 Monarchist
Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(2nd time)
23 February 1876 12 December 1876 Independent (ex-monarchist)
Jules Simon 2.jpg Jules Simon 12 December 1876 17 May 1877 Left Republican
Debrogli.jpg Albert, duc de Broglie
(2nd time)
17 May 1877 23 November 1877 Monarchist
Rochebouët.jpg Gaëtan de Rochebouët 23 November 1877 13 December 1877 Conservative
Dufaure.jpg Jules Armand Dufaure
(3rd time)
13 December 1877 4 February 1879 Independent (ex-monarchist)
Waddington.jpg William Waddington 4 February 1879 28 December 1879 Independent (ex-monarchist)
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(1st time)
28 December 1879 23 September 1880 Opportunist Republican
Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
(1st time)
23 September 1880 14 November 1881 Left Republican
LéonGambetta.jpg Léon Gambetta 14 November 1881 30 January 1882 Opportunist Republican
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(2nd time)
30 January 1882 7 August 1882 Opportunist Republican
Duclerc.jpg Charles Duclerc 7 August 1882 29 January 1883 Left Republican
Armand Fallieres.jpg Armand Fallières 29 January 1883 21 February 1883 Left Republican
Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
(2nd time)
21 February 1883 6 April 1885 Left Republican
Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson
(1st time)
6 April 1885 7 January 1886 Radical Republican
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(3rd time)
7 January 1886 16 December 1886 Opportunist Republican
Goblet.jpg René Goblet 16 December 1886 30 May 1887 Radical Republican
Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier
(1st time)
30 May 1887 12 December 1887 Opportunist Republican
Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard
(1st time)
12 December 1887 3 April 1888 Left Republican
Floquet.jpg Charles Floquet 3 April 1888 22 February 1889 Radical Republican
Tirard.jpg Pierre Tirard
(2nd time)
22 February 1889 17 March 1890 Left Republican
Freycinet2.jpg Charles de Freycinet
(4th time)
17 March 1890 27 February 1892 Left Republican
Emile Loubet.jpg Émile Loubet 27 February 1892 6 December 1892 Left Republican
Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(1st time)
6 December 1892 4 April 1893 Left Republican
Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(1st time)
4 April 1893 3 December 1893 Left Republican
Jean Casimir-Perier.jpg Jean Casimir-Perier 3 December 1893 30 May 1894 Left Republican
Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(2nd time)
30 May 1894 26 January 1895 Left Republican
Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(2nd time)
26 January 1895 1 November 1895 Left Republican
Bourgeoi.jpg Léon Bourgeois 1 November 1895 29 April 1896 Radical Republican
Meline.jpg Jules Méline 29 April 1896 28 June 1898 Left Republican
Brisson.jpg Henri Brisson
(2nd time)
28 June 1898 1 November 1898 Radical Republican
Dupuy.jpg Charles Dupuy
(3rd time)
1 November 1898 22 June 1899 Left Republican
Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau by Nadar.jpg Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau 22 June 1899 7 June 1902 Democratic Republican Alliance
Combes.jpg Émile Combes 7 June 1902 24 January 1905 Radical Socialist Party
Rouvier.jpg Maurice Rouvier
(2nd time)
24 January 1905 12 March 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
Sarrien.jpg Ferdinand Sarrien 12 March 1906 25 October 1906 Radical Socialist Party
Georges Clemenceau Nadar.jpg Georges Clemenceau
(1st time)
25 October 1906 24 July 1909 Radical Socialist Party
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(1st time)
24 July 1909 2 March 1911 Republican-Socialist Party
Monis.jpg Ernest Monis 2 March 1911 27 June 1911 Radical Socialist Party
Caillaux.jpg Joseph Caillaux 27 June 1911 21 January 1912 Radical Socialist Party
Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(1st time)
21 January 1912 21 January 1913 Democratic Republican Party
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(2nd time)
21 January 1913 22 March 1913 Republican-Socialist Party
Louis Barthou 01.jpg Louis Barthou 22 March 1913 9 December 1913 Democratic Republican Party
Gaston Doumergue.jpg Gaston Doumergue
(1st time)
9 December 1913 9 June 1914 Radical Socialist Party
Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(3rd time)
9 June 1914 13 June 1914 Democratic Republican Party
Viviani.jpg René Viviani 13 June 1914 29 October 1915 Republican-Socialist Party
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(3rd time)
29 October 1915 20 March 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
Ribot.jpg Alexandre Ribot
(4th time)
20 March 1917 12 September 1917 Democratic Republican Party
Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé
(1st time)
12 September 1917 16 November 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
Georges Clemenceau Nadar.jpg Georges Clemenceau
(2nd time)
16 November 1917 20 January 1920 Radical Socialist Party
Alexandre Millerand, 12e président de la République française.jpg Alexandre Millerand 20 January 1920 24 September 1920 Independent (moderate)
Georges Leygues 24 September 1920 16 January 1921 Democratic Republican Party
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(4th time)
16 January 1921 15 January 1922 Republican-Socialist Party
Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(2nd time)
15 January 1922 8 June 1924 Democratic Alliance
Francois-marchal.jpg Frédéric François-Marsal 8 June 1924 15 June 1924 Republican Federation
Herriot.JPG Édouard Herriot
(1st time)
15 June 1924 17 April 1925 Radical Socialist Party
Paul Painlevé 01.jpg Paul Painlevé
(2nd time)
17 April 1925 28 November 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(5th time)
28 November 1925 20 July 1926 Republican-Socialist Party
Herriot.JPG Édouard Herriot
(2nd time)
20 July 1926 23 July 1926 Radical Socialist Party
Poincare larger.jpg Raymond Poincaré
(3rd time)
23 July 1926 29 July 1929 Democratic Alliance
Aristide Briand 2.jpg Aristide Briand
(6th time)
29 July 1929 2 November 1929 Republican-Socialist Party
Tardieu.jpg André Tardieu
(1st time)
2 November 1929 21 February 1930 Democratic Alliance
Camille Chautemps.jpg Camille Chautemps
(1st time)
21 February 1930 2 March 1930 Radical Socialist Party
Tardieu.jpg André Tardieu
(2nd time)
2 March 1930 13 December 1930 Democratic Alliance
Steeg.jpg Théodore Steeg 13 December 1930 27 January 1931 Radical Socialist Party
Laval-shot0038 cropped.png Pierre Laval
(1st time)
27 January 1931 20 February 1932 Independent (conservative)
Tardieu.jpg André Tardieu
(3rd time)
20 February 1932 3 June 1932 Democratic Alliance
Herriot.JPG Édouard Herriot
(3rd time)
3 June 1932 18 December 1932 Radical Socialist Party
Joseph Paul-Boncour 18 December 1932 31 January 1933 Republican-Socialist Party
Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(1st time)
31 January 1933 26 October 1933 Radical Socialist Party
Albert Sarraut.jpg Albert Sarraut
(1st time)
26 October 1933 26 November 1933 Radical Socialist Party
Camille Chautemps.jpg Camille Chautemps
(2nd time)
26 November 1933 30 January 1934 Radical Socialist Party
Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(2nd time)
30 January 1934 9 February 1934 Radical Socialist Party
Gaston Doumergue.jpg Gaston Doumergue
(2nd time)
9 February 1934 8 November 1934 Radical Socialist Party
Flandin.jpg Pierre-Étienne Flandin 8 November 1934 1 June 1935 Democratic Alliance
Fernand Bouisson.jpg Fernand Bouisson 1 June 1935 7 June 1935 Republican-Socialist Party
Laval-shot0038 cropped.png Pierre Laval
(2nd time)
7 June 1935 24 January 1936 Independent (conservative)
Albert Sarraut.jpg Albert Sarraut
(2nd time)
24 January 1936 4 June 1936 Radical Socialist Party
Léon Blum reading.jpg Léon Blum
(1st time)
4 June 1936 22 June 1937 French Section of the Workers' International (Popular Front)
Camille Chautemps.jpg Camille Chautemps
(3rd time)
22 June 1937 13 March 1938 Radical Socialist Party (Popular Front)
Léon Blum reading.jpg Léon Blum
(2nd time)
13 March 1938 10 April 1938 French Section of the Workers' International (Popular Front)
Daladier.jpg Édouard Daladier
(3rd time)
10 April 1938 21 March 1940 Radical Socialist Party
Paul Reynaud 21 March 1940 16 June 1940 Democratic Alliance
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H25217, Pétain, edit-1.jpg Philippe Pétain 16 June 1940 11 July 1940 Military

Vichy France (1940-1944)

Presidents and Vice-Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Portrait President Vice-President Took office Left office
Pétain (right)
Laval-shot0038.png
Laval (left)
Philippe Pétain Pierre Laval 11 July 1940 13 December 1940
Pierre-Étienne Flandin 13 December 1940 9 February 1941
François Darlan 9 February 1941 18 April 1942
Pierre Laval position abolished 18 April 1942 17 August 1944

As Pétain was both Head of State and nominal Head of Government between 1940 and 1942, the de facto Head of Government of Vichy France, between 1940 and 1942, was known as Vice-President of the Council. Pierre Laval (July–December 1940), Pierre-Étienne Flandin (1940–1941) and François Darlan (1941–1942) served successively as Vice-President of the Council. The post of Vice-President was abolished in 1942 when Laval returned to power, and assumed the nominal position of President of the Council.

Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944-1947)

Chairmen of the Provisional Government

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party
De Gaulle-OWI.jpg Charles de Gaulle 20 August 1944 26 January 1946 Independent
Félix Gouin 26 January 1946 24 June 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
Georges Bidault 24 June 1946 28 November 1946 Popular Republican Movement
VincentAuriol.png Vincent Auriol
(interim)
28 November 1946 16 December 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
Léon Blum reading.jpg Léon Blum 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 French Section of the Workers' International

Fourth French Republic (1947-1958)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
Paul Ramadier 22 January 1947 24 November 1947 French Section of the Workers' International I
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman
(1st time)
24 November 1947 24 July 1948 Popular Republican Movement
André Marie 24 July 1948 2 September 1948 Radical Socialist Party
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-19000-2453, Robert Schuman.jpg Robert Schuman
(2nd time)
2 September 1948 11 September 1948 Popular Republican Movement
Henri Queuille
(1st time)
11 September 1948 28 October 1949 Radical Socialist Party
Georges Bidault 28 October 1949 2 July 1950 Popular Republican Movement
Henri Queuille
(2nd time)
2 July 1950 12 July 1950 Radical Socialist Party
René Pleven
(1st time)
12 July 1950 10 March 1951 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
Henri Queuille
(3rd time)
10 March 1951 11 August 1951 Radical Socialist Party
René Pleven
(2nd time)
11 August 1951 20 January 1952 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance II
Edgarfaure.jpg Edgar Faure
(1st time)
20 January 1952 8 March 1952 Radical Socialist Party
Pinay.jpg Antoine Pinay 8 March 1952 8 January 1953 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
Rene mayer.jpg René Mayer 8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Radical Party
Laniel.jpg Joseph Laniel 28 June 1953 19 June 1954 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
Pierre Mendès France.jpg Pierre Mendès France 19 June 1954 17 February 1955 Radical Socialist Party
Christian Pineau
(acting)
17 February 1955 23 February 1955 French Section of the Workers International
Edgarfaure.jpg Edgar Faure
(2nd time)
23 February 1955 1 February 1956 Radical Socialist Party
Guymollet.jpg Guy Mollet 1 February 1956 13 June 1957 French Section of the Workers' International III
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury 13 June 1957 6 November 1957 Radical Socialist Party
Félix Gaillard 6 November 1957 14 May 1958 Radical Socialist Party
Pflimlin.jpg Pierre Pflimlin 14 May 1958 1 June 1958 Popular Republican Movement
Charles de Gaulle-1963.jpg Charles de Gaulle 1 June 1958 8 January 1959 Union for the New Republic

Fifth French Republic (1958-Present)

This was the first time when the term Prime Minister was used, rather than President of the Council of Ministers, reflecting the new power-sharing with the President of the Republic, who had before then been only head of state but not head of government.

Prime ministers

Portrait Name Took office Left office Political Party Legislature
Michel Debré.jpg Michel Debré 8 January 1959 14 April 1962 Union for the New Republic I
Georges Pompidou - Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F020538-0006.jpg Georges Pompidou 14 April 1962 10 July 1968 Union for the New Republic
II
III
Maurice Couve de Murville.jpg Maurice Couve de Murville 10 July 1968 20 June 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic IV
Jacques Chaban-Delmas.jpg Jacques Chaban-Delmas 20 June 1969 6 July 1972 Union of Democrats for the Republic
Pierre Messmer01.JPG Pierre Messmer 6 July 1972 27 May 1974 Union of Democrats for the Republic
V
Jacques Chirac mid-eighties.jpg Jacques Chirac
(1st time)
27 May 1974 26 August 1976 Union of Democrats for the Republic
Raymond Barre 1977-4.jpg Raymond Barre 26 August 1976 21 May 1981 Independent
Union for French Democracy VI
Pierre Mauroy 1990.jpg Pierre Mauroy 21 May 1981 17 July 1984 Socialist Party VII
Laurent Fabius - Royal & Zapatero's meeting in Toulouse for the 2007 French presidential election 0538 2007-04-19.jpg Laurent Fabius 17 July 1984 20 March 1986 Socialist Party
Jacques Chirac mid-eighties.jpg Jacques Chirac
(2nd time)
20 March 1986 10 May 1988 Rally for the Republic VIII
Michel Rocard16.JPG Michel Rocard 10 May 1988 15 May 1991 Socialist Party IX
Edith Cresson EC.jpg Édith Cresson 15 May 1991 2 April 1992 Socialist Party
Bérégovoy.jpg Pierre Bérégovoy 2 April 1992 29 March 1993 Socialist Party
Édouard Balladur and Raymond Barre (cropped).jpg Édouard Balladur 29 March 1993 18 May 1995 Rally for the Republic X
Alain Juppé.jpg Alain Juppé 18 May 1995 3 June 1997 Rally for the Republic
Delanoe Zenith 2008 02 27 n19.jpg Lionel Jospin 3 June 1997 6 May 2002 Socialist Party XI
Jean-Pierre Raffarin & Benjamin Kurtz-crop.jpg Jean-Pierre Raffarin 6 May 2002 31 May 2005 Union for a Popular Movement XII
Villepin.jpg Dominique de Villepin 31 May 2005 17 May 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
François Fillon - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2008.jpg François Fillon 17 May 2007 Incumbent Union for a Popular Movement XIII

See also

External links


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