List of Prime Ministers of Hungary: Wikis

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Prime Minister of Hungary
miniszterelnök
Flag of Hungary.svg
Flag of Hungary
Incumbent
Gordon Bajnai

since 14 April 2009
Appointer László Sólyom
as the Head of State
Term length four years
Inaugural holder Lajos Batthyány
Formation 17 March 1848
Website The Prime Minister's Office

The Prime Minister of Hungary (Hungarian: miniszterelnök) is the head of government in Hungarian politics. He or she is the leader of a political coalition in the Hungarian parliament (the Országgyűlés) and the leader of the cabinet.

Hungary

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Politics and government of
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Contents

Election and appointment of the Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is officially appointed by the President of Hungary. According to the Hungarian Constitution, the President shall appoint the leader of the political party with the majority of the votes in the Parliament as Prime Minister. If there is no party with a majority, the leader of the largest party is asked to attempt to form a government. Therefore, the election of members of a certain party to parliament is the equivalent to a vote for that party's leader for Prime Minister.

History of the office

The first government of Hungary
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Palatine of Hungary

The palatine (Latin: comes palatii, comes palatinus, later palatinus (regni), Hungarian: nádorispán/ nádor, Slovak: nádvorný župan/ nádvorný špán, later: palatín / nádvorník, German: Palatin) was the highest dignitary in the Kingdom of Hungary after the king (a kind of powerful Prime Minister and supreme judge) from the kingdom's rise up to 1848/1918.

Initially, he was in fact the representative of the king, later the vice-regent (viceroy). In the early centuries of the kingdom, he was appointed by the king, later elected by the Diet of the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Habsburgs solidified their hold of Hungary, the dignity became an appointed position once again. Finally, it became hereditary in a cadet (junior) branch of the Habsburg dynasty after King Francis appointed his brother Joseph.

Creation of the position

During the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 the revolutionaries wanted the creation of a Hungarian cabinet which would be independent from the Austrian Empire and the Buda Chancellery (which was office of the Imperial Governor-General). One of the 12 points said: 2. A responsible government in Buda-Pest.

Ferdinand V appointed Count Lajos Batthyány for the position of Prime Minister of Hungary on 17 March 1848. The government was called ministry, differently from the current acceptation. The ministries were called departments. The position was vacant after the defeat of the freedom fight.

List of Heads of Government of Hungary (1848-Present)

Hungarian Revolution of 1848

Parties       Opposition Party       Independent

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Barabas-batthyany.jpg Lajos Batthyány 17 March 1848 2 October 1848 Opposition Party
Ádám Récsey 3 October 1848 26 November 1848 Independent
Kossuth-Photo.jpg Lajos Kossuth
as the President of the OHB
26 November 1848 1 May 1849 Opposition Party
SzemereBertalan.jpg Bertalan Szemere 2 May 1849 11 August 1849

After the collapse of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Hungary became an integral part of the Austrian Empire until 1867, when dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was created.

Kingdom of Hungary in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (1867-1918)

Parties       Deák Party       Liberal Party       Constitution Party/Party of National Work/Constitution Party of 48       Independent

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Benczur-andrassy gyula.jpg Gyula Andrássy 17 February 1867 14 November 1871 Deák Party
Lónyay Menyhért.jpg Menyhért Lónyay 14 November 1871 4 December 1872
Szlavy Jozsef.jpg József Szlávy 4 December 1872 1 March 1874
Bitto Istvan.jpg István Bittó 1 March 1874 2 March 1875
Wenckheim Bela.jpg Béla Wenckheim 2 March 1875 20 October 1875 Liberal Party
Tisza Kálmán Horowitz.jpg Kálmán Tisza 20 October 1875 13 March 1890
Szapáry Gyula Koller.jpg Gyula Szapáry 13 March 1890 17 November 1892
Wekerle Sándor Benczúr.jpg Sándor Wekerle 17 November 1892 14 January 1895
Bánffy Dezső Ellinger.jpg Dezső Bánffy 14 January 1895 26 February 1899
Széll Kálmán.jpg Kálmán Széll 26 February 1899 27 June 1903
Khuen-Héderváry Károly.jpg Károly Khuen-Héderváry 27 June 1903 3 November 1903
Istvan Tisza.jpg István Tisza 3 November 1903 18 June 1905
Fejérváry Géza Ellinger.jpg Géza Fejérváry 18 June 1905 8 April 1906 Independent
Wekerle Sándor Benczúr.jpg Sándor Wekerle 8 April 1906 17 January 1910 Constitution Party
Khuen-Héderváry Károly.jpg Károly Khuen-Héderváry 17 January 1910 22 April 1912 Party of National Work
Lukacs.jpg László Lukács 22 April 1912 10 June 1913
Istvan Tisza.jpg István Tisza 10 June 1913 15 June 1917
Esterházy.jpg Móric Esterházy 15 June 1917 20 August 1917 Constitution Party of 48
Wekerle Sándor Benczúr.jpg Sándor Wekerle 20 August 1917 31 October 1918
Hadik Janos.jpg János Hadik 31 October 1918 1 November 1918

Hungarian Democratic Republic (1918-1919)

Parties       Independence Party       Civil Radical Party

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Karolyi.jpg Mihály Károlyi
also Head of State
1 November 1918 11 January 1919 Independence Party
Berinkey Dénes.jpg Dénes Berinkey
Acting until 19 January
11 January 1919 22 March 1919 Civil Radical Party

Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)

Parties       Socialist Party of Hungary       MSZDP

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Garbai Kalló Kiskunhalas.JPG Sándor Garbai 22 March 1919 23 June 1919 Socialist Party of Hungary
Antal Dovcsák 24 June 1919 1 August 1919
Peidl.jpg Gyula Peidl
also acting Head of State
1 August 1919 6 August 1919 MSZDP

Counter-Revolutionary Governments (1919)

Parties       Independent

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Gyula Károlyi 5 May 1919 12 July 1919 Independent
Dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám 12 July 1919 12 August 1919 National Government

Romanian Occupation (1919-1920)

Parties       KNEP

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Friedrich.JPG István Friedrich
also Head of State from 23 October
7 August 1919 24 November 1919 Independent → KNEP
Huszar Karoly.jpg Károly Huszár
also Head of State
24 November 1919 1 March 1920 KNEP

Kingdom of Hungary (Regency)

Parties       KNEP       Unity Party       Party of National Unity       Party of Hungarian Life       Independent

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Sándor Simonyi-Semadam 14 March 1920 19 July 1920 KNEP
Pál Teleki 4th World Scout Jamboree Gödöllő.jpg Pál Teleki 19 July 1920 14 April 1921
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10737, Graf István Bethlen.jpg István Bethlen 14 April 1921 19 August 1931 KNEP → Unity Party
Gyula Károlyi 19 August 1931 4 October 1932 Unity Party
Gombos Gyula.png Gyula Gömbös 4 October 1932 6 October 1936 Party of National Unity
Kálmán Darányi 12 October 1936 14 May 1938
Bela Imredy.jpg Béla Imrédy 14 May 1938 16 February 1939
Pál Teleki 4th World Scout Jamboree Gödöllő.jpg Pál Teleki 16 February 1939 3 April 1941 Party of Hungarian Life
László Bárdossy 3 April 1941 7 March 1942
Miklós Kállay 9 March 1942 23 March 1944
HorthySztojay.jpg Döme Sztójay
appointed by the Germans
23 March 1944 29 August 1944 Independent
Géza Lakatos 29 August 1944 16 October 1944

Hungarian State (1944-1945)

Parties       Arrow Cross Party

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Szalasioath.jpg Ferenc Szálasi
de facto
also Head of State (Leader of the Nation)
16 October 1944 28 March 1945 Arrow Cross Party

Soviet Backed Provisional Governments (1944-1946)

Parties       Independent       FKGP

Picture Name From Until Political Party
B Miklos.jpg Béla Dálnoki Miklós
in opposition to 13 February 1945
22 December 1944 15 November 1945 Independent
Zoltán Tildy 15 November 1945 1 February 1946 FKGP

Hungarian Republic (1946-1949)

Parties       FKGP       MKP-MDP

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Rakosi Matyas.jpg Mátyás Rákosi
Interim
1 February 1946 4 February 1946 MKP
Ferenc Nagy 4 February 1946 31 May 1947 FKGP
Rakosi Matyas.jpg Mátyás Rákosi
Interim
31 May 1947 MKP
Lajos Dinnyés 31 May 1947 10 December 1948 FKGP
István Dobi 10 December 1948 20 August 1949 FKGPMDP

People's Republic of Hungary (1949-1989)

Chairman of the Council of Ministers

Parties       MDP-MSZMP

Picture Name From Until Political Party
István Dobi 20 August 1949 14 August 1952 MDP
Rakosi Matyas.jpg Mátyás Rákosi 14 August 1952 4 July 1953
NagyImreUNJ.jpg Imre Nagy 4 July 1953 18 April 1955
András Hegedüs 18 April 1955 24 October 1956
NagyImreUNJ.jpg Imre Nagy 24 October 1956 4 November 1956
János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg János Kádár 4 November 1956 28 January 1958 MSZMP
Ferenc Münnich 28 January 1958 13 September 1961
János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg János Kádár 13 September 1961 30 June 1965
Gyula Kállai 30 June 1965 14 April 1967
Fock Jenő.jpg Jenő Fock 14 April 1967 15 May 1975
Lázár György.jpg György Lázár 15 May 1975 25 June 1987
Károly Grósz 25 June 1987 23 November 1988
Nemeth.gif Miklós Németh 23 November 1988 23 October 1989

Republic of Hungary (1989-Present)

Parties       MSZMP-MSZP       Fidesz       MDF

Picture Name From Until Political Party
Nemeth.gif Miklós Németh 23 October 1989 23 May 1990 MSZMP
Antalljozsef000.jpg József Antall 23 May 1990 12 December 1993 MDF
Boross.jpg Péter Boross
Acting until 21 December
12 December 1993 15 July 1994
Gyula Horn (2007).jpg Gyula Horn 15 July 1994 6 July 1998 MSZP
Orban viktor00.jpg Viktor Orbán 6 July 1998 27 May 2002 Fidesz
Medgyessypéter.JPG Péter Medgyessy 27 May 2002 29 September 2004 Independent, supported by MSZP-SZDSZ
Gyurcsany Ferenc-mszp-2-croped.jpg Ferenc Gyurcsány 29 September 2004 14 April 2009 MSZP
Bajnai Jerusalem.jpg Gordon Bajnai 14 April 2009 Incumbent
Term expires: 2010
Independent, supported by MSZP-SZDSZ

Living former Prime Ministers

Name Term Date of birth
György Lázár 1975–1987 15 September 1924
Miklós Németh 1988–1990 24 January 1948
Péter Boross 1993–1994 27 August 1928
Gyula Horn 1994–1998 5 July 1932
Viktor Orbán 1998–2002 31 May 1963
Péter Medgyessy 2002–2004 19 October 1942
Ferenc Gyurcsány 2004–2009 4 June 1961

See also


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