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Israel

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This is a list of Prime Ministers of Israel since the establishment of that country in 1948.

Prime Ministers of Israel (1948-Present)

A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon has served solely as an Interim Prime Minister. The other two who have served as Interim Prime Minister have gone on to become the Prime Minister.

# Name Term start Term end Political Party
1. David Ben-Gurion 14 May 1948 26 January 1954 Mapai
2. Moshe Sharett 26 January 1954 3 November 1955 Mapai
2nd term David Ben-Gurion 3 November 1955 26 June 1963 Mapai
3. Levi Eshkol 1 2 26 June 1963 26 February 1969 Mapai

Alignment (from 12 January 1966)

Interim PM Yigal Allon 2 26 February 1969 17 March 1969 Alignment
4. Golda Meir 17 March 1969 3 June 1974 Alignment
5. Yitzhak Rabin 3 3 June 1974 20 June 1977 Alignment
6. Menachem Begin 20 June 1977 10 October 1983 Likud
7. Yitzhak Shamir 10 October 1983 13 September 1984 Likud
8. Shimon Peres 4 13 September 1984 20 October 1986 Alignment
2nd term Yitzhak Shamir 4 20 October 1986 13 July 1992 Likud
2nd term Yitzhak Rabin 5 13 July 1992 4 November 1995 Labour
Interim PM Shimon Peres 5 4 November 1995 22 November 1995 Labour
2nd term Shimon Peres 5 22 November 1995 18 June 1996 Labour
9. Benjamin Netanyahu 18 June 1996 6 July 1999 Likud
10. Ehud Barak 6 July 1999 7 March 2001 One Israel/Labour
11. Ariel Sharon 6 7 March 2001 14 April 2006 (Incapacitated from 4 January 2006) Likud

Kadima (from 21 November 2005)

Interim PM Ehud Olmert 7 14 April 2006 (Acting from 4 January 2006) 4 May 2006 Kadima
12. Ehud Olmert 8 4 May 2006 31 March 2009 8 Kadima
2nd term Benjamin Netanyahu 31 March 2009 Present Likud

1 In 1965 Mapai merged with Ahdut HaAvoda to form the Labour Alignment, later renamed Alignment.

2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as acting prime minister until he was replaced by Meir.

3 Rabin resigned and called for early elections in December 1976. After he was re-elected as the Alignment's leader, he resigned as candidate for the upcoming elections on 7 April 1977, but continued to serve as prime minister until Begin's first government was formed.

4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of prime minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as prime minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became prime minister again.

5 Rabin was assassinated while in office. Shimon Peres served as acting PM until 22 November 1995.

6 On 21 November 2005, PM Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.

7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on 4 January 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Hebrew: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה בפועל‎) from 4 January [1] to 14 April, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." Basic Law: the Governmet 2001, section 16b In Sharon's case, this occurred on 14 April 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister.[2]

8 Olmert officially resigned on 21 September 2008. With this his cabinet became an interim government, and he was the "interim" prime minister until the establishment of a new governing coalition (he was officially the prime minister, however, the government under him was an interim government, in this case). [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Knesset, Governments of Israel
  2. ^ Basic Law: The Government (2001) Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2001
  3. ^ Mazal Mualem, Shahar Ilan, Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondents, and The Associated Press (2008-09-21). "Olmert formally submits his resignation to Peres". Haaretz. http://haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1023052.html. Retrieved 2008-09-21.  
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