List of Prime Ministers of Japan: Wikis

  
  

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Yukio Hatoyama was appointed Prime Minister in September 2009

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Japan, including those of the Empire of Japan, from when the first Japanese prime minister (in the modern sense), Hirobumi Itō, took office in 1885, until the present day. The office is currently held by Yukio Hatoyama.

Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (administration number) and the second column counts individuals. For example, Yasuo Fukuda, is listed as the 58th individual to hold the office of prime minister, whilst his first cabinet is the 91st since Hirobumi Itō.

To avoid confusion, all the names on this list follow the Western convention (given name first, family name second) for consistency.

Contents

Color key
(for political party)

      None
      Kenseitō - Kenseikai
      Rikken Seiyūkai
      Rikken Minseitō
      Military
      Rikken Dōshikai
      Taisei Yokusankai
      The Imperial Family
      Liberal
      Social Democratic
      Democratic - Japan Democratic
      Liberal Democratic
      Japan New
      Renewal
      Democratic

Prime Ministers of the Empire of Japan

Meiji period (1868-1912)

Prime Ministers under the Meiji Emperor

A# I# Portrait Name Term of office Elections Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji Took Office Left Office
1 1 Itô Hirobumi.jpg Hirobumi Itō
(1st term)
伊藤 博文 22 December 1885 30 April 1888 None
2 2 Kiyotaka Kuroda 2.jpg Kiyotaka Kuroda 黒田 清隆 30 April 1888 25 October 1889[1] None
- - Sanetomi Sanjo formal cropped.jpg Sanetomi Sanjō[2]
(stopgap Cabinet)
三條 實美 25 October 1889 24 December 1889 None
3 3 Aritomo Yamagata 3.jpg Aritomo Yamagata
(1st term)
山縣 有朋 24 December 1889 6 May 1891 1890 None
4 4 Masayoshi Matsukata suit.jpg Masayoshi Matsukata
(1st term)
松方 正義 6 May 1891 8 August 1892 1892 None
5 - Itô Hirobumi.jpg Hirobumi Itō
(2nd term)
伊藤 博文 8 August 1892 31 August 1896[3] Mar. 1894
Sept. 1894
None
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Kiyotaka Kuroda (黒田 清隆) was the Acting Prime Minister.
6 - Masayoshi Matsukata suit.jpg Masayoshi Matsukata
(2nd term)
松方 正義 18 September 1896 12 January 1898 None
7 - Itô Hirobumi.jpg Hirobumi Itō
(3rd term)
伊藤 博文 12 January 1898 30 June 1898 Mar. 1898 None
8 5 Shgenobu Ohkuma blacktie.jpg Shigenobu Ōkuma
(1st term)
大隈 重信 30 June 1898 8 November 1898 Sept. 1898 Kenseitō
(Constitutional Party)
9 - Aritomo Yamagata 3.jpg Aritomo Yamagata
(2nd term)
山縣 有朋 8 November 1898 19 October 1900 None
10 - Itô Hirobumi.jpg Hirobumi Itō
(4th term)
伊藤 博文 19 October 1900 10 May 1901[3] Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
During this interval, Privy Council Chairman Kinmochi Saionji (西園寺 公望) was the Acting Prime Minister.
11 6 Taro Katsura suit.jpg Tarō Katsura
(1st term)
桂 太郎 2 June 1901 7 January 1906 1902
1903
1904
None
(Retired General)
12 7 PM Kinmochi Saionji cropped.jpg Kinmochi Saionji
(1st term)
西園寺 公望 7 January 1906 14 July 1908 1908 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
13 - Taro Katsura suit.jpg Tarō Katsura
(2nd term)
桂 太郎 14 July 1908 30 August 1911 None
(Retired General)
14 - PM Kinmochi Saionji cropped.jpg Kinmochi Saionji
(2nd term)
西園寺 公望 30 August 1911 21 December 1912 1912 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)

Taishō period (1912-1926)

Prime Ministers under the Taishō Emperor

A# I# Portrait Name Term of office Elections Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji Took Office Left Office
15 - Taro Katsura suit.jpg Tarō Katsura
(3rd term)
桂 太郎 21 December 1912 20 February 1913 None
(Retired General)
16 8 Gonbee Yamamoto later years cropped.jpg Gonbee Yamamoto
(1st term)
山本 權兵衞 20 February 1913 16 April 1914 Military
(Navy)
17 - Shgenobu Ohkuma blacktie.jpg Shigenobu Ōkuma
(2nd term)
大隈 重信 16 April 1914 9 October 1916 1915 Rikken Dōshikai
(Constitutional Association of Friends)
18 9 Masatake Terauchi uniform.jpg Masatake Terauchi 寺內 正毅 9 October 1916 29 September 1918 1917 Military
(Army)
19 10 Takashi Hara posing cropped.jpg Takashi Hara 原 敬 29 September 1918 4 November 1921[4] 1920 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
During this interval, Foreign Minister Yasuya Uchida (内田 康哉) was the Acting Prime Minister.
20 11 Takahashi korekiyo giving an address cropped.jpg Korekiyo Takahashi 高橋 是清 13 November 1921 12 June 1922 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
21 12 Kato cropped.jpg Tomosaburō Katō 加藤 友三郎 12 June 1922 24 August 1923[5] Military
(Navy)
During this interval, Foreign Minister Yasuya Uchida (内田 康哉) was the Acting Prime Minister.
22 - Gonbee Yamamoto later years cropped.jpg Gonbee Yamamoto
(2nd term)
山本 權兵衞 2 September 1923 7 January 1924 Military
(Navy)
23 13 Kiyoura Keigo.jpg Keigo Kiyoura 清浦 奎吾 7 January 1924 11 June 1924 1924 None
24 14 Takaaki Kato suit.jpg Takaaki Katō 加藤 高明 11 June 1924 2 August 1925[6] Kenseikai
(Constitutional Party)
2 August 1925 28 January 1926[5] Kenseikai
(Constitutional Party)
During this interval, Interior Minister Reijirō Wakatsuki (若槻 禮次郎) was the Acting Prime Minister.
25 15 Reijiro Wakatsuki posing cropped.jpg Reijirō Wakatsuki
(1st term)
若槻 禮次郎 30 January 1926 20 April 1927 Kenseikai
(Constitutional Party)

Shōwa period (1926-1947)

Prime Ministers under the Shōwa Emperor

A# I# Portrait Name Term of office Elections Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji Took Office Left Office
26 16 Giichi Tanaka posing cropped.jpg Giichi Tanaka 田中 義一 20 April 1927 2 July 1929 1928 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
27 17 Osachi Hamaguchi posing cropped.jpg Osachi Hamaguchi 濱口 雄幸 2 July 1929 14 April 1931[7] 1930 Rikken Minseitō
(Constitutional Democratic Party)
28 - Reijiro Wakatsuki posing cropped.jpg Reijirō Wakatsuki
(2nd term)
若槻 禮次郎 14 April 1931 13 December 1931 Rikken Minseitō
(Constitutional Democratic Party)
29 18 Tsuyoshi Inukai facing left cropped.jpg Tsuyoshi Inukai 犬養 毅 13 December 1931 15 May 1932[4] 1932 Rikken Seiyūkai
(Friends of Constitutional Government)
During this interval, Finance Minister Korekiyo Takahashi (高橋 是清) was the Acting Prime Minister.
30 19 Makoto Saito 2.jpg Makoto Saitō 齋藤 實 26 May 1932 8 July 1934 Military
(Navy)
31 20 Keisuke Okada 2 cropped.jpg Keisuke Okada 岡田 啓介 8 July 1934 9 March 1936[8] 1936 Military
(Navy)
32 21 Kohki Hirota suit cropped.jpg Kōki Hirota 廣田 弘毅 9 March 1936 2 February 1937 None
33 22 Senjuro Hayashi suit.jpg Senjūrō Hayashi 林 銑十郎 2 February 1937 4 June 1937 1937 Military
(Army)
34 23 Konoe Humimaro.jpg Fumimaro Konoe
(1st term)
近衞 文麿 4 June 1937 5 January 1939 None
35 24 Kiichiro Hiranuma.jpg Kiichirō Hiranuma 平沼 騏一郎 5 January 1939 30 August 1939 None
36 25 Nobuyuki Abe formal.jpg Nobuyuki Abe 阿部 信行 30 August 1939 16 January 1940 Military
(Army)
37 26 Yonai Mitsumasa.jpg Mitsumasa Yonai 米内 光政 16 January 1940 22 July 1940 Military
(Navy)
38 - Konoe Humimaro.jpg Fumimaro Konoe
(2nd term)
近衞 文麿 22 July 1940 18 July 1941 Taisei Yokusankai
(Imperial Rule Assistance Association)
39 (3rd term) 18 July 1941 18 October 1941 Taisei Yokusankai
(Imperial Rule Assistance Association)
40 27 Hideki Tojo uniform.jpg Hideki Tōjō 東條 英機 18 October 1941 22 July 1944 1942 Taisei Yokusankai
(Imperial Rule Assistance Association)
41 28 Kuniaki Koiso.jpg Kuniaki Koiso 小磯 國昭 22 July 1944 7 April 1945 Military
(Army)
42 29 Kantaro Suzuki suit cropped.jpg Kantarō Suzuki 鈴木 貫太郎 7 April 1945 17 August 1945 Taisei Yokusankai
(Imperial Rule Assistance Association)
43 30 HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni.jpg HIH Prince Naruhiko
of Higashikuni
東久邇宮
稔彦王
17 August 1945 9 October 1945 The Imperial Family
44 31 Kijuro Shidehara.jpg Kijūrō Shidehara 幣原 喜重郎 9 October 1945 22 May 1946 1946 None
45 32 Shigeru Yoshida smiling2.jpg Shigeru Yoshida
(1st term)
吉田 茂 22 May 1946 24 May 1947 Rep. Coun. Liberal
1947 1947

Prime Ministers of Japan

Shōwa period (1947-1989)

Prime Ministers under the Shōwa Emperor

A# I# Portrait Name Term of office Electoral mandates Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji Took Office Left Office Rep. Coun.
46 33 Tetsu Katayama.jpg Tetsu Katayama 片山 哲 24 May 1947 10 March 1948 Socialist
47 34 Hitoshi Ashida.jpg Hitoshi Ashida 芦田 均 10 March 1948 15 October 1948 Democratic (1947)
48 - Shigeru Yoshida smiling2.jpg Shigeru Yoshida
(2nd term)
吉田 茂 15 October 1948 16 February 1949 1949 Liberal
49 (3rd term) 16 February 1949 30 October 1952 1952 1950 Liberal
50 (4th term) 30 October 1952 21 May 1953 1953 Liberal
51 (5th term) 21 May 1953 10 December 1954 1953 Liberal
52 35 Ichoro Hatoyama 3.jpg Ichirō Hatoyama
(1st term)
鳩山 一郎 10 December 1954 19 March 1955 1955 Japan Democratic
53 (2nd term) 19 March 1955 22 November 1955 Japan Democratic
54 (3rd term) 22 November 1955 23 December 1956 1956 Liberal Democratic
55 36 Tanzan Ishibashi.jpg Tanzan Ishibashi 石橋 湛山 23 December 1956 25 February 1957[9] Liberal Democratic
56 37 Nobusuke Kishi Dec 14, 1956.jpg Nobusuke Kishi
(1st term)
岸 信介 25 February 1957 12 June 1958 1958 Liberal Democratic
57 (2nd term) 12 June 1958 19 July 1960 1959 Liberal Democratic
58 38 Japanse premier Ikeda met gezelschap op bezoek bij koningin Juliana Japanese prime minister Ikeda and company visiting Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.jpg Hayato Ikeda
(1st term)
池田 勇人 19 July 1960 8 December 1960 1960 Liberal Democratic
59 (2nd term) 8 December 1960 9 December 1963 1963 1962 Liberal Democratic
60 (3rd term) 9 December 1963 9 November 1964 Liberal Democratic
61 39 Sato and Nixon 1972 cropped.jpg Eisaku Satō
(1st term)
佐藤 榮作 9 November 1964 17 February 1967 1967 1965 Liberal Democratic
62 (2nd term) 17 February 1967 14 January 1970 1969 1968 Liberal Democratic
63 (3rd term) 14 January 1970 7 July 1972 1971 Liberal Democratic
64 40 Tanaka 1973 cropped.jpg Kakuei Tanaka
(1st term)
田中 角榮 7 July 1972 22 December 1972 1972 Liberal Democratic
65 (2nd term) 22 December 1972 9 December 1974 1974 Liberal Democratic
66 41 Takeo Miki 1951 cropped.jpg Takeo Miki 三木 武夫 9 December 1974 24 December 1976 1976 Liberal Democratic
67 42 Takeo Fukuda 1977.jpg Takeo Fukuda 福田 赳夫 24 December 1976 7 December 1978 1977 Liberal Democratic
68 43 Masayoshi Ohira at Andrews AFB 1 Jan 1980 walking cropped 2.jpg Masayoshi Ōhira
(1st term)
大平 正芳 7 December 1978 9 November 1979 1979 Liberal Democratic
69 (2nd term) 9 November 1979 12 June 1980[5] 1980[5] 1980[5] Liberal Democratic
During this interval, Chief Cabinet Secretary Masayoshi Itō (伊東 正義) was the Acting Prime Minister.
70 44 Zenko Suzuki cropped.jpg Zenkō Suzuki 鈴木 善幸 17 July 1980 27 November 1982 Liberal Democratic
71 45 Yasuhiro Nakasone in Andrews cropped.jpg Yasuhiro Nakasone
(1st term)
中曾根 康弘 27 November 1982 27 December 1983 1983 1983 Liberal Democratic
72 (2nd term) 27 December 1983 22 July 1986 1986 1986 Liberal Democratic
73 (3rd term) 22 July 1986 6 November 1987 Liberal Democratic
74 46 Noboru Takeshita cropped.jpg Noboru Takeshita 竹下 登 6 November 1987 3 June 1989 Liberal Democratic

Heisei period (1989-present)

Prime Ministers under Emperor Akihito

A# I# Portrait Name Term of office Electoral mandates Political Party
Rōmaji Kanji Took Office Left Office Rep. Coun.
75 47 Sosuke Uno.jpg Sōsuke Uno 宇野 宗佑 3 June 1989 10 August 1989 1989 Liberal Democratic
76 48 Toshiki Kaifu 1991.jpg Toshiki Kaifu
(1st term)
海部 俊樹 10 August 1989 28 February 1990 1990 Liberal Democratic
77 (2nd term) 28 February 1990 5 November 1991 Liberal Democratic
78 49 MiyazawaKiichi.jpg Kiichi Miyazawa 宮澤 喜一 5 November 1991 9 August 1993 1993 1992 Liberal Democratic
79 50 Al Morihiro.jpg Morihiro Hosokawa 細川 護熙 9 August 1993 28 April 1994 Japan New
80 51 Tsutomu hata.jpg Tsutomu Hata 羽田 孜 28 April 1994 30 June 1994 Renewal
81 52 Murayama the 1.jpg Tomiichi Murayama 村山 富市 30 June 1994 11 January 1996 1995 Socialist
82 53 Hashimoto.jpg Ryūtarō Hashimoto
(1st term)
橋本 龍太郎 11 January 1996 7 November 1996 1996 Liberal Democratic
83 (2nd term) 7 November 1996 30 July 1998 1998 Liberal Democratic
84 54 Keizo Obuchi cropped 2.jpg Keizō Obuchi 小渕 恵三 30 July 1998 5 April 2000[10] Liberal Democratic
85 55 Herman former Japanese prime minister Yoshiro Mori eng 195 14nov06.jpg Yoshirō Mori
(1st term)
森 喜朗 5 April 2000 4 July 2000 2000 Liberal Democratic
86 (2nd term) 4 July 2000 26 April 2001 Liberal Democratic
87 56 56 Junichiro Koizumi 3x4.jpg Junichirō Koizumi
(1st term)
小泉 純一郎 26 April 2001 19 November 2003 2003 2001 Liberal Democratic
88 (2nd term) 19 November 2003 21 September 2005 2005 2004 Liberal Democratic
89 (3rd term) 21 September 2005 26 September 2006 Liberal Democratic
90 57 Abe Bush Heiligendamm G8 2007 002 (cropped).jpg Shinzō Abe 安倍 晋三 26 September 2006 26 September 2007 2007 Liberal Democratic
91 58 Yasuo Fukuda - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2008 cropped.JPG Yasuo Fukuda 福田 康夫 26 September 2007 24 September 2008 Liberal Democratic
92 59 Taro Aso in World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos (cropped).jpg Taro Aso 麻生 太郎 24 September 2008 16 September 2009 2009 Liberal Democratic
93 60 Yukio Hatoyama.jpg Yukio Hatoyama 鳩山 由紀夫 16 September 2009 Incumbent Democratic

Notes and references

  1. ^ Upon the resignation of the government, the Emperor only accepted Kuroda’s resignation and invited Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal Sanetomi Sanjō to head the government for two more months. Today, however, Sanjō’s government is generally regarded as a continuation of Kuroda’s.
  2. ^ Held concurrently by the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.
  3. ^ a b Resigned.
  4. ^ a b Assassinated.
  5. ^ a b c d e Died in office of natural causes.
  6. ^ Resigned after the “Grand Coalition of the Three Pro-Constitution Parties” collapsed. Katō was then reinvited by the Prince Regent to form a new government with his own party, Kenseitō. Today, however, his second term is generally regarded as continuation of his first.
  7. ^ Incapacitated due to serious wound from assassination plot on 14 November 1930. Foreign Minister Kijūrō Shidehara served as Deputy Prime Minister until Hamaguchi’s return to the office on 10 March 1931.
  8. ^ Thought to be killed by renegade soldiers during the February 26 Incident. Interior Minister Fumio Gotō served as Deputy Prime Minister until Okada was found alive on 28 February 1936.
  9. ^ Incapacitated due to minor stroke on 31 January 1957. Foreign Minister Nobusuke Kishi served as Deputy Prime Minister until 25 February 1957.
  10. ^ Incapacitated due to massive stroke on 3 April 2000. Chief Cabinet Secretary Mikio Aoki served as Deputy Prime Minister until 5 April 2000.

External links








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