List of Prime Ministers of Thailand: Wikis

  
  
  

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Thailand

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The Prime Minister of Thailand is the Head of Government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The Prime Minister is also the chairman of the Cabinet of Thailand and represents the government at home and the country abroad.

The post of Prime Minister has existed since 1932, after a bloodless revolution, forced the absolutist King Prajadhipok to grant for the people of Siam their first constitution. Under the newly established constitutional monarchy, the first Prime Minister of Siam was Phraya Manopakorn Nititada. At first, the office was called the President of the People’s Committee, it was later changed to Prime Minister of Siam when the King deemed it too communistic.

Constitutionally the Prime Minister is required to be a member of the lower house of Parliament or the House of Representatives. He must also gain their approval through a resolution before an official appointment by the King can take place. As a result the Prime Minister might succumb to a vote of no confidence and removal in the House, however this has never happened.

Throughout the post’s existence it has mostly been occupied by military leaders from the Royal Thai Army. The current Prime Minister is Abhisit Vejjajiva, since December 17, 2008.

Note: the list includes Leaders of Military Juntas and Acting Prime Ministers, however they are not counted in the official list as provided by the Royal Thai Government

The Standard of the Prime Minister of Thailand

List of Heads of Government of the Kingdom of Thailand (1932-Present)

No. Name
(Life)
Cabinet Term Start Term Ends Policy Date Political Party
Date Reason Date Reason
1
Phraya Mano.jpg

Phraya Manopakorn Nititada
(1884-1948)
1 28 June 1932 House of Representatives Resolution 10 December 1932 New "Permanent" Constitution Promulgated No Formal Policy Declaration None
2 10 December 1932 House of Representatives Resolution 1 April 1933 House Dissolution by emergency Royal Decree 20 December 1932
3 1 April 1933 Royal Decree 21 June 1933 Removed by: 1933 coup d'état 1 April 1933
2
Phraya Pahol.jpg

General Phot Phahonyothin
(1889-1958)
4 21 June 1933 House of Representatives Resolution 16 December 1933 Mandated: 15 November General Election 26 June 1933 Khana Ratsadon,
Military branch
5 16 December 1933 House of Representatives Resolution 22 September 1934 Resignation: Parliamentary Disapproval of "Rubber Limitations Act" 25 December 1933
6 22 September 1934 House of Representatives Resolution 9 August 1937 Resignation: Crown Real-estate scandals 24 September 1934
7 9 August 1937 House of Representatives Resolution 21 December 1937 Term Ends: 7 November General Election 11 August 1937
8 21 December 1937 House of Representatives Resolution 16 December 1938 Parliament Dissolution: 12 November General Election December 23, 1937
3
Pibun.jpg

Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsonggram
(1897-1964)
(1st Term)
9 16 December 1938 House of Representatives Resolution 7 March 1942 Resignation: Cabinet Reshuffle 26 December 1938 Khana Ratsadon,
Military branch
10 7 March 1942 House of Representatives Resolution 1 August 1944 Resignation: Parliamentary Disapproval of "Petchaboon Municipality Act" 16 March 1942
4
Khuang Aphaiyawong.jpg

Major Khuang Abhaiwongse
(1902-1968)
(1st Time)
11 1 August 1944 House of Representatives Resolution 31 August 1945 Resignation: Post-War Election 3 August 1944 Khana Ratsadon
5
Tawee Boonyaket.jpg

Tawee Boonyaket
(1904-1971)
12 31 August 1945 House of Representatives Resolution 17 September 1945 Resignation 1 September 1945 None
6
Senipramoj.jpg

M.R. Seni Pramoj
(1905-1997)
(1st Time)
13 17 September 1945 Regency Council Command 31 January 1946 Resignation: conflicts within Cabinet 19 September 1945 Free Thai
(4)
Khuang Aphaiyawong.jpg

Major Khuang Abhaiwongse
(1902-1968)
(2nd time)
14 31 January 1946 House of Representatives Resolution 24 March 1946 Resignation: Government Disapproval of Parliamentary Resolution 7 February 1946 Democrat Party
7
Pridi Panomyong (Scholar).jpg

Dr. Pridi Banomyong
(1900-1983)
15 24 March 1946 House of Representatives Resolution 11 June 1946 Resignation: Constitution of 1946 Declaration 25 March 1946 Free Thai
16 11 June 1946 House of Representatives Resolution 23 August 1946 Resignation: "Fatigue" 13 June 1946
8
Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi.jpg

Rear Admiral Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi
(1901-1988)
17 23 August 1946 House of Representatives Resolution 30 May 1947 Resignation (after 7 days of Parliament Session) 26 August 1946 Military
18 30 May 1947 House of Representatives Resolution 8 November 1947 Removed by: 1947 coup d'état 5 June 1947
(4)
Khuang Aphaiyawong.jpg

Major Khuang Abhaiwongse
(1902-1968)
(3rd Term)
19 10 November 1947 Great Cabinet Resolution 21 February 1948 Term Ends: 29 January, General Election 27 November 1947 Democrat Party
20 21 February 1948 House of Representatives Resolution 8 April 1948 Resignation: under pressure from Coup Group 1 March 1948
(2)
Pibun.jpg

Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsongkram
(1897-1964)
(2nd Time)
21 1 March 1948 House of Representatives Resolution 25 June 1949 Dissolution: 5 June General Election 21 April 1948 Military & Free Stone Seat Party
22 25 June 1949 House of Representatives Resolution 29 November 1951 Re-appointed after: 1949 coup d'état 6 July 1949
23 29 November 1951 Coup d'état Declaration 6 December 1951 Dissolution: 26 February General Election No Formal Policies
24 6 December 1951 House of Representatives Resolution 24 March 1952 - 11 December 1951
25 24 March 1952 House of Representatives Resolution 21 March 1957 Term Ends: 26 February General Election 3 April 1952
26 21 March 1957 House of Representatives Resolution 16 September 1957 Removed by: 1957 coup d'état 1 April 1957
Coup Group
(Leader: Field Marshal Phin Choonhavan)
16 September 1957 21 September 1957 Military
9
Pote Sarasin
(1905-2000)
27 21 September 1957 House of Representatives Resolution 1 January 1958 Dissolution: 15 December General Election 24 September 1957 None
10
Thanom Kittikachorn.jpg

Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn
(1911-2004)
(1st Time)
28 1 January 1958 House of Representatives Resolution 20 October 1958 Resigned after: 1958 coup d'état 9 January 1958 Military
11
Field Marshal Sarit Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg

Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat
(1909-1963)
(Acting from 20 October to 10 February 1959)
29 9 February 1959 House of Representatives Resolution 8 December 1963 Died in office 12 February 1959 Military
(10)
Thanom Kittikachorn.jpg

Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn
(1911-2004)
(2nd Time)
30 9 December 1963 House of Representatives Resolution 7 March 1969 Mandated: 10 February General Election December 19, 1963 Military
31 7 March 1969 House of Representatives Resolution 17 November 1971 Removed then re-appointed himself after: 1971 coup d'état 25 March 1969
National Executive Council
(Leader: Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn)
18 November 1971 17 December 1972 Military
(10)
Thanom Kittikachorn.jpg

Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorn
(1911-2004)
(2nd Time (continued))
32 18 December 1972 House of Representatives Resolution 14 October 1973 Resigned after: 14 October 1973 Uprising 22 December 1972 Military
12
Sanya Thammasak
(1907-2002)
33 14 October 1973 Royal Command 22 May 1974 Resignation: Incomplete Constitution Draft 25 October 1973 None
34 27 May 1974 House of Representatives Resolution 15 February 1975 Mandated: 26 January General Election 7 June 1974
(6)
Senipramoj.jpg

M.R. Seni Pramoj
(1905-1997)
(2nd Time)
35 15 February 1975 House of Representatives Resolution 14 March 1975 Parliament Disapproval of Formal Policy 6 March 1975 Democrat Party
13
Kukrit Pramoj.jpg

M.R. Kukrit Pramoj
(1911-1995)
36 14 March 1975 House of Representatives Resolution 20 April 1976 Dissolution: 4 April General Election 19 March 1975 Social Action Party
(6)
Senipramoj.jpg

M.R. Seni Pramoj
(1905-1997)
(3rd Time)
37 20 April 1976 House of Representatives Resolution 25 September 1976 Resignation: Controversy of Thanom Kittikachorn's return from exile 30 April 1976 Democrat Party
38 25 September 1976 House of Representatives Resolution 6 October 1976 Removed by: 1976 coup d'état No Formal Policies
Administration Reform Council
(Leader: Admiral Sangad Chaloryu)
6 October 1976 8 October 1976 Military
14
Tanin-Kraivixien.jpg

Thanin Kraivichien
(1927-)
39 8 October 1976 Administration Reform Council Resolution 20 October 1977 Removed by:October 1977 coup d'état 29 October 1976 Military
15
Kriangsak Chomanan 1978.jpg

General Kriangsak Chomanan
(1917-2003)
40 11 November 1977 Coup d'état Declaration 12 May 1979 Dissolution: 22 April General Election 1 December 1977 Military
41 12 May 1979 House of Representatives Resolution 3 March 1980 Resignation: Oil Crisis and Refugee Conflict 7 June 1979
16
Prem Tinsulanoda cropped.JPG

General Prem Tinsulanonda
(1920-)
42 3 March 1980 House of Representatives Resolution 30 April 1983 Dissolution: 19 January General Election 28 March 1980 Military
43 30 April 1983 House of Representatives Resolution 5 August 1986 Dissolution: 1 May General Election 20 May 1983
44 5 August 1986 House of Representatives Resolution 4 August 1988 Dissolution: 29 April General Election 27 August 1986
17
General Chatichai Choonhavan
(1922-1998)
45 4 August 1988 House of Representatives Resolution 9 December 1990 Resignation: New Cabinet Formation 25 August 1988 Chart Thai Party
46 9 December 1990 House of Representatives Resolution 23 February 1991 Removed by: 1991 coup d'état 9 January 1991
National Peace Keeping Council
(Leader: General Sunthorn Kongsompong)
24 February 1991 7 March 1991 Military
18
Anand Panyarachun
(1932-)
(1st Time)
47 2 March 1991 National Peace Keeping Council Resolution 7 April 1992 Mandated: 22 March General Election 4 April 1991 None
19
General Suchinda Kraprayoon
(1933-)
48 7 April 1992 House of Representatives Resolution 10 June 1992 Resigned due to: Black May event 6 May 1992 Military

Meechai Ruchuphan
(1938-)
(Acting)
- 24 May 1992 Royal Command 10 June 1992 Resignation to make way for: Anand Panyarachun No Policy Statement None
(18)
Anand Panyarachun
(1932-)
(2nd Time)
49 10 June 1992 House of Representatives Resolution 23 September 1992 Dissolution: 22 September General Election 22 June 1992 None
20
Chuan Liakpai 1999.jpg

Chuan Leekpai
(1938-)
(1st Time)
50 23 September 1992 House of Representatives Resolution 13 July 1995 Dissolution: May 19 General Election 21 October 1992 Democrat Party
21
Banharn Silpa-archa
(1932-)
51 13 July 1995 House of Representatives Resolution 25 November 1996 Parliament Dissolution: 27 September General Election 26 July 1995 Chart Thai Party
22
General Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
(1932-)
52 25 November 1996 House of Representatives Resolution 9 November 1997 Resignation: 1997 Asian Financial Crisis 11 December 1996 New Aspiration Party
(20)
Chuan Liakpai 1999.jpg

Chuan Leekpai
(1938-)
(2nd Time)
53 9 November 1997 House of Representatives Resolution 9 February 2001 Term Ends: 6 January General Election 20 November 1997 Democrat Party
23
Thaksin crop.jpg

Police Lieutenant Colonel Thaksin Shinawatra
(1949-)
54 9 February 2001 House of Representatives Resolution 9 March 2005 Term Ends: 6 February General Election 26 February 2001 Thai Rak Thai Party
55 9 March 2005 House of Representatives Resolution 19 September 2006 Dissolution after 2005-2006 political crisis: 24 February 2006 March 23, 2005

Police General Chitchai Wannasathit
(1946-)
(Acting)
- 5 April 2006 Royal Command 23 May 2006 Resigned after: 2 April General Election No Policy Statement Thai Rak Thai Party
(23)
Thaksin crop.jpg

Police Lieutenant Colonel Thaksin Shinawatra
(1949-)
(caretaker PM)
- 23 May 2006 House of Representatives Resolution 19 September 2006 Removed by: 2006 coup d'état No Policy Statement Thai Rak Thai Party
Council for National Security
(Leader: General Sonthi Boonyaratglin,
then later Air Chief Marshal Chalit Pookpasuk)
19 September 2006 1 October 2007 Military
24
General Surayud Chulanont.jpg

General Surayud Chulanont
(1943-)
56 1 October 2007 Council for National Security Declaration 6 February 2008 By virtue of section 298 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand (2007 Version) 3 November 2006 None
25
Samak Sundaravej.JPG

Samak Sundaravej
(1935-2009)
57 29 January 2008 House of Representatives Resolution 8 September 2008 Constitutional Court ruling 18 February 2008 People's Power Party
26
Somchai Wongsawat 15112008.jpg

Somchai Wongsawat
(1947-)
(Acting from 8 to 17 September 2008)
58 18 September 2008 House of Representatives Resolution 2 December 2008 Constitutional Court ruling 7 October 2008 People's Power Party

Chaovarat Chanweerakul
(1936-)
(Acting)
- 2 December 2008 Royal Command 17 December 2008 Resigned: with the appointment of Abhisit Vejjajiva No Policy Statement People's Power Party
27
Vejjajiva - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009.jpg

Abhisit Vejjajiva
(1964-)
59 17 December 2008 House of Representatives Resolution - - 30 December 2008 Democrat Party

See also

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