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List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom: Wikis

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Gordon Brown was appointed Prime Minister in June 2007

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the political leader of the United Kingdom and the Head of Her Majesty's Government. The office holder is responsible for selecting all other members of the government, chairing Cabinet meetings and deciding when to call a new general election for the House of Commons.[1][2] The Prime Minister can also make appointments to senior positions in the Church of England, appoint judges and propose the creation of new life peers.[3]

There is no specific date when the office of Prime Minister first appeared, as the role was not created but evolved over a period of time.[4] However, modern historians generally apply the title of First Prime Minister to Sir Robert Walpole, who led the country for 21 years from 1721 to 1742.[5][6] As of 2010, Walpole is the longest serving Prime Minister of the country.[7] The office is currently held by Gordon Brown, the Leader of the Labour Party.[8]

Contents

Colour key
(for political parties)

     Whig      Tory      Conservative      Peelite/Whig      Liberal      Labour      National Labour

Prime Ministers under George I (1714–1727) and George II (1727–1760)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
Robertwalpole.jpg Sir Robert Walpole
MP for King's Lynn until 1742
Earl of Orford from 1742
4 April
1721
11 February
1742
Whig
(Walpole/Townshend 1721–30;
Walpole Ministry 1730–42)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[9][7]
1722, 1727, 1734, 1741
Regarded as the first Prime Minister in the modern sense; The South Sea Company bubble; criticised for Great Britain's poor performance in the War of Jenkins' Ear.
Earl of wilmington.png Spencer Compton
The Earl of Wilmington
16 February
1742
2 July
1743
Whig
(Carteret Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [10]
 —
Increased tax on spirits; in poor health for much of his time as Prime Minister, the government was led de facto by John Carteret. Died in office.
Henry Pelham.jpg Henry Pelham
MP for Sussex
27 August
1743
6 March
1754
Whig
(Carteret Ministry 1743–44;
Broad Bottom Ministry 1744–46;
Second Pelham Ministry 1746–54)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[11]
1747
Reorganisation of the Royal Navy; 1745 Jacobite Rebellion; adoption of the Gregorian Calendar; Marriage Act 1753; helped end the War of the Austrian Succession. Died in office.
ThomasPelham-Holles.jpg Thomas Pelham-Holles
The Duke of Newcastle
16 March
1754
16 November
1756
Whig
(First Newcastle Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
1754
Led Great Britain into the Seven Years' War with France in North America.
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire.JPG William Cavendish
The Duke of Devonshire
16 November
1756
25 June
1757
Whig
(Devonshire-Pitt Ministry;
1757 Caretaker Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
 —
The government was largely run by William Pitt the Elder.
ThomasPelham-Holles.jpg Thomas Pelham-Holles
The Duke of Newcastle
2 July
1757
26 May
1762
Whig
(Second Newcastle Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
1761
Great Britain gained more influence abroad in the Seven Years' War; the war was largely prosecuted by Pitt the Elder as Secretary of State.

Prime Ministers under George III (1760–1820)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
John Stuart, Earl of Bute.jpg John Stuart
The Earl of Bute
26 May
1762
8 April
1763
Tory
(Bute Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[12]
 —
First Scottish Prime Minister. Ended the dominance of the Whigs; Treaty of Paris (1763) ending the Seven Years' War; resigned after fierce criticism of Treaty of Paris concessions.
George Grenville.png George Grenville
MP for Buckingham
16 April
1763
13 July
1765
Whig (Grenvillite)
(Grenville Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[13]
 —
Lowered domestic tax at the expense of the colonies; introduced the Stamp Act 1765 (which ultimately led to the American Revolution).
Rockingham2.JPG Charles Watson-Wentworth
The Marquess of Rockingham
13 July
1765
30 July
1766
Whig (Rockinghamite)
(First Rockingham Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[14]
 —
Repealed the controversial Stamp Act, inspired by protests from both American colonists and British manufacturers who were hurt by it; introduced the Declaratory Act 1766.
Elderpitt.jpg William Pitt the Elder
The Earl of Chatham
30 July
1766
14 October
1768
Whig (Chathamite);
(Chatham Ministry)
Lord Privy Seal [15]
 —
The first real Imperialist; credited with the birth of the British Empire; defeated France in Canada, thereby indirectly precipitating the French Revolution.
Grafton3.JPG Augustus FitzRoy
The Duke of Grafton
14 October
1768
28 January
1770
Whig (Chathamite)
(Grafton Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[16]
1768
Attempted to reconcile with the American colonies.
Nathaniel Dance Lord North.jpg Frederick North
Lord North

MP for Banbury
28 January
1770
22 March
1782
Tory
(North Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[17]
1774, 1780
Led Great Britain into the American Revolution, making a number of tactical errors; the Gordon Riots; attempted reform in Ireland; resigned after a vote of no confidence against the will of the King.
Rockingham2.JPG Charles Watson-Wentworth
The Marquess of Rockingham
27 March
1782
1 July
1782
Whig (Rockinghamite)
(Second Rockingham Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
 —
Acknowledged the independence of the United States; began a process of economic reform. Died in office.
Shelburne.jpg William Petty
The Earl of Shelburne
4 July
1782
2 April
1783
Whig (Rockinghamite)
(Shelburne Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
 —
Planned political reform; secured peace with the United States, France and Spain.
W h cavendish-bentinck.jpg William Cavendish-Bentinck
The Duke of Portland
2 April
1783
19 December
1783
Whig
(Fox-North Coalition)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
 —
Titular head of the Fox-North Coalition. Attempted to reform the British East India Company, but was blocked by George III.
Pitt the Younger.jpg William Pitt the Younger
MP for Cambridge University
19 December
1783
14 March
1801
Pittite (Tory)
(First Pitt the Younger Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[18]
1784, 1790, 1796
Youngest Prime Minister. India Act 1784; attempted to remove rotten boroughs; personally opposed to the slave trade; reduced the national debt due to the rebellion in the North American colonies; formed the Triple Alliance; Constitutional Act of 1791; war with France starting in 1793; introduced the first income tax; Act of Union 1800.
Henry Addington.jpg Henry Addington
MP for Devizes
17 March
1801
10 May
1804
Pittite (Tory)
(Addington Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[10]
1801 co-option, 1802
Negotiated the Treaty of Amiens with France in 1802.
Pitt the Younger.jpg William Pitt the Younger
MP for Cambridge University
10 May
1804
23 January
1806
Pittite (Tory)
(Second Pitt the Younger Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[10]
 —
Alliance with Russia, Austria and Sweden against France (Third Coalition); Battle of Trafalgar; Battle of Ulm; Battle of Austerlitz. Died in office.
Epmis05Wyndham.jpg William Wyndham Grenville
The Lord Grenville
11 February
1806
31 March
1807
Whig
(Ministry of All the Talents)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
1806
Abolition of the slave trade.
W h cavendish-bentinck.jpg William Cavendish-Bentinck
The Duke of Portland
31 March
1807
4 October
1809
Tory
(Second Portland Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [10]
1807
He headed a Tory government; was old and ill, leaving the Cabinet to their own devices (largely headed by Spencer Perceval).
Spencerperceval.jpg Spencer Perceval
MP for Northampton
4 October
1809
11 May
1812
Tory
(Perceval Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer,
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
& Leader of the House of Commons
[19]
 —
Descent of George III into madness; his administration was notable for the lack of senior statesmen (Perceval also served as the Chancellor of the Exchequer); Peninsular War, part of the Napoleonic Wars. The only Prime Minister to have been assassinated.
Earl jenkinson.jpg Robert Banks Jenkinson
Lord Liverpool
8 June
1812
9 April
1827
Tory
(Liverpool Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[20]
1812, 1818, 1820, 1826
Oversaw the United Kingdom's victory in the Napoleonic Wars; the Congress of Vienna; an economic recession in 1817; the Luddite movement; The War of 1812 (in Britain, the American War of 1812 to 1815); Peterloo Massacre in 1819; return to the gold standard in 1819; the Cato Street Conspiracy to assassinate Liverpool in 1820.

Prime Ministers under George IV (1820–1830)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
Canning.jpg George Canning
MP for Newport (Is. Wight)
10 April
1827
8 August
1827
Tory (Canningite)
(Canning Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[10]
 —
Died shortly after taking office.
FrederickJohnRobinson.jpg Frederick John Robinson
The Viscount Goderich
31 August
1827
21 January
1828
Tory (Canningite)
(Goderich Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
 —
Lacked support amongst colleagues; resigned.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by Robert Home cropped.jpg Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
22 January
1828
16 November
1830
Tory
(Wellington Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[10]
1830
Catholic Emancipation Bill (over which he fought a duel).

Prime Ministers under William IV (1830–1837)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
Charlesgrey2.jpg Charles Grey
The Earl Grey
22 November
1830
9 July
1834
Whig
(Grey Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[21]
1831, 1832
Reform Act 1832; quelled Swing Riots; restriction of employment of children; reform of the Poor Laws; abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire.
2nd V Melbourne.jpg William Lamb
The Viscount Melbourne
16 July
1834
14 November
1834
Whig
(First Melbourne Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[22]
 —
William IV's opposition forced him to resign.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by Robert Home cropped.jpg Arthur Wellesley
The Duke of Wellington
14 November
1834
10 December
1834
Tory
(Conservative Provisional Government)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Secretary of State for the Home Department,
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
& Leader of the House of Lords
[23]
 —
Caretaker government while Sir Robert Peel was located and returned to London. Held many of the major posts himself.
Robert Peel.jpg Sir Robert Peel
MP for Tamworth
10 December
1834
8 April
1835
Conservative
(First Peel Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
& Leader of the House of Commons
[24][25]
1835
†Minority government. Unable to form a majority in Parliament so resigned.
2nd V Melbourne.jpg William Lamb
The Viscount Melbourne
18 April
1835
30 August
1841
Whig
(Second Melbourne Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[26]
1835, 1837
A father figure to Queen Victoria; Municipal Corporations Act 1835; Bedchamber Crisis; Treaty of Waitangi.

Prime Ministers under Victoria (1837–1901)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
Robert Peel.jpg Sir Robert Peel
MP for Tamworth
30 August
1841
29 June
1846
Conservative
(Second Peel Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[27]
1841
Mines Act 1842; reintroduction of income tax; Factory Act 1844; Railway Regulation Act 1844; repeal of the Corn Laws (triggered by the Great Irish Potato Famine) and other tariffs; Maynooth Grant.
Lord john russell.jpg Lord John Russell
MP for City of London
30 June
1846
21 February
1852
Whig
(First Russell Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[28]
1847
†Minority government, but with the Conservatives split between Protectionists and Peelites, the Whigs held power. Education Act 1847; Don Pacifico affair; Chartist demonstrations; Australian Colonies Government Act; The Great Exhibition; improved the Poor laws.
14th Earl of Derby.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
23 February
1852
17 December
1852
Conservative
(First Derby Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[29]
1852
Government collapsed when his Chancellor's Budget was defeated.
4th Earl of Aberdeen.jpg George Hamilton-Gordon
The Earl of Aberdeen
19 December
1852
30 January
1855
Peelite
(Aberdeen Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[30]
 —
Only Peelite Prime Minister. Led the country into the Crimean War; resigned after defeat in the vote for an inquiry into the conduct of the war.
Palmerston.jpg Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston

MP for Tiverton
6 February
1855
19 February
1858
Whig
(First Palmerston Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[31]
1857
Responded to the Indian mutiny of 1857; introduced the India Bill.
14th Earl of Derby.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
20 February
1858
11 June
1859
Conservative
(Second Derby Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[32]
 —
Government of India Act 1858, transferring ownership of the East India Company to the Crown; Jews Relief Act, allowing Jews to become MPs.
Palmerston.jpg Henry John Temple
The Viscount Palmerston

MP for Tiverton
12 June
1859
18 October
1865
Liberal
(Second Palmerston Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[33]
1859, 1865
Between periods in office he founded the Liberal Party; term dominated by policy concerning the American Civil War; attempts to alleviate suffering caused by the Lancashire Cotton Famine. Died in office.
Lord john russell.jpg John Russell
The Earl Russell
29 October
1865
26 June
1866
Liberal
(Second Russell Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[34]
 —
Attempted to introduce a further Reform Bill, but was opposed by his Cabinet.
14th Earl of Derby.jpg Edward Smith-Stanley
The Earl of Derby
28 June
1866
25 February
1868
Conservative
(Third Derby Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Lords
[35]
 —
Reform Act 1867; considered by some to be the father of the modern Conservative Party.
Disraeli.jpg Benjamin Disraeli
MP for Buckinghamshire
27 February
1868
1 December
1868
Conservative
(First Disraeli Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[36]
 —
Only ethnically Jewish Prime Minister; dissolved Parliament as the Conservatives did not have a majority.
Gladstone.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
MP for Greenwich
3 December
1868
17 February
1874
Liberal
(First Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Leader of the House of Commons
& Chancellor of the Exchequer (1873–74)
[37]
1868
Introduced reforms to the British Army, Civil Service and local government; made peacetime flogging illegal; Irish Church Disestablishment Act 1869; Irish Land Act 1870; Education Act 1870; Trade Union Act 1871; Ballot Act 1872; Licensing Act 1872; failed to prevent the Franco-Prussian War.
Disraeli.jpg Benjamin Disraeli
MP for Buckinghamshire until 1876
Earl of Beaconsfield from 1876
20 February
1874
21 April
1880
Conservative
(Second Disraeli Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Leader of the House of Commons (1874–76),
Lord Privy Seal (1876–78)
& Leader of the House of Lords (1876–80)
[38]
1874
Various social reforms including the Climbing Boys Act 1875, the Public Health Act 1875 and the Artisan's and Labourers' Dwellings Improvement Act 1875; purchase of shares in the Suez Canal Company; Congress of Berlin; reintroduction of Queen Victoria to public life, including bestowing the title Empress of India; Second Anglo-Afghan War; breaking up of the League of the Three Emperors; the Zulu War; start of Long Depression.
Gladstone.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
MP for Midlothian
23 April
1880
9 June
1885
Liberal
(Second Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Leader of the House of Commons
& Chancellor of the Exchequer (1880–82)
[39]
1880
First Boer War; Irish Coercion Act; Kilmainham Treaty; Phoenix Park Murders; Married Women's Property Act 1882; Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act 1883; Reform Act 1884, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (sometimes known collectively as the Third Reform Act); failure to rescue General Gordon in Khartoum, Sudan.
3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
23 June
1885
28 January
1886
Conservative
(First Salisbury Ministry)
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
& Leader of the House of Lords
[40]
1885
†Minority government. Legislation providing for housing the working class.
Gladstone.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
MP for Midlothian
1 February
1886
20 July
1886
Liberal
(Third Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Lord Privy Seal
& Leader of the House of Commons
[41]
1885
First introduction of the Home Rule Bill for Ireland, which split the Liberal Party, resulting in the end of Gladstone's government.
3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
25 July
1886
11 August
1892
Conservative
(Second Salisbury Ministry)
Leader of the House of Lords,
First Lord of the Treasury (1886–87)
& Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1887–92)
[42]
1886
Opposed Irish home rule; repeal of final Contagious Diseases Act; Local Government Act 1888; Partition of Africa; Free Education Act 1891; creation of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe); New Unionism and London Dock Strike of 1889.
Gladstone.jpg William Ewart Gladstone
MP for Midlothian
15 August
1892
2 March
1894
Liberal
(Fourth Gladstone Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Lord Privy Seal
& Leader of the House of Commons
[43]
1892
†Minority government. Reintroduction of the Home Rule Bill, which was passed by the House of Commons but rejected by the House of Lords leading to his resignation.
Archibaldprimrose1847.jpg Archibald Primrose
The Earl of Rosebery
5 March
1894
22 June
1895
Liberal
(Rosebery Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Lord President of the Council
& Leader of the House of Lords
[44]
 —
Imperialist; plans for expanding the Royal Navy caused disagreement within the Liberal Party; resigned following a vote of censure over military supplies.
3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
The Marquess of Salisbury
25 June
1895
11 July
1902
Conservative
(Unionist Government)
Leader of the House of Lords,
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1895–1900)
& Lord Privy Seal (1900–02)
[45]
1895, 1900
Workmen's Compensation Act 1897; Anglo-Zanzibar War; Second Boer War and Khaki election; Anglo-Japanese Alliance.

Prime Ministers under Edward VII (1901–1910)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
Arthur Balfour, photo portrait facing left.jpg Arthur Balfour
MP for City of London
11 July
1902
5 December
1905
Conservative
(Unionist Government)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[10]
 —
Had poor relations with Edward VII; his cabinet was split over free trade; establishment of the Committee of Imperial Defence; Entente Cordiale; Education Act 1902; Taff Vale case.
Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
MP for Stirling Burghs
5 December
1905
7 April
1908
Liberal
(Campbell-Bannerman Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[10]
1906
Restored autonomy to Transvaal and the Orange Free State; Anglo-Russian Entente; first Prime Minister to be referred to as such in Parliamentary legislation.
Herbert Henry Asquith.jpg Herbert Henry Asquith
MP for East Fife
7 April
1908
25 May
1915
Liberal
(First Asquith Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Leader of the House of Commons
& Secretary of State for War (1914)
[10]
January 1910†, December 1910
†Hung Parliaments. Liberal Welfare Reforms; People's Budget; Parliament Act 1911; National Insurance and pensions; Suffragettes and the Cat and Mouse Act; Home Rule Act 1914; World War I.
Herbert Henry Asquith.jpg Herbert Henry Asquith
MP for East Fife
25 May
1915
7 December
1916
Liberal
(Coalition 1915–16)
First Lord of the Treasury,
& Leader of the House of Commons
[10]
 —
Easter Rising.

Prime Ministers under George V (1910–1936) and Edward VIII (1936)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
David Lloyd George.jpg David Lloyd George
MP for Caernarvon Boroughs
7 December
1916
19 October
1922
Liberal
(Coalition Government)
First Lord of the Treasury [46]
1918
Welsh-speaking: only Prime Minister whose mother tongue was not English. End of World War I; Paris Peace Conference; attempted to extend conscription to Ireland during the First World War; granted women over 30 the vote; formation of the Irish Free State.
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg Andrew Bonar Law
MP for Glasgow Central
23 October
1922
20 May
1923
Conservative
(Bonar Law Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[47]
1922
Canadian-born: only Prime Minister born outside the British Isles. Resigned due to ill health; died six months after leaving office.
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg Stanley Baldwin
MP for Bewdley
23 May
1923
16 January
1924
Conservative
(First Baldwin Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Leader of the House of Commons
& Chancellor of the Exchequer (1923)
[48]
 —
Called a general election to gain a mandate for protectionist tariffs but failed to gain a majority; resigned after losing a vote of confidence.
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain.29588.jpg Ramsay MacDonald
MP for Aberavon
22 January
1924
4 November
1924
Labour
(First MacDonald Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Leader of the House of Commons
& Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
[49]
1923
†Hung Parliament; minority government reliant on Liberal support. First Labour Prime Minister; did not have a majority so could not introduce radical legislation; settled reparations with Germany following World War I; Zinoviev letter.
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg Stanley Baldwin
MP for Bewdley
4 November
1924
5 June
1929
Conservative
(Second Baldwin Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[50]
1924
Treaty of Locarno; signatory of the Kellogg-Briand Pact; Pensions Act; enfranchisement of women over 21; UK General Strike of 1926.
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain.29588.jpg Ramsay MacDonald
MP for Seaham
5 June
1929
24 August
1931
Labour
(Second MacDonald Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[51]
1929
†Hung Parliament. Appointed the first female minister, Margaret Bondfield; economic crises following the Wall Street Crash of 1929.
Ramsay MacDonald ggbain.29588.jpg Ramsay MacDonald
MP for Seaham
24 August
1931
7 June
1935
National Labour
(First National Government;
Second National Government)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[52]
1931
Unable to retain the support of the Labour Party, MacDonald officially resigned and was then re-appointed to form a National Government with the support of the Conservative and Liberal parties. He was expelled from the Labour Party.
Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg Stanley Baldwin
MP for Bewdley
7 June
1935
28 May
1937
Conservative
(Third National Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[53]
1935
Edward VIII abdication crisis; started rearmament but later criticised for failing to rearm more when Adolf Hitler broke Germany's Treaty of Versailles obligations.

Prime Ministers under George VI (1936–1952)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
Arthur-Neville-Chamberlain.jpg Neville Chamberlain
MP for Birmingham Edgbaston
28 May
1937
10 May
1940
Conservative
(Fourth National Ministry;
Chamberlain War Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Leader of the House of Commons
[10]
 —
Attempted to prevent World War II through appeasement of Germany; widely criticised following the German invasion of Poland; resigned after failing to form a Coalition Government and the Munich Agreement.
Churchill HU 90973.jpg Winston Churchill
MP for Epping
10 May
1940
23 May
1945
Conservative
(Churchill War Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury,
Minister of Defence
& Leader of the House of Commons (1940–42)
[54]
 —
World War II; led a Coalition Government; foundation of the United Nations; proposed what would eventually lead to the European Union; Beveridge Report.
Churchill HU 90973.jpg Winston Churchill
MP for Epping
23 May
1945
26 July
1945
Conservative
(Churchill Caretaker Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister of Defence
[55]
 —
Following the ending of his all-party coalition, Churchill formed a "caretaker" government out of Conservatives, Liberal Nationals and non-party figures. However after two months it was defeated in the 1945 general election.
Attlee BW cropped.jpg Clement Attlee
MP for Limehouse until 1950
MP for Walthamstow West from 1950
26 July
1945
26 October
1951
Labour
(Attlee Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister of Defence (1945–46)
[56]
1945, 1950
Initiated the post-war consensus; introduced nationalisation of utilities; foundation of the National Health Service; extended national insurance scheme; independence of India and the end of the British role in Palestine; foundation of NATO; beginning of the Cold War; the Berlin Blockade and the resulting Berlin Airlift; the start of British involvement in the Korean War.
Churchill HU 90973.jpg Sir Winston Churchill
MP for Woodford
26 October
1951
7 April
1955
Conservative
(Third Churchill Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister of Defence (1951–52)
[57]
1951
Domestic policy interrupted by foreign disputes (Korean War, Operation Ajax, Mau Mau Uprising, Malayan Emergency).

Prime Ministers under Elizabeth II (1952–Present)

  Portrait Name
Constituency/Title
Term of office

Electoral mandates
Political party Other ministerial offices
held while Prime Minister
Refs
AREden.jpg Sir Anthony Eden
MP for Warwick and Leamington
7 April
1955
10 January
1957
Conservative
(Eden Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [58]
1955
Failed to prevent the Egyptian nationalisation of the Suez Canal; invaded Egypt, leading to the Suez Crisis.
Macmillan cph.3b40592.jpg Harold Macmillan
MP for Bromley
10 January
1957
19 October
1963
Conservative
(Macmillan Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [59]
1959
The UK applied to join the European Economic Community for the first time, the application split the Conservatives and was vetoed by Charles de Gaulle; acceptance of Keynesianism; Rent Act 1957; Wind of Change speech; Notting Hill race riots and New Commonwealth immigration; beginning of Beeching Axe; Night of the Long Knives; Cuban missile crisis; Profumo Affair.
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Earl of Home until 1963
MP for Kinross and Western Perthshire from 1963
19 October
1963
16 October
1964
Conservative
(Douglas-Home Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury [60]
 —
Was the Earl of Home when he became Prime Minister, and renounced his peerage on 23 October 1963 in order to stand for the House of Commons.
Dodwilson.JPG Harold Wilson
MP for Huyton
16 October
1964
19 June
1970
Labour
(First Wilson Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service (1968-70)
[61]
1964, 1966
Social reforms, including legalisation of abortion and decriminalisation of homosexuality; Rhodesian U.D.I.; adopted, then abandoned, the National Plan for the economy; Devaluation of the pound; foundation of the Open University; dispute over In Place of Strife trade union reforms.
Heathdod.JPG Edward Heath
MP for Bexley
19 June
1970
4 March
1974
Conservative
(Heath Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[62]
1970
U-turned over intervention in industry; negotiated Britain's entry to the European Community; Violence due to Northern Ireland's "Troubles" peaked; the Sunningdale Agreement agreed; Three-Day Week; called early election in backfiring attempt to confront striking miners.
Dodwilson.JPG Harold Wilson
MP for Huyton
4 March
1974
5 April
1976
Labour
(Second Wilson Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[63]
February 1974†, October 1974
†Hung Parliament. Ended dispute with miners; Social Contract with trade unions over the economy; Health and Safety at Work Act; Renegotiated terms for EC membership, then 1975 referendum validated entry; North Sea oil; Cod War.
James Callaghan.JPG James Callaghan
MP for Cardiff South East
5 April
1976
4 May
1979
Labour
(Callaghan Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[64][65]
 —
International Monetary Fund loan to support the pound; the Lib-Lab pact; enacted devolution to Scotland and Wales but referendums stopped them; breakdown of relations with trade unions and Winter of Discontent.
Margaret Thatcher cropped2.png Margaret Thatcher
MP for Finchley
4 May
1979
28 November
1990
Conservative
(Thatcher Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[66][67]
1979, 1983, 1987
First female Prime Minister of the UK. Falklands War; sold council housing to tenants (right to buy); miners' strike 1984–85; privatisation of many previously government-owned industries; decreased the power of trade unions; negotiation of the UK rebate towards the European Community budget; Brighton hotel bombing; Sino-British joint declaration; Anglo-Irish Agreement; Westland Affair; abolition of GLC; Section 28; the "Poll tax"; Lockerbie bombing; the end of the Cold War.
John Major 1996.jpg John Major
MP for Huntingdon
28 November
1990
2 May
1997
Conservative
(Major Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[68][69]
1992
Early 1990s recession; Gulf War; ratification of the Maastricht Treaty and the Maastricht Rebels; forced exit from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism ("Black Wednesday"); the Downing Street Declaration (initiating the Northern Ireland peace process); Citizen's Charter; Sunday Shopping; "Back to Basics" campaign; Cones Hotline; Dangerous Dogs Act.
20020528-2 nato1-515h clip1.png Tony Blair
MP for Sedgefield
2 May
1997
27 June
2007
Labour
(Blair Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[70][71]
1997, 2001, 2005
Hong Kong handover; Death of Diana, Princess of Wales; Independence for the Bank of England; Ecclestone tobacco controversy; Belfast Agreement; Human Rights Act; devolution to Scotland and Wales; House of Lords Reform; Minimum wage introduced; Kosovo War; creation of Greater London Authority and Mayoralty of London; War in Afghanistan; Iraq War; top-up fees introduced for university tuition; Civil Partnership Act; Constitutional Reform Act 2005; 2005 London bombings; Cash for Honours scandal; National identity cards introduced.
Gordon Brown Davos Jan 08.jpg Gordon Brown
MP for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
27 June
2007
Incumbent Labour
(Brown Ministry)
First Lord of the Treasury
& Minister for the Civil Service
[72]
 —
London car bombs; Glasgow Airport attack; foot-and-mouth outbreak (2007); national floods of 2007; child benefit data misplaced; Donorgate; Northern Rock nationalisation; Treaty of Lisbon; 42 Days detention; 10p Tax rate; Financial crisis of 2007–2010; Parliamentary expenses scandal; arrest of Damien Green; 2009 flu pandemic; national floods of 2009; Chilcot Inquiry.

See also

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Timelines

References

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  4. ^ Hennessy (2001), pp. 39–40
  5. ^ Clarke (1993), p. 266
  6. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 39
  7. ^ a b "Parties and Prime Ministers". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 19 May 1998. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/talking_politics/95690.stm. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
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  13. ^ Thomas (2002), pp. 95–124
  14. ^ Thomas (2002), pp. 125–147
  15. ^ Thomas (2002), pp. 148–196
  16. ^ Thomas (2002), pp. 197–218
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  19. ^ Priestley (2002), p. 62
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  25. ^ Clarke (1993), p. 294
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  27. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 156–157
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  30. ^ Longford (1998), p. 232
  31. ^ Longford (1998), p. 246
  32. ^ Longford (1998), p. 281
  33. ^ Longford (1998), p. 282
  34. ^ Longford (1998), p. 346
  35. ^ Longford (1998), p. 351
  36. ^ Longford (1998), p. 353
  37. ^ Longford (1998), p. 357
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  39. ^ Longford (1998), p. 433
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  41. ^ Longford (1998), p. 484
  42. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 492–493
  43. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 518–519
  44. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 527–528
  45. ^ Longford (1998), pp. 533–534
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  47. ^ Rose (1983), p. 265
  48. ^ Rose (1983), p. 272
  49. ^ Rose (1983), p. 326
  50. ^ Rose (1983), p. 337
  51. ^ Rose (1983), p. 361
  52. ^ Rose (1983), pp. 373–374
  53. ^ Rose (1983), p. 398
  54. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 179
  55. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 158
  56. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 147
  57. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 178
  58. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 207
  59. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 248
  60. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 272
  61. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 286
  62. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 331
  63. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 357
  64. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 376
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  68. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 437
  69. ^ "'John Major? Who's he?' asks Thatcher". The Independent (Newspaper Publishing PLC). 6 August 1995. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_19950806/ai_n13998865. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  70. ^ Hennessy (2001), p. 476
  71. ^ "The Blair Years: 1997-2007". Telegraph.co.uk (Telegraph Media Group). 28 June 2007. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1555734/The-Blair-Years-1997-2007.html. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  72. ^ Summers, Deborah; Mulholland , Hélène (27 June 2007). "Brown declared prime minister". guardian.co.uk. Guardian News & Media. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2007/jun/27/politics.labourparty. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 

Bibliography

External links


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