List of Quercus species: Wikis

  
  

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This is an incomplete list of Quercus species. The genus contains about 400 species.

Contents

Subgenus Quercus

Section Quercus

The white oaks (synonym sect. Lepidobalanus or Leucobalanus). Europe, Asia, north Africa, North America. Styles short; acorns mature in 6 months, sweet or slightly bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless.

  • Quercus alba - White Oak - eastern North America
  • Quercus aliena - Oriental White Oak - eastern Asia
  • Quercus arizonica - Arizona White Oak # - southwestern U.S., nw. Mexico
  • Quercus austrina - Bluff Oak - southeastern North America
  • Quercus berberidifolia - California Scrub Oak # - California
  • Quercus bicolor - Swamp White Oak - eastern & midwestern North America
  • Quercus boyntonii - Boynton's Post Oak - south central North America
  • Quercus chapmanii - Chapman Oak # - southeastern North America
  • Quercus cornelius-mulleri - Muller Oak # - southwestern North America
  • Quercus copeyensis - # - Costa Rica, Panama
  • Quercus dalechampii - southeastern Europe
  • Quercus depressipes - Davis Mountain Oak # - Texas
  • Quercus dilatata - Moru Oak # - Himalaya
  • Quercus douglasii - Blue Oak - California
  • Quercus dumosa - Coastal Scrub Oak # - southern California
  • Quercus durata - Leather Oak # - California
  • Quercus engelmannii - Engelmann Oak # - southwestern California
  • Quercus faginea - Portuguese oak # - southwestern Europe
  • Quercus fusiformis - Texas Live Oak or Plateau Live Oak # - south central North America
  • Quercus gambelii - Gambel Oak - southwestern North America
  • Quercus garryana - Oregon White Oak or Garry Oak - western North America
  • Quercus geminata - Sand Live Oak # - southeastern North America
  • Quercus glaucoides - # - Mexico
  • Quercus grisea - Gray Oak # - south central North America
  • Quercus havardii - Havard Oak, Shinnery oak, Shin Oak - south central North America
  • Quercus hinckleyi - Hinckley Oak # - Texas, northwestern Mexico
  • Quercus hondurensis - Honduras Oak # - Honduras
  • Quercus ilex - Holly Oak or Holm Oak # - southern Europe, northwestern Africa
  • Quercus insignis - Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama
  • Quercus intricata - Coahuila Scrub Oak # - two isolated localities in west Texas, northern Mexico
  • Quercus john-tuckeri - Tucker's Oak # - southwestern North America
  • Quercus laceyi - Lacey Oak - Edwards Plateau of Texas, northern Mexico
  • Quercus lanata - Woolly-leaved Oak # - Himalaya
  • Quercus leucotrichophora - Banj Oak # - Himalaya
  • Quercus lobata - Valley Oak or California White Oak - California
  • Quercus lusitanica - Gall Oak or Lusitanian Oak - Iberia, North Africa
  • Quercus lyrata - Overcup Oak - eastern North America
  • Quercus macrocarpa - Bur Oak - eastern and central North America
  • Quercus mohriana - Mohr Oak # - southwestern North America
  • Quercus michauxii - Swamp Chestnut Oak - eastern North America
  • Quercus minima - Dwarf Live Oak # - southeastern North America
  • Quercus mongolica - Mongolian Oak - eastern Asia
  • Quercus montana - Chestnut Oak - eastern North America (syn. Q. prinus)
  • Quercus muhlenbergii - Chinkapin Oak - eastern, central, and southwestern US (West Texas and New Mexico), northern Mexico
  • Quercus oblongifolia - Mexican Blue Oak # - southwestern U.S., nw. Mexico
  • Quercus oglethorpensis - Oglethorpe Oak - southeastern North America
  • Quercus peduncularis - # - Central America
  • Quercus petraea - Sessile Oak - Europe
  • Quercus polymorpha - Monterrey Oak, Mexican White Oak # - Mexico and extreme S. Texas
  • Quercus prinoides - Dwarf Chinkapin Oak - eastern North America
  • Quercus pubescens - Downy Oak - Europe
  • Quercus pungens - Sandpaper Oak # - south central North America
  • Quercus robur - Pedunculate Oak or English Oak - Europe, West Asia
  • Quercus rugosa - Netleaf Oak # - southwestern U.S., nw. Mexico
  • Quercus sadleriana - Deer Oak # - sw. Oregon, northern California
  • Quercus stellata - Post Oak - eastern North America
  • Quercus toumeyi - Toumey Oak # - southwest New Mexico, southeastern Arizona, northern Mexico
  • Quercus turbinella - Shrub Live Oak or Scrub Live Oak # - southwestern North America
  • Quercus vaseyana - Vasey Oak # - southwestern North America
  • Quercus virginiana - Southern Live Oak # - southeastern North America

Section Mesobalanus

Europe, Asia, north Africa. Styles long; acorns mature in 6 months, bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless (closely related to sect. Quercus and sometimes included in it).

Section Cerris

Europe, Asia, north Africa. Styles long; acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell hairless or slightly hairy.

Section Protobalanus

The intermediate oaks. Southwest USA & northwest Mexico. Styles short, acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell woolly.

Section Lobatae

The red oaks (synonym sect. Erythrobalanus). North, Central & South America. Styles long, acorns mature in 18 months, very bitter, inside of acorn shell woolly.

Subgenus Cyclobalanopsis

The ring-cupped oaks (synonym genus Cyclobalanopsis). Eastern and southeastern Asia. They are distinct from subgenus Quercus in that they have acorns with distinctive cups bearing concrescent rings of scales; they commonly also have densely clustered acorns, though this does not apply to all of the species. About 150 species.

Selected species
  • Quercus acuta - Japanese Evergreen Oak. # Japan, Korea.
  • Quercus albicaulis - # China.
  • Quercus argentata - # Malaysia, Indonesia.
  • Quercus argyrotricha - # Guizhou (China).
  • Quercus augustinii - # China, Vietnam.
  • Quercus austrocochinchinensis - # China, Vietnam, Thailand.
  • Quercus austroglauca - # China.
  • Quercus bella - # China.
  • Quercus blakei - # China, Vietnam, Laos.
  • Quercus camusiae - # China, Vietnam.
  • Quercus championii - # China, Taiwan.
  • Quercus chapensis - # China, Vietnam.
  • Quercus chevalieri - # China, Vietnam.
  • Quercus chingsiensis - # China.
  • Quercus chungii - # China.
  • Quercus daimingshanensis - # China.
  • Quercus delavayi - # China.
  • Quercus delicatula - # China.
  • Quercus dinghuensis - # China.
  • Quercus disciformis - # China.
  • Quercus edithiae - # China, Vietnam.
  • Quercus elevaticostata - # Fujian (China).
  • Quercus fleuryi - # China, Vietnam, Laos.
  • Quercus gambleana - # China, India.
  • Quercus gemelliflora - # Malaysia, Indonesia.
  • Quercus gilva - # Japan, Taiwan, China.
  • Quercus glauca - Ring-cupped Oak. # From Afghanistan to Japan and Vietnam.
  • Quercus helferiana - # China, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.
  • Quercus hondae - # Kyūshū (Japan).
  • Quercus hui - # China.
  • Quercus hypophaea - # Taiwan.
  • Quercus jenseniana - # China.
  • Quercus jinpinensis - # China.
  • Quercus kerrii - Kerr's Oak. # Vietnam, Thailand, possibly China.
  • Quercus kiukiangensis - # China.
  • Quercus kouangsiensis - # China.
  • Quercus lamellosa - # Himalaya.
  • Quercus lineata - # Malaysia, Indonesia.
  • Quercus litoralis - # China.
  • Quercus litseoides - # China.
  • Quercus lobbii - # China, India.
  • Quercus longinux - # Taiwan.
  • Quercus lowii - # Borneo.
  • Quercus lungmaiensis - # Yunnan (China).
  • Quercus merrillii - # Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), Palawan (Philippines).
  • Quercus morii - # Taiwan.
  • Quercus motuoensis - # China.
  • Quercus multinervis - # China.
  • Quercus myrsinifolia - Bamboo-leaf Oak. # China, Japan, Korea, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam.
  • Quercus neglecta - # China, Vietnam.
  • Quercus ningangensis - # China.
  • Quercus obovatifolia - # China.
  • Quercus oxyodon - # Assam, Myanmar, China, Bhutan, Nepal.
  • Quercus pachyloma - # China, Taiwan.
  • Quercus patelliformis - # China.
  • Quercus pentacycla - # China.
  • Quercus phanera - # China.
  • Quercus poilanei - # China, Vietnam, Thailand.
  • Quercus rex - # China, Vietnam, India, Laos, Myanmar.
  • Quercus salicina - # Japan, South Korea.
  • Quercus saravanensis - # China, Laos, Vietnam.
  • Quercus schottkyana - # China.
  • Quercus semiserrata - # China, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Thailand.
  • Quercus sessilifolia - # Japan, Taiwan, China.
  • Quercus sichourensis - # Yunnan (China).
  • Quercus stenophylloides - # Taiwan.
  • Quercus stewardiana - # China.
  • Quercus subhinoidea - # China.
  • Quercus subsericea - # Malaysia, Indonesia.
  • Quercus thorelii - # China, Laos, Vietnam.
  • Quercus tomentosinervis - # China.
  • Quercus treubiana - # Sumatra, Borneo.
  • Quercus xanthotricha - # China, Laos, Vietnam.
  • Quercus yingjiangensis - # China.
  • Quercus yonganensis - # China.

Notes

# Species with evergreen foliage ("live oaks") are tagged #. Note that the change from deciduous to evergreen character (or vice-versa) has evolved on numerous occasions in Quercus, and does not necessarily indicate that the species concerned are closely related.

External links

Sources

  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan, 1984. ISBN 978-0874747089
  • Soepadmo, E., Julia, S., & Rusea G. Fagaceae. In Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 3, 2006. Soepadmo, E., Saw, L.G. eds. Government of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ISBN 983-2181-06-2







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