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List of Russian philosophers: Wikis


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Philosophers by Mikhail Nesterov, depicting Pavel Florensky and Sergei Bulgakov, 1917

Russian philosophy includes a wide range of branches of philosophical thought, which are listed below along with those authors who developed them. Some Russian writers, like Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky, are known also as philosophers, while many more authors are known primarily for their philosophical works. Russian philosophy blossomed since the 19th century, when it was defined initially by the opposition of Westernizers, advocating Russia's following the Western political and economical models, and Slavophiles, insisting on developing Russia as unique civilization. The latter group includes Nikolai Danilevsky and Konstantin Leontiev, the early founders of eurasianism.

In its further development, Russian philosophy was always marked by deep connection to literature and interest in creativity, society, politics and nationalism; cosmos and religion were other primary subjects. Notable philosophers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries include Vladimir Solovyev, Sergei Bulgakov, Pavel Florensky, Nikolai Berdyaev and Vladimir Vernadsky. In the 20th century Russian philosophy became dominated by Marxism.


Major Thinkers


Russian Enlightenment

Slavophiles and Pochvennichestvo

Russian Symbolists


Russian Positivists

Russian cosmists

The cover of the book "The Will of the Universe. Intellect Unknown. Mind and Passions" by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, 1928


Epistemologists, Logicians and Metaphysicians

  • Boris Chicherin (1828–1904)
  • N. Debolsky
  • P. Bakunin
  • M Karinsky
  • N. Grot
  • Prince Trubetskoy


Materialists, Nihilists

Socialists and Marxists

Christian religious-philosophers

Pre- Solovyov

Orthodox Christian Theologians



  • B. Babynin
  • A. Ognyov
  • F. Berezhkov
  • P. Popov



See also


From the introduction of Value and Existence:[3]

Due to the tradition of the Church, Russia had an implicit philosophy, a philosophy that was born of the Neoplatonism of the Church Fathers. This implicit Neo-platonism is the true heritage of Russian thinking.


All is immanent in all.[3]


  1. ^ History of Russian Philosophy pg 59. N.O. Lossky
  2. ^ History of Russian Philosophy pg 81. N.O. Lossky
  3. ^ a b c Lossky, Nikolai (1935). Value and Existence «Ценность и существование». U.S.A: George Allen & Unwin LTD. [1]


  • History of Russian Philosophy «История российской Философии »(1951) by N. O. Lossky. Publisher: Allen & Unwin, London ASIN: B000H45QTY International Universities Press Inc NY, NY sponsored by Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary.
  • A History of Philosophy, Volume 10: Russian Philosophy (1986) by Frederick Copleston. Publisher: Continuum, London.
  • A history of Russian Philosophy, (2vols) Two Volumes by Vasilii Vasilevich Zenkovsky; Translator George L. Kline Publisher: ROUTLEDGE & KEGAN PAUL (1953) ASIN: B000R0I5MS

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