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List of Russian rulers: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

At different times, a ruler in Kievan Rus'/Rus' principalities/Tsardom of Russia/Russian Empire bore the title of Kniaz (translated as Duke or Prince), Velikiy Kniaz (translated as Grand Duke, Grand Prince or Great Prince), Tsar, Emperor.

The Patriarchs, heads of the Russian Orthodox Church, also sometimes acted as the leaders of Russia — as, for example, during the Polish occupation and interregnum of 1610–1613 (see List of Metropolitans and Patriarchs of Moscow).

Contents

Grand Princes of Novgorod and Kiev (c. 860–1240)

See Grand Prince of Kiev

Grand Princes of Vladimir-Suzdal (1168–1389)

Grand Prince of Vladimir, Alexander Nevsky 1252–1263

Grand Princes of Moscow (1283–1547)

Honour monopolized by rulers of Moscow principality, but see also Grand Prince (of Lithuania)

Rurik Dynasty

Portrait Name Born–Died Grand Prince From Grand Prince Until
Ib226.jpg Daniel 1261–1303 1283 4 March 1303
Jurij of Moscov.jpg Yuri 1281–1325 4 March 1303 21 November 1325
Ivan Kalita.jpg Ivan I (the Moneybag) 1288–1340 21 November 1325 31 March 1340
Simeon of Russia.jpg Simeon (the Proud) 1316–1353 31 March 1340 27 April 1353
Ivan2.jpg Ivan II (the Fair) 1326–1359 27 April 1353 13 November 1359
Dmitri Donskoy.jpg Dimitri I (of the Don) 1350–1389 13 November 1359 19 May 1389
Vasili I of Russia.jpg Vasily I 1371–1425 19 May 1389 27 February 1425
Vasil2b.gif Vasily II (the Blind) 1415–1462 27 February 1425 27 March 1462
Iwan Srogi.jpg Ivan III of Russia (the Great) 1440–1505 5 April 1462 6 November 1505
Vasilii III.jpg Vasily III 1479–1533 6 November 1505 13 December 1533
Ivan the Terrible (cropped).JPG Ivan IV (the Terrible) 1530–1584 13 December 1533 26 January 1547

Tsars of Russia (1547–1721)

Rurik Dynasty

Portrait Name Born–Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Ivan the Terrible (cropped).JPG Ivan IV (the Terrible) 1530–1584 26 January 1547 28 March 1584
Feodor I of Russia - Project Gutenberg eText 20880.jpg Feodor I 1557–1598 28 March 1584 17 January 1598

Time of Troubles (1598–1613)

Godunov Dynasty

Portrait Name Born–Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Boris Godunov.jpg Boris Godunov 1550/ c. 1551–1605 3 March 1598 23 April 1605
Tsar Fyodr II.jpg Feodor II 1589–1605 23 April 1605 11 June 1605

Usurper

Portrait Name Born–Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Dymitr Samozwaniec.jpg False Dmitriy I 1581–1606 30 June 1605 27 May 1606

Shuisky Dynasty

Portrait Name Born–Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Basil IV.jpg Vasili IV Shuisky 1552–1612 27 May 1606 27 July 1610

Usurper

Portrait Name Born–Died Tsar From Tsar Until
Pseudo-Dimitrij.jpg False Dmitriy II (nominally) 1582–1610 27 July 1610 21 December 1610

House of Vasa

Portrait Name Born–Died Tsar From Tsar Until
LadislasIV.jpg Władysław IV Vasa (formally) 1595–1648 27 August (21 December) 1610 4 November 1612

Council of Seven Boyars (27 July 1610 – 4 November 1612)

(From 6 September 1610 for absent Władysław IV Vasa):

  • Prince Fyodor Ivanovich Mstislavsky
  • Prince Ivan Mikhailovich Vorotynsky (to March 1611)
  • Mikhail Fyodorovich Nagoy (from March 1611)
  • Prince Andrey Vasilyevich Trubetskoy
  • Prince Vasily Vasilyevich Golitsyn (to 8 April 1611)
  • Ivan Simeyonovich Kurakin (from 8 April 1611)
  • Prince Boris Mikhailovich Lykov-Obolenskiy
  • Ivan Romanov
  • Fedor Sheremetev

Council of All the Land (17 April 1611 – 26 July 1613)

(In opposition to the Poles and Władysław IV Vasa):

Romanov Dynasty

Monarch Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Mikhail
1613-1645
Tsar Mikhail I -cropped.JPG 12 July 1596
Moscow
son of Feodor Nikitich Romanov and Kseniya Ioannovna Shesotva
Maria Vladimirovna Dolgorukova
1624
one stillborn child

Eudoxia Lukyanovna Streshneva
5 February 1626
ten children
14 July 1645
Moscow
aged 49
Alexei
1645-1676
Alexis I of Russia.jpg 9 May 1629
Moscow
son of Tsar Mikhail and Eudoxia Lukyanova Streshneva
Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya
17 January 1648
13 children

Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina
1 February 1671
3 children
29 January 1676
Moscow
aged 46
Feodor III
1676-1682
Feodor III of Russia.jpg 9 June 1661
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexei and Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya
Agaphia Simeonovna Grushevskaya
28 July 1680
one son

Marfa Matveievna Apraksina
24 February 1682
no children
7 May 1682
Moscow
aged 20
Peter I the Great
1682-1725
jointly with Ivan V until 1696
Peter der-Grosse 1838.jpg 9 June 1672
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexei and Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina
Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina
1689
3 children

Marta Helena Skowrońska
1707
9 children
8 February 1725
aged 52
Ivan V
1682-1696
jointly with Peter I
IvanV.jpg 6 September 1666
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexei and Maria Ilyinichina Miloslavskaya
Praskovia Feodorovna Saltykova
1684
5 daughters
8 February 1696
aged 29

Emperors of Russia (1721–1917)

(Also Grand Dukes of Finland from 1809 until 1917; and Kings of Poland from 1815 until 1916)

Romanov Dynasty

Monarch Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Peter I the Great
1682-1725
Peter der-Grosse 1838.jpg 9 June 1672
Moscow
son of Tsar Alexei and Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina
Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina
1689
3 children

Marta Helena Skowrońska
1707
9 children
8 February 1725
aged 52
Catherine I
1725-1727
Empress Catherine I -c.1724 -2.jpg 15 April 1684
Ringon, Duchy of Livonia
daughter of Samuel Skowroński and Elisabeth Moritz
Peter I of Russia
1707
9 children
17 May 1727
Saint Petersburg
aged 43
Peter II
1727-1730
PietroIIRussia.1730.jpg 23 October 1715
Saint Petersburg
son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich and Princess Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
unmarried 30 January 1730
Moscow
aged 14
Anna
1730-1740
Annaioannovnarussia1693-2.jpg 7 February 1693
Moscow
daughter of Tsar Ivan V and Praskovia Feodorovna Saltykova
Frederick Wilhelm, Duke of Courland
November 1710
no children
28 October 1740
aged 47
Ivan VI
1740-1741
Ivan VI.jpg 23 August 1740
Saint Petersburg
son of Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick and Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia
unmarried 16 July 1764
Schluesselburg (murdered)
aged 23
Elizabeth
1741-1762
Elizabeth empress.jpg 29 December 1709
Kolomenskoye
daughter of Emperor Peter I and Empress Catherine I
Alexey Razumovsky(probable)
1742
no children
5 January 1762
aged 52
Peter III
1762
Coronation portrait of Peter III of Russia -1761.JPG 21 February 1728
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein
son of Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Grand Duchess Anna Petrovna
Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst
16 August 1745
one son
17 July 1762 (murdered)
Ropsha
aged 34
Catherine II the Great
1762-1796
Johann-Baptist Lampi d. Ä. 007.jpg 2 May 1729
Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia, Holy Roman Empire
daughter of Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst and Princess Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp
Peter III of Russia
16 August 1745
one son
6 November 1796
Saint Petersburg
aged 67
Paul I
1796-1801
Paul i russia.jpg 1 October 1754
Saint Petersburg
son of Emperor Peter III and Empress Catherine II
Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
29 September 1773
one stillborn daughter

Princess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
26 September 1776
ten children
23 March 1801 (assassinated)
Saint Michael's Castle, Saint Petersburg
aged 46
Alexander I the Blessed
1801-1825
Alexander I of Russia.PNG 23 December 1777
Saint Petersburg
son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg)
Princess Louise of Baden
28 September 1793
2 daughters
1 December 1825
Taganrog
aged 47
Constantine I (disputed)
1825
Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia.JPG 27 April 1779
Tsarskoye Selo
son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg)
Princess Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
26 February
no children
27 June 1831
Vitebsk
aged 52
Nicholas I the Conqueror
1825-1855
Tsar Nicholas I.PNG 6 July 1796
Gatchina
son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna (Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg)
Princess Charlotte of Prussia
13 July 1817
7 children
2 March 1855
Saint Petersburg
aged 58
Alexander II the Liberator
1855-1881
Makovsky Alexander II of Russia.jpg 29 April 1818
Moscow
son of Emperor Nicholas I and Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia)
Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine
16 April 1841
8 children
13 March 1881 (assassinated)
Saint Petersburg
aged 62
Alexander III the Peace-Maker
1881-1894
Kramskoy Alexander III.jpg 10 March 1845
Saint Petersburg
son of Emperor Alexander II and Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse)
Princess Dagmar of Denmark
9 November 1866
6 children
1 November 1894
Livadiya, Crimea
Nicholas II
1894-1917
Nicholas II of Russia painted by Earnest Lipgart.jpg 6 May 1868
Tsarskoye Selo
son of Emperor Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)
Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine
26 November 1894
5 children
17 July 1918 (murdered)
Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR
aged 50
Mikhail II (disputed)
1917
Mihail II.jpg 22 November 1878
Tsarskoye Selo
son of Emperor Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark)
Natalia Brassova
15 October 1911
one son (born before his parents' marriage)
12 June 1918 (murdered)
Perm, Russian SFSR
aged 39

See List of leaders of Russia for the continuation of leadership.

Pretenders to the Russian throne since 1917

See Line of succession to the Russian throne

See also

External links


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