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Strawberry plants with label indicating the cultivar ('Sequoia')

Strawberries come in a wide assortment of commercially available cultivars (cultivated varieties). Differences between cultivars may include the date the fruit ripens, disease resistance, freezing quality, firmness, berry size, berry shape, and flavor. Many different cultivars have been developed by the United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and East Malling Research Station in the UK.

Almost all the strawberries listed below are cultivars of Fragaria × ananassa. Two cultivars listed here ('Frel' (Pink Panda) and 'Samba' (Red Ruby)) are bigeneric hybrids, grown mainly for their flower colour rather than their fruit, using a closely related species (Potentilla palustris = Comarum palustre) to introduce pink or red colouration to the flowers.

The cultivar Fragaria × ananassa 'Variegata' is grown mainly for the decorative qualities of its variegated foliage.


Table

This table includes a list of common strawberry cultivars that are commercially available.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Cultivar names should be shown in single quotes. Names shown in Small Capitals are trade designations, or "selling names", used in certain countries (with the cultivar name shown alongside); the same cultivar may be sold under a different trade designation in other countries.

Variety Season Developed By Released Pedigree Notes
Alba Early Season New Fruits s.a.s., Italy 2002
'Albion' [8] Day-Neutral Univ. of California 2006 Diamante × Cal94.16-1
'Alice' [8] Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1993
Allstar Midseason USDA / Univ. of Maryland 1981 US 4419 × MDVS 3184
Amelia Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1998
Annapolis Early Season AAFC 1984 (Micmac × Raritan) × Earliglow
Apollo USDA 1970
'Aromel' [8]
Asia Early Midseason New Friuts s.a.s., Italy 2005
Atlas USDA 1970
Benton USDA 1975
'Bogota' [8]
'Bolero' [8] Everbearing East Malling Research, UK 1996
Bountiful USDA 1993
Brunswick Early Midseason USDA 1999 Cavendish × 'Honeoye'
Cabot Midseason AAFC 1998 ('Elsanta' × K79-5) × (ArKing × K7-40)
'Calypso' [8] Everbearing East Malling Research, UK 1991 Rapella × Selva
'Cambridge Favourite' [8]
Cassandra Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1998
Cavendish Midseason AAFC 1990 Glooscap × Annapolis
'Christine' [8]
Clancy Late Midseason Cornell /NYSAES 2003 MDUS4774 × MDUS5199
Darselect Early Midseason USDA 1998 Parker × 'Elsanta'
Delia Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2007 'Honeoye' × ITA 80-51-1
Delite USDA 1974
Delmarvel USDA 1994
Earlibelle USDA 1964
Earliglow Early Season USDA 1975 Fairland × Midland × Redglow × Surecrop
Elegance Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2009 EM834 × EM1033
'Elsanta' [8] Midseason Plant Research International B.V. 1975 Gorella × Holiday
'Elvira' [8]
'Emily' [8] Early Season East Malling Research, UK 1995 'Honeoye' × Gea
'Eros' [8] Midseason East Malling Research, U.K. 1985 Allstar × 'Elsanta'
Evangeline Early Season AAFC 1975 (Honeoye × Veestar) × NYUS119
'Everest' [8]
Evie 2 Day-Neutral Edward Vinson Ltd. (U.K.) 2006 Everglade × J92D12
Fenella Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2009 EM931 × EM972
'Flamenco' [8] Everbearer East Malling Research, UK 2002 Evita × EMR77
'Florence' [8] Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1997 [Tioga x ('Redgauntlet' × (Wiltguard × Gorella))]

× (Providence × self)

Fort Laramie USDA 1973
'Frel' (Pink Panda) [8] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Pink flowers; few fruit
'Fruitful Summer' [8]
Glooscap Early Midseason AAFC 1983 Mic Mac × Bounty
Governor Simcoe Late Midseason HRIO 1985 Guardian × Holiday
Guardian USDA 1969
'Hapil' [8][9][9] 1977 ("raised in Belgium") Gorella × Souvenir de Charles Machiroux
'Honeoye' [8] Early Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1979 Vibrant × Holiday
Hood USDA 1965
Itasca Early Midseason USDA / Univ. of Minnesota 2005 Allstar × Seneca
Jewel Late Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1985 ('Senga Sengana' × NYE58) × Holiday
'Judibell' [8] Very Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2005
Kent Midseason AAFC 1981 ('Redgauntlet' × Tioga) × Raritan
L'Amour Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 2003 (MDUS5252 × Etna) × Cavendish
Lateglow USDA 1987 Tamella × MdUS 3184
Lateglow USDA 1976
'Loran' [8]
Lucy Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2009
Mae Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2003 Rosie × Marmolada
'Malling Opal' [8]
'Malling Pearl' [8]
Matis Midseason Jacques Marionnet GFA, France 2003
Midway USDA 1959
Mira Midseason AAFC 1996 Scott × 'Honeoye'
Mohawk Early Season USDA 1994 MDUS 4587 × Earliglow
Northeaster Early Season USDA 1994
Northeastern Early Season USDA 1994 Mdus 4380 × Holiday
Ogallala USDA 1958
Pandora Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1988 (Von Humboldt × Redstar) × 'Merton Dawn'
'Pegasus' [8] USDA 1996
Pelican Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1990 'Redgauntlet' × Gorella
Pink Panda ('Frel') [8] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Pink flowers; few fruit
Primetime USDA 1995
Quinault Everbearing
'Rabunda' [8]
Redchief USDA 1968 NC 1768 × Surecrop
Redcrest USDA 1990
'Redgauntlet' [8]
Redgem USDA 1993
Red Ruby ('Samba') [8] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Red flowers; few fruit
'Rhapsody' [8]
'Rosie' [8] Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1999
Roxana Late season New Fruits s.a.s., Italy 2001
'Royal Sovereign' [8]
Sable Early Season USDA 1998 Veestar × Cavendish
Saint Pierre Midseason AAFC 2001 Chandler × Jewel
Sallybright Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2007
'Samba' (Red Ruby) [8] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Red flowers; few fruit
Sapphire Midseason Univ. of Guelph 2002 319A92 × V7737-2
Scott USDA 1979
Seascape Day-Neutral Univ. of California 1991
Seneca Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1991 NY1261 × Holiday
'Senga Sengana' [8]
'Sonata' [8]
Sophie Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1997 NY1261 × Holiday
Sunrise USDA 1964
Surecrop USDA 1956 Fairland × Mdus 1972
'Symphony' [8]
Titan USDA 1971
'Totem' [8]
Tribute Day-Neutral USDA 1981 EB18 × MdUS4258
Tristar Day-Neutral USDA 1981 EB18 × MdUS4258
'Variegata' [8] Variegated foliage; few fruit
Veestar Early Season HIRO 1967 Valentine × Sparkle
Viktoriana Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1998
Wendy Early Season AAFC 2006 (Sable × K91-2) × Evangeline
Winona Late Season USDA 1996
Yamaska Late Season AAFC 2001 Pandora × 'Bogota'

See also

References

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Strawberries come in a wide assortment of commercially available varieties. Differences among varieties may include the date the fruit ripens, disease resistance, freezing quality, firmness, berry size, berry shape, and flavor. Many different varieties have been developed by the United States Department of Agriculture and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Table

This table includes a list of common strawberry varieties that are commercially available[1][2][3][4][5][6][7].

Variety Season Developed By Released Pedigree Notes
Alba Early Season New Fruits s.a.s., Italy 2002
Albion Day-Neutral Univ. of California 2006 Diamante x Cal94.16-1
Alice Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1993
Allstar Midseason USDA / Univ. of Maryland 1981 US 4419 x MDVS 3184
Amelia Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1998
Annapolis Early Season AAFC 1984 (Micmac x Raritan) x Earliglow
Apollo USDA 1970
Asia Early Midseason New Friuts s.a.s., Italy 2005
Atlas USDA 1970
Benton USDA 1975
Bolero Everbearing East Malling Research, UK 1996
Bountiful USDA 1993
Brunswick Early Midseason USDA 1999 Cavendish x Honeoye
Cabot Midseason AAFC 1998 (Elsanta x K79-5) x (ArKing x K7-40)
Calypso Everbearing East Malling Research, UK 1991 Rapella x Selva
Cassandra Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1998
Cavendish Midseason AAFC 1990 Glooscap x Annapolis
Clancy Late Midseason Cornell /NYSAES 2003 MDUS4774 x MDUS5199
Darselect Early Midseason USDA 1998 Parker x Elsanta
Delia Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2007 Honeoye x ITA 80-51-1
Delite USDA 1974
Delmarvel USDA 1994
Earlibelle USDA 1964
Earliglow Early Season USDA 1975 Fairland x Midland x Redglow x Surecrop
Elegance Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2009 EM834 x EM1033
Elsanta Midseason Plant Research International B.V. 1975 Gorella x Holiday
Emily Early Season East Malling Research, UK 1995 Honeoye x Gea
Eros Midseason East Malling Research, U.K. 1985 Allstar x Elsanta
Evangeline Early Season AAFC 1975 (Honeoye x Veestar) x NYUS119
Evie 2 Day-Neutral Edward Vinson Ltd. (U.K.) 2006 Everglade x J92D12
Fenella Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2009 EM931 x EM972
Flamenco Everbearer East Malling Research, UK 2002 Evita x EMR77
Florence Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1997 [Tioga x (Redgauntlet x (Wiltguard x Gorella))]

x (Providence x self)

Fort Laramie USDA 1973
Glooscap Early Midseason AAFC 1983 Mic Mac x Bounty
Governor Simcoe Late Midseason HRIO 1985 Guardian x Holiday
Guardian USDA 1969
Honeoye Early Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1979 Vibrant x Holiday
Hood USDA 1965
Itasca Early Midseason USDA / Univ. of Minnesota 2005 Allstar x Seneca
Jewel Late Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1985 (Senga Sengana x NYE58) x Holiday
Judibell Very Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2005
Kent Midseason AAFC 1981 (Redgauntlet x Tioga) x Raritan
L'Amour Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 2003 (MDUS5252 x Etna) x Cavendish
Lateglow USDA 1987 Tamella x MdUS 3184
Latestar USDA 1995
Lateglow USDA 1976
Lucy Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2009
Mae Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2003 Rosie x Marmolada
Matis Midseason Jacques Marionnet GFA, France 2003
Midway USDA 1959
Mira Midseason AAFC 1996 Scott x Honeoye
Mohawk Early Season USDA 1994 MDUS 4587 x Earliglow
Northeaster Early Season USDA 1994
Northeastern Early Season USDA 1994 Mdus 4380 x Holiday
Ogallala USDA 1958
Pandora Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1988 (Von Humboldt x Redstar) x Merton Dawn
Pegasus USDA 1996
Pelican Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1990 Redgauntlet x Gorella
Primetime USDA 1995
Quinault Everbearing
Redchief USDA 1968 NC 1768 x Surecrop
Redcrest USDA 1990
Redgem USDA 1993
Rosie Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1999
Roxana Late season New Friuts s.a.s., Italy 2001
Sable Early Season USDA 1998 Veestar x Cavendish
Saint Pierre Midseason AAFC 2001 Chandler x Jewel
Sallybright Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2007
Sapphire Midseason Univ. of Guelph 2002 319A92 x V7737-2
Scott USDA 1979
Seascape Day-Neutral Univ. of California 1991
Seneca Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1991 NY1261 x Holiday
Sophie Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1997 NY1261 x Holiday
Sunrise USDA 1964
Surecrop USDA 1956 Fairland x Mdus 1972
Titan USDA 1971
Tribute Day-Neutral USDA 1981 EB18 x MdUS4258
Tristar Day-Neutral USDA 1981 EB18 x MdUS4258
Veestar Early Season HIRO 1967 Valentine x Sparkle
Viktoriana Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1998
Wendy Early Season AAFC 2006 (Sable x K91-2) x Evangeline
Winona Late Season USDA 1996
Yamaska Late Season AAFC 2001 Pandora x Bogota

See also

  • Strawberry

References


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