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Kingdom of Sweden

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This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden, with regents and viceroys of the Kalmar Union up to the present time.

The earliest record of what is generally considered to be a Swedish king appears in Tacitus' work Germania, c. 100 AD (the king of the Suiones). However, due to scant and unreliable sources before the 11th century, lists of succession traditionally start in the 10th century with king Olof Skötkonung, and his father Eric the Victorious, who also were the first Swedish kings to be baptized.

There are, however, lists of Swedish pagan monarchs with far older dates, but in many cases these kings appear in sources of disputed historical reliability. These records notably deal with the legendary House of Yngling, and based on the Danish chronicler Saxo Grammaticus, Erik Segersäll and Olof Skötkonung have often been classified as belonging to the Swedish house of Ynglings. However, according to Icelandic sources this line of kings was broken (see Ingjald and Ivar Vidfamne), and trace them back to Sigurd Ring and Ragnar Lodbrok (whom Saxo, on the other hand, considered to belong to the House of Yngling). As there is no evidence that Eric and Olof ever used the Yngling name themselves, modern historians instead refer to their family as the House of Munsö, the Old Dynasty or the House of Uppsala.

In the 16th century, Johannes Magnus constructed a mythical line of Swedish kings, beginning with Magog, the son of Japheth, to demonstrate the antiquity of the Swedish throne. On the basis of his list, Eric XIV and Charles IX adopted their high ordinals; previous monarchs with those names are traditionally numbered counting backward from Eric XIV and Charles IX. In contemporary Swedish usage, medieval kings are usually not given any ordinal at all.

In addition to the list below, the Swedish throne was also claimed by the kings of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1599 to 1660. Following his abdication Sigismund continued to claim the throne from 1599 to his death in 1632. After his death the claim was continued by his sons Wladyslaw IV (from 1632 to 1648) and John II Casimir (from 1648 to 1660).


Monarchs and Regents of Sweden

For lists of the prehistoric kings of Sweden see


The House of Yngling

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Eric VI the Victorious (Erik Segersäll)
c. 970 – c. 995
Eric the victorious.jpg 945?, son of Björn Eriksson Sigrid the Haughty Sotdöd (died in sickness) in Old Uppsala c. 995, aged about 50
Olof I the Treasurer (Olof Skötkonung)
c. 995 – c. 1022
Silvermynt slaget för Olof Skötkonung, Nordisk familjebok.png c. 980, son of Eric the Victorious and Sigrid the Haughty Estrid of the Obotrites c. 1022, aged about 42
Anund Jacob I (Anund Jakob)
c. 1022–1050
Mynt präglat av Anund Jakob Jonsson, Nordisk familjebok.png 25 July 1008 or 1010 son of Olof the Treasurer and Estrid of the Obotrites c. 1050, aged about 40
Emund I the Old (Emund den gamle)
Illegitimate son of Olof the Treasurer Astrid Njalsdotter 1060

The House of Stenkil and contemporary

      House of Stenkil

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Stenkil (Stenkil Ragnvaldsson)
Probably from Västergötland, son of Ragnvald Ulfsson (according to Hervarar saga) Ingamoder Emundsdotter Sotdöd (died in sickness) in "Svitjod", 1066
Eric VII Stenkilsson (Erik Stenkilsson)
son of Stenkil 1067, dies in a war against Eric VIII the Pagan
Eric VIII the Pagan (Erik Hedningen)
1067, dies in a war against Eric VII Stenkilsson
Halsten Stenkilsson (Halsten)
c. 1050 son of Stenkil 1084, aged about 34
Anund Gårdske
Coming from Garðaríki, (Kievan Rus'), although probably with ancestral links to Scandinavia
Håkan the Red (Håkan Röde)
Levene, Västergötland, c. 1040, son of Stenkil The widow of Eric VIII the Pagan
Inge I the Elder (Inge den äldre)
1079–1084, 1087–1105
son of Stenkil and Ingamoder Emundsdotter Helena, sister of Blot-Sweyn Died in sickness, 1105. First buried in Hånger, but then moved to Varnhem Abbey
Blot-Sweyn (Blot-Sven)
1087, ambushed by Inge I the Elder's troops
1087–1105, Inge I the Elder (Inge den äldre) (second period)
Philip Halstensson (Filip Halstensson) 1105–1118 son of king Halsten Ingegerd, daughter of Harald Hardrada Assumed to be buried in Vreta Abbey with his brother Inge II
Inge II the Younger (Inge den yngre)
son of king Halsten Ulvhild Håkansdotter Östergötland, 1125, Accusations has it that he was poisoned by his wife with an "evil drink". Assumed to be buried in Vreta Abbey with his brother Philip
Ragnvald Knaphövde
Assumed to be related in some way to the House of Stenkil 1126, killed before accepted in Västergötland by the supporters of Magnus the Strong
1126–1130, Four years without a king. Magnus the Strong was however ruling over the West Geats, and the soon-to-be king Sverker was already ruling over the East Geats.

The Houses of Sverker and Eric

      House of Stenkil
      House of Eric
      House of Sverker

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Sverker I the Elder (also called Clubfoot, Sverker den äldre or Klumpfot; king from 1125 in Östergötland), 1130–1156 Sverker-I-Trad.JPG of East Geatish ancestry, son of Cornube or Kol Ulvhild Håkansdotter,
Rikissa of Poland
Murdered by his own coach on Christmas Day 1156 while going to church. Some appoint Magnus Henriksen to be behind the murder, buried at Alvastra Abbey
Eric IX the Saint (Erik den helige),
Eric the Saint c. 1120, some appoint him to have West Geatish roots Killed by Magnus Henriksen as he came out of the church in Uppsala, 18 May 1160, aged about 40, enshrined in Uppsala Cathedral
Magnus Henriksen,
son of Henry and Ingrid Ragvaldsdotter (the granddaughter of Inge I) Married to his stepsister Birgida, the daughter of Harald IV (Gille) of Norway Died in the battle of Örebro againtst Charles VII, 1161
Charles VII (Karl Sverkersson),
King Karl Sverkersson's seal 1130, son of Sverker I the Elder and Ulvhild Håkansdotter Kirsten Stigsdatter, 1163 Killed by Canute I Ericson on Visingsö, 12 April 1167, aged about 37, buried at Alvastra Abbey
Canute I Ericson (Knut Eriksson) (1167–1173 not in Östergötland; from 1173 also in Östergötland), 1167–1196 Seal of Canute I before 1150, son of Eric the Saint and Kristina (probably a granddaughter of Inge I the Elder) Cecilia Johansdotter Died peacefully in 1195 or 1196, buried at Varnhem Abbey
Sverker II the Younger (Sverker den yngre), 1196–1208 born before 1167, probably already c. 1164 son of king Charles VII and queen Christine Stigsdatter of Hvide Benedicta Ebbesdatter
Ingegerd daughter of Birger Brosa
Died in the Battle of Gestilren, 17 July 1210, aged about 45, buried at Alvastra Abbey
Eric X (Erik Knutsson),
King Eric's seal 1180 son of Canute I Ericson Richeza of Denmark (the daughter of Valdemar I of Denmark) Died suddenly in fever on Näs Castle, Visingsö, 10 April 1216, aged about 36, buried at Varnhem Abbey
John I the Child (Johan Sverkersson unge), 1216–1222 1201 son of Sverker II Died on Visingsö, 10 March 1222, aged about 21, buried at Alvastra Abbey
Eric XI the Lisp and Lame (Erik läspe och halte),
1222–1229 and 1234–1250
King Eric's seal 1216 son of king Erik X of Sweden and Richeza of Denmark Catherine of Ymseborg 2 February 1250, aged about 34, buried at Varnhem Abbey
Canute II the Tall (Knut Långe)
King Canute II's coin son of Holmger who was "nepos" (nephew?) of Canute I Ericson Likely married to a woman of the house of Folkung 1234, buried at Sko kloster
1234-1250, Eric XI the Lisp and Lame (second period)

The House of Bjälbo

The House of Bjälbo is sometimes referred to as the House of Folkung

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Valdemar I (Valdemar Birgersson)
Seal of Valdemar Birgersson 1239 son of Birger jarl and Ingeborg Eriksdotter (the daughter of Eric X) Married four times, among others Sofia of Denmark, daughter of Eric IV of Denmark Died while imprisoned by his brother Magnus at Nyköping Castle, 26 December 1302, aged about 63, buried at Vreta Abbey or Riddarholmen Church
Magnus III Ladislaus (also Barnlock, Magnus Ladulås)
Seal of king Magnus 1240 son of Birger jarl and Ingeborg Eriksdotter (the daughter of Eric X) Helwig of Holstein Visingsö, 18 December 1290, aged about 50, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Birger (Birger Magnusson)
Limestone painting of Birger Magnusson c. 1300 1280 son of Magnus III Ladislaus and Helwig of Holstein Martha of Denmark, 1298 31 May 1321, in exile in Denmark, after murdering his brothers at Nyköping Banquet, aged about 41, buried at Ringsted, Zealand
Mats Kettilmundsson
Regent 1318–1319
(not of the House of Bjälbo)
Unknown birthyear None May 1326, in Åbo, as hövitsman of Finland
Magnus IV Ericson (Magnus Eriksson, technically Magnus IV)
King Magnus Eriksson's seal Norway, 1316 son of Erik Magnusson (brother of Birger) and Ingeborg Håkonsdotter Blanka of Namur,1335 Drowned in a shipwreck when seeking refuge with his son in Bømlofjord, Norway, 1 December 1374, aged about 58
Eric XII (Erik Magnusson)
Seal of king Eric 1339 son of Magnus IV Eriksson Beatrix of Bavaria Generally believed that he and his wife died in the plague, 21 June 1359, aged about 20
Haakon (Håkan Magnusson)
Seal of king Håkan Magnusson 1340 son of Magnus IV Eriksson and Blanka of Namur Margrete Valdemarsdotter, 9 April 1363 in Copenhagen Oslo, 11 September 1380, aged about 40, buried in Oslo
Olof Haakonson (in opposition to Albert; pretender of the Swedish crown) 1385–1387 Seal of king Olof Haakonson Akershus Castle, Oslo, 1370, son of Haakon VI of Norway and Margaret I of Denmark None Falsterbo castle, 23 August 1387, aged about 17, buried in Sorø, Zealand

The House of Mecklenburg

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Albert of Sweden (Albrekt av Mecklenburg)
Albert of Sweden Mecklenburg, c. 1338, son of Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg and Euphemia of Sweden Mecklenburg, 1 April 1412, aged about 74, buried in Mecklenburg

Monarchs of the Kalmar Union and Regents (Riksföreståndare)

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Margaret (Margareta Valdemarsdotter)
Queen Margaret I Vordingborg Castle, 1353 daughter of Valdemar IV and Helvig of Sønderjylland Haakon VI of Norway Flensburg Fjord, 28 October 1412, aged about 55, buried in Roskilde Cathedral
Eric XIII (Erik av Pommern)
Eric of Pomerania Rügenwalde, Pomerania, 1382, son of Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania and Mary of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Philippa of England, daughter of Henry IV of England Rügenwalde Castle, 3 May 1459, aged about 77, buried in Rügenwalde, Pomerania
Christopher of Bavaria (Kristoffer av Bayern) 1441–1448 Christopher of Bavaria Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz in Bavaria, February 26, 1418 son of Duke John of Pfalz-Neumarkt and Catherine Vratislava Dorothea of Brandenburg Helsingborg, 5 January or 6 January 1448, aged 29, buried at Roskilde Cathedral
Charles VIII (Karl Knutsson Bonde)
1448–1457, 1464–1465 and 1467–1470
Karl Knutsson Bonde.jpg 1408 or 1409 son of Knut Tordsson (Bonde) and Margareta Karlsdotter (Sparre av Tofta) Birgitta Turesdotter (Bielke) (died before he became king)
Katarina Karlsdotter
Kristina Abrahamsdotter
15 May 1470, aged about 61 or 62, buried at Riddarholmen Church
Christian I of Sweden (Kristian I)
Christian I Oldenburg, Lower Saxony, February 1426, son of Dietrich of Oldenburg and Helvig of Schauenburg Dorothea of Brandenburg Copenhagen, 21 May 1481, aged 55, buried at Roskilde Cathedral
1464–1465 Charles VIII (Karl Knutsson Bonde) (second period)
1467–1470 Charles VIII (Karl Knutsson Bonde) (third period)
John (II) / Hans of Sweden (Hans)
Hans Aalborg Castle, 2 February 1455, son of Christian I and Dorothea of Brandenburg Christina of Saxony Aalborg Castle, 20 February 1513, aged 58, buried in Odense
Christian II of Sweden/Christian the Tyrant (Kristian Tyrann)
King Christian II Nyborg Castle, 1 July 1481 son of Hans and Christina of Saxony Isabella of Habsburg Kalundborg Castle, 25 January 1559, aged 77, buried in Odense

The House of Vasa

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Gustav I (Gustav Vasa)
also as regent Gustav Eriksson (Vasa), 1521–1523
Gustav I Rydboholm Castle or Lindholmen in Uppland, 12 May 1496 son of Erik Johansson and Cecilia Månsdotter Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg (1531–1535)
Margareta Leijonhufvud (1536–1551)
Katarina Stenbock (1552–1560)
Tre Kronor (castle), 29 September 1560, aged 64, buried in Uppsala Cathedral
Eric XIV (Erik XIV)
Erik XIV (1533-1577) Domenicus Verwildt.jpg Tre Kronor (castle), 13 December 1533 son of Gustav I and Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg Karin Månsdotter Died (Poisoned) while imprisoned in Örbyhus Castle, 26 February 1577. Aged 43, buried at Västerås Cathedral
John III (Johan III)
John III of Sweden.jpg Stegeborg Castle, Östergötland, 20 December 1537 son of Gustav I and Margaret Leijonhufvud Catherine Jagellonica (1562 – 1583),
Gunilla Bielke (1585 – 1597)
Tre Kronor (castle), 17 November 1592, aged 54, buried at Uppsala Cathedral
Sigismund Vasa (Sigismund)
Martin Kober 001.jpg Gripsholm Castle, 20 June 1566, son of John III and Catherine Jagellonica of Poland. Anna of Austria (1592–1598),
Constance of Austria (1605–1631)
Warsaw, Poland, 30 April 1632, aged 65, buried at Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland
Charles IX (Karl IX)
also as regent Duke Charles, 1599–1604
Charles IX of Sweden.jpg Tre Kronor (castle), 4 October 1550 son of Gustav I and Margaret Leijonhufvud Maria of Palatinate-Simmern (1579 – 1589),
Christina of Holstein-Gottorp (1592–1611)
Nyköping Castle, 30 October 1611, aged 61, buried at Strängnäs Cathedral
Gustavus Adolphus (Gustav II Adolf)
Gustav II of Sweden.jpg Tre Kronor (castle), 9 December 1594, son of Charles IX and Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg 6 November 1632, in the Battle of Lützen, Electorate of Saxony, aged 37, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Christina (Kristina)
Swedish queen Drottning Kristina portrait by Sébastien Bourdon stor.jpg Stockholm, 8 December[1] 1626, daughter of Gustavus Adolphus and Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg Unmarried Rome, 19 April 1689, aged 62, buried at St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

The House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken

Also known as The House of Wittelsbach Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg or The House of Pfalz
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav)
Sébastien Bourdons-Karl X Gustav.jpg Nyköping Castle, 8 November 1622, son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catharina of Sweden (daughter of Charles IX) Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp Gothenburg, 13 February 1660, aged 37, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XI (Karl XI)
Charles XI Tre Kronor (castle), 24 November 1655 son of Charles X and Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp Ulrike Eleonora of Denmark, daughter of Frederick III of Denmark Tre Kronor (castle), 5 April 1697, aged 41, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XII (Karl XII)
Charles XII of Sweden Tre Kronor (castle), 17 June 1682 son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder Unmarried Fredrikshald, Norway, 30 November 1718, aged 36, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Ulrika Eleonora
Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden Tre Kronor (castle), 23 January 1688 daughter of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder Frederick I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) Stockholm, 24 November 1741, aged 53, buried in Riddarholmen Church

The House of Hesse

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Frederick I (Fredrik I av Hessen)
Fredrik I, king of Sweden.jpg Kassel, (in today's Germany), 23 April 1676 son of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) and Princess Maria Amalia of Courland Louise Dorothea of Prussia
Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden
Stockholm, 25 March 1751, aged 74, buried in Riddarholmen Church

The House of Holstein-Gottorp

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Adolf Frederick (Adolf Fredrik)
Adolf Fredrik of Sweden.jpg Gottorp, Schleswig, (in today's Germany), 14 May 1710 son of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin and Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach Louisa Ulrika of Prussia Stockholm Palace, 12 February 1771, aged 60, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustav III
Alexander Roslin - Gustav III.jpg Stockholm, 24 January [O.S. 13 January] 1746 son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia Sophia Magdalena of Denmark Assassinated (shot in the back when he was on a masked ball at the opera, 16 March 1792). Died in Stockholm Palace, 29 March 1792, aged 46, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustav IV Adolf
with Charles, Duke of Södermanland as regent 1792–1796
Gustav IV Stockholm Palace, 1 November 1778 son of Gustav III and Sophie Magdalena Frederica of Baden St. Gallen, Switzerland, 7 February 1837, aged 58, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XIII (Karl XIII)
Charles XIII of Sweden Stockholm, 7 October 1748 son of Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia Queen Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte Stockholm, 5 February 1818, aged 69, buried in Riddarholmen Church

The House of Bernadotte

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles XIV John (Karl XIV Johan)
Karl XIV Johan, king of Sweden and Norway, painted by Fredric Westin.jpg Pau, France, 26 January 1763 son of Jean Henri Bernadotte and Jeanne de Saint-Vincent Désirée Clary Stockholm Palace, 8 March 1844, aged 81, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Oscar I
Crownprince Oscar of Sweden painted by Joseph Karl Stieler.jpg Paris, France, 4 July 1799, son of Charles XIV John and Désirée Clary Josephine of Leuchtenberg Stockholm Palace, 8 July 1859, aged 60, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Charles XV (Karl XV)
Karl XV i mitten av 1860-talet.jpg Stockholm Palace, 3 May 1826 son of Oscar I and Josephine of Leuchtenberg Louise of the Netherlands Malmö, 18 September 1872, aged 46, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Oscar II
King Oscar II of Sweden in uniform.png Stockholm, 21 January 1829 son of Oscar I and Josephine of Leuchtenberg Sofia of Nassau Stockholm, 8 December 1907, aged 78, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustav V
Gustaf V av Sverige.jpg Drottningholm Palace, 16 June 1858 son of Oscar II and Sofia of Nassau Victoria of Baden Drottningholm Palace, 29 October 1950, aged 92, buried in Riddarholmen Church
Gustaf VI Adolf
Gustaf VI Adolf av Sverige som kronprins.jpg Stockholm, 11 November 1882 son of Gustav V and Victoria of Baden Princess Margaret of Connaught
Lady Louise Mountbatten
Helsingborg, 15 September 1973, aged 90, buried at Royal Burial Ground
Carl XVI Gustaf
Since 15 September 1973
Carl Gustav Haga Palace, 30 April 1946 son of Prince Gustav Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten and Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Silvia, 19 June 1976 at Stockholm Cathedral
3 children


  1. ^ Note that the birth date is December 8 in the Julian calendar, which was in effect in Sweden at the time, corresponding to December 18 in the Gregorian calendar.
  • The Cambridge History of Scandinavia. Vol.I. Cambridge University Press, 2003 (ISBN 0-521-47299-7).
  • Morby John E. Dynasties of the World. Oxford University Press, 2002 (ISBN 0-19-860473-4).
  • Liljegren, Bengt. Rulers of Sweden. Historiska Media, 2004 (ISBN 91-85057-63-0).
  • Lagerqvist Lars O., Åberg Nils. Kings and Rulers of Sweden. Vincent Publications, 2002 (ISBN 91-87064-35-9).

See also


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