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List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office: Wikis

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13,358 days
William O. Douglas
from 1939 to 1975
12,614 days
Stephen Johnson Field
from 1863 to 1897
12,570 days
John Marshall
from 1801 to 1835
12,509 days
John Paul Stevens
since 1975
12,447 days
Hugo Black
from 1937 to 1971
801 days
Robert Trimble
from 1826 to 1828
550 days
John Rutledge
from 1790 to 1791 and in 1795
452 days
James F. Byrnes
from 1941 to 1942
223 days
Sonia Sotomayor
from 2009 (currently serving)
163 days
Thomas Johnson
from 1792 to 1793

This is a list of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office, counted in days. The period of service for Justices ranges from William O. Douglas's 13,358 days (36 years) on the Court to Thomas Johnson's 163-day tenure. The first date is the day the Justice took the oath of office.[1] A nominee who was confirmed by the United States Senate but declined to serve, such as Robert H. Harrison, or who died before taking his seat, such as Edwin M. Stanton, would not be considered to have served as a Justice.[1][2] The last date is the date of the Justice's death, resignation, or retirement.[1] A highlighted row indicates that the Justice is currently serving on the Court.[3]

Justices

Rank by
length
of term
Justice Length
in days
Term of office[1]
1 Douglas, William O.William O. Douglas 13,358 April 17, 1939–November 12, 1975
2 Field, Stephen JohnsonStephen Johnson Field 12,614 May 20, 1863–December 1, 1897
3 Marshall, JohnJohn Marshall* 12,570 February 4, 1801–July 6, 1835
4 Stevens, John PaulJohn Paul Stevens 12,509 December 19, 1975–present
5 Black, HugoHugo Black 12,447 August 19, 1937–September 17, 1971
6 Harlan, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan 12,360 December 10, 1877–October 14, 1911
7 Brennan, William J.William J. Brennan 12,330 October 16, 1956–July 20, 1990
8 Rehnquist, WilliamWilliam Rehnquist* +12,293 January 7, 1972–September 3, 2005+
9 Story, JosephJoseph Story 12,273 February 3, 1812–September 10, 1845
10 Wayne, James MooreJames Moore Wayne 11,860 January 14, 1835–July 5, 1867
11 McLean, JohnJohn McLean 11,406 January 11, 1830–April 4, 1861
12 White, ByronByron White 11,396 April 16, 1962–June 28, 1993
13 Washington, BushrodBushrod Washington 11,252 February 4, 1799–November 26, 1829
14 Johnson, WilliamWilliam Johnson 11,046 May 7, 1804–August 4, 1834
15 Holmes, Oliver WendellOliver Wendell Holmes 10,627 December 8, 1902–January 12, 1932
16 Taney, Roger B.Roger B. Taney* 10,425 March 28, 1836–October 12, 1864
17 Miller, Samuel FreemanSamuel Freeman Miller 10,311 July 21, 1862–October 13, 1890
18 Catron, JohnJohn Catron 10,256 May 1, 1837–May 30, 1865
19 Nelson, SamuelSamuel Nelson 10,136 February 27, 1845–November 28, 1872
20 White, Edward DouglassEdward Douglass White* +9,929 March 12, 1894–May 19, 1921+
21 McKenna, JosephJoseph McKenna 9,840 January 26, 1898–January 5, 1925
22 Van Devanter, WillisWillis Van Devanter 9,647 January 3, 1911–June 2, 1937
23 McReynolds, James ClarkJames Clark McReynolds 9,608 October 12, 1914–January 31, 1941
24 O'Connor, Sandra DaySandra Day O'Connor 8,894 September 25, 1981–January 31, 2006
25 Blackmun, HarryHarry Blackmun 8,821 June 9, 1970–August 3, 1994
26 Marshall, ThurgoodThurgood Marshall 8,765 October 2, 1967–October 1, 1991
27 Frankfurter, FelixFelix Frankfurter 8,611 January 30, 1939–August 28, 1962
28 Clifford, NathanNathan Clifford 8,586 January 21, 1858–July 25, 1881
29 Grier, Robert CooperRobert Cooper Grier 8,575 August 10, 1846–January 31, 1870
30 Scalia, AntoninAntonin Scalia 8,575 September 26, 1986–present
31 Duvall, GabrielGabriel Duvall 8,453 November 23, 1811–January 14, 1835
32 Stewart, PotterPotter Stewart 8,298 October 14, 1958–July 3, 1981
33 Brandeis, LouisLouis Brandeis 8,288 June 5, 1916–February 13, 1939
34 Kennedy, AnthonyAnthony Kennedy 8,065 February 18, 1988–present
35 Bradley, Joseph PhiloJoseph Philo Bradley 7,975 March 23, 1870–January 22, 1892
36 Fuller, MelvilleMelville Fuller* 7,938 October 8, 1888–July 4, 1910
37 Stone, Harlan FiskeHarlan Fiske Stone* +7,721 March 2, 1925–April 22, 1946+
38 Gray, HoraceHorace Gray 7,553 January 9, 1882–September 15, 1902
39 Cushing, WilliamWilliam Cushing 7,527 February 2, 1790–September 13, 1810
40 Thompson, SmithSmith Thompson 7,413 September 1, 1823–December 18, 1843
41 Brewer, David JosiahDavid Josiah Brewer 7,385 January 6, 1890–March 28, 1910
42 Day, William RufusWilliam Rufus Day 7,196 March 2, 1903–November 13, 1922
43 Reed, Stanley FormanStanley Forman Reed 6,965 January 31, 1938–February 25, 1957
44 Swayne, Noah HaynesNoah Haynes Swayne 6,937 January 27, 1862–January 24, 1881
45 Todd, ThomasThomas Todd 6,854 May 4, 1807–February 7, 1826
46 Souter, DavidDavid Souter 6,838 October 9, 1990–June 29, 2009
47 Thomas, ClarenceClarence Thomas 6,722 October 23, 1991–present
48 Daniel, Peter VivianPeter Vivian Daniel 6,716 January 10, 1842–May 31, 1860
49 Clark, Tom C.Tom C. Clark 6,501 August 24, 1949–June 12, 1967
50 Burger, Warren E.Warren E. Burger* 6,304 June 23, 1969–September 26, 1986
51 Hughes, Charles EvansCharles Evans Hughes* +6,214 October 10, 1910–June 10, 1916
February 24, 1930–June 30, 1941*
52 Butler, PiercePierce Butler 6,162 January 2, 1923–November 16, 1939
53 Ginsburg, Ruth BaderRuth Bader Ginsburg 6,065 August 10, 1993–present
54 Harlan II, John MarshallJohn Marshall Harlan II 6,023 March 28, 1955–September 23, 1971
55 Livingston, Henry BrockholstHenry Brockholst Livingston 5,901 January 20, 1807–March 18, 1823
56 Warren, EarlEarl Warren* 5,740 October 5, 1953–June 23, 1969
57 Breyer, StephenStephen Breyer 5,707 August 3, 1994–present
58 Powell, Lewis FranklinLewis Franklin Powell 5,649 January 7, 1972–June 26, 1987
59 Brown, Henry BillingsHenry Billings Brown 5,621 January 5, 1891–May 28, 1906
60 Chase, SamuelSamuel Chase 5,613 February 4, 1796–June 19, 1811
61 Sutherland, GeorgeGeorge Sutherland 5,586 October 2, 1922–January 17, 1938
62 Roberts, Owen JosephusOwen Josephus Roberts 5,538 June 2, 1930–July 31, 1945
63 McKinley, JohnJohn McKinley 5,305 January 9, 1838–July 19, 1852
64 Baldwin, HenryHenry Baldwin 5,207 January 18, 1830–April 21, 1844
65 Davis, DavidDavid Davis 5,198 December 10, 1862–March 4, 1877
66 Waite, Morrison R.Morrison R. Waite* 5,133 March 4, 1874–March 23, 1888
67 Peckham, Rufus WheelerRufus Wheeler Peckham 5,039 January 6, 1896–October 24, 1909
68 Paterson, WilliamWilliam Paterson 4,929 March 11, 1793–September 9, 1806
69 Jackson, Robert H.Robert H. Jackson 4,838 July 11, 1941–October 9, 1954
70 Burton, Harold HitzHarold Hitz Burton 4,760 October 1, 1945–October 13, 1958
71 Blatchford, SamuelSamuel Blatchford 4,113 April 3, 1882–July 7, 1893
72 Pitney, MahlonMahlon Pitney 3,940 March 18, 1912–December 31, 1922
73 Strong, WilliamWilliam Strong 3,928 March 14, 1870–December 14, 1880
74 Shiras, Jr., GeorgeGeorge Shiras, Jr. 3,787 October 10, 1892–February 23, 1903
75 Murphy, FrankFrank Murphy 3,452 February 5, 1940–July 19, 1949
76 Iredell, JamesJames Iredell 3,448 May 12, 1790–October 20, 1799
77 Hunt, WardWard Hunt 3,305 January 9, 1873–January 27, 1882
78 Wilson, JamesJames Wilson 3,242 October 5, 1789–August 21, 1798
79 Taft, William HowardWilliam Howard Taft* 3,129 July 11, 1921–February 3, 1930
80 Chase, Salmon P.Salmon P. Chase* 3,065 December 15, 1864–May 7, 1873
81 Campbell, John ArchibaldJohn Archibald Campbell 2,941 April 11, 1853–April 30, 1861
82 Matthews, Thomas StanleyThomas Stanley Matthews 2,866 May 17, 1881–March 22, 1889
83 Vinson, Fred M.Fred M. Vinson* 2,633 June 24, 1946–September 8, 1953
84 Sanford, Edward TerryEdward Terry Sanford 2,574 February 19, 1923–March 8, 1930
85 Minton, ShermanSherman Minton 2,560 October 12, 1949–October 15, 1956
86 Rutledge, Wiley BlountWiley Blount Rutledge 2,399 February 15, 1943–September 10, 1949
87 Woods, William BurnhamWilliam Burnham Woods 2,320 January 5, 1881–May 14, 1887
88 Cardozo, Benjamin N.Benjamin N. Cardozo 2,308 March 14, 1932–July 9, 1938
89 Curtis, Benjamin RobbinsBenjamin Robbins Curtis 2,182 October 10, 1851–September 30, 1857
90 Woodbury, LeviLevi Woodbury 2,172 September 23, 1845–September 4, 1851
91 Clarke, John HessinJohn Hessin Clarke 2,170 October 9, 1916–September 18, 1922
92 Blair, JohnJohn Blair 2,091 February 2, 1790–October 25, 1795
93 Jay, JohnJohn Jay* 2,079 October 19, 1789–June 29, 1795
94 (tie) Lamar, Lucius Quintus CincinnatusLucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar 1,832 January 18, 1888–January 23, 1893
94 (tie) Whittaker, Charles EvansCharles Evans Whittaker 1,832 March 25, 1957–March 31, 1962
96 Lamar, Joseph RuckerJoseph Rucker Lamar 1,825 January 3, 1911–January 2, 1916
97 Barbour, Philip PendletonPhilip Pendleton Barbour 1,750 May 12, 1836–February 25, 1841
98 Ellsworth, OliverOliver Ellsworth* 1,742 March 8, 1796–December 15, 1800
99 Lurton, Horace HarmonHorace Harmon Lurton 1,651 January 3, 1910–July 12, 1914
100 Roberts, John G.John G. Roberts* 1,632 September 29, 2005–present
101 Alito, SamuelSamuel Alito 1,508 January 31, 2006–present
102 Moody, William HenryWilliam Henry Moody 1,434 December 17, 1906–November 20, 1910
103 Moore, AlfredAlfred Moore 1,375 April 21, 1800–January 26, 1804
104 Fortas, AbeAbe Fortas 1,318 October 4, 1965–May 14, 1969
105 Goldberg, Arthur JosephArthur Joseph Goldberg 1,028 October 1, 1962–July 25, 1965
106 Jackson, Howell EdmundsHowell Edmunds Jackson 887 March 4, 1893–August 8, 1895
107 Trimble, RobertRobert Trimble 801 June 16, 1826–August 25, 1828
108 Rutledge, JohnJohn Rutledge* +563 February 15, 1790–March 5, 1791
July 1, 1795–December 28, 1795*
109 Byrnes, James F.James F. Byrnes 452 July 8, 1941–October 3, 1942
110 Sotomayor, SoniaSonia Sotomayor 223 August 8, 2009–present
111 Johnson, ThomasThomas Johnson 163 August 6, 1792–January 16, 1793

*Chief Justice
+Term as Associate Justice and Chief Justice combined

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Members of the Supreme Court from the Supreme Court of the United States" (PDF). Official website of the Supreme Court of the United States. http://www.supremecourtus.gov/about/members.pdf. Retrieved September 19, 2009. 
  2. ^ Stanton took the oath of office on his death bed, but according to the Supreme Court Historical Society, he never took "the necessary steps toward becoming a Member of the Court."
  3. ^ "Judges of the United States Courts". Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. http://www.fjc.gov/servlet/tGetCourt?cid=0&order=c. Retrieved December 27, 2007. 
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