List of U.S. states by date of statehood: Wikis

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The order in which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order in which the others were admitted to the union

This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. Although the first 13 states can be considered to have been members of the United States from the date of the Declaration of Independence – July 4, 1776 – they are presented here as being "admitted" on the date each ratified the present United States Constitution; most other such lists, including the 50 State Quarters program, do the same. The admission dates for later states were set by either the act of admission or a later resolution issued under that act, except for Ohio, whose date of admission was determined by act of Congress in 1953 (see note below).

This list does not account for the secession during the American Civil War of 13 states, 11 of which formed the Confederate States of America, and the subsequent restoration of those states to representation in Congress (sometimes called "readmission") between 1866 and 1870, or the end of Reconstruction in those states.

States

# United States State Ratification or Admission Preceding Entity
!C 1 Delaware Delaware 01787-12-07 December 7, 1787 Lower Counties on Delaware, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9993068528194 2 Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 01787-12-12 December 12, 1787 Province of Pennsylvania, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9989013877113 3 New Jersey New Jersey 01787-12-18 December 18, 1787 Province of New Jersey, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9986137056388 4 Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 01788-01-02 January 2, 1788 Province of Georgia, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9983905620875 5 Connecticut Connecticut 01788-01-09 January 9, 1788 Connecticut Colony, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9982082405307 6 Massachusetts Massachusetts 01788-02-06 February 6, 1788 Province of Massachusetts Bay, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9980540898509 7 Maryland Maryland 01788-04-28 April 28, 1788 Province of Maryland, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9979205584583 8 South Carolina South Carolina 01788-05-23 May 23, 1788 Province of South Carolina, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9978027754226 9 New Hampshire New Hampshire 01788-06-21 June 21, 1788 Province of New Hampshire, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9976974149070 10 Virginia Virginia 01788-06-25 June 25, 1788 Virginia Colony, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9976021047272 11 New York New York 01788-07-26 July 26, 1788 Province of New York, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9975150933502 12 North Carolina North Carolina 01789-11-21 November 21, 1789 Province of North Carolina, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9974350506425 13 Rhode Island Rhode Island [and Providence Plantations] 01790-05-29 May 29, 1790 Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, then sovereign state
!B9973609426703 14 Vermont Vermont 01791-03-04 March 4, 1791 Province of New York and New Hampshire Grants (ownership disputed), Vermont Republic
!B9972919497988 15 Kentucky Kentucky 01792-06-01 June 1, 1792 Split off from Virginia with that state's consent. The former huge Kentucky County
!B9972274112777 16 Tennessee Tennessee 01796-06-01 June 1, 1796 Formed from western land donated to the U.S. by North Carolina
!B9971667866559 17 Ohio Ohio 01803-03-01 March 1, 1803* The Northwest Territory, land donated to the U.S. by East Coast states such as Pennsylvania, Virginia, and New York
!B9971096282421 18 Louisiana Louisiana 01812-04-30 April 30, 1812 Territory of Orleans
!B9970555610208 19 Indiana Indiana 01816-12-11 December 11, 1816 Indiana Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9970042677264 20 Mississippi Mississippi 01817-12-10 December 10, 1817 Mississippi Territory, formed from land donated to the U.S. by Georgia
!B9969554775622 21 Illinois Illinois 01818-12-03 December 3, 1818 Illinois Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9969089575466 22 Alabama Alabama 01819-12-14 December 14, 1819 Alabama Territory, formed from land donated to the U.S. by Georgia
!B9968645057840 23 Maine Maine 01820-03-15 March 15, 1820 Split off from Massachusetts with that state's consent (the former District of Maine)
!B9968219461696 24 Missouri Missouri 01821-08-10 August 10, 1821 Missouri Territory
!B9967811241751 25 Arkansas Arkansas 01836-06-15 June 15, 1836 Arkansas Territory
!B9967419034619 26 Michigan Michigan 01837-01-26 January 26, 1837 Michigan Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9967041631339 27 Florida Florida 01845-03-03 March 3, 1845 Florida Territory
!B9966677954898 28 Texas Texas 01845-12-29 December 29, 1845 Republic of Texas
!B9966327041700 29 Iowa Iowa 01846-12-28 December 28, 1846 Iowa Territory
!B9965988026183 30 Wisconsin Wisconsin 01848-05-29 May 29, 1848 Wisconsin Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9965660127955 31 California California 01850-09-09 September 9, 1850 Directly admitted from land taken/purchased from Mexico
!B9965342640972 32 Minnesota Minnesota 01858-05-11 May 11, 1858 Minnesota Territory
!B9965034924385 33 Oregon Oregon 01859-02-14 February 14, 1859 Oregon Territory
!B9964736394753 34 Kansas Kansas 01861-01-29 January 29, 1861 Kansas Territory
!B9964446519385 35 West Virginia West Virginia 01863-06-20 June 20, 1863 Divided off from Virginia with the questionable consent of that state
!B9964164810615 36 Nevada Nevada 01864-10-31 October 31, 1864 Nevada Territory, with part of Arizona Territory added on later
!B9963890820873 37 Nebraska Nebraska 01867-03-01 March 1, 1867 Nebraska Territory
!B9963624138402 38 Colorado Colorado 01876-08-01 August 1, 1876 Colorado Territory
!B9963364383538 39 † North Dakota North Dakota 01889-11-02 November 2, 1889 Dakota Territory
!B9963111205458 40 † South Dakota South Dakota 01889-11-02 November 2, 1889 Dakota Territory
!B9962864279332 41 Montana Montana 01889-11-08 November 8, 1889 Montana Territory
!B9962623303817 42 Washington Washington 01889-11-11 November 11, 1889 Washington Territory
!B9962387998843 43 Idaho Idaho 01890-07-03 July 3, 1890 Idaho Territory
!B9962158103660 44 Wyoming Wyoming 01890-07-10 July 10, 1890 Wyoming Territory
!B9961933375102 45 Utah Utah 01896-01-04 January 4, 1896 Utah Territory
!B9961713586035 46 Oklahoma Oklahoma 01907-11-16 November 16, 1907 Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory
!B9961498523982 47 New Mexico New Mexico 01912-01-06 January 6, 1912 New Mexico Territory
!B9961287989890 48 Arizona Arizona 01912-02-14 February 14, 1912 Arizona Territory
!B9961081797018 49 Alaska Alaska 01959-01-03 January 3, 1959 Russian America, Department of Alaska, District of Alaska and then Alaska Territory
!B9960879769945 50 Hawaii Hawaii 01959-08-21 August 21, 1959 Kingdom of Hawai'i, Republic of Hawai'i and then Hawaii Territory

Notes and references

U.S. states by date of statehood      1776-1790     1791-1799     1800-1819     1820-1839     1840-1859     1860-1879     1880-1899     1900-1950     1950-1959

 ‡ Original 13 states. All became states on July 4, 1776. They are listed here, however, by their dates of ratifying the Constitution.

 * Congress recognized the state of Ohio on February 19, 1803[1], but no formal date of statehood was set by the act of admission or a later resolution, as occurred with all other new states. On August 7, 1953, Congress passed a law retroactively setting the date of Ohio's statehood at March 1, 1803, the date when Ohio's first legislature convened.

 † The actual statehood proclamations for North and South Dakota were intentionally shuffled so that no one actually knows which was admitted first; President Benjamin Harrison always refused to tell the order in which he signed the two statehood bills. However, North Dakota's proclamation was published first in the Statutes at Large (since it is first alphabetically).

See also

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Simple English

This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood. It has the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. The first 13 states became states of the United States on the date of the Declaration of Independence, Thursday, July 4, 1776 but they are shown here as "joining" on the date each ratified the United States Constitution. The dates on this list do not deal with the time during the American Civil War when several states left the United States and later rejoined.


# State Date joined What it was before becoming a state
1 Delaware Friday, December 7, 1787 ‡ Lower Counties on Delaware, then sovereign state in Confederation
2 Pennsylvania Wednesday, December 121787 ‡ Province of Pennsylvania, then sovereign state in Confederation
3 New Jersey Tuesday, December 18, 1787 ‡ Province of New Jersey, then sovereign state in Confederation
4 Georgia Wednesday, January 2, 1788 ‡ Province of Georgia, then sovereign state in Confederation
5 Connecticut Wednesday, January 9, 1788 ‡ Connecticut Colony, then sovereign state in Confederation
6 Massachusetts Wednesday, February 6, 1788 ‡ Province of Massachusetts Bay, then sovereign state in Confederation
7 Maryland Monday, April 28, 1788 ‡ Province of Maryland, then sovereign state in Confederation
8 South Carolina Friday, May 23, 1788 ‡ Province of South Carolina, then sovereign state in Confederation
9 New Hampshire Saturday, June 211788 ‡ Province of New Hampshire, then sovereign state in Confederation
10 Virginia Wednesday, June 25, 1788 ‡ Virginia Colony, then sovereign state in Confederation
11 New York Saturday, July 26, 1788 ‡ Province of New York, then sovereign state in Confederation
12 North Carolina Saturday, November 21, 1789 ‡ Province of North Carolina, then sovereign state in Confederation
13 Rhode Island Saturday, May 291790 ‡ Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, then sovereign state in Confederation
14 Vermont Friday, March 4, 1791 Province of New York and New Hampshire Grants (ownership disputed), Vermont Republic
15 Kentucky Friday, June 1, 1792 Virginia
16 Tennessee Wednesday, June 1, 1796 Province of North Carolina, Southwest Territory
17 Ohio Tuesday, March 1, 1803* Northwest Territory
18 Louisiana Thursday, April 30, 1812 Orleans Territory
19 Indiana Wednesday, December 11, 1816 Indiana Territory
20 Mississippi Wednesday, December 10, 1817 Mississippi Territory
21 Illinois Thursday, December 3, 1818 Illinois Territory
22 Alabama Tuesday, December 14, 1819 Alabama Territory
23 Maine Wednesday, March 15, 1820 Massachusetts
24 Missouri Friday, August 10, 1821 Missouri Territory
25 Arkansas Wednesday, June 15, 1836 Arkansas Territory
26 Michigan Thursday, January 26, 1837 Michigan Territory
27 Florida Monday, March 3, 1845 Florida Territory
28 Texas Monday, December 29, 1845 Republic of Texas
29 Iowa Monday, December 28, 1846 Iowa Territory
30 Wisconsin Monday, May 29, 1848 Wisconsin Territory
31 California Monday, September 9, 1850 California RepublicMexican Cession, Alta California
32 Minnesota Tuesday, May 11, 1858 Minnesota Territory
33 Oregon Monday, February 14, 1859 Oregon Territory
34 Kansas Tuesday, January 29, 1861 Kansas Territory
35 West Virginia Saturday, June 20, 1863 Virginia
36 Nevada Monday, October 31, 1864 Nevada Territory
37 Nebraska Friday, March 1, 1867 Nebraska Territory
38 Colorado Tuesday, August 1, 1876 Colorado Territory
39 † North Dakota Saturday, November 2, 1889 Dakota Territory
40 † South Dakota Saturday, November 2, 1889 Dakota Territory
41 Montana Friday, November 8, 1889 Montana Territory
42 Washington Monday, November 11, 1889 Washington Territory
43 Idaho Thursday, July 3, 1890 Idaho Territory
44 Wyoming Thursday, July 10, 1890 Wyoming Territory
45 Utah Saturday, January 4, 1896 Utah Territory
46 Oklahoma Saturday, November 16, 1907 Oklahoma Territory & Indian Territory
47 New Mexico Saturday, January 6, 1912 New Mexico Territory
48 Arizona Wednesday, February 14, 1912 Arizona Territory
49 Alaska Saturday, January 3, 1959 Alaska Territory
50 Hawaii Friday, August 21, 1959 Kingdom of Hawaii, Hawaii Territory

Notes

  • ‡ Date ratified United States Constitution.
  • *Congress extended federal laws to Ohio on February 19, 1803, but no formal date of statehood was set by the act of admission or a later resolution, as occurred with all other new states. On August 7, 1953, Congress passed a law retroactively making Ohio a state as of March 1, 1803, the date when Ohio's first legislature convened.
  • † The actual statehood proclamations for North and South Dakota were intentionally shuffled so that no one actually knows which was admitted first. However, North Dakota's was published first in the Statutes at Large (since it is first in the alphabet); hence, it is considered admitted first by most sources (including the 50 State Quarters program).

References


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