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List of United States Senators from Maryland: Wikis

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This is a List of United States Senators from Maryland. Maryland ratified the Constitution on April 28, 1788, becoming the seventh state to do so.[1] To provide for continuity of government, the framers divided Senators into staggered classes that serve six-year terms, and Maryland's Senators are in the first and third classes.[2] Before the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1913, which allowed for direct election of Senators, Maryland's Senators were chosen by the Maryland General Assembly. Until the assembly appointed George L. Wellington of Cumberland in 1897, Senators in class 3 were chosen from the Eastern Shore while Senators in class 1 were chosen from the remainder of the state.

Contents

Class I Senators

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for one session of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012.

# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term
1 Charles Carroll Charlescarrollofcarrollton.jpg March 4, 1789 November 30, 1792 Pro-Administration Annapolis Maryland Senate 1 1
2 2
2 Richard Potts Richardpotts.jpg January 10, 1793 October 24, 1796 Pro-Administration Frederick U.S. Attorney for the District of Maryland
3
4
3 John Eager Howard Johneagerhoward.jpg November 30, 1796 March 3, 1803 Federalist Baltimore Governor of Maryland
5 3
6
7
4 Samuel Smith SSmith.jpg March 4, 1803 March 3, 1815 Democratic-Republican Baltimore U.S. Representative (Md.-5) 8 4
9
10
11 5
12
13
Vacant March 4 1815 February 4, 1816 14 6
5 Robert Goodloe Harper Robertharper.jpg February 5, 1816 December 6, 1816 Federalist Baltimore Maryland Senate
6 Alexander Contee Hanson Alexanderhanson.jpg December 20, 1816 April 23, 1819 Federalist Elkridge U.S. Representative (Md.-3)
15
16
7 William Pinkney Williampinkney (1).jpg December 21 1819 February 25 1822 Democratic-Republican Baltimore Minister to Russia
17 7
8 Samuel Smith SSmith.jpg December 17, 1822 March 3, 1833 Democratic-Republican/
Jacksonian
Baltimore U.S. Representative (Md.-5)
18
19
20 8
21
22
9 Joseph Kent Joseph Kent of Maryland.jpg March 4, 1833 November 24, 1837 National Republican Bladensburg Governor of Maryland 23 9
24
25
10 William Duhurst Merrick January 4, 1838 March 3, 1845 Whig Allens Fresh Maryland House of Delegates
26 10
27
28
11 Reverdy Johnson Reverdy Johnson.jpg March 4 1845 March 7 1849 Whig Baltimore Lawyer 29 11
30
31
12 David Stewart December 6 1849 January 12 1850 Whig Baltimore Lawyer
13 Thomas Pratt Thomas Pratt, Brady photo portrait, circa 1848-1860, sitting.jpg January 12 1850 March 3 1857 Whig Annapolis Governor of Maryland
32 12
33
34
14 Anthony Kennedy Senator Anthony Kennedy, standing.jpg March 4 1857 March 3 1863 American Baltimore Maryland House of Delegates 35 13
36
37
15 Reverdy Johnson Reverdy Johnson.jpg March 4 1863 July 10 1868 Unionist/
Democrat
Baltimore U.S. Attorney General 38 14
39
40
16 William Pinkney Whyte William Pinkney Whyte 1865-1880 Maryland politician.jpg July 13 1868 March 3 1869 Democrat Baltimore Lawyer
17 William Thomas Hamilton Williamthamilton.jpg March 4 1869 March 3 1875 Democrat Hagerstown U.S. Representative (Md.-4) 41 15
42
43
18 William Pinkney Whyte William Pinkney Whyte 1865-1880 Maryland politician.jpg March 4 1875 March 3 1881 Democrat Baltimore Governor of Maryland 44 16
45
46
19 Arthur Pue Gorman Arthur Pue Gorman photo portrait left profile.jpg March 4 1881 March 3 1899 Democrat Laurel Maryland Senate 47 17
48
49
50 18
51
52
53 19
54
55
20 Louis E. McComas Louis e mccomas.jpg March 4 1899 March 3 1905 Republican Williamsport Supreme Court of the District of Columbia 56 20
57
58
21 Isidor Rayner Isidor Rayner standing photograph portrait.jpg March 4 1905 November 25 1912 Democrat Baltimore Attorney General of Maryland 59 21
60
61
62 22
22 William P. Jackson William Purnell Jackson, photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg November 29 1912 January 28 1914 Republican Salisbury Businessman
63
23 Blair Lee Blair lee I.jpg January 28 1914 March 3 1917 Democrat Silver Spring Maryland Senate
64
24 Joseph Irwin France Joseph France, photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg March 4 1917 March 3 1923 Republican Port Deposit Surgeon 65 23
66
67
25 William Cabell Bruce William Cabell Bruce, photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg March 4 1923 March 3 1929 Democrat Baltimore President of the Maryland Senate 68 24
69
70
26 Phillips Lee Goldsborough Phillips Lee Goldsborough photo portrait.jpg March 4 1929 January 3 1935 Republican Baltimore Governor of Maryland 71 25
72
73
27 George L. P. Radcliffe Georgelpradcliffe.jpg January 3 1935 January 3 1947 Democrat Baltimore Banker 74 26
75
76
77 27
78
79
28 Herbert O'Conor Governor herbert oconor of maryland.jpg January 3 1947 January 3 1953 Democrat Baltimore Governor of Maryland 80 28
81
82
29 James Glenn Beall Jamesglennbeall.jpg January 3 1953 January 3 1965 Republican Frostburg U.S. Representative (Md.-6) 83 29
84
85
86 30
87
88
30 Joseph Tydings Joseph d tydings.jpg January 3 1965 January 3 1971 Democrat Havre de Grace U.S. Attorney for the District of Maryland 89 31
90
91
31 John Glenn Beall Jglennbealljr.jpg January 3 1971 January 3 1977 Republican Frostburg U.S. Representative (Md.-6) 92 32
93
94
32 Paul Sarbanes Paul Sarbanes.jpg January 3 1977 January 3 2007 Democrat Baltimore U.S. Representative (Md.-3) 95 33
96
97
98 34
99
100
101 35
102
103
104 36
105
106
107 37
108
109
33 Benjamin L. Cardin Ben Cardin portrait.jpg January 3 2007 Incumbent Democrat Baltimore U.S. Representative (Md.-3) 110 38
111

Class III Senators

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three sessions of the U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016.

# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term
1 John Henry March 4 1789 December 10 1797 Pro-Administration Weston Delegate to the Continental Congress 1 1
2
3
4 2
5
2 James Lloyd December 11 1797 December 1 1800 Federalist Talbot County Soldier
6
3 William Hindman William Hindman.jpg December 12 1800 November 13 1801 Federalist Talbot County U.S. Representative (Md.-7)
7 3
4 Robert Wright Robertwrightofmaryland.jpg November 19 1801 November 12 1806 Democratic-Republican Queen Anne’s County Maryland Senate
8
9
5 Philip Reed Philip Reed portrait.jpg November 25 1806 March 3 1813 Democratic-Republican Chestertown Soldier
10 4
11
12
6 Robert Henry Goldsborough May 21 1813 March 3 1819 Federalist Easton Planter 13 5
14
15
7 Edward Lloyd Edwardlloydofmaryland.jpg March 4 1819 January 14 1826 Democratic-Republican/
Jacksonian
Easton Governor of Maryland 16 6
17
18
19 7
8 Ezekiel F. Chambers Ezekielfchambers.jpg January 24 1826 December 20 1834 National Republican Chestertown Maryland Senate
20
21
22 8
23
9 Robert Henry Goldsborough January 13 1835 October 5 1836 National Republican Easton U.S. Senator
24
10 John S. Spence December 31 1836 October 24 1840 Whig Berlin U.S. Representative (Md.-8)
25 9
26
11 John Leeds Kerr John Leeds Kerr profile.jpg January 5 1841 March 3 1843 Whig Easton U.S. Representative (Md.-7)
27
12 James A. Pearce James Alfred Pearce, standing.jpg March 4 1843 December 20 1862 Whig Chestertown U.S. Representative (Md.-2) 28 10
29
30
31 11
32
33
34 12
Democrat 35
36
37 13
13 Thomas Holliday Hicks Thomas Holliday Hicks - photo portrait standing.jpg December 29 1862 February 14 1865 Unionist Cambridge Governor of Maryland
38
14 John A. J. Creswell John Angel James Creswell, sitting.jpg March 9 1865 March 3 1867 Unionist Elkton U.S. Representative (Md.-1) 39
Vacant March 4 1867 March 7 1868 40 14
15 George Vickers George Vickers of Maryland - photo portrait seated.jpg March 7 1868 March 3 1873 Democrat Chestertown Maryland Senate
41
42
16 George R. Dennis George Dennis of Maryland, sitting.jpg March 4 1873 March 3 1879 Democrat Kingston Maryland Senate 43 15
44
45
17 James Black Groome James Black Groome, sitting.jpg March 4 1879 March 3 1885 Democrat Elkton Governor of Maryland 46 16
47
48
18 Ephraim King Wilson II WILSON, Ephraim King, (1821 - 1891).jpg March 4 1885 February 24 1891 Democrat Snow Hill U.S. Representative (Md.-1) 49 17
50
51
Vacant February 24 1891 November 19 1891 52 18
19 Charles Hopper Gibson Charlesgibson.jpg November 19 1891 March 3 1897 Democrat Easton U.S. Representative (Md.-1)
53
54
20 George L. Wellington Georgelwellington.jpg March 4 1897 March 3 1903 Republican Cumberland U.S. Representative (Md.-6) 55 19
56
57
21 Arthur Pue Gorman Arthur Pue Gorman photo portrait left profile.jpg March 4 1903 June 4 1906 Democrat Laurel U.S. Senator 58 20
59
22 William Pinkney Whyte William Pinkney Whyte 1865-1880 Maryland politician.jpg June 8 1906 March 17 1908 Democrat Baltimore Attorney General of Maryland
60
23 John Walter Smith John Walter Smith, photo portrait head and shoulders.jpg March 25 1908 March 3 1921 Democrat Snow Hill Governor of Maryland
61 21
62
63
64 22
65
66
24 Ovington Weller Ovington Weller, photo portrait, facing left.jpg March 4 1921 March 3 1927 Republican Baltimore Banker 67 23
68
69
25 Millard E. Tydings Millardetydings.jpg March 4 1927 January 3 1951 Democrat Havre de Grace U.S. Representative (Md.-2) 70 24
71
72
73 25
74
75
76 26
77
78
79 27
80
81
26 John Marshall Butler Johnmbutler.jpg January 3 1951 January 2 1963 Republican Baltimore Lawyer 82 28
83
84
85 29
86
87
27 Daniel B. Brewster Danielbrewster.jpg January 3 1963 January 3 1969 Democrat Towson U.S. Representative (Md.-2) 88 30
89
90
28 Charles Mathias, Jr. Charlesmathiasjr.jpg January 3 1969 January 3 1987 Republican Frederick U.S. Representative (Md.-6) 91 31
92
93
94 32
95
96
97 33
98
99
29 Barbara Mikulski Barbara Mikulski.jpg January 3 1987 Incumbent Democrat Baltimore U.S. Representative (Md.-3) 100 34
101
102
103 35
104
105
106 36
107
108
109 37
110
111

Notes

  1. ^ "Maryland Historical Chronology, 1700-1799". Maryland State Archives. http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/mdmanual/01glance/chron/html/chron17.html. Retrieved 2007-06-27. 
  2. ^ "The Senate and the United States Constitution". United States senate Historical Office. http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Constitution_Senate.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-27. 

See also

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