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List of United States Senators from Massachusetts: Wikis

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This is a chronological listing of the United States Senators from Massachusetts.

United States Senators are popularly elected, for a six year term, beginning January 3. Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. Before 1914, they were chosen by the Massachusetts General Court, and before 1935, their terms began March 4.

Contents

Mid-term vacancy appointment processes

Through the 20th century, mid-term vacancies were filled with the governor's appointee, with the appointment expiring at the next biennial state election. In 2004, the Democratic-controlled state legislature changed the vacancy-filling process, mandating that a special election occur, which removed the Governor's appointment power. This statute was enacted over the veto by the Governor, Mitt Romney. The leadership of the Massachusetts legislature at the time was concerned that the Republican governor Mitt Romney would appoint a Republican if Democratic Senator John Kerry were elected President of the United States in the 2004 election.[1][2][3][4] Generally, the law requires a special election within 145 to 160 days from the date of the filing of a Senate resignation. The law contemplates resignations that become effective some period of time after the filing of the resignation, so long as the election occurs after effective date of the resignation.[5]

While terminally ill with brain cancer, Ted Kennedy requested that the Massachusetts legislature change the law to allow an interim appointment. Kennedy died shortly thereafter, and the legislature quickly passed a bill providing for an interim appointment.[6] On September 24, 2009, Governor Patrick signed the bill and appointed Paul G. Kirk, who had previously served as one of Kennedy's congressional aides and as chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Kirk stated he would not run in the special election.[7]

Class I Senators

Class I U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for only one U.S. Congress in the first election of 1788/1789, and then the seat was contested again for the 2nd, 5th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter. Those seats in recent years have been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, and 2012, with a special election taking place in 2010.

# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term
1 TristramDalton.jpg Tristram Dalton March 4, 1789
(Elected)
March 3, 1791
(Lost re-election)
Pro-Administration Newbury Massachusetts Senate 1 1
2 George Cabot.jpg George Cabot March 4, 1791
(Elected)
June 9, 1796
(Resigned)
Pro-Administration Salem Delegate to the Constitutional Convention 2 2
Federalist 3

4

3 Goodhue.jpg Benjamin Goodhue June 11, 1796
(Elected)
(Re-elected)
November 8, 1800
(Resigned)
Federalist Salem U.S. Representative (10th district)
5 3


6

4 JonathanMason.jpg Jonathan Mason November 14, 1800
(Elected)
March 3, 1803 Federalist Boston Massachusetts Senate
7
5 John Quincy Adams.jpg John Quincy Adams March 4, 1803
(Elected)
June 8, 1808
(Resigned)
Federalist Boston Minister to Prussia 8 4
9


10

6 JamesLloyd.jpg James Lloyd June 9, 1808
(Elected)

May 1, 1813
(Resigned)

Federalist Boston Massachusetts Senate
11 5
12

13

7 ChristopherGore.jpg Christopher Gore May 5, 1813
(Appointed)
May 30, 1816
(Resigned)
Federalist Boston Governor of Massachusetts
14 6
Vacant June 1, 1816 June 11, 1816
8 Eli P. Ashmun June 12, 1816
(Elected)
May 10, 1818
(Resigned)
Federalist Northampton Massachusetts Senate
15
Vacant May 11, 1818 June 4, 1818
9 PrentissMellen.jpg Prentiss Mellen June 5, 1818
(Elected)
May 15, 1820
(Resigned to become Chief Justice of Maine)
Federalist Portland, Maine Lawyer




16




Vacant May 16, 1820 June 11, 1820
10 ElijahMills.jpg Elijah H. Mills June 12, 1820
(Elected)
March 3, 1827
(Lost re-election)
Adams Northampton Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
17 7
18
19
Vacant March 4, 1827 December 17, 1827  
20
 
8
11 Black Dan.jpg Daniel Webster December 17, 1827
(Elected)
February 22, 1841
(Resigned)
Adams/Anti-Jackson Boston U.S. Representative (1st district)
21
22
23 9
24
Whig 25
 
26
 
10
12 RufusChoate.jpg Rufus Choate February 23, 1841
(Elected)
March 3, 1845
(Retired)
Whig Boston U.S. Representative (2nd district)
27
28
13 DanielWebster.jpg Daniel Webster March 4, 1845
(Elected)
July 22, 1850
(Resigned to become Secretary of State)
Whig Boston U.S. Secretary of State 29 11
30
31
Vacant July 23, 1850 July 29, 1850
14 RobertCharlesWinthrop.jpg Robert Charles Winthrop July 30, 1850
(Appointed)
February 1, 1851
(Lost election)
Whig Boston Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
15 RRantoul.jpg Robert Rantoul, Jr. February 1, 1851
(Elected to fill vacancy)
March 3, 1851
(Retired)
Democratic Boston U.S. Attorney for the District of Massachusetts
Vacant[8] March 3, 1851 April 24, 1851  
32
 
12
16 CSumner.jpg Charles Sumner April 24, 1851
(Elected)
March 11, 1874
(Died)
Free Soil Boston Lawyer
33
Opposition 34
Republican 35 13
36
37
38 14
39
40
41 15
42
 
 
 
 
43
 
 
 
 
Vacant March 12, 1874 April 16, 1874
17 William B. Washburn - Brady-Handy.jpg William B. Washburn April 17, 1874
(Elected to fill vacancy)
March 3, 1875
(Retired)
Republican Greenfield Governor of Massachusetts
18 HLDawes.jpg Henry L. Dawes March 4, 1875
(Elected)
March 3, 1893
(Retired)
Republican Pittsfield U.S. Representative (11th district) 44 16
45
46
47 17
48
49
50 18
51
52
19 HenryCabotLodgeSr.jpg Henry Cabot Lodge March 4, 1893
(Elected)
(Re-elected in 1898)
(Re-elected in 1904)
(Re-elected in 1910)
(Re-elected in 1916)
(Re-elected in 1922)
November 9, 1924
(Died)
Republican Nahant U.S. Representative (6th district) 53 19
54
55
56 20
57
58
59 21
60
61
62 22
63
64
65 23
66
67
68 24
Vacant November 10, 1924 November 12, 1924
20 William Butler.jpg William M. Butler November 13, 1924
(Appointed)
December 6, 1926
(Lost election to fill vacancy)
Republican Boston Chairman of the Republican National Committee
 
 
69
 
 
21 David Ignatius Walsh.jpg David I. Walsh December 6, 1926
(Elected to fill vacancy)
(Re-elected in 1928)
(Re-elected in 1934)
(Re-elected in 1940)
January 3, 1947
(Lost re-election)
Democratic Fitchburg U.S. Senator (class II)
70
71 25
72
73
74 26
75
76
77 27
78
79
22 HenryCabotLodgeJr.jpg Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. January 3, 1947
(Elected)
January 3, 1953
(Lost re-election)
Republican Beverly U.S. Senator (class II) 80 28
81
82
23 John F Kennedy.jpg John F. Kennedy January 3, 1953
(Elected)
(Re-elected in 1958)
December 22, 1960
(Resigned to become President)
Democratic Boston U.S. Representative (11th district) 83 29
84
85
86 30
Vacant December 23, 1960 December 27, 1960
24 SmithBen(D-MA).jpg Benjamin A. Smith II December 27, 1960
(Appointed)
November 7, 1962
(Retired)
Democratic Gloucester Mayor of Gloucester
 
 
87
 
 
25 TedKennedy(D-MA).jpg Ted Kennedy November 7, 1962
(Special election)
(Re-elected in 1964)
(Re-elected in 1970)
(Re-elected in 1976)
(Re-elected in 1982)
(Re-elected in 1988)
(Re-elected in 1994)
(Re-elected in 2000)
(Re-elected in 2006)
August 25, 2009
(Died)
Democratic Boston/Hyannis Port Lawyer
88
89 31
90
91
92 32
93
94
95 33
96
97
98 34
99
100
101 35
102
103
104 36
105
106
107 37
108
109
110 38
111
Vacant August 25, 2009 September 24, 2009
26 Paul Kirk Official Photo.jpg Paul G. Kirk September 24, 2009
(Appointed)
February 4, 2010
(Retired)
Democratic Marstons Mills Attorney; Chairman of the Democratic National Committee
27 Scott P. Brown.jpg Scott Brown February 4, 2010
(Special election)
Incumbent Republican Wrentham Attorney; US Army National Guard officer; Massachusetts Senate and House
# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term

Class II Senators

Class II U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first two United States Congresses in the first election of 1788 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and 2014.

# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term
1 Caleb strong.jpg Caleb Strong March 4, 1789
(Elected)
June 1, 1796
(Resigned)
Pro-Administration Northampton Delegate to Constitutional Convention 1 1
2
3 2


4

Vacant June 2, 1796 June 10, 1796
2 TheodoreSedgwick.jpg Theodore Sedgwick June 11, 1796
(Elected)
March 3, 1799
(Elected to House of Representatives)
Federalist Stockbridge U.S. Representative (1st district)
5
3 Samuel Dexter.jpg Samuel Dexter March 4, 1799
(Elected)
May 30, 1800
(Resigned to become Secretary of War)
Federalist Lunenberg U.S. Representative (1st district)



6



3
Vacant June 1, 1800 June 5, 1800
4 DFoster.jpg Dwight Foster June 6, 1800
(Elected)
March 2, 1803
(Resigned)
Federalist Brookfield U.S. Representative (4th district)
7
5 Timothy-Pickering.jpg Timothy Pickering March 4, 1803
(Elected)
March 3, 1811
(Lost re-election)
Federalist Wenham U.S. Secretary of State 8
9 4
10
11
Vacant March 4, 1811 June 28, 1811 12 5
6 JosephBradleyVarnum.jpg Joseph Bradley Varnum June 29, 1811
(Elected)
March 3, 1817 Democratic-Republican Dracut Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
13
14
7 Harrisongrayotis.jpg Harrison Gray Otis March 4, 1817
(Elected)
May 30, 1822
(Resigned)
Federalist Boston Massachusetts Senate 15 6
16


17

8 JamesLloyd.jpg James Lloyd June 5, 1822
(Elected)
May 23, 1826
(Resigned)
Federalist Boston U.S. Senator
18 7
Adams  
19
 
9 Nathaniel Silsbee.png Nathaniel Silsbee May 31, 1826
(Elected)
March 3, 1835
(Retired)
Adams/
Anti-Jackson
Salem U.S. Representative (2nd district)
20
21 8
22
23
10 John Davis (Massachusetts Governor).jpg John Davis March 4, 1835
(Elected)
January 5, 1841
(Resigned)
Anti-Jackson Worcester Governor of Massachusetts 24 9
Whig 25
26
11 IsaacBates.jpg Isaac C. Bates January 13, 1841
(Appointed)
(Elected to next term)
March 16, 1845
(Died)
Whig Northampton U.S. Representative (8th district)
27 10
28
29
12 John Davis (Massachusetts Governor).jpg John Davis March 24, 1845
(Elected)
(Re-elected)
March 3, 1853
(Retired)
Whig Worcester Governor of Massachusetts
30 11
31
32
13 Edward Everett.jpg Edward Everett March 4, 1853
(Elected)
June 1, 1854
(Resigned)
Whig Boston U.S. Secretary of State 33 12
14 JuliusRockwell.jpg Julius Rockwell June 3, 1854
(Appointed)
January 31, 1855
(Successor was elected)
Whig Pittsfield U.S. Representative (7th district)
15 Henry Wilson, US Vice President, photo portrait seated.jpg Henry Wilson January 31, 1855
(Elected)
March 3, 1873
(Resigned to become Vice President)
Free Soil Natick Newspaper Publisher
Know-nothing 34
Opposition
Republican 35
36 13
37
38
39 14
40
41
42 15
16 George Boutwell, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg George S. Boutwell March 17, 1873
(Elected to fill vacancy)
March 3, 1877 Republican Groton U.S. Secretary of the Treasury 43
44
17 George Frisbie Hoar - Brady-Handy.jpg George Frisbie Hoar March 4, 1877
(Elected)
(Re-elected in 1883)
(Re-elected in 1889)
(Re-elected in 1895)
(Re-elected in 1901)
September 30, 1904
(Died)
Republican Worcester U.S. Representative (9th district) 45 16
46
47
48 17
49
50
51 18
52
53
54 19
55
56
57 20
58
18 Winthrop Murray Crane.jpg Winthrop Murray Crane October 12, 1904
(Appointed)
(Elected to fill vacancy)
(Re-elected in 1907)
March 3, 1913
(Retired)
Republican Dalton Governor of Massachusetts
59
60 21
61
62
19 John Wingate Weeks, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg John W. Weeks March 4, 1913
(Elected)
March 3, 1919
(Lost re-election)
Republican West Newton U.S. Representative (12th district) 63 22
64
65
20 David Ignatius Walsh.jpg David I. Walsh March 4, 1919
(Elected)
March 3, 1925
(Lost re-election)
Democratic Fitchburg Governor of Massachusetts 66 23
67
68
21 Frederick Huntington Gillett.png Frederick H. Gillett March 4, 1925
(Elected)
March 3, 1931
(Retired)
Republican Springfield Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives 69 24
70
71
22 MarcusACoolidge.jpg Marcus A. Coolidge March 4, 1931
(Elected)
January 3, 1937
(Retired)
Democratic Fitchburg Businessman 72 25
73
74
23 HenryCabotLodgeJr.jpg Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. January 3, 1937
(Elected)
(Re-elected in 1942)
February 3, 1944
(Resigned)
Republican Beverly Massachusetts House of Representatives 75 26
76
77
78 27
Vacant February 4, 1944 February 7, 1944
24 CharlesSinclairWeeks.jpg Sinclair Weeks February 8, 1944
(Appointed)
December 19, 1944
(Retired & resigned early )
Republican West Newton Treasurer of the Republican National Committee
Vacant December 20, 1944 January 3, 1945 Sinclair Weeks retired early and his replacement was already elected.
25 LeverettSaltonstall.jpg Leverett Saltonstall January 3, 1945
(Won special election)
(Re-elected in 1948)
(Re-elected in 1954)
(Re-elected in 1960)
January 3, 1967
(Retired)
Republican Dover Governor of Massachusetts 79
80
81 28
82
83
84 29
85
86
87 30
88
89
26 Edward Brooke.jpg Edward Brooke January 3, 1967
(Elected)
(Re-elected in 1972)
January 3, 1979
(Lost re-election)
Republican Newton Centre Attorney General of Massachusetts 90 31
91
92
93 32
94
95
27 Senator Paul Tsongas.jpg Paul Tsongas January 3, 1979
(Elected)
January 2, 1985
(Retired & resigned 1 day early to give successor preferential seniority)
Democratic Lowell U.S. Representative (5th district) 96 33
97
 
 
98
 
 
 
28 John Kerry headshot with US flag.jpg John Kerry January 2, 1985
(Elected, but took seat early due to appointment)
(Re-elected in 1990)
(Re-elected in 1996)
(Re-elected in 2002)
(Re-elected in 2008)
Incumbent Democratic Boston Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
99 34
100
101
102 35
103
104
105 36
106
107
108 37
109
110
111 38
# Senator Took office Left office Party Residence Background Congress Term

References

  1. ^ Belluck, Pam (June 25, 2004). "Massachusetts Politicians Fight Over a Kerry Victory". New York times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940CE2D91F39F936A15755C0A9629C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  2. ^ Zezima, Katie (July 2, 2004). "National Briefing: Massachusetts: Senate Approves Interim-Appointment Bill". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C07E1D61138F931A35754C0A9629C8B63. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  3. ^ Greenberger, Scott S. (July 31, 2004). "Romney veto overridden: Governor can no longer fill vacancies in the US Senate". Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2004/07/31/romney_veto_overridden/?page=full. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  4. ^ Anderson, Rob (July 16, 2004). "Devil in the Details: After Kerry, The Deluge". The American Prospect. http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?article=devil_in_the_details_071604. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Chapter 236 of the Acts of 2004". Acts of 2004 (Session Laws). The General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. July 30, 2004. http://www.mass.gov/legis/laws/seslaw04/sl040236.htm. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  6. ^ Viser, Matt (September 23, 2009). "Legislature gives final approval to bill to fill Kennedy seat". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/local/breaking_news/2009/09/victoria_kenned_2.html. Retrieved September 23, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Paul Kirk officially appointed state’s interim senator". September 25, 2009. http://www.bostonherald.com/news/politics/view.bg?articleid=1200032&srvc=home&position=comment. Retrieved September 25, 2009. 
  8. ^ In 1851, Democrats gained control of the Massachusetts General Court in coalition with the Free Soilers. However, the legislature deadlocked on who should succeed Daniel Webster. After Democrats filled the state positions, they refused to vote for Charles Sumner (the Free Soilers' choice) and urged the selection of a less radical candidate, Robert Rantoul, Jr. After a three-month impasse, Sumner was elected by a single vote on April 24.
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