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Wisconsin counties

This is a list of 72 counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848 with 28 counties.

Counties in Wisconsin are run by county boards, headed by a chairperson. Counties with a population of 500,000 or more must have a county executive as well. Smaller counties may either have a county executive of a county administrator.[1] As of 2009, eleven counties have county executives: Brown, Dane, Fond du Lac, Kenosha, Manitowoc, Milwaukee, Outagamie, Portage, Racine, Waukesha, and Winnebago.[2]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry.[3] Wisconsin's code is 55, which when combined with any county code would be written as 55XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.[4]

List

County
FIPS Code
[4]
County seat
[5]
Established
[5]
Formed from
[6]
Etymology
[6]
Population
[5][7]
Area
[5][7]
Map
Adams County 001 Friendship 1848 Portage County John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), President of the United States 1825-1829 &0000000000018643.00000018,643 &0000000000000648.000000648 sq mi
(&0000000000001678.0000001,678 km 2)
State map highlighting Adams County
Ashland County 003 Ashland 1860 unorganized territory Ashland, Henry Clay's estate in Kentucky &0000000000016866.00000016,866 &0000000000001044.0000001,044 sq mi
(&0000000000002704.0000002,704 km 2)
State map highlighting Ashland County
Barron County 005 Barron 1859 Dallas and Polk counties Henry D. Barron, legislator and circuit court judge. &0000000000044963.00000044,963 &0000000000000863.000000863 sq mi
(&0000000000002235.0000002,235 km 2)
State map highlighting Barron County
Bayfield County 007 Washburn 1845 Ashland County Henry Bayfield, Royal naval officer and first to survey the Great Lakes area &0000000000015013.00000015,013 &0000000000001476.0000001,476 sq mi
(&0000000000003823.0000003,823 km 2)
State map highlighting Bayfield County
Brown County 009 Green Bay 1818 unorganized territory Major General Jacob Brown (1775-1828), a commanding general of the United States Army during the War of 1812 &0000000000226778.000000226,778 &0000000000000529.000000529 sq mi
(&0000000000001370.0000001,370 km 2)
State map highlighting Brown County
Buffalo County 011 Alma 1853 Trempealeau County The Buffalo River, which flows through the county. &0000000000013804.00000013,804 &0000000000000684.000000684 sq mi
(&0000000000001772.0000001,772 km 2)
State map highlighting Buffalo County
Burnett County 013 Siren 1856 Polk County Thomas P. Burnett, state legislator &0000000000015674.00000015,674 &0000000000000822.000000822 sq mi
(&0000000000002129.0000002,129 km 2)
State map highlighting Burnett County
Calumet County 015 Chilton 1836 unorganized territory The French word for a Menominee peace pipe. &0000000000040631.00000040,631 &0000000000000320.000000320 sq mi
(&0000000000000829.000000829 km 2)
State map highlighting Calumet County
Chippewa County 017 Chippewa Falls 1845 Crawford County The Ojibwe nation of Native Americans (historically referred to as Chippewa) &0000000000055195.00000055,195 &0000000000001010.0000001,010 sq mi
(&0000000000002616.0000002,616 km 2)
State map highlighting Chippewa County
Clark County 019 Neillsville 1853 Crawford County Either George Rogers Clark (1752-1812), Revolutionary War general, or A.W. Clark, founder of Clark's Mill &0000000000033557.00000033,557 &0000000000001216.0000001,216 sq mi
(&0000000000003149.0000003,149 km 2)
State map highlighting Clark County
Columbia County 021 Portage 1846 Portage County Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), navigator and explorer &0000000000052468.00000052,468 &0000000000000774.000000774 sq mi
(&0000000000002005.0000002,005 km 2)
State map highlighting Columbia County
Crawford County 023 Prairie du Chien 1818 unorganized territory William Harris Crawford (1772-1834), United States Senator from Georgia 1807-1813 and Secretary of the Treasury 1816-1825 &0000000000017243.00000017,243 &0000000000000573.000000573 sq mi
(&0000000000001484.0000001,484 km 2)
State map highlighting Crawford County
Dane County 025 Madison 1836 unorganized territory Nathan Dane (1752-1835), delegate to the First Continental Congress 1785-1788 &0000000000426526.000000426,526 &0000000000001202.0000001,202 sq mi
(&0000000000003113.0000003,113 km 2)
State map highlighting Dane County
Dodge County 027 Juneau 1836 unorganized Henry Dodge (1782-1867), Territorial Governor of Wisconsin 1848-1857 &0000000000085897.00000085,897 &0000000000000882.000000882 sq mi
(&0000000000002284.0000002,284 km 2)
State map highlighting Dodge County
Door County 029 Sturgeon Bay 1851 Brown County A dangerous water passage near Door Peninsula known as porte des morts, or "door of the dead" in French &0000000000027961.00000027,961 &0000000000000483.000000483 sq mi
(&0000000000001251.0000001,251 km 2)
State map highlighting Door County
Douglas County 031 Superior 1854 unorganized Stephen Douglas (1813-1861), United States Senator 1847-1861 &0000000000043287.00000043,287 &0000000000001309.0000001,309 sq mi
(&0000000000003390.0000003,390 km 2)
State map highlighting Douglas County
Dunn County 033 Menomonie 1854 Chippewa County Charles Dunn, state senator and chief justice of Wisconsin Territory &0000000000039858.00000039,858 &0000000000000852.000000852 sq mi
(&0000000000002207.0000002,207 km 2)
State map highlighting Dunn County
Eau Claire County 035 Eau Claire 1856 Chippewa County City of Eau Claire, itself French for "clear water" &0000000000093142.00000093,142 &0000000000000638.000000638 sq mi
(&0000000000001652.0000001,652 km 2)
State map highlighting Eau Claire County
Florence County 037 Florence 1882 Marinette and Oconto Counties Florence Julst, the first white woman to settle in the area &0000000000005088.0000005,088 &0000000000000488.000000488 sq mi
(&0000000000001264.0000001,264 km 2)
State map highlighting Florence County
Fond du Lac County 039 Fond du Lac 1836 unorganized territory French for "bottom of the lake" &0000000000097296.00000097,296 &0000000000000723.000000723 sq mi
(&0000000000001873.0000001,873 km 2)
State map highlighting Fond du Lac County
Forest County 041 Crandon 1885 Langlade and Oconto Counties Forest which covered the area when it was settled &0000000000010024.00000010,024 &0000000000001014.0000001,014 sq mi
(&0000000000002626.0000002,626 km 2)
State map highlighting Forest County
Grant County 043 Lancaster 1836 unorganized territory A white Indian trader named Grant &0000000000049597.00000049,597 &0000000000001148.0000001,148 sq mi
(&0000000000002973.0000002,973 km 2)
State map highlighting Grant County
Green County 045 Monroe 1836 unorganized territory Nathanael Greene (1742-1786), quartermaster general during the American Revolutionary War &0000000000033647.00000033,647 &0000000000000584.000000584 sq mi
(&0000000000001513.0000001,513 km 2)
State map highlighting Green County
Green Lake County 047 Green Lake 1858 Marquette District Green Lake, located within the county &0000000000019105.00000019,105 &0000000000000354.000000354 sq mi
(&0000000000000917.000000917 km 2)
State map highlighting Green Lake County
Iowa County 049 Dodgeville 1829 unorganized territory Iowa tribe of Native Americans &0000000000022780.00000022,780 &0000000000000763.000000763 sq mi
(&0000000000001976.0000001,976 km 2)
State map highlighting Iowa County
Iron County 051 Hurley 1893 Ashland and Onedia Counties Local iron deposits &0000000000006861.0000006,861 &0000000000000757.000000757 sq mi
(&0000000000001961.0000001,961 km 2)
State map highlighting Iron County
Jackson County 053 Black River Falls 1853 La Crosse County Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), President of the United States 1829–1837 &0000000000019100.00000019,100 &0000000000000987.000000987 sq mi
(&0000000000002556.0000002,556 km 2)
State map highlighting Jackson County
Jefferson County 055 Jefferson 1836 Milwaukee County Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), President of the United States (1801-1809) &0000000000074021.00000074,021 &0000000000000557.000000557 sq mi
(&0000000000001443.0000001,443 km 2)
State map highlighting Jefferson County
Juneau County 057 Mauston 1856 Adams County Solomon Juneau (1793-1856), founder of what would become Milwaukee &0000000000024316.00000024,316 &0000000000000768.000000768 sq mi
(&0000000000001989.0000001,989 km 2)
State map highlighting Juneau County
Kenosha County 059 Kenosha 1850 Racine County A Native American word meaning "place of the pike" &0000000000149577.000000149,577 &0000000000000273.000000273 sq mi
(&0000000000000707.000000707 km 2)
State map highlighting Kenosha County
Kewaunee County 061 Kewaunee 1852 Manitowoc County Either a Potawatomi word meaning "river of the lost" or a Ojibwe word meaning "praire hen", "wild duck" or "to go around" &0000000000020187.00000020,187 &0000000000000343.000000343 sq mi
(&0000000000000888.000000888 km 2)
State map highlighting Kewaunee County
La Crosse County 063 La Crosse 1851 unorganized territory The Native American version of lacrosse &0000000000107120.000000107,120 &0000000000000453.000000453 sq mi
(&0000000000001173.0000001,173 km 2)
State map highlighting La Crosse County
Lafayette County 065 Darlington 1846 Iowa County Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (1757-1834), a French general in the American Revolutionary War &0000000000016137.00000016,137 &0000000000000634.000000634 sq mi
(&0000000000001642.0000001,642 km 2)
State map highlighting Lafayette County
Langlade County 067 Antigo 1879 unorganized territory Charles de Langlade (1729 – c.1800), American Revolutionary War veteran and United States Indian Agent in Green Bay &0000000000020740.00000020,740 &0000000000000873.000000873 sq mi
(&0000000000002261.0000002,261 km 2)
State map highlighting Langlade County
Lincoln County 069 Merrill 1874 Marathon County Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), President of the United States 1861-1865 &0000000000029641.00000029,641 &0000000000000883.000000883 sq mi
(&0000000000002287.0000002,287 km 2)
State map highlighting Lincoln County
Manitowoc County 071 Manitowoc 1836 unorganized territory Munedoo-owk, a Ojibwe word meaning "the place of the good spirit" &0000000000082887.00000082,887 &0000000000000592.000000592 sq mi
(&0000000000001533.0000001,533 km 2)
State map highlighting Manitowoc County
Marathon County 073 Wausau 1850 Portage County Marathon, Greece &0000000000125834.000000125,834 &0000000000001545.0000001,545 sq mi
(&0000000000004002.0000004,002 km 2)
State map highlighting Marathon County
Marinette County 075 Marinette 1879 Oconto Marinette, trading post owner &0000000000043384.00000043,384 &0000000000001402.0000001,402 sq mi
(&0000000000003631.0000003,631 km 2)
State map highlighting Marinette County
Marquette County 077 Montello 1836 Marquette District Father Pere Jacques Marquette, missionary and explorer &0000000000015832.00000015,832 &0000000000000456.000000456 sq mi
(&0000000000001181.0000001,181 km 2)
State map highlighting Marquette County
Menominee County 078 Keshena 1961 Menominee Indian Reservation Menominee nation of Native Americans &0000000000004562.0000004,562 &0000000000000358.000000358 sq mi
(&0000000000000927.000000927 km 2)
State map highlighting Menominee County
Milwaukee County 079 Milwaukee 1835 unorganized territory Mahnawaukee-Seepe, a Native American word meaning "gathering place by the river" &0000000000940164.000000940,164 &0000000000000242.000000242 sq mi
(&0000000000000627.000000627 km 2)
State map highlighting Milwaukee County
Monroe County 081 Sparta 1854 La Crosse County James Monroe (1758-1831), President of the United States 1817-1825 &0000000000040899.00000040,899 &0000000000000901.000000901 sq mi
(&0000000000002334.0000002,334 km 2)
State map highlighting Monroe County
Oconto County 083 Oconto 1851 unorganized territory A Native American settlement and the Oconto River, whose name means "plentiful with fish" &0000000000035634.00000035,634 &0000000000000998.000000998 sq mi
(&0000000000002585.0000002,585 km 2)
State map highlighting Oconto County
Oneida County 085 Rhinelander 1885 Lincoln County Oneida nation of Native Americans &0000000000036776.00000036,776 &0000000000001125.0000001,125 sq mi
(&0000000000002914.0000002,914 km 2)
State map highlighting Oneida County
Outagamie County 087 Appleton 1851 Brown County Outagamie nation of Native Americans &0000000000160971.000000160,971 &0000000000000640.000000640 sq mi
(&0000000000001658.0000001,658 km 2)
State map highlighting Outagamie County
Ozaukee County 089 Port Washington 1853 Milwaukee County The Ojibwe word for the Sauk nation &0000000000082317.00000082,317 &0000000000000232.000000232 sq mi
(&0000000000000601.000000601 km 2)
State map highlighting Ozaukee County
Pepin County 091 Durand 1858 Dunn County Pierre and Jean Pepin du Chardonnets, explorers &0000000000007213.0000007,213 &0000000000000232.000000232 sq mi
(&0000000000000601.000000601 km 2)
State map highlighting Pepin County
Pierce County 093 Ellsworth 1853 Saint Croix County Franklin Pierce (1804-1869), President of the United States 1853-1857 &0000000000036804.00000036,804 &0000000000000576.000000576 sq mi
(&0000000000001492.0000001,492 km 2)
State map highlighting Pierce County
Polk County 095 Balsam Lake 1853 Saint Croix County James Polk (1745-1849), President of the United States (1845-1849) &0000000000041319.00000041,319 &0000000000000917.000000917 sq mi
(&0000000000002375.0000002,375 km 2)
State map highlighting Polk County
Portage County 097 Stevens Point 1836 unorganized territory Passage between the Fox and Wisconsin Rivers &0000000000067182.00000067,182 &0000000000000806.000000806 sq mi
(&0000000000002088.0000002,088 km 2)
State map highlighting Portage County
Price County 099 Phillips 1879 Chippewa and Lincoln Counties William T. Price, president of the Wisconsin Senate &0000000000015822.00000015,822 &0000000000001253.0000001,253 sq mi
(&0000000000003245.0000003,245 km 2)
State map highlighting Price County
Racine County 101 Racine 1836 unorganized territory Racine, the French word for "root", after the Root River, which flows through the county &0000000000188831.000000188,831 &0000000000000333.000000333 sq mi
(&0000000000000862.000000862 km 2)
State map highlighting Racine County
Richland County 103 Richland Center 1842 Iowa County The rich soil of the area &0000000000017924.00000017,924 &0000000000000586.000000586 sq mi
(&0000000000001518.0000001,518 km 2)
State map highlighting Richland County
Rock County 105 Janesville 1836 unorganized territory Rock River, which flows through the county &0000000000152307.000000152,307 &0000000000000720.000000720 sq mi
(&0000000000001865.0000001,865 km 2)
State map highlighting Rock County
Rusk County 107 Ladysmith 1901 Chippewa County Jeremiah McLain Rusk (1830-1893), Governor of Wisconsin 1882-1889 &0000000000015347.00000015,347 &0000000000000913.000000913 sq mi
(&0000000000002365.0000002,365 km 2)
State map highlighting Rusk County
Sauk County 111 Baraboo 1840 unorganized territory Sauk nation of Native Americans &0000000000055225.00000055,225 &0000000000000838.000000838 sq mi
(&0000000000002170.0000002,170 km 2)
State map highlighting Sauk County
Sawyer County 113 Hayward 1883 Oconto County Philetus Sawyer (1816-1900), United States Representative (1865-1875) and Senator (1881-1893) from Wisconsin &0000000000016196.00000016,196 &0000000000001256.0000001,256 sq mi
(&0000000000003253.0000003,253 km 2)
State map highlighting Sawyer County
Shawano County 115 Shawano 1853 Oconto County A Ojibwe word meaning "southern" &0000000000040664.00000040,664 &0000000000000893.000000893 sq mi
(&0000000000002313.0000002,313 km 2)
State map highlighting Shawano County
Sheboygan County 117 Sheboygan 1836 unorganized territory Shawb-wa-way-kun, a Native American word meaning "great noise underground" &0000000000112646.000000112,646 &0000000000000514.000000514 sq mi
(&0000000000001331.0000001,331 km 2)
State map highlighting Sheboygan County
Saint Croix County 109 Hudson 1840 unorganized territory St. Croix, French explorer &0000000000063155.00000063,155 &0000000000000722.000000722 sq mi
(&0000000000001870.0000001,870 km 2)
State map highlighting Saint Croix County
Taylor County 119 Medford 1875 Clark, Lincoln, Marathon and Chippewa Counties William Robert Taylor (1820-1909), Governor of Wisconsin 1874-1876 &0000000000019680.00000019,680 &0000000000000975.000000975 sq mi
(&0000000000002525.0000002,525 km 2)
State map highlighting Taylor County
Trempealeau County 121 Whitehall 1854 Crawford and La Crosee Counties Trempealeau Mountain (from the French for "mountain with its foot in the water"), a bluff located in a bend of the Trempealeau River,[8] which flows through the county[6] &0000000000027010.00000027,010 &0000000000000734.000000734 sq mi
(&0000000000001901.0000001,901 km 2)
State map highlighting Trempealeau County
Vernon County 123 Viroqua 1851 Richland and Crawford Counties Mount Vernon, home of George Washington &0000000000028056.00000028,056 &0000000000000795.000000795 sq mi
(&0000000000002059.0000002,059 km 2)
State map highlighting Vernon County
Vilas County 125 Eagle River 1893 Oneida County William Vilas (1840-1908), officer in the Civil War, United States Postmaster General (1885-1888), United States Secretary of the Interior (1888-1889), and Senator from Wisconsin (1891-1897) &0000000000021033.00000021,033 &0000000000000874.000000874 sq mi
(&0000000000002264.0000002,264 km 2)
State map highlighting Vilas County
Walworth County 127 Elkhorn 1836 unorganized territory Reuben Hyde Walworth (1788-1867), jurist from New York &0000000000093759.00000093,759 &0000000000000555.000000555 sq mi
(&0000000000001437.0000001,437 km 2)
State map highlighting Walworth County
Washburn County 129 Shell Lake 1883 Burnett County Cadwallader Washburn (1818-1882), Governor of Wisconsin 1872–1874 and Representative from Wisconsin 1867–1871 &0000000000016036.00000016,036 &0000000000000810.000000810 sq mi
(&0000000000002098.0000002,098 km 2)
State map highlighting Washburn County
Washington County 131 West Bend 1836 unorganized territory George Washington (1732-1799), American Revolutionary War leader (1775–1783), and first President of the United States (1789–1797) &0000000000117493.000000117,493 &0000000000000431.000000431 sq mi
(&0000000000001116.0000001,116 km 2)
State map highlighting Washington County
Waukesha County 133 Waukesha 1846 Milwaukee County Waugooshance, a Pottawatomi word meaning "little foxes" &0000000000360767.000000360,767 &0000000000000556.000000556 sq mi
(&0000000000001440.0000001,440 km 2)
State map highlighting Waukesha County
Waupaca County 135 Waupaca 1851 Brown and Winnebago Counties wau-pa-ka-ho-nak, a Menominee word meaning "white sand bottom" or "brave young hero" &0000000000051731.00000051,731 &0000000000000751.000000751 sq mi
(&0000000000001945.0000001,945 km 2)
State map highlighting Waupaca County
Waushara County 137 Wautoma 1851 Marquette County A Native American word meaning "good earth" &0000000000023154.00000023,154 &0000000000000626.000000626 sq mi
(&0000000000001621.0000001,621 km 2)
State map highlighting Waushara County
Winnebago County 139 Oshkosh 1840 unorganized territory Winnebago nation of Native Americans &0000000000156763.000000156,763 &0000000000000439.000000439 sq mi
(&0000000000001137.0000001,137 km 2)
State map highlighting Winnebago County
Wood County 141 Wisconsin Rapids 1856 Portage County Joseph Wood (1809-1890), state legislator (1856-1858) &0000000000075555.00000075,555 &0000000000000793.000000793 sq mi
(&0000000000002054.0000002,054 km 2)
State map highlighting Wood County

See also

References

  1. ^ Wisconsin Blue Book 2005, http://www.legis.state.wi.us/lrb/bb/05bb/744-779.pdf
  2. ^ Wisconsin Blue Book 2009, p. 752 http://www.legis.state.wi.us/lrb/bb/09bb/pdf/621-862.pdf
  3. ^ "FIPS Publish 6-4". National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip6-4.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-11.  
  4. ^ a b "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/codes/wy.html. Retrieved 2008-02-11.  
  5. ^ a b c d "NACo - Find a county". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/state.cfm&state.cfm&statecode=WI. Retrieved 2008-02-11.  
  6. ^ a b c "WCA : County Directory". Wisconsin Counties Association. http://www.wicounties.org/WS_County_Directory.asp. Retrieved 2008-02-11.  
  7. ^ a b "Wisconsin QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/maps/wisconsin_map.html. Retrieved 2008-02-11.   (2000 Census)
  8. ^ Elkins, Winston (1985). Trempealeau and the Mississippi River Dam. Trempealeau County, WI: Trempealeau County Historical Society.  
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