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This list of accidents and incidents on airliners by location summarizes airline accidents by country location, airline company with flight number, date, and cause.

It is also available grouped

This list is dynamic and by no means complete!

For alternative, more exhaustive lists, see:

Airlines often seem to be remembered by their worst accidents and incidents. In that sense this list presents a good overview. While all the accidents and incidents in this list are noteworthy, not all involve fatalities.

If the aircraft crashed on land, it will be listed under a continent and a country. If the aircraft crashed on a body of water, it will be listed under that body of water.

Africa

Algeria

Angola

Benin

Canary Islands, Spain

  • KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 crashed during takeoff from Tenerife in the Canary Islands on 27 March 1977 in what has become known as the Tenerife disaster. The ground collision was caused by a number of factors, including weather conditions, pilot error, and technical limitations. A total of 583 people aboard both aircraft perished. 61 people (54 passengers, 7 crew) aboard Pan Am Flight 1736 survived.

Cameroon

Chad

  • Air West Flight 612 was hijacked shortly after takeoff from Khartoum, Sudan and flown to N'Djamena, Chad on 24 January 2007. There were no casualties, and the hijacker gave himself up upon reaching Chad.

Comoros

Côte d'Ivoire

  • Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashed shortly after takeoff from Abidjan on 30 January 2000. Ten passengers survived. Of the 169 fatalities, 146 bodies were recovered, and 103 of those bodies were identified.
  • Varig Flight 797 crashed into the jungle near Abidjan after engine failure on 3 January 1987. 50 people perished; a single passenger survived.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • A L-410 aircraft operated by Free Airlines crashed in a swamp shortly after takeoff from Kamina Airport on 21 June 2007. The plane was overloaded, carrying 21 passengers and crew rather than the 17 maximum specified. One person perished, and four others were badly injured.
  • An Antonov An-26 operated by Africa One crashed and burned shortly after takeoff from Kinshasa on 4 October 2007. 51 people perished, including 31 on the ground. One, possibly two, passengers survived. The cause of the crash is under investigation.
  • In the 1996 Air Africa crash, an Antonov An-32 operated by Air Africa failed to takeoff and overran the runway at N'Dolo Airport and crashed into a crowded street market on 8 January 1996. The aircraft was operating illegally. At least two passengers perished, along with an estimated 350 on the ground. An estimated 500 others were injured. Both pilots were charged and convicted of 225 counts of manslaughter and served two-year sentences.
  • Hewa Bora Airways Flight 122 crashed into a residential and market area of Goma on 15 April 2008 after its engines failed during takeoff. 3 passengers and 37 people on the ground perished; 83 passengers and 8 crew survived. Additionally 111 injuries were reported, 40 of whom were passengers.

Egypt

  • Pan Am Flight 93 was hijacked as a part of the Dawson's Field hijackings on 6 September 1970 and flown to Beirut and then to Cairo. The aircraft was blown up by the hijackers seconds after the passengers were deplaned.
  • Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashed into the Red Sea shortly after takeoff from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport on 3 January 2004. All 148 aboard perished. The findings of the crash investigation are controversial, with accident investigators from the different countries involved not agreeing on the cause.
  • Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 was shot down by Israeli fighter jets on 21 February 1973 after it entered Israeli airspace and its pilots ignored instructions from the fighter pilots. 108 aboard perished; the five survivors included the copilot.
  • PIA Flight 705 crashed while attempting to land at Cairo International Airport on 20 May 1965 when the pilot descended too quickly. 5 passengers survived; the other 119 people aboard died.
  • TWA Flight 903 crashed during a forced emergency landing in the desert near Cairo after an engine caught fire and separated from the aircraft midflight on 1 September 1950. All 55 aboard were killed.

Kenya

  • Lufthansa Flight 540 crashed and caught fire shortly after takeoff from Kenyatta International Airport on 20 November 1974. The cause was determined to be negligence of the flight crew as well as design flaws. 59 people were killed; 98 survived. This was the first crash involving a Boeing 747.

Liberia

Niger

Nigeria

  • ADC Airlines Flight 53 crashed into a corn field on 29 October 2006 shortly after take off from Abuja. 97 people, including one on the ground, perished; nine people survived. The exact cause of the crash is disputed.
  • Bellview Airlines Flight 210 crashed shortly after takeoff from Lagos on 22 October 2005, killing all 117 people aboard. The cause of the crash is under investigation, though a lightning strike is considered to be the most likely explanation.
  • EAS Airlines Flight 4226 crashed in a residential section of the city of Kano on 4 May 2002 due to pilot error. 75 people aboard the aircraft, as well as 73 people on the ground, died in the crash and ensuing fire. 5 passengers survived with injuries. The crash was the highest death toll in an accident invovling a BAC 1-11.
  • Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145 crash landed on the runway at Port Harcourt International Airport on 10 December 2005. 108 people onboard, including 61 secondary school students, perished in the impact and fire. Two passengers survived. The cause of the crash is believed to be weather related, though this has not been confirmed by authorities.

Rwanda

  • RwandAir Flight 205 crashed into a building after an emergency landing in Kigali on 12 November 2009, killing one passenger. The accident is currently under investigation.

South Africa

Sudan

  • Sudan Airways Flight 109 crashed, broke apart, and caught fire upon landing at Khartoum on 10 June 2008. The cause of the accident is still under investigation. 30 people are confirmed dead, and 6 are missing.
  • Sudan Airways Flight 139 crashed in Port Sudan on 8 July 2003 killing all 117 aboard. The flight crew was not able to see the runway in the low visibility and crashed when attempting a missed approach.
  • Sudan Airways Flight 111 was hijacked on 30 March 2007. The hijacker demanded to be flown to South Africa, but agreed to stop to refuel in Khartoum, where he was arrested.

Togo

Antarctica

  • Air New Zealand Flight 901 crashed into the side of Mount Erebus, Antarctica on 28 November 1979 for various reasons including pilot error, maintenance crew error, and whiteout conditions. All 257 aboard perished.

Asia

Afghanistan

  • Kam Air Flight 904 crashed in the Pamir mountains during a snow storm on 3 February 2005. All 104 people onboard were killed, and the cause of the crash remains under investigation and undetermined.

Armenia

Bahrain

People's Republic of China

Mainland China

Hong Kong SAR

Georgia

Guam (United States)

India

  • Air India Flight 403 crashed on 21 June 1982 at Sahar International Airport in Bombay due to heavy weather. 2 crew members and 15 passengers died; 94 survived.
  • Air India Flight 855 crashed off the coast of Bandra, Bombay (now Mumbai) on 1 January 1978 when the captain became spatially disoriented after the failure of one of the flight instruments in the cockpit. All 213 aboard perished.
  • Alitalia Flight 771 crashed into a hill northeast of Mumbai while on approach on 7 July 1962. The accident was attributed to navigation error. All 94 aboard perished.
  • Alliance Air Flight 7412 crashed in a residential estate of Patna on 17 July 2000 after the pilot lost control of the aircraft and stalled. 55 people aboard perished, along with 5 on the ground.
  • In the 1996 Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision, Saudia Arabian Airlines Flight 763 collided in mid-air with Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 on 12 November 1996. The cause was determined to be pilot error by the Kazakhstan Airlines pilot. All 349 people on board both flights were killed, making it the deadliest mid-air collision in history.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 113 crashed on its final approach to Ahmedabad airport due to pilot error on 19 October 1988. 130 died.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 257 crashed on descent into Imphal due to pilot error on 16 August 1991, killing all 69 occupants.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 427 was hijacked by a single individual on 24 April 1993. The hijacker demanded passage to Afghanistan, but was denied overflight permission by Pakistani authorities and the pilot diverted to Amritsar. The hijacker was killed after security forces stormed the aircraft.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 491 crashed into a truck at the end of the runway while taking off from Aurangabad, Maharashtra on 26 April 1993. The cause was both pilot error and the failure of the aviation administration to control highway traffic. 55 people were killed.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 605 crashed on its final approach to Bangalore airport on 14 February 1990, killing 92 people. The cause was pilot error.
  • Indian Airlines Flight 814 was hijacked by Pakistani terrorists on 24 December 1999 while in Indian airspace. The aircraft was flown to Kandahar, Afghanistan. 1 passenger was killed by the hijackers; the other 192 aboard survived.
  • Korean Air Flight 858 - see Andaman Sea.

Indonesia

Iran

Japan

Malaysia

Nepal

Pakistan

Saudi Arabia

Singapore

Sri Lanka

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Thailand

United Arab Emirates

South China Sea

  • Qantas Flight 30 - 25 July 2008, Mid-air decompression after departure from Hong Kong, landed safely in Manila; no injuries

Various countries

Atlantic Ocean

Black Sea

Caribbean Sea

Central America

Guatemala

  • Cubana Flight 261: DC-10 crashed in Guatemala City killed 25 people.[2][3]
  • Aero Ruta Maya: On 24 August 2008, a Cessna Caravan 208 crashed 100 kilometers east of Guatemala City, near El Estor, killing 10 passengers, the pilot and the copilot. There were 5 American aid workers on the flight, of them, 4 survived.[4]

Panama

Europe

Belgium

  • Sabena OO-AUB crashed on 16 November 1937 while attempting to land in bad weather near Ostend. All 11 aboard perished.
  • Sabena Flight 548 crashed due to mechanical failure while attempting to land in Brussels on 15 February 1961. All 72 passengers and crew perished, along with a single ground casualty.

Bulgaria

Croatia

Czech Republic

Denmark

France

Germany

Greece

Italy

Luxembourg

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Republic of Ireland

Romania

Russia

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Wales

  • 1950 a Fairflight Ltd Avro689 Tudor G-AKBY crashed at Llandow Airport, Cardiff, killing 80 passengers and crew.
  • 1959 private charter Dove crashed on North Road, Cardiff after engine failure killing all four on board

England

Scotland

Northern Ireland

Various countries

  • Olympic Airways Flight 417: Dr. Abid Hanson,[9] a passenger on Olympic Airways Flight 417[10] from Cairo to Athens to New York City, who had a history of sensitivity to secondhand smoke requested a non-smoking seat prior. When the family boarded the aircraft in Athens, the people found that the assigned seats were three rows ahead of the economy class smoking area; there was no partition between the smoking and non-smoking section. The family requested a seat further away from the smoking section. The crew did not move the passenger to any of the 11 other unoccupied seats on the aircraft. The passenger felt a reaction to the smoke and died several hours later.[11] The case resulted in the Olympic Airways v. Husain case.

Indian Ocean

  • Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked on 23 November 1996 en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi by three Ethiopians seeking political asylum. The plane crash-landed in the Indian Ocean near Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125 of the 175 passengers and crew on board.
  • Iran Air Flight 655 was a civilian airliner shot down by the United States Navy on Sunday 3 July 1988 over the Strait of Hormuz (Indian Ocean). All 290 on board were killed.
  • South African Airways Flight 295 crashed into the Indian Ocean in international waters off the coast of Mauritius on 28 November 1987 after a catastrophic in-flight fire. The cause of the fire was never determined. All 159 aboard perished.
  • Yemenia Flight 626 crashed into the Indian Ocean off the Northern coast of Comoros on 30 June 2009. 152 of 153 aboard perished; a 12-year-old passenger was found alive. The crash is currently under investigation.

Mediterranean Sea

Cyprus

Oceania

Australia

New Zealand

The Americas (various countries)

North America

Canada

United States

Pacific Ocean [Does Not Include Hawaii]

Philippine Sea

Sea of Okhotsk

South America

Argentina

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Peru

  • TANS Peru Flight 204, a Boeing 737-200 passenger plane which crashed during a storm in the Peruvian jungle, killing at least 40 people of the approximately 100 on board.
  • LANSA Flight 508 on a flight from Lima to Pucallpa, Peru, breaks apart in mid-air after being set aflame by lightning. It crashes in the Amazonian Rainforest. 91 people die; the sole survivor is Juliane Koepcke, a 17-year old girl who survives a fall from 2 miles and 10-day walk through the jungle before being found by hunters. Her mother, famous ornithologist Maria Koepcke, dies; director Werner Herzog had narrowly missed being on the same flight.

Surinam

Venezuela

Taiwan Strait

  • China Airlines Flight 611 suffered in-flight structural failure due to metal fatigue and explosive decompression, resulting in an in-flight breakup in the sea off the Penghu Islands on 25 May 2002. All 225 on board were killed.

Tokyo Bay

Notes

References

External links








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