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List of archaeoastronomical sites by country: Wikis

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This is a list of sites where claims for the use of archaeoastronomy have been made, sorted by country.

Contents

Armenia

  • Karahunj (Zorats Karer), ancient astronomical observatory with solstice alignment stones near the town of Sisian
  • Metsamor, one of the world's first large metal foundries near the village of Metsamor with stones aligned in an astronomically significant pattern.

Australia

Bolivia

  • Tiwanaku, the Kalasasaya and its alignments

Brazil

Cambodia

  • Angkor Wat
  • Phnom Bakheng, According to Jean Filliozat of the École Française, the center tower represents the axis of the world and the 108 smaller ones represent the 4 lunar phases each with 27 days. [1]

Egypt

  • Abu Simbel, The axis of the temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that twice a year, on October 20 and February 20, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculpture on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. [2][3]
  • Great Pyramids of Egypt
  • Nabta Playa

France

  • Bondons menhirs
  • Carnac, the Grand Menhir Brisé
  • Cham des Bondons in Le Pont-de-Montvert
  • La Fage menhirs
  • Lacam de Peyrarines

Germany

Honduras

Indonesia

India

Iran

Ireland

  • Brú na Bóinne
  • Newgrange, once a year, at the winter solstice, the rising sun shines directly along the long passage into the chamber for about 17 minutes and illuminates the chamber floor. [4]

Republic of Macedonia

  • Kokino Situated 1030 m above sea level on the Tatićev Kamen Summit near Kumanovo.

Malta

Mexico

  • Chichen Itza, the caracol is theorized to be a proto-observatory with doors and windows aligned to astronomical events, specifically around the path of Venus as it traverses the heavens.[5] El Castillo the main pyramid also has archeoastronomy features.
  • Dzibilchaltun, Spring equinox, the sun rises so that it shines directly through one window of the temple and out the other.
  • Monte Alban, zenith tube
  • Teotihuacan, the pecked-cross circles as survey-markers
  • Uxmal, Venus alignment of the "Governor's Palace"
  • Xochicalco, zenith tube

Peru

Portugal

Romania

Russia

Sweden

Syria

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States

Other Lists

References

  1. ^ Time Life Lost Civilizations series: Southeast Asia: A Past Regained (1995) p.93-4
  2. ^ Alberto Siliotti, Egypt: temples, people, gods,1994
  3. ^ Ania Skliar, Grosse kulturen der welt-Ägypten, 2005
  4. ^ http://www.mythicalireland.com/ancientsites/newgrange/illumination.html
  5. ^ Anthony Aveni, Stairway to the Stars: Skywatching in Three Great Ancient Cultures (New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997) 135-138 ISBN 0471159425
  6. ^ A History of Britain, Richard Dargie (2007), p. 12.
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