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List of artificial objects on Mars: Wikis

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The following table is a partial list of artificial objects on the surface of Mars, consisting of spacecraft which were launched from Earth. Most are defunct after having served their purpose, but the Spirit rover and the Opportunity rover are still operational as of 2009. The Phoenix lander is the most recent man-made object to land safely on Mars. The list does not currently include smaller objects such as springs, fragments, parachutes, heatshields. The landers of the MER rovers, or other mission objects may be included in the future.

MER-A Spirit rover lander
MER-B Opportunity's heat shield
Viking 2 on Mars
Man-made object Image Nationality Landed Mass (kg) Location
Mars 2 1 USSR 1971 1210 4° N, 47° W.
Mars 3 2 USSR 1971 1210 Sirenum Terra, 45° S - 158° W
Mars 6 1 USSR 1973 635 Margaritifer Terra, 29.90° S - 19.42° W
Viking 1 lander
Viking lander model.jpg
United States 1976 657 Chryse Planitia, 22.480° N - 47.967° W
Viking 2 lander
Viking lander model.jpg
United States 1976 657 Utopia Planitia, 48.269° N - 225.99° W
Mars Pathfinder lander & Sojourner rover
Lander and rover drawing.gif
United States 1997 360 Ares Vallis, 19.33° N - 33.55° W
Mars Climate Orbiter 3
Mars Climate Orbiter 2.jpg
United States 1999 629  ?
Mars Polar Lander & Deep Space 2 1
Mars polar lander.jpg
United States 1999 500 Ultimi Scopuli, 76° S - 195° W
Spirit rover (MER-A)4
NASA Mars Rover.jpg
United States 2004 1063 Gusev crater, 14.5718° S - 175.4785° E
Opportunity rover (MER-B)4
NASA Mars Rover.jpg
United States 2004 1063 Meridiani Planum, 1.9483° S - 354.4742° E
Phoenix
Pia09344.jpg
United States 2008 350 Vastitas Borealis, unofficially named Green Valley, 68.22° N 125.7° W
Total estimated dry mass (kg) 8,403
Mars

Notes

1 Spacecraft reached Martian surface, but contact was not established after landing.
2 Spacecraft reached Martian surface, but transmissions stopped after 25 seconds.
3 Spacecraft is assumed to have hit Mars while attempting to enter orbit and parts of the spaceship may have reached the surface of Mars.
4 Active rover as of 2009.
  • The Beagle 2 spacecraft may have hit Mars while attempting to land and parts of the spaceship may have reached the surface of Mars; although it may have bounced off the Martian atmosphere, or missed the planet entirely. It is not confirmed to be on the surface of Mars.

See also

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