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List of autonomous areas by country: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Countries with at least one autonomous area

This list of autonomous areas arranged by country gives an overview of autonomous areas of the world. An autonomous area is defined as an area of a country that has a degree of autonomy, or has freedom from an external authority. It is typical for it to be geographically distant from the country, or to be populated by a national minority. Countries that include autonomous areas are often federacies.[1] The autonomous areas differ from federal units and independent states in the sence that they, in relation to the majority of other sub-national territories in the same country, enjoys a special status including some legislative powers, within the state.[2]

This list includes areas that are internationally recognized, as well as some that are generally unrecognized.AB The definition of an autonomous area varies from country to country, so the native term as defined by the respective country's government is listed, and the English translation of the term is included.

Contents

Autonomous areas

Country Native term
Translation or equivalent
Instances (areas became autonomous in the year(s) indicated, if available) References
 Azerbaijan muxtar respublika
autonomous republic
Nakhchivan (1990) [3]
 China (PRC) zìzhìqū
autonomous region
Guangxi · Inner Mongolia · Ningxia · Xinjiang · Tibet [4]
tèbié xíngzhèngqū
Special administrative region
Hong Kong Hong Kong (1997) · Macau Macau (1999) [4]
zìzhìzhōu
autonomous prefecture
Linxia Hui · Gannan · Qiandongnan · Qiannan · Qianxinan · Enshi · Xiangxi · Yanbian · Haibei · Hainan · Huangnan · Golog · Gyêgu · Haixi · Ngawa · Garzê · Liangshan · Kizilsu · Bortala · Changji · Bayin'gholin · Ili · Dehong · Nujiang · Dêqên · Dali · Chuxiong · Honghe · Wenshan · Xishuangbanna [4]
zìzhìxiàn
autonomous county
over 110 (full list) [4]
zìzhìqí
autonomous banner
Oroqin · Evenki · Morin [4]
 Denmark Rigsfællesskabet
autonomous region
Faroe Islands Faroe Islands (1948) · Greenland Greenland (1979) [5]
 Finland itsehallinnollinen maakunta
autonomous province
 Åland (1920) [5]
 France Collectivité d' outre-mer
overseas collectivity
 French Polynesia (1977) [6]
 Georgia avtonomiuri respublika
autonomous republic
Abkhazia (1991) ·  Adjara [7]

provisional administrative entity
South Ossetia South Ossetia (2007) [8]
 Greece Aftonomi Monastiki Politia
autonomous region
Mount Athos (1095) [9]
 Indonesia daerah istimewa
special region
Aceh (1959-1999) · Yogyakarta (1945)
daerah otonomi khusus
special autonomous region
Aceh (1999) · Papua (2000) · West Papua (2008)
 Iraq Herema Kurdistan (Kurdish)
autonomous region
Iraqi Kurdistan Kurdistan Region (1970) [10]
 Italy regione autonoma
autonomous region
 Aosta Valley (1948) ·  Friuli-Venezia Giulia ·  Sardinia ·  Sicily ·  Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol [5]
 Mauritius English-speaking country
autonomous province
Rodrigues Rodrigues (1968) [11]
 Moldova unitate teritorială autonomă
autonomous territorial unit
Gagauzia Găgăuzia (1995)  · Transnistria [5]
 Nicaragua regione autónoma
autonomous region
Atlántico Norte · Atlántico Sur (1986) [12]
 Pakistan Islami-Jamhouriyat-e-Kashmir
autonomous state by region
Azad Kashmir Azad Kashmir
[13]

Autonomous Administrative Region
Gilgit-Baltistan Autonomous Region [14]
 Panama comarca
autonomous territory
Emberá · Kuna de Madugandí · Kuna de Wargandí · Kuna Yala · Ngöbe-Buglé [15]
 Papua New Guinea English-speaking country
autonomous region
Autonomous Region of Bougainville Bougainville (2000) [16]
 Philippines autonomiyang rehiyon
autonomous region
Muslim Mindanao (1989) [17]
 Portugal região autónoma
autonomous region
Azores Azores · Madeira Madeira (1976) [5]
 Russia respublika
republic
 Adygea ·  Altai Republic ·  Bashkortostan ·  Buryatia ·
 Chechnya ·  Chuvashia ·  Dagestan ·  Ingushetia ·
 Kabardino-Balkaria ·  Kalmykia ·  Karachay-Cherkessia ·
 Karelia ·  Khakassia ·  Komi ·  Mari El ·  Mordovia ·
 North Ossetia-Alania ·  Sakha Republic ·  Tatarstan ·  Tuva ·  Udmurtia
[5]
avtonomnaya oblast
autonomous province
Jewish Autonomous Oblast [5]
avtonomny okrug
autonomous subject-level district
Chukotka · Khanty-Mansi · Nenets ·
Yamalo-Nenets
[5]
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé & Príncipe concelho
province
Príncipe [18]
 Serbia Autonomna Pokrajina
autonomous province
Kosovo and MetohijaB · Vojvodina Vojvodina (1945) [19]
 South Korea teukbyeol jachido
autonomous province
Jeju-do (2006) [20]
 Sudan English-speaking country
autonomous region
Southern Sudan Southern Sudan (2005)  · Transitional Darfur Regional Authority (2007) [21]
 Tajikistan viloyat mukhtor
autonomous province
Gorno-Badakhshan (1925) [22]
 Tanzania Serikali Mapinduzi
revolutionary government
ZanzibarZanzibar (1964) [23]
 Ukraine avtonomna respublika
autonomous republic
Crimea Crimea (1992) [5]
 United Kingdom English-speaking country
Devolved Regions of the United Kingdom
Flag of the City of London.svg London · Northern Ireland (1998) ·  Scotland (1999) ·  Wales (1999) [5]
English-speaking country
self-governing crown dependency
 Guernsey  ·  Isle of Man ·  Jersey [5]
 United States Estado Libre Asociado
Commonwealth
 Puerto Rico (1952) [5]
 Uzbekistan Respublika
Republic
 Karakalpakstan

Other entities called "autonomous"

A number of entities are also officially called "autonomous", though they do not have an exceptional freedom from external authority, and would not fall under the definition of autonomous area. They are listed here for clarity.

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Capitals called "autonomous"

Country Native term
Translation or equivalent
Instances (areas became autonomous in the year indicated, if available) References
 Argentina ciudad autonoma
autonomous city
Buenos Aires (1994) [24]
 Cambodia krong
autonomous municipality
Phnom Penh, along with independent cities under the same classification [25]
 Central African Republic commune autonome
autonomous commune
Bangui [26]
 Guinea-Bissau sector autónomo
autonomous sector
Bissau Region [27]
 Indonesia daerah khusus ibukota
special capital region
Jakarta [28]
 Uzbekistan shahar
autonomous city
Tashkent (1918) [29]

All regions or lands called "autonomous"

Country Native term
Translation or equivalent
Instances (areas became autonomous in the year indicated, if available) References
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Entitet
Entity
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1994)  ·  Republika Srpska (1992) [30]
 Comoros Ile Autonome
autonomous island
 Anjouan · Grande Comore · Mohéli (2002) [31]
 Madagascar faritany mizakatena
autonomous province
All six provinces are characterized as autonomous (mizakatena). (Provinces abolished in 2007) [32]
 Spain Comunidad(es) Autónoma(s)
Autonomous community/ies
 Andalusia ·  Aragon ·  Asturias ·  Balearic Islands ·
Basque Country (autonomous community) Basque Country ·  Canary Islands ·  Cantabria ·
 Castile-La Mancha ·  Castile and León ·  Catalonia ·
 Extremadura ·  Galicia ·  La Rioja ·  Madrid ·  Murcia ·
 Navarre ·  Valencian Community
[5]
Ciudades Autónomas
Autonomous cities
 Ceuta ·  Melilla (1995) [5]
 Tokelau English-speaking country
autonomous community
Atafu · Fakaofo · Nukunonu [33]

Sub-regional "autonomous" entities

Country Native term
Translation or equivalent
Instances (areas became autonomous in the year indicated, if available) References
 India zilla
autonomous district
Bodoland · Chakma · Garo Hills · Gorkha Hills · Jaintia Hills · Karbi Anglong · Kargil · Khasi Hills · Lai · Leh · Mara · North Cachar · Tripura Tribal Areas [34]
 Italy Provincia autonoma
autonomous province
Bolzano-Bozen · Trento

Independent cities called "autonomous"

Country Native term
Translation or equivalent
Instances (areas became autonomous in the year indicated, if available) References
 Cambodia krong
autonomous municipality
Phnom Penh · Sihanoukville · Pailin · Kep [25]

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Lucas I. González (2008-02-11). "Political Power, Fiscal Crises, and Decentralization in Latin America: Federal Countries in Comparative Perspective (and some Contrasts with Unitary Cases)". Publius: the Journal of Federalism (Oxford University Press) 38: 211. doi:10.1093/publius/pjn001. http://publius.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/pjn001v1?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=%28federal+AND+countries+AND+are+AND+often+AND+autonomous%29&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&resourcetype=HWCIT. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  2. ^ Olausson, Pär M. (2007) Autonomy and Islands: A Global Study of the Factors that Determine Island Autonomy, Turku: Åbo Akademi University Press, pp. 21-25
  3. ^ "Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh". BBC News. 2008-01-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/3658938.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Provinces of China". Statoids. 2006-06-26. http://www.statoids.com/ucn.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Benedikter, Thomas (2006-06-19). "The working autonomies in Europe". Society for Threatened Peoples. http://www.gfbv.it/3dossier/eu-min/autonomy.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  6. ^ "The Status of autonomy of French Polynesia". Tony Angelo. 2004-12-30. http://66.102.9.104/search?q=cache:IiyathMva3MJ:www.upf.pf/IMG/pdf/SageAngelo_RJP_HS04_2004.pdf+AUTONOMY+STATUTE+OF+FRENCH+POLYNESIA&hl=lt&ct=clnk&cd=53&gl=fr. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  7. ^ "Regions of Georgia". Statoids. 2007-11-30. http://www.statoids.com/uge.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  8. ^ "Sanakoev Appointed as Head of S.Ossetia Administration". Civil.ge. 2007-05-10. http://www.civil.ge/eng/article.php?id=15089. Retrieved 2008-03-14. 
  9. ^ "Departments of Greece". Statoids. 2007-09-01. http://www.statoids.com/ugr.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  10. ^ "Provinces of Iraq". Statoids. 2007-08-29. http://www.statoids.com/uiq.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  11. ^ "Districts of Mauritius". Statoids. 2007-05-08. http://www.statoids.com/umu.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  12. ^ "Departments of Nicaragua". Statoids. 2005-04-12. http://www.statoids.com/uni.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  13. ^ "Regions of Georgia". Statoids. 2007-11-30. http://www.statoids.com/uge.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  14. ^ "Autonomy Order for Gilgit-Baltistan". http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/pakistan/provinces/09-autonomy-order-for-gilgit-baltistan-signed--szh-04. 
  15. ^ "Panama Provinces". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/upa.html. Retrieved 2008-02-27. 
  16. ^ "Provinces of Papua New Guinea". Statoids. 2005-06-01. http://www.statoids.com/upg.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  17. ^ "Provinces of the Philippines". Statoids. 2008-01-31. http://www.statoids.com/uph.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  18. ^ "Sao Tome and Principe". Central Intelligence Agency. 2008-02-12. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tp.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  19. ^ "Districts of Serbia". Statoids. 2008-02-17. http://www.statoids.com/urs.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  20. ^ "Jeju City". Galbijim. 2007-04-08. http://wiki.galbijim.com/Jeju_City. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  21. ^ "States of Sudan". Statoids. 2008-01-19. http://www.statoids.com/usd.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  22. ^ "Regions of Tajikistan". Statoids. 2005-10-16. http://www.statoids.com/utj.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  23. ^ "Regions and territories: Zanzibar". BBC News. 2007-08-16. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/country_profiles/3850393.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  24. ^ Pinduli, Irene (2006-01-20). "Prevalence of urolithiasis in the autonomous city of Buenos Aires, Argentina". Urological Research 34: 8 – 11. doi:10.1007/s00240-005-0003-7. 
  25. ^ a b "Provinces of Cambodia". Statoids. 2005-05-13. http://www.statoids.com/ukh.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  26. ^ "Prefectures of the Central African Republic". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ucf.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  27. ^ "Regions of Guinea-Bissau". Statoids. 2006-09-14. http://www.statoids.com/ugw.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  28. ^ "Jakarta". Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9106450/Jakarta. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  29. ^ "Regions of Uzbekistan". Statoids. 2007-05-17. http://www.statoids.com/uuz.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  30. ^ "Bosnia and Herzegovina Government". Encyclopedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-42674/Bosnia-and-Herzegovina. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  31. ^ "Autonomous Islands of Comoros". Statoids. 2005-10-16. http://www.statoids.com/ukm.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  32. ^ "Provinces of Madagascar". Statoids. 2007-09-11. http://www.statoids.com/umg.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  33. ^ "Atoll Communities of Tokelau". Statoids. 2005-04-20. http://www.statoids.com/utk.html. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  34. ^ "The World's Working Regional Autonomies, Thomas Benedikter". Anthem Press. 2007. http://www.eurac.edu/Press/Publications/Monographs/0066644.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 

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