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India (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable map of the cities of India

The Republic of India is a sovereign country located in South Asia.[1] India is the seventh most extensive country, the second most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world.[2][3] India has the world's twelfth largest economy at market exchange rates and the fourth largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms have transformed it into the second fastest growing large economy.[4] However, it still endures high levels of poverty,[5] illiteracy, and malnutrition. As a diverse society (pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic), Indians have made home to a swathe of wildlife in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve[6][7] and elsewhere.

India is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the west, and the Bay of Bengal to the east, with a coastline stretching 7,517 kilometers (4,671 mi).[8] It borders Pakistan to the north and west;[9] Nepal and the China to the north; Bangladesh to the southeast; Bhutan to the northeast; and Burma to the east; Sri Lanka and the Maldives to the south.

After being colonised by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became a modern nation state in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread nonviolent resistance.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to India:

Contents

General reference

An enlargeable basic map of India

Geography of India

An enlargeable topographic map of India
 Bangladesh 4,053 km
 China 3,380 km including the territorial disputes along its border; McMahon Line
 Pakistan including the disputed LoC is 2,912 km
 Nepal 1,690 km
 Burma 1,463 km
 Bhutan 605 km
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Environment of India

An enlargeable satellite composite image of India

Geographic features of India

Physical divisions of India

See also: Ecoregions of India

Administrative divisions of India

Structure
                               Union of India
                                      |
     -------------------------------------------------------------------
     |                                                                 |
  States                                                     Union Territories
     |                                                                 |
     -------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      |
                                  Divisions
                                      |
                                  Districts
                                      |
     ------------------------------------------------------------------
     |                    |                      |                    |
  Blocks      Municipal Corporations      Municipalities       City Councils
 (Tehsils)      (Maha-Nagar-Palika)       (Nagar-Palika)     (Nagar-Panchayat)
     |                    |                      |                    |
     |                    ---------------------------------------------
     |                                           |
  Villages                                     Wards
(Graam/Gau'n)
States and territories of India
Main article: States and territories of India
Map of India showing its subdivision into states and territories.
Administrative divisions of India, including 28 states and 7 union territories.

States:

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  1. Haryana
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Jammu and Kashmir
  4. Jharkhand
  5. Karnataka
  6. Kerala
  7. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Mizoram
  5. Nagaland
  6. Orissa
  7. Punjab
  1. Rajasthan
  2. Sikkim
  3. Tamil Nadu
  4. Tripura
  5. Uttar Pradesh
  6. Uttarakhand
  7. West Bengal

Union Territories:

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  4. Daman and Diu
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. National Capital Territory of Delhi
  7. Puducherry
Municipalities of India

Geography of states and territories

1. Geography of Andaman and Nicobar
2. Geography of Andhra Pradesh
3. Geography of Arunachal Pradesh
4. Geography of Assam
5. Geography of Bihar
6. Geography of Chandigarh
7. Geography of Chhattisgarh
8. Geography of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Geography of Daman and Diu
10. Geography of Delhi
11. Geography of Goa
12. Geography of Gujarat

13. Geography of Haryana
14. Geography of Himachal Pradesh
15. Geography of Jammu and Kashmir
16. Geography of Jharkhand
17. Geography of Karnataka
18. Geography of Kerala
19. Geography of Lakshadweep
20. Geography of Madhya Pradesh
21. Geography of Maharashtra
22. Geography of Manipur
23. Geography of Meghalaya
24. Geography of Mizoram

25. Geography of Nagaland
26. Geography of Orissa
27. Geography of Puducherry
28. Geography of Punjab
29. Geography of Rajasthan
30. Geography of Sikkim
31. Geography of Tamil Nadu
32. Geography of Tripura
33. Geography of Uttar Pradesh
34. Geography of Uttarakhand
35. Geography of West Bengal

History of India

Main article: History of India and Timeline of Indian history

History of India by period

History by states and territories

1. History of Andaman and Nicobar
2. History of Andhra Pradesh
3. History of Arunachal Pradesh
4. History of Assam
5. History of Bihar
6. History of Chandigarh
7. History of Chhattisgarh
8. History of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. History of Daman and Diu
10. National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. History of Goa
12. History of Gujarat

13. History of Haryana
14. History of Himachal Pradesh
15. History of Jammu and Kashmir
16. History of Jharkhand
17. History of Karnataka
18. History of Kerala
19. History of Lakshadweep
20. History of Madhya Pradesh
21. History of Maharashtra
22. History of Manipur
23. History of Meghalaya
24. History of Mizoram

25. History of Nagaland
26. History of Orissa
27. History of Puducherry
28. History of Punjab
29. History of Rajasthan
30. History of Sikkim
31. History of Tamil Nadu
32. History of Tripura
33. History of Uttar Pradesh
34. History of Uttarakhand
35. History of West Bengal

Demography of India

Main article: Demographics of India

Demographics of states and territories

1. Demographics of Andaman and Nicobar
2. Demographics of Andhra Pradesh
3. Demographics of Arunachal Pradesh
4. Demographics of Assam
5. Demographics of Bihar
6. Demographics of Chandigarh
7. Demographics of Chhattisgarh
8. Demographics of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Demographics of Daman and Diu
10. National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. Demographics of Goa
12. Demographics of Gujarat

13. Demographics of Haryana
14. Demographics of Himachal Pradesh
15. Demographics of Jammu and Kashmir
16. Demographics of Jharkhand
17. Demographics of Karnataka
18. Demographics of Kerala
19. Demographics of Lakshadweep
20. Demographics of Madhya Pradesh
21. Demographics of Maharashtra
22. Demographics of Manipur
23. Demographics of Meghalaya
24. Demographics of Mizoram

25. Demographics of Nagaland
26. Demographics of Orissa
27. Demographics of Puducherry
28. Demographics of Punjab
29. Demographics of Rajasthan
30. Demographics of Sikkim
31. Demographics of Tamil Nadu
32. Demographics of Tripura
33. Demographics of Uttar Pradesh
34. Demographics of Uttarakhand
35. Demographics of West Bengal

Government and politics of India

Main article: Government of India and Politics of India

Socio-economic issues in India

Branches of the government of India

Executive branch of the government of India

Legislative branch of the government of India

Judicial branch of the government of India

Foreign relations of India

International organization membership

The Republic of India is a member of: [1]

Law and order in India

Main article: Law of India

National law enforcement agencies

Regional law enforcement agencies

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Andhra Pradesh Police
  3. Arunachal Pradesh Police
  4. Assam Police
  5. Bihar Police
  6. Chandigarh Police
  7. Chhattisgarh Police
  8. Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police
  9. Daman and Diu Police
  1. Goa Police
  2. Gujarat Police
  3. Haryana Police
  4. Himachal Pradesh Police
  5. Jammu and Kashmir Police
  6. Jharkhand Police
  7. Karnataka Police
  8. Kerala Police
  9. Lakshadweep Police
  10. Madhya Pradesh Police
  1. Maharashtra Police
  2. Manipur Police
  3. Meghalaya Police
  4. Mizoram Police
  5. Nagaland Police
  6. Orissa Police
  7. Punjab Police
  8. Puducherry Police
  1. Rajasthan Police
  2. Sikkim Police
  3. Tamil Nadu Police
  4. Tripura Police
  5. Uttar Pradesh
  6. Uttarakhand Police
  7. West Bengal Police

Local law enforcement agencies

Military of India

Main article: Military of India

Government of states

1. Government of Andaman and Nicobar
2. Government of Andhra Pradesh
3. Government of Arunachal Pradesh
4. Government of Assam
5. Government of Bihar
6. Government of Chandigarh
7. Government of Chhattisgarh
8. Government of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Government of Daman and Diu
10. National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. Government of Goa
12. Government of Gujarat

13. Government of Haryana
14. Government of Himachal Pradesh
15. Government of Jammu and Kashmir
16. Government of Jharkhand
17. Government of Karnataka
18. Government of Kerala
19. Government of Lakshadweep
20. Government of Madhya Pradesh
21. Government of Maharashtra
22. Government of Manipur
23. Government of Meghalaya
24. Government of Mizoram

25. Government of Nagaland
26. Government of Orissa
27. Government of Puducherry
28. Government of Punjab
29. Government of Rajasthan
30. Government of Sikkim
31. Government of Tamil Nadu
32. Government of Tripura
33. Government of Uttar Pradesh
34. Government of Uttarakhand
35. Government of West Bengal

Politics by states and territories

1. Politics of Andaman and Nicobar
2. Politics of Andhra Pradesh
3. Politicsof Arunachal Pradesh
4. Politics of Assam
5. Politics of Bihar
6. Politics of Chandigarh
7. Politics of Chhattisgarh
8. Politics of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Politics of Daman and Diu
10. Politics of Delhi
11. Politics of Goa
12. Politics of Gujarat

13. Politics of Haryana
14. Politics of Himachal Pradesh
15. Politics of Jammu and Kashmir
16. Politics of Jharkhand
17. Politics of Karnataka
18. Politics of Kerala
19. Politics of Lakshadweep
20. Politics of Madhya Pradesh
21. Politics of Maharashtra
22. Politics of Manipur
23. Politics of Meghalaya
24. Politics of Mizoram

25. Politics of Nagaland
26. Politics of Orissa
27. Politics of Puducherry
28. Politics of Punjab (India)
29. Politics of Rajasthan
30. Politics of Sikkim
31. Politics of Tamil Nadu
32. Politics of Tripura
33. Politics of Uttar Pradesh
34. Politics of Uttarakhand
35. Politics of West Bengal

Culture of India

Main article: Culture of India

Cuisine of India

Main article: Cuisine of India

Cuisine by regions

Art in India

Music of India

Music by states and territories

1. Music of Andaman and Nicobar
2. Music of Andhra Pradesh
3. Music of Arunachal Pradesh
4. Music of Assam
5. Music of Bihar
6. Music of Chandigarh
7. Music of Chhattisgarh
8. Music of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Music of Daman and Diu
10. National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. Music of Goa
12. Music of Gujarat

13. Music of Haryana
14. Music of Himachal Pradesh
15. Music of Jammu and Kashmir
16. Music of Jharkhand
17. Music of Karnataka
18. Music of Kerala
19. Music of Lakshadweep
20. Music of Madhya Pradesh
21. Music of Maharashtra
22. Music of Manipur
23. Music of Meghalaya
24. Music of Mizoram

25. Music of Nagaland
26. Music of Orissa
27. Music of Puducherry
28. Music of Punjab
29. Music of Rajasthan
30. Music of Sikkim
31. Music of Tamil Nadu
32. Music of Tripura
33. Music of Uttar Pradesh
34. Music of Uttarakhand
35. Music of West Bengal

Literature of India

Literature by language

Cinema of India

Main article : Cinema of India

Cinema by region

Languages in India

Awards

Sports in India

Main article: Sport in India

Professional sports leagues in India

Culture of states

1. Culture of Andaman and Nicobar
2. Culture of Andhra Pradesh
3. Culture of Arunachal Pradesh
4. Culture of Assam
5. Culture of Bihar
6. Culture of Chandigarh
7. Culture of Chhattisgarh
8. Culture of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Culture of Daman and Diu
10. National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. Culture of Goa
12. Culture of Gujarat

13. Culture of Haryana
14. Culture of Himachal Pradesh
15. Culture of Jammu and Kashmir
16. Culture of Jharkhand
17. Culture of Karnataka
18. Culture of Kerala
19. Culture of Lakshadweep
20. Culture of Madhya Pradesh
21. Culture of Maharashtra
22. Culture of Manipur
23. Culture of Meghalaya
24. Culture of Mizoram

25. Culture of Nagaland
26. Culture of Orissa
27. Culture of Puducherry
28. Culture of Punjab
29. Culture of Rajasthan
30. Culture of Sikkim
31. Culture of Tamil Nadu
32. Culture of Tripura
33. Culture of Uttar Pradesh
34. Culture of Uttarakhand
35. Culture of West Bengal

Economy of India

Main article: Economy of India

Economy of states

1. Economy of Andaman and Nicobar
2. Economy of Andhra Pradesh
3. Economy of Arunachal Pradesh
4. Economy of Assam
5. Economy of Bihar
6. Economy of Chandigarh
7. Economy of Chhattisgarh
8. Economy of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Economy of Daman and Diu
10. National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. Economy of Goa
12. Economy of Gujarat

13. Economy of Haryana
14. Economy of Himachal Pradesh
15. Economy of Jammu and Kashmir
16. Economy of Jharkhand
17. Economy of Karnataka
18. Economy of Kerala
19. Economy of Lakshadweep
20. Economy of Madhya Pradesh
21. Economy of Maharashtra
22. Economy of Manipur
23. Economy of Meghalaya
24. Economy of Mizoram

25. Economy of Nagaland
26. Economy of Orissa
27. Economy of Puducherry
28. Economy of Punjab
29. Economy of Rajasthan
30. Economy of Sikkim
31. Economy of Tamil Nadu
32. Economy of Tripura
33. Economy of Uttar Pradesh
34. Economy of Uttarakhand
35. Economy of West Bengal

Education in India

Main article: Education in India

Education in states

1. Education in Andaman and Nicobar
2. Education in Andhra Pradesh
3. Education in Arunachal Pradesh
4. Education in Assam
5. Education in Bihar
6. Education in Chandigarh
7. Education in Chhattisgarh
8. Education in Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Education in Daman and Diu
10. National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. Education in Goa
12. Education in Gujarat

13. Education in Haryana
14. Education in Himachal Pradesh
15. Education in Jammu and Kashmir
16. Education in Jharkhand
17. Education in Karnataka
18. Education in Kerala
19. Education in Lakshadweep
20. Education in Madhya Pradesh
21. Education in Maharashtra
22. Education in Manipur
23. Education in Meghalaya
24. Education in Mizoram

25. Education in Nagaland
26. Education in Orissa
27. Education in Puducherry
28. Education in Punjab
29. Education in Rajasthan
30. Education in Sikkim
31. Education in Tamil Nadu
32. Education in Tripura
33. Education in Uttar Pradesh
34. Education in Uttarakhand
35. Education in West Bengal

Tourism in India

Main article: Tourism in India

Tourism in states

1. Tourism in Andaman and Nicobar
2. Tourism in Andhra Pradesh
3. Tourism in Arunachal Pradesh
4. Tourism in Assam
5. Tourism in Bihar
6. Tourism in Chandigarh
7. Tourism in Chhattisgarh
8. Tourism in Dadra and Nagar Haveli
9. Tourism in Daman and Diu
10. Tourism in National Capital Territory of Delhi
11. Tourism in Goa
12. Tourism in Gujarat

13. Tourism in Haryana
14. Tourism in Himachal Pradesh
15. Tourism in Jammu and Kashmir
16. Tourism in Jharkhand
17. Tourism in Karnataka
18. Tourism in Kerala
19. Tourismin Lakshadweep
20. Tourism in Madhya Pradesh
21. Tourism in Maharashtra
22. Tourism in Manipur
23. Tourism in Meghalaya
24. Tourism in Mizoram

25. Tourism in Nagaland
26. Tourism in Orissa
27. Tourism in Puducherry
28. Tourism in Punjab (India)
29. Tourism in Rajasthan
30. Tourism in Sikkim
31. Tourism in Tamil Nadu
32. Tourism in Tripura
33. Tourism in Uttar Pradesh
34. Tourism in Uttarakhand
35. Tourism in West Bengal

Infrastructure of India

See also

Assamese language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bengali language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Flag of India.svg Bodo language


Flag of India.svg Dogri language
English language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gujarati language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hindi language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kannada language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kashmiri language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Flag of India.svg Konkani language


Flag of India.svg Maithili language
Malayalam language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Flag of India.svg Manipuri language
Marathi language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nepali language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oriya language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Punjabi language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sanskrit language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Flag of India.svg Santali language
Sindhi language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tamil language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Telugu language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Flag of India.svg Tulu
Urdu language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

References

  1. ^ a b "India". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 13, 2009. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/in.html. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Country profile: India". BBC. 9 January 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/country_profiles/1154019.stm. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  3. ^ "World's Largest Democracy to Reach One Billion Persons on Independence Day". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. United Nations: Population Division. http://www.un.org/esa/population/pubsarchive/india/ind1bil.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  4. ^ "India is the second fastest growing economy". Economic Research Service (ERS). United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/India/. Retrieved 2007-08-05. 
  5. ^ Poverty estimates for 2004-05, Planning commission, Government of India, March 2007. Accessed: August 25, 2007
  6. ^ Rajendran, S. (2007-09-03). "Joint plan to protect Nilgiri biosphere". The Hindu. http://www.thehindu.com/2007/09/03/stories/2007090360541000.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  7. ^ CPREEC Resource Centre, Environment Education Cell, Pondicherry State Training Centre, Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Centurian Complex, Nellithope, Pondicherry-5 (2007-12-31). "The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve". The C. P. Ramaswami Aiyar Foundation. http://cpreec.org/pubbook-nilgiris.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  8. ^ Kumar et al. 2006, p. 531
  9. ^ Footnote: The Government of India also considers Afghanistan to be a bordering country. This is because it considers the entire state of Kashmir to be an important 'integral part' of the Union of India Jammu and Kashmir itself is disputed territory under the control of India and Pakistan also claims Indian-administered Kashmir. A ceasefire sponsored by the United Nations in 1948 froze the positions of Pakistani and Indian held territory. As a consequence, the region bordering Afghanistan is in Pakistan-administered territories while the remainder is in Indian-administered Kashmir.

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