The Full Wiki

List of battles and other violent events by death toll: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page lists mortalities from battles and other individual military operations or acts of violence, sorted by death toll. For wars and events more extensive in scope, see List of wars and disasters by death toll. For natural disasters, see List of natural disasters by death toll.

Contents

Battles and sieges

Many of the entries in this section are currently for total casualties rather than deaths. Until this notice is removed, check the individual links to confirm what the figure represents.

Bombing campaigns

Individual air raids

Wartime ship disasters

Prior to World War I

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
1300–1900 SS Sultana US Transport Steamboat Union POWs formerly held
by the Confederate Army
Mississippi River
near Memphis
April 27, 1865[3]
900 HMS Victory GB 1st-rate Crew The Casquets Oct 3, 1744
838 HMS St George UK 1st-rate Crew North Sea Dec 24, 1811
800+ HMS Royal George GB 1st-rate Crew Spithead Aug 29, 1782
800 HMS Association GB 2nd-rate Crew Isles of Scilly Oct 22, 1707
699 HMS Ramilles GB 3rd-rate Crew Bolt Head Feb 15, 1760
673 HMS Queen Charlotte GB 1st-rate Crew Livorno Mar 17, 1800
566 General Lyon US Transport Discharged Union soldiers, Confederate POWs Cape Hatteras Mar 31, 1865
600 HMS Hero UK 3rd-rate Crew Wadden Sea Dec 28, 1811
555 HMS Defence UK 3rd-rate Crew North Sea Dec 24, 1811
450 HMS Birkenhead UK Troopship Soldiers, crew Western Cape Feb 26, 1852
380 Mary Rose Eng Carrack Soldiers, crew The Solent Jul 19, 1545
372 Arniston Eng East Indiaman Soldiers, crew & their family Cape Agulhas May 30, 1815

World War I

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
1,255 HMS Queen Mary UK Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,198 RMS Lusitania UK Ocean Liner Civilians Celtic Sea May 7, 1915
1,015 HMS Invincible UK Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,013 HMS Indefatigable UK Battlecruiser Crew North sea May 31, 1916
903 HMS Defence UK Armoured cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
900 HMS Good Hope UK Armoured Cruiser Crew Pacific Ocean Nov 1, 1914
857 HMS Black Prince UK Armoured Cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
843 HMS Vanguard UK Battleship Crew Jul 19, 1917
839 SMS Pommern Ger Battleship Crew North Sea Jun 1, 1916
782 SMS Blücher Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Dogger Bank Jan 24, 1915
764 SMS Scharnhorst Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Falkland Islands Dec 8, 1914
750 HMS Monmouth UK Armoured Cruiser Crew Nov 1, 1914
738 HMS Bulwark UK Battleship Crew Sheerness Nov 26, 1914
648 Suffren Fr Battleship Crew off Lisbon Nov 26, 1916
646 SS Mendi UK Troopship Troops English Channel Feb 21, 1917
600 Bouvet Fr Battleship Crew Dardanelles Mar 18, 1915
501 RMS Leinster UK Mail Ship Military personnel Irish Sea Oct 10, 1918
577 SMS Gneisenau Ger Armoured Cruiser Crew Falkland Islands Dec 8, 1918
570 HMS Goliath UK Battleship Crew Dardanelles May 13, 1915
460 HMS Hawke UK Cruiser Crew North Sea Oct 15, 1914

World War II

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
9,400 Wilhelm Gustloff Ger Transport Refugees Baltic Sea Jan 30, 1945
6,000 Goya Ger Transport Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea Apr 16, 1945
5,620 Junyō Maru Jap Transport Allied POW's Indian Ocean Sep 18, 1944
5,400~ Toyama Maru Jap Transport Troops Sea of Japan Jun 29, 1944
5,000 Armenia Sov Hospital Wounded, refugees Black Sea Nov 7, 1941
4,650 Cap Arcona Ger Transport Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
4,000 - 6,500
{1,738 known dead;
2,477 survived}
HMT Lancastria Brit Transport Troops, refugees Bay of Biscay Jun 17, 1940
3,850 Orion Ger Aux. Cruiser Refugees Baltic Sea May 4, 1945
3,000 SS General von Steuben Ger Transport Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea Feb 10, 1945
3,000 Yoshida Maru Jap Transport Troops Off Luzon Apr 26, 1944
2,750 Thielbek Ger Freighter Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
2,700[4] Moero Ger Hospital Soldiers and civilians from Estonia Baltic Sea Sep 22, 1944
2,571[5] MS Rigel Ger Transport Troops, Soviet POW's Nov 27, 1944
2,498 Yamato Jap Battleship Crew Sea of Japan Apr 7, 1945
2,097 Bismarck Ger Battleship Crew Atlantic Ocean May 27, 1941
2,003 Awa Maru Jap Hospital[6] Civilians Taiwan Straits Apr 1, 1945
2,000 Ural Maru Jap Transport N/A Sep 27, 1944
2,000 Iosif Stalin Sov Transport Troops, crew Baltic Sea Dec 3, 1941
1,932 Scharnhorst Ger Battlecruiser Crew Arctic Ocean Dec 26, 1943
1,875 Arisan Maru Jap Freighter US POW's China Sea Oct 24, 1944
1,650 Taihō Jap Air. Carrier Crew Philippine Sea Mar 7, 1944
1,600 Roma Ita Battleship Crew Mediterranean Sep 8, 1943
1,529 Tsushima Maru Jap Transport Schoolchildren, civilians Sea of Japan Aug 22, 1944
1,435 Shinano Jap Air. Carrier Crew Nov 29, 1944
1,414 HMS Hood UK Battlecruiser Crew Denmark Strait May 24, 1941
1,400 Yamashiro Jap Battleship Crew Surigao Strait Oct 25, 1944
1,400 Fusō Jap Battleship Crew Surigao Strait Oct 25, 1944
1,297 SS Khedive Ismail UK Transport Troops Indian Ocean Feb 12, 1944
1,263 Shōkaku Jap Air. Carrier Crew Philippine Sea Jun 19, 1944
1,250 Kongō Jap Battleship Crew Formosa Strait Nov 21, 1944
1,239 Unryū Jap Air. Carrier Crew Dec 19, 1944
1,209 SS Conte Rosso Ita Troopship Troops, crew Mediterranean May 24, 1941
1,207 HMS Glorious UK Air. Carrier Crew Norwegian Sea Jun 8, 1940
1,177 USS Arizona US Battleship Crew Pearl Harbor Dec 7, 1941
1,124[7] Montevideo Maru Jap Transport Australian POW's, civilians Philippine Sea? Jul 1, 1942
1,023 Musashi Jap Battleship Crew Leyte Gulf Oct 24, 1944
1,000 Tirpitz Ger Battleship Crew Tromso Nov 12, 1944
946 Exercise Tiger UK (Military exercise) US troops South Devon Apr 28, 1944
920 Blücher Ger Hvy Cruiser Troops, crew Oslofjord Apr 9, 1940
883 USS Indianapolis US Hvy Cruiser Crew Philippine Sea Jul 30, 1945
862 HMS Barham UK Battleship Crew Mediterranean Nov 25, 1941
843 Zuikaku Jap Air. Carrier Crew Leyte Gulf, Oct 25 1944
833 HMS Royal Oak UK Battleship Crew Scapa Flow Oct 14, 1939
814 Kaga Jap Air. Carrier Crew Midway Jun 4, 1942
768 Struma Bul Passenger Crew Black Sea Feb 24, 1942
733 USS Franklin US Air. Carrier Crew Off Japanese Coast March 19, 1945
718 Sōryū Jap Air. Carrier Crew Midway Jun 4, 1942
693 USS Houston US Hvy Cruiser Crew Java Sea Feb 28-March 1, 1942
655 SS Ceramic UK Passenger Civilians Atlantic Ocean Dec 6, 1942
645 HMAS Sydney Aus Lt Cruiser Crew[8] Indian Ocean Nov 19, 1941
631 Shōhō Jap Air. Carrier Crew Coral Sea May 7, 1942
549 Ukishima Maru Jap Transport Korean forced labourers Maizuru, Japan Aug 24, 1945
518 HMS Courageous UK Air. Carrier Crew Irish coast Sep 17, 1939
513 HMS Repulse UK Battlecruiser Crew South China Sea Dec 10, 1941
353 HMAS Perth Aus Lt Cruiser Crew Sunda Strait Mar 1, 1942
338 HMS Curacoa UK Lt Cruiser Crew Atlantic? Oct 2, 1942
327 HMS Prince of Wales UK Battleship Crew South China Sea Dec 10, 1941
271 Ilmarinen Fin Coastal def. ship Crew Baltic Sea Sep 13, 1941
159 {KIA & POW} USS Asheville (PG-21) US Gunboat crew Java Sea March 3, 1942)
137 SS Caribou Can Ferry Passengers, crew Cabot Strait Oct 14, 1942)

Post World War II

Estimate Name Nat. Ship Type Principal victims Where sunk Date
2,750 Kiangya Chi Steamship Refugees Shanghai Dec 3, 1948
323 ARA General Belgrano Arg Cruiser Crew South Atlantic May 2, 1982
34 USS Liberty US Tech research Crew Sinai Peninsula Jun 8, 1967

Terrorist attacks

Estimate Name Country City Date
2,974 September 11, 2001 attacks United States New York City, NY,
Arlington, VA,
Shanksville, PA
2001
796 2007 Qahtaniya bombings Iraq Qahtaniya 2007
422 Cinema Rex fire Iran Abadan 1978
365 Beslan School Siege Russia Beslan 2004
329 Air India Flight 182 Atlantic Ocean 1985
307 1983 Beirut barracks bombing Lebanon Beirut 1983
270 Pan Am Flight 103 United Kingdom Lockerbie, Scotland 1988
257 1993 Mumbai bombings India Mumbai 1993
252 2001 Angola train attack Angola 2001
238 MV Dara Southwest Asia Persian Gulf 1961
237 1998 United States embassy bombings Kenya,
Tanzania
Nairobi,
Dar es Salaam
1998
215 Sadr City bombings Iraq Sadr City 2006
209 Mumbai train bombings India Mumbai 2006
202 2002 Bali bombings Indonesia Bali 2002
198 April 18, 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
191 March 11, 2004 Madrid train bombings Spain Madrid 2004
178 Ashoura Massacre Iraq Kerbala and Baghdad 2004
175 2008 Mumbai attacks India Mumbai 2008
171 UTA Flight UT-772 Niger 1989
170 Moscow Theatre Siege Russia Moscow 2002
168 Oklahoma City bombing United States Oklahoma City 1995
155 25 October 2009 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2009
152 2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre Iraq Tal Afar 2007
150 St Nedelya Church assault Bulgaria Sofia 1925
136 2007 Karachi bombing Pakistan Karachi 2007
135 February 3, 2007 Baghdad market bombing Iraq Baghdad 2007
128 Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 Guangzhou China 1990
127 8 December 2009 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2009
127 2005 Al Hillah bombing Iraq Al Hillah 2005
125 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 Indian Ocean 1996
120 2007 Al Hillah bombings Iraq Al Hillah 2007
117 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing Pakistan Peshawar 2009
117 2004 Irbil bombings Iraq Irbil 2004
116 Superferry 14 bombing Philippines 2004
112 September 14 2005 Baghdad bombing Iraq Baghdad 2004
112 Avianca Flight 203 Colombia 1989
112 Gulf Air Flight 771 United Arab Emirates Dubai 1983
110 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing Pakistan Orakzai 2008
105 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing Pakistan Lakki Marwat 2010
101 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2009
100 2008 Kandahar bombing Afghanistan Kandahar 2008
98 Musayyib fuel tanker bombing Iraq Musayyib 2005
91 King David Hotel bombing Israel Jerusalem 1946
90 Central Bank Bombing Sri Lanka Colombo 1996
90 2005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacks Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh 2005
89 Russian airplane bombings Russia 2004
88 TWA Flight 841 Ionian Sea 1974
88 January 22 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
86 AMIA Bombing Argentina Buenos Aires 1994
85 Buratha Mosque bombing Iraq Baghdad 2006
85 Stazione Centrale bombing Italy Bologna 1980
83 Imam Ali Mosque bombing Iraq Najaf 2003
81 2008 Assam bombings India Assam 2008
80 Jaipur bombings India Jaipur 2008
80 1985 Beirut car bombing Lebanon Beirut 1985
76 February 12 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
75 2007 Baghlan sugar factory bombing Afghanistan Baghlan 2008
74 2005 Khanaqin bombings Iraq Khanaqin 2005
74 April 21 2004 Basra bombings Iraq Basra 2004
74 2004 Kufa shelling Iraq Kufa 2004
72 March 2010 Lahore bombings Pakistan Lahore 2010
70 2007 Baghdad Mustansiriya University bombing Iraq Baghdad 2007
68 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings India 2007
63 February 18 2007 Baghdad bombings Iraq Baghdad 2007
63 DAS Building bombing Colombia Bogotá 1989
63 Iraqi Airways Flight 163 Arar Saudi Arabia 1986
63 April 1983 US Embassy bombing Lebanon Beirut 1983
62 July 1 2006 Sadr City bombing Iraq Sadr City 2006
61 October 29 2005 New Delhi bombings India New Delhi 2005
60 2005 Amman bombings Jordan Amman 2005
60 2008 Wah bombing Pakistan 2008
60 EgyptAir Flight 648 Athens Greece 1985
58 2008 Indian embassy bombing in Kabul Afghanistan Kabul 2008
57 2003 Istanbul Bombings Turkey Istanbul 2003
56 2008 Ahmedabad bombings Pakistan Ahmedabad 2008
54 1 February 2010 Baghdad bombing Iraq Baghdad 2010
54 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing Pakistan Islamabad 2008
52 7 July 2005 London bombings United Kingdom London, England 2005
52 2003 Mumbai bombings India Mumbai 2003
47 2008 Parachinar bombing Pakistan 2008
46 2003 Casablanca bombings Morocco Casablanca 2003
43 2008 Issers bombing Algeria 2008
42 2004 Moscow metro bombing Russia Moscow 2004
38 Wall Street bombing United States New York City 1920
38 2001 attack on Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly India Srinagar 2001
37 2006 Malegaon blasts India 2006
34 2004 Sinai bombings Egypt Taba,
Nuweiba
2004
33 Pan Am Flight 110 Italy 1973
33 1998 Coimbatore bombings India Coimbatore 1998
33 Dublin and Monaghan Bombings Ireland Dublin,
Monaghan
1974
30 Passover massacre Israel Netanya 2002

Human sacrifice and mass suicide

This section lists notable individual episodes of mass suicide or human sacrifice. For tolls arising from the systematic practice of suicide or sacrifice, see Human sacrifice and ritual suicide.

Low
Estimate
High
Estimate
Type Event Group Location Date
80,000 80,000 Mass suicide Battle of Okinawa Japanese civilians Japan 1945
8,000 8,000 Mass suicide Battle of Saipan Japanese civilians Mariana Islands 1944
3,000 80,000 Mass human sacrifice Human sacrifice in Aztec culture Aztecs Huitzilopochtli, Tenochtitlan 1487
960 960 Mass suicide Siege of Masada Jewish zealots Judea 73
913 913 Mass suicide, murder Jonestown massacre Peoples Temple Guyana 1978
300 1000 Mass suicide Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God Uganda 2000, March
53 53 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple Switzerland, Canada 1994
39 39 Mass suicide Heaven's Gate California 1997
16 16 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple France 1995, December 23

Riot or political demonstration

Victims Event Country City Date
86,000 1959 Tibetan uprising Tibet (China) Lhasa 1959
30,000 Nika riots Constantinople 532
30,000 La semaine sanglante France Paris 1871
30,000 228 Incident Taiwan 1947
14,000 Jeju Uprising South Korea Jeju island 1948
13,000 August Uprising Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic 1924
12,000 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising El Salvador 1932
11,000 Romanian Peasants' Revolt Romania 1907
10,000 Kronstadt Rebellion Russia Kronstadt 1921
7,500 March 1st Movement South Korea Seoul 1919
3,800 Pitchfork Uprising Russia 1920
3,000 8888 Uprising Burma / Myanmar 1988
2,000 Santa María School massacre Chile Iquique 1907
1,000 Bloody Sunday (1905) Russia St. Petersburg 1905
400 Iranian pilgrim riot Saudi Arabia Mecca 1987
300–3,000 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 China Beijing 1989
285 Gordon Riots England, Kingdom of Great Britain 1780
249 Riots in Palestine of 1929 Mandate of Palestine 1929
200–300 Tlatelolco massacre Mexico 1968
184 May 13 Incident Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1969
139 Cartoon Riots 2006
100 Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot" France Paris 1795
100 New York Draft Riots United States New York City 1863
95 Riots in Palestine of May (1921) Israel Tel Aviv 1921
94 Jerusalem Riots of 1947 Jerusalem 1947
84 Riot and crushing during mass arrests Thailand Narathiwat province 2004
69 Sharpeville Massacre South Africa Sharpeville 1960
53 1992 Los Angeles riots United States Los Angeles 1992
50 Champ de Mars massacre France Paris 1791
46 Boipatong massacre South Africa Boipatong 1992
43 Attica Prison riots United States New York 1971
43 12th Street Riot United States Detroit 1967
40–50 Newton rebellion England Newton, Northamptonshire 1607
39+ Tulsa race riot United States Tulsa, Oklahoma 1921
36 1964 Race Riots Singapore 1964
34 Watts Riot United States Los Angeles 1965
30–300 Tlatelolco massacre Mexico Mexico City 1968
25 Palingoproer Netherlands Amsterdam 1886
25 Corpus Christi Massacre Mexico Mexico City 1971
23–600 Soweto uprising South Africa Soweto 1976
22 Eureka Stockade Australia Ballarat 1854
20 Ludlow Massacre United States Ludlow, Colorado 1914
18 Maria Hertogh riots Singapore 1950
14 Bloody Sunday (1972) Northern Ireland Derry 1972
13 Socialist riot (1932) Switzerland Geneva 1932
13 Chinese Middle School riots Singapore 1956
13 Mendiola Street massacre Philippines 1987
9 Riots in Palestine of 1920 Jerusalem 1920
11 Peterloo massacre England Manchester 1819
5 Greensboro massacre United States Greensboro, North Carolina 1979
5 Ådalen shootings Sweden Ådalen 1931
4 Kent State shootings United States Kent, Ohio 1970
4 Hock Lee bus riots Singapore 1955

Footnotes

  1. ^ Tokyo firebombing victims plan to sue government
  2. ^ Luke Harding, Germany's forgotten victims, Guardian
  3. ^ Sultana: A Tragic Postscript to the Civil War
  4. ^ Foundation for the Investigation of Communist Crime
  5. ^ Maritime Disasters of WWII 1944, 1945
  6. ^ Ship was sunk in violation of a safe passage agreement, apparently in error by US submarine Queenfish.
  7. ^ Montevideo Maru
  8. ^ No survivors. Sydney was the largest vessel of any country to be lost with no survivors during the war

See also

Other lists organized by death toll

Other lists with similar topics

Topics dealing with similar themes

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message