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Map of Alaska boroughs and census areas

The U.S. state of Alaska is not divided into counties, as are 48 other states (Louisiana having parishes instead), but it is divided into boroughs. Many of the more densely populated parts of the state are part of Alaska's eighteen boroughs, which function somewhat similarly to counties in other states. However, unlike county-equivalents in the other 49 states, the boroughs do not cover the entire land area of the state. The area not part of any borough is referred to as the unorganized borough.

For the 1970 census, the U.S. Census Bureau, in cooperation with the state, divided the unorganized borough into 11 census areas, each roughly corresponding to an election district. However, these areas exist solely for the purposes of statistical analysis and presentation. They have no government of their own. Boroughs and census areas are both treated as county-level equivalents by the Census Bureau.

Some areas in the unorganized borough receive limited public services directly from the Alaska state government, usually law enforcement from the Alaska State Troopers and educational funding.

Five consolidated city-county governments exist—Juneau City and Borough, City and Borough of Haines, Sitka City and Borough, Yakutat City and Borough as well as the state's largest city, Anchorage. Though its legal name is the Municipality of Anchorage, it is considered a consolidated city-borough under state law.

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 55-2,3,4 codes, which are used by the United States Census Bureau to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry.[1] Alaska's code is 02, which when combined with any county code would be written as 02XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.

Contents

List of boroughs

Borough
FIPS Code
[2]
Borough seat
[3]
Class
[4][5][6][7]
Established
[3]
Origin
Etymology
Population
[3]
Area
[3]
Map
Aleutians East Borough 013 Sand Point Second 1987 - Its location in the east Aleutian Islands, possibly from Chukchi aliat, "island" &0000000000002697.0000002,697 &0000000000006988.0000006,988 sq mi
(&0000000000018099.00000018,099 km 2)
State map highlighting Aleutians East Borough
Municipality of Anchorage 020 (Consolidated
city-borough
)
Unified Home Rule 1986 - Derived from the presence of a safe place to anchor and unload supplies for construction of the Alaska Railroad circa 1913, thereby creating a community. &0000000000260283.000000260,283 &0000000000001697.0000001,697 sq mi
(&0000000000004395.0000004,395 km 2)
State map highlighting Municipality of Anchorage
Bristol Bay Borough 060 Naknek Second 1962 - Bristol Bay, named in 1778 by Capt. James Cook, RN "in honour of the Admiral Earl of Bristol," England. &0000000000001258.0000001,258 &0000000000000505.000000505 sq mi
(&0000000000001308.0000001,308 km 2)
State map highlighting Bristol Bay Borough
Denali Borough 068 Healy Home Rule 1990 - From Denali, the tallest North American mountain, from Dena'ina for "great one" &0000000000001893.0000001,893 &0000000000012750.00000012,750 sq mi
(&0000000000033022.00000033,022 km 2)
State map highlighting Denali Borough
Fairbanks North Star Borough 090 Fairbanks Second 1964 - Fairbanks and Polaris, the North Star &0000000000082840.00000082,840 &0000000000007366.0000007,366 sq mi
(&0000000000019078.00000019,078 km 2)
State map highlighting Fairbanks North Star Borough
Haines Borough 100 (Consolidated
city-borough
)
Home Rule, Third 1968
(Consolidated 2002)
- After Haines, from Mrs. F. E. Haines &0000000000002392.0000002,392 &0000000000002344.0000002,344 sq mi
(&0000000000006071.0000006,071 km 2)
State map highlighting Haines Borough
City and Borough of Juneau 110 (Consolidated
city-borough
)
Unified Home Rule 1970 The City of Juneau merged with the City of Douglas and the surrounding borough to form the municipality Joseph "Joe" Juneau, co-founder of the city &0000000000030711.00000030,711 &0000000000002716.0000002,716 sq mi
(&0000000000007034.0000007,034 km 2)
State map highlighting City and Borough of Juneau
Kenai Peninsula Borough 122 Soldotna Second 1964 - The Kenai Peninsula, which may be from Kenayskaya, the Russian name for Cook Inlet &0000000000049691.00000049,691 &0000000000016013.00000016,013 sq mi
(&0000000000041473.00000041,473 km 2)
State map highlighting Kenai Peninsula Borough
Ketchikan Gateway Borough 130 Ketchikan Second 1963 - Ketchikan, and for its gateway location on the Alaska-Canadian border &0000000000014077.00000014,077 &0000000000004840.0000004,840 sq mi
(&0000000000012536.00000012,536 km 2)
State map highlighting Ketchikan Gateway Borough
Kodiak Island Borough 150 Kodiak Second 1963 - Kodiak Island, which may be named for the Koniagmiut, or Koniag, people &0000000000013913.00000013,913 &0000000000006560.0000006,560 sq mi
(&0000000000016990.00000016,990 km 2)
State map highlighting Kodiak Island Borough
Lake and Peninsula Borough 164 King Salmon Home Rule 1989 - The borough's many large lakes, and the Alaska Peninsula &0000000000001823.0000001,823 &0000000000023782.00000023,782 sq mi
(&0000000000061595.00000061,595 km 2)
State map highlighting Lake and Peninsula Borough
Matanuska-Susitna Borough 170 Palmer Second 1964 - Named for the valley that the Matanuska and Susitna form &0000000000059322.00000059,322 &0000000000024682.00000024,682 sq mi
(&0000000000063926.00000063,926 km 2)
State map highlighting Matanuska-Susitna Borough
North Slope Borough 185 Barrow Home Rule 1972 - The Alaska North Slope &0000000000007385.0000007,385 &0000000000088817.00000088,817 sq mi
(&0000000000230035.000000230,035 km 2)
State map highlighting North Slope Borough
Northwest Arctic Borough 188 Kotzebue Home Rule 1986 In 1986, residents of Kotzebue and 10 other area villages voted to form the Northwest Arctic Borough (with boundaries coincident with those of NANA), to be economically based on taxing the Red Dog mine, then under development. Its geographic location &0000000000007208.0000007,208 &0000000000035898.00000035,898 sq mi
(&0000000000092975.00000092,975 km 2)
State map highlighting Northwest Arctic Borough
City and Borough of Sitka 220 (Consolidated
city-borough
)
Unified Home Rule 1971 - Derived from Tlingit Shee At'iká, meaning "People on the outside of Shee (Baranof Island)." &0000000000008835.0000008,835 &0000000000002874.0000002,874 sq mi
(&0000000000007444.0000007,444 km 2)
State map highlighting City and Borough of Sitka
Municipality of Skagway Borough 230 - First 2007 - - &0000000000000862.000000862 &0000000000000452.000000452 sq mi
(&0000000000001171.0000001,171 km 2)
State map highlighting Municipality of Skagway Borough
Unorganized Borough - - - 1961 The Borough Act of 1961 created The Unorganized Borough including all of Alaska not within a Unified, Home rule, First class or Second class borough. A legal entity in Alaska, covering those parts of Alaska not within an incorporated borough; it is administered by the state of Alaska.[8] &0000000000078486.00000078,486 &0000000000323440.000000323,440 sq mi
(&0000000000837706.000000837,706 km 2)
State map highlighting Unorganized Borough
City and Borough of Wrangell - - Unified Home Rule 2008 formerly part of Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area - &0000000000002448.0000002,448 &0000000000002570.0000002,570 sq mi
(&0000000000006656.0000006,656 km 2)
State map highlighting City and Borough of Wrangell
City and Borough of Yakutat 282 (Consolidated
city-borough
)
Home Rule 1992 - Yakutat Bay and the Yakutat Alaska Native people &0000000000000808.000000808 &0000000000007650.0000007,650 sq mi
(&0000000000019813.00000019,813 km 2)
State map highlighting City and Borough of Yakutat

Census areas in the Unorganized Borough

Map of Alaska highlighting the Unorganized Borough

The Unorganized Borough is that part of the U.S. state of Alaska not contained in any of its 18 organized boroughs. It encompasses over half of Alaska's area, 970,500 km² (374,712 mi²), an area larger than any other US state. As of the 2000 census 13% of Alaskans (81,803 people) reside in it.

Unique among the United States, Alaska is not entirely subdivided into organized county equivalents. In 1970, the United States Census Bureau divided the unorganized borough into 11 census areas to facilitate census taking in the vast unorganized area.

Census area
FIPS Code
[2]
Largest town
(as of 2000)
Etymology
Population
[3]
Area
[3]
Map
Aleutians West Census Area 016 Unalaska Location in the western Aleutian Islands &0000000000005465.0000005,465 &0000000000004397.0000004,397 sq mi
(&0000000000011388.00000011,388 km 2)
State map highlighting Aleutians West Census Area
Bethel Census Area 050 Bethel City of Bethel, the largest settlement in the census area &0000000000016006.00000016,006 &0000000000040633.00000040,633 sq mi
(&0000000000105239.000000105,239 km 2)
State map highlighting Bethel Census Area
Dillingham Census Area 070 Dillingham The city of Dillingham, the largest settlement in the area. The city was named after United States Senator Paul Dillingham (1843-1923), who had toured Alaska extensively with his Senate subcommittee in 1903. &0000000000004922.0000004,922 &0000000000018675.00000018,675 sq mi
(&0000000000048368.00000048,368 km 2)
State map highlighting Dillingham Census Area
Hoonah-Angoon Census Area 105 Hoonah The cities of Hoonah and Angoon &0000000000002574.0000002,574 &0000000000007444.0000007,444 sq mi
(&0000000000019280.00000019,280 km 2)
State map highlighting Hoonah-Angoon Census Area
Nome Census Area 180 Nome City of Nome, the largest settlement in the census area. &0000000000009196.0000009,196 &0000000000023001.00000023,001 sq mi
(&0000000000059572.00000059,572 km 2)
State map highlighting Nome Census Area
Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area 201 Craig Prince of Wales Island and the town of Hyder
(Known as Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan prior to the expansion of Ketchikan Gateway Borough in 2008)
&0000000000006115.0000006,115 &0000000000003760.0000003,760 sq mi
(&0000000000009738.0000009,738 km 2)
State map highlighting Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area 240 Tok Its location, southeast of Fairbanks &0000000000006174.0000006,174 &0000000000024814.00000024,814 sq mi
(&0000000000064268.00000064,268 km 2)
State map highlighting Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
Valdez-Cordova Census Area 261 Valdez Cities of Valdez and Cordova &0000000000010195.00000010,195 &0000000000034319.00000034,319 sq mi
(&0000000000088886.00000088,886 km 2)
State map highlighting Valdez-Cordova Census Area
Wade Hampton Census Area 270 Hooper Bay Wade Hampton III (1818–1902), a Confederate cavalry leader during the American Civil War &0000000000007028.0000007,028 &0000000000017194.00000017,194 sq mi
(&0000000000044532.00000044,532 km 2)
State map highlighting Wade Hampton Census Area
Petersburg Census Area 280 Petersburg The city of Petersburg, the largest settlement in the census area
(Known as Wrangell-Petersburg prior to the incorporation of Wrangell City-Borough in 2008)
&0000000000004260.0000004,260 &0000000000003301.0000003,301 sq mi
(&0000000000008550.0000008,550 km 2)
State map highlighting Petersburg Census Area
Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area 290 Galena Yukon River ("great river" in Gwich’in), which flows through the census area; and the city of Koyukuk &0000000000006551.0000006,551 &0000000000145900.000000145,900 sq mi
(&0000000000377879.000000377,879 km 2)
State map highlighting Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area

Notes

^ A: Because census areas in the Unorganized Borough have their own FIPS codes, this code listed and linked is for the entire State of Alaska.

References

  1. ^ "FIPS Publish 6-4". National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/fip6-4.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-11.  
  2. ^ a b "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA.gov. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/codes/ak.html. Retrieved 2008-02-23.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/state.cfm&state.cfm&statecode=AK. Retrieved 2008-04-30.  
  4. ^ - Home Rule/Borough/ "Home Rule Boroughs" (FTP). Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. ftp://ftp.dcbd.dced.state.ak.us/DCBD/Municipal_charters/Charters - Home Rule/Borough/. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  5. ^ Certificates/Boroughs "Municipal Certificates (of incorporation) - Boroughs" (FTP). Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. ftp://ftp.dcbd.dced.state.ak.us/DCBD/Municipal Certificates/Boroughs. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  6. ^ "Alaska Taxable 2004 Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January, 2005. http://www.dced.state.ak.us/dca/osa/pub/04Taxable.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  7. ^ "Background on Boroughs in Alaska" (PDF). Local Boundary Commission, Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. November 2000. http://www.commerce.state.ak.us/dca/lbc/pubs/Bkg_Boro_Govt.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
  8. ^ "Governmental Unit Boundary Data Content Standard (Working Draft, Version 2.0)" (PDF). Subcommittee on Cultural and Demographic Data, Federal Geographic Data Committee, United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce. February, 1999. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/standards/scdd/GUSTD.V2.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-16.  
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General References

See also


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

The U.S. state of Alaska is not divided into counties, as are 48 other states, but it is divided into boroughs. (Louisiana is divided into parishes.) Many of the more densely populated parts of Alaska are divided into 16 boroughs, which function somewhat similarly to counties in other states. However, uniquely within the United States, boroughs do not cover the entire land area of the state. The area not part of any borough is referred to as the unorganized borough.

For the 1970 census, the U.S. Census Bureau, in cooperation with the state, divided the unorganized borough into 11 census areas, each roughly corresponding to an election district. However, these areas exist solely for the purposes of statistical analysis and presentation. They have no government of their own.

Some areas in the unorganized borough receive limited public services directly from the Alaska state government, usually law enforcement from the Alaska State Troopers and educational funding.

Anchorage, Juneau, Sitka and Yakutat have consolidated city-borough governments.

Boroughs and census areas are both treated as county-level equivalents by the Census Bureau.

Current borough seats are given in parentheses, where they exist.

The links in the column FIPS borough code / FIPS census area code are to the Census Bureau information page for that borough or census area.

List of 27 boroughs and census areas in the U.S. state of Alaska:

State abbr. FIPS state code State
AK 02 Alaska
FIPS borough code[1] Borough name (borough seat)
013 Aleutians East Borough (Sand Point)
020 Municipality of Anchorage
060 Bristol Bay Borough (Naknek)
068 Denali Borough (Healy)
090 Fairbanks North Star Borough (Fairbanks)
100 Haines Borough (Haines)
110 City and Borough of Juneau
122 Kenai Peninsula Borough
130 Ketchikan Gateway Borough
150 Kodiak Island Borough
164 Lake and Peninsula Borough
170 Matanuska-Susitna Borough
185 North Slope Borough
188 Northwest Arctic Borough
220 City and Borough of Sitka
282 City and Borough of Yakutat
FIPS census area code Census areas in the Unorganized Borough:
016 Aleutians West Census Area
050 Bethel Census Area
070 Dillingham Census Area
180 Nome Census Area
201 Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Census Area
231 Skagway-Hoonah-Angoon Census Area
240 Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
261 Valdez-Cordova Census Area
270 Wade Hampton Census Area
280 Wrangell-Petersburg Census Area
290 Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
  1. ^ The FIPS borough code (or census area code) is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Aleutians East Borough, Alaska is number 013, there is also an Arlington County, Virginia that is also 013, and a Bienville Parish, Louisiana that is also 013. While Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska is number 261, Kenedy County, Texas is also number 261. To uniquely identify Aleutians East Borough, Alaska, you would need to use the state code of 02 plus the Borough code of 013. Thus the unique identifier for the entire United States for Aleutians East Borough, Alaska would be 02013, and for the Valdez-Cordova Census Area would be 02261, etc.
Lists of counties in the United States
(parishes in Louisiana; boroughs and census areas in Alaska)

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See also

  • List of Alaska borough and census area name etymologies
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