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List of chemical element name etymologies: Wikis

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Contents

A

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Actinium Ac Greek ἀκτίς (aktis) beam descriptive "ἀκτίς" etymology: "ἀκτῖνος" (aktis; aktinos), meaning "beam (ray)".
Aluminium Al Latin alumen alum[1] means "alum" (literally "bitter salt"). AlumCrystal.jpgAlum Crystal.
Americium Am America toponym Named for the Americas, because was discovered in the United States (by analogy with Europium)- (the name of the continent "America" is derived from the name of the Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci). N&SAmerica-pol.jpgThe Americas
Antimony Sb Greek? ἀντί + μόνος (anti monos)? various " Possibly from Greek ἀντί + μόνος (anti monos), approximately meaning "opposed to solitude", as believed never to exist in pure form, or ἀντί + μοναχός (anti monachos) for "monk-killer" (in French folk etymology, anti-moine "monk's bane"), because many early alchemists were monks and antimony is poisonous. May also be derived from the Pharaonic (Ancient Egypt), Antos Ammon (expression), which could be translated as "bloom of the god Ammo".
The symbol Sb is from Latin name Stibium which is derived from Greek στίμμι (stimmi; genitive: στίμμεος or στίμμιδος), probably a loan word from Arabic or Egyptian. Littré suggests the first form derives from *stimmida, a hypothetical alternative accusative of stimmi (the canonical accusative of the noun is the same as the nominative: stimmi). The Arabic word for the substance, as "mark" or "the cosmetic", can appear as ithmid, athmoud, othmod or uthmod.[2]"
Argon Ar Greek ἀργόν (argon) inactive descriptive means "inactive" (literally "lazy").
Arsenic As Greek descriptive ἀρσένικον (arsenikon), derived from the Persian, "زرنيخ" (zarnik), "yellow orpiment".
Astatine At Greek ἄστατος (astatos) unstable descriptive "ἄστατος" (astatos) means "unstable".[3]

B

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Barium Ba Greek βαρύς (barys) heavy descriptive "βαρύς" (barys) means "heavy". The oxide was initially called "barote", then "baryta", which was modified to "barium" to describe the metal.
Berkelium Bk English University of California, Berkeley toponym Named for the "University of California, Berkeley", where discovered.
Beryllium Be Greek βήρυλλος (beryllos) a blue-green spar, but possibly related to the name of Belur βήρυλλος "beryllos", denoting beryl, which contains beryllium.[4] The word is ultimately derived from the Sanskrit word वैडूर्य vaidurya- which might be related to the name of the city of Belur. [5] Beryl09.jpg
Bismuth Bi Modern Latin bisemutum descriptive "bisemutum", derived from German "Wismuth", perhaps from "weiße Masse", means "white mass", due to its appearance.
Bohrium Bh Bohr, Niels eponym Named in honor of "Niels Bohr", who made fundamental understanding of atomic structure and quantum mechanics.[6] Niels Bohr.jpg
Boron B Arabic لاعقشا (buraq) "لاعقشا" (buraq) derived from the Persian, "بورون" (burah) referring to borax. Borax crystals.jpg
Bromine Br Greek βρόμος (brómos) descriptive "βρόμος" (brómos), means "stench (lit. clangor)", due to its characteristic smell.

C

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Cadmium Cd Greek/Latin καδμεία (cadmia) From Latin "cadmia", derived from Greek "καδμεία" (kadmeia), means "calamine", a Cadmium-bearing mixture of minerals.
Caesium Cs Latin caesius descriptive From Latin "caesius", means "sky blue". Its identification was based upon the bright blue lines in its spectrum and it was the first element discovered by spectrum analysis.
Calcium Ca Latin calx From Latin "calx", means "lime". Calcium was known as early as the first century when the Ancient Romans prepared lime as calcium oxide.
Californium Cf English California toponym Named for "California", the U.S. state of California and for the University of California, Berkeley. (The origin of the state's name is disputed.)
Carbon C Latin charbone charcoal From the French, "charbone", which in turn came from Latin "carbo", means "charcoal". (In the German and the Dutch, Kohlenstoff and Koolstof, respectively, both literally mean "coal-stuff")
Cerium Ce Latin Ceres astrological/ mythological Named after the asteroid, "Ceres", discovered two years earlier. (The asteroid, now classified as a dwarf planet, was named after "Ceres", the goddess of fertility in mythology) [7] Ceres optimized.jpg
Chlorine Cl Greek χλωρός (chlorós) From Greek "χλωρός" (chlorós), means "yellowish green" or "greenish yellow", because of the color of the gas.
Chromium Cr Greek χρῶμα (chróma) color descriptive From Greek, chroma, "color", because of many colors of compounds.
Cobalt Co German Kobold evil spirit From German Kobold, means "evil spirit", the metal being so called by miners, because it was poisonous and troublesome (polluted and degraded the other mined elements, like Nickel). Other sources cite the origin as stemming from silver miners' belief that cobalt had been placed by "Kobolds" who had stolen the silver. Some also think the name may be derive from Greek κόβαλος kobalos, means "mine", and which may have common roots with kobold, goblin, and cobalt.
Copernicium Cn Nicolaus Copernicus eponym Named in honor of Nicolaus Copernicus.
Copper Cu Greek? Κύπριος (Kyprios)? who/which is from Cyprus Possibly ultimately derived from Greek via Latin and Old English. In Latin (during the Roman empire), aes cyprium, ("aes" being the generic Latin term for copper alloys such as bronze). Cyprium means "Cyprus" or "which is from Cyprus", where so much of it was mined; it was simplified to cuprum and then eventually Anglicized as copper (Old English coper/copor).
Curium Cm Curie, Marie and Pierre eponym Named in honor of Marie and Pierre Curie, who discovered Radium and researched radioactivity. Marie Curie (Nobel-Chem).png

D

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Darmstadtium Ds German Darmstadt toponym Named for "Darmstadt", where discovered (GSI, located in Wixhausen, a small suburb north of Darmstadt).
It has also been called 'Eka-platinum.[8][9]
Dubnium Db Дубна (Dubna) toponym Named for "Dubna", where discovered (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, U.S.S.R.). Researchers of Berkeley proposed Hahnium (Ha), named in honor of Otto Hahn, who pioneered to radioactivity and radiochemistry, but the proposal was rejected.[6]
Dysprosium Dy Greek δυσπρόσιτος (dysprositos) hard to get at descriptive Derived from Greek "δυσπρόσιτος" (dysprositos), means "hard to get at".

E

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Einsteinium Es German Einstein, Albert eponym Named in honor of Albert Einstein, for his work on theoretical physics including the photoelectric effect.
Erbium Er Ytterby toponym Named after the village of Ytterby in Sweden, where large concentrations of Yttria and Erbium are located. Erbia and Terbia were confused in at this time. After 1860, what had been known as Terbia was renamed Erbia, and after 1877, what had been known as Erbia was renamed Terbia.
Europium Eu Europe toponym Named for Europe, the continent where discovered.

F

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Fermium Fm Fermi, Enrico eponym Named in honor of "Enrico Fermi", who developed the first nuclear reactor, quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics.
Fluorine F Latin fluo From the "Fluorspar", one of its compounds.
Francium Fr France toponym Named for "France", where discovered (Curie Institute (Paris)).

G

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Gadolinium Gd Gadolin, Johan eponym Named in honor of Johan Gadolin, who was one of the founders of Nordic chemistry research, discovered Yttrium, and pioneered laboratory exercise teaching. (Gadolinite, the mineral, is also named for him.)
Gallium Ga Latin Gallia Gaul (Ancient France) toponym " From Latin Gallia, means Gaul (Ancient France), and also gallus, means "rooster". The element was obtained as free metal by Lecoq de Boisbaudran, who named Gallium after France, his native land, and also, punningly, after himself, as Lecoq, means "the rooster", or in Latin, gallus.

Gallium was called Eka-aluminium by Mendeleev who predicted its existence.[9]

Germanium Ge Latin Germani Germany toponym From Latin "Germania", means "Germany". Germanium has also been called Eka-silicon by Mendeleev.[9]
Gold Au Anglo-Saxon gold From the Anglo-Saxon, "gold", from PIE "*ghel" meaning "yellow/ bright"
Au is from Latin Aurum, means "shining dawn".[10]

H

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Hafnium Hf Latin Hafnia Copenhagen toponym From Latin "Hafnia", means "Copenhagen" of Denmark.
Hassium Hs German Hassia Hesse toponym Named derived from Latin "Hassia", means Hesse, the German state where discovered (Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt).[6] It has also been called 'Eka-osmium.[9]
Helium He Greek ἥλιος (hélios) sun mythological Named after the Greek, "ἥλιος" (Helios), means "Sun" and also "the god of Sun on mythology.[7]
Holmium Ho Latin Holmia Stockholm toponym Named derived from Latin "Holmia", means Stockholm.
Hydrogen H Latin ὕδωρ (root: ὑδρ-) + -γενῆς (-genes) water + begetter descriptive From Latin "hydor -genes", derived from the Ancient Greek, "ὕδωρ γείνομαι" (hydor geinomai), meaning "Ι beget water".

I

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Indium In indigo descriptive Named after "indigo", because of indigo spectrum line.
Iodine I Greek ἰώδες (iodes) violet descriptive Named after the Greek, "ἰώδες" (iodes), means "violet", because of the color of the gas.
Iridium Ir Greek ἴρις (genitive: ἴριδος; Latin iris) of rainbows descriptive Named after the Latin noun "iris", means "rainbow, iris plant, iris of the eye", because many of salts are strongly colored; "Iris" was originally the name of the goddess of rainbows and a messenger in Greek mythology.[7]
Iron Fe īsern Anglo-Saxon From the Anglo-Saxon īsern which in its turn may derive from the Etruscan, aisar, meaning "the god(s)", because the earliest iron to be worked (by the Sumerians and Egyptians, around 4000 BC) was obtained from meteorites, and meteorites fall from the sky.[11]
The symbol Fe is from Latin ferrum, meaning "iron".

K

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Krypton Kr Greek κρυπτός (kryptos) hidden descriptive From Greek "κρυπτός" (kryptos), means "hidden one", because it's a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas (like other noble gases).

L

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Lanthanum La Greek λανθάνειν (lanthanein) to lie hidden From Greek lanthanein, "to lie (hidden)".
Lawrencium Lr Lawrence, Ernest O eponym Named in honor of "Ernest O. Lawrence", who was involved in the development of the cyclotron.

The symbol is Lr since 1963; formerly Lw was used. Unniltrium was used as a temporary systematic element name.[6]

Lead Pb The symbol Pb is from Latin name, Plumbum, hence the English, "plumbing".[7][12]
Lithium Li Greek λίθος (lithos) stone From Greek "λίθος" (lithos) "stone", because it was discovered from a mineral while other common alkali metals (sodium and potassium) were discovered from plant tissue.
Lutetium Lu Latin Lutetia Paris toponym Named after the Latin, Lutetia, the city of "Paris".[6]

M

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Magnesium Mg Greek Μαγνησία (Magnesia) toponym From the Ancient Greek, "Μαγνήσια" (Magnesia) (district in Thessaly), where discovered. GreeceMagnesia.pngMagnesia
Manganese Mn Greek Μαγνησία (Magnesia; Latin: magnetum) Magnesia descriptive From Latin Magnesia ultimately from Greek; Magnesia evolved into Manganese in Italian and into Manganèse in French.
Meitnerium Mt Meitner, Lise eponym Named in honor of Lise Meitner, who shared discovery of nuclear fission.[6] It has also been called 'Eka-iridium.[9] Lise Meitner 1900.jpg
Lise Meitner
Mendelevium Md Mendeleyev, Dmitri eponym Named in honor of Dmitri Mendeleyev, who invented periodic table.[13] It has also been called 'Eka-thulium.[9] Medeleeff by repin.jpgMendeleyev
Mercury Hg Latin Mercury mythological Named after "Mercury", the god of speed and messenger of the Gods, as was the "planet Mercury" named after the god.
The symbol Hg is from Greek name, ὕδωρ αργυρος (hydor argyros), which became Latin, Hydrargyrum; both mean "water - silver", because it is a liquid like water (at room temperature), and has silvery metallic sheen.[7][14]
Mercury in color - Prockter07 centered.jpgMercury
Molybdenum Mo Greek μόλυβδος (molybdos) lead-like descriptive From Greek "μόλυβδος" (molybdos), "lead".

N

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Neodymium Nd Greek νέος δίδυμος (neos didymos) new twin descriptive Derived from Greek "νέος διδύμος" (neos didymos), means "new twin", because Didymium separated into Praseodymium and Neodymium, when they gave salts of different colors.[15]
Neon Ne Greek νέος (neos) new From Greek "νέος" (neos) "new".
Neptunium Np Latin mythological Named for "Neptune", the planet. (The planet was named after "Neptune", the god of oceans in mythology) [7]
Nickel Ni Swedish Kupfernickel copper-coloured ore descriptive From the Swedish, Kupfernickel, meaning "copper-colored ore"; this referred to the ore niccolite from which it was obtained.[16]
Niobium Nb Greek Νιόβη (Niobe) mythological Named after "Niobe", daughter of Tantalus in Classical mythology.[6][7]
Nitrogen N Greek νίτρον (Latin: nitrum) -γενῆς (-genes) native-soda begetter descriptive From Latin "nitrum -genes", derived from Greek "νίτρον γείνομαι" (nitron geinomai), meaning "I form/beget native-soda (niter)".[17]
Nobelium No Nobel, Alfred eponym Named in honor of Alfred Nobel, who invented dynamite and instituted the Nobel Prizes foundation.

O

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Osmium Os Greek ὀσμή (osme) a smell descriptive From Greek "ὀσμή" (osme), means "a smell".
Oxygen O Greek ὀξύ γείνομαι (oxy geinomai) to bring forth acid From Greek "ὀξύ γείνομαι" (oxy geinomai), meaning "Ι bring forth acid", as it was believed to be an essential component of acids.

P

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Palladium Pd Greek Παλλάς (genitive: Παλλάδος; Pallas) astrological/ mythological Named after "Pallas", the asteroid discovered two years earlier. (The asteroid was named after "Pallas Athena", goddess of wisdom and victory.)[7]
Phosphorus P Greek φῶς + -φόρος (phos + -phoros) light-bearer descriptive From Greek φῶς + -φόρος (phos + -phoros), means "light bearer", because "White Phosphorus" emits a faint glow upon exposure to oxygen
The word "phosphorus" was ancient name for the "Venus" (the planet as Hesperus (Morning Star).[7]
Platinum Pt Spanish platina little silver From the Spanish, "platina", means "little silver", because it was first encountered in Silver mine.
Plutonium Pu Pluto astrological/mythological Named after "Pluto", the dwarf planet, because it was discovered directly after Neptunium and is higher than Uranium on periodic table, so by analogy with the ordering of the planets. (The planet Pluto was named after "Pluto", a Roman god of the dead) [7]
Polonium Po Latin Polonia Poland toponym Named after "Poland", homeland of discoverer Marie Curie. Was also called Radium F.
Potassium K English potash pot-ash From the English, "potash", means "pot-ash" (Potassium compound prepared from an alkali extracted in a pot from the ash of burnt wood or tree leaves).
The symbol K is from Latin name, Kalium, from Arabic "القلي" (al qalīy), meaning "calcined ashes".
Praseodymium Pr Greek πράσιος δίδυμος (prasios didymos) green twin descriptive From Greek "πράσιος δίδυμος" (prasios didymos), meaning "green twin", because didymium separated into Praseodymium and neodymium, with salts of different colors.
Promethium Pm Prometheus mythological Named after "Prometheus", who stole the fire of heaven and gave it to mankind (in Classical mythology).[7]
Protactinium Pa Greek πρῶτος + ἀκτίς first beam element descriptive? Derived from former name Protoactinium, from the Greek prefix proto- "first" + Neolatin "actinium" from Greek ἀκτίς (gen.: ἀκτῖνος) "ray" + Latin -ium.[18]

R

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Radium Ra Latin radius ray descriptive From Latin radius meaning "ray", because of its radioactivity.
Radon Rn Radium Named after "Radium", because of the Radium emanation that produce Radon.
An alternative, rejected name was Niton (Nt), from Latin nitens "shining".
Rhenium Re Latin Rhenus Rhine toponym From Latin Rhenus, the river Rhine.
Rhodium Rh Greek ῥόδον (rhodon) rose From Greek "ῥόδον" (rhodon), means "rose".
Roentgenium Rg Röntgen, Wilhelm Conrad eponym Named in honour of Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, who produced and detected x-rays. It has also been called Eka-gold.[9]
Rubidium Rb Latin rubidus deepest red descriptive From Latin "rubidus", means "deepest red", because of color in spectroscope.
Ruthenium Ru Latin Ruthenia Russia toponym From Latin "Ruthenia", means "Russia".
Rutherfordium Rf Rutherford, Ernest eponym Named in honor of Baron Ernest Rutherford, who pioneered the Bohr model of the atom. Rutherfordium has also been called Kurchatovium (Ku), named in honor of Igor Vasilevich Kurchatov, who shared discovered fundamental understanding of the Uranium chain reaction and the nuclear reactor.[6]

S

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Samarium Sm Samarsky-Bykhovets, Vasili eponym Named after "Samarskite", the mineral. ("Samarskite" was named after "Colonel Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets", a Russian mine official.)
Scandium Sc Scandia Scandinavia toponym Named from Latin "Scandia", means "Scandinavia"; formerly Eka-boron.[9]
Seaborgium Sg Seaborg, Glenn Teodor eponym Named in honor of "Glenn T. Seaborg", who discovered the chemistry of the transuranium elements, shared discovered and isolated 10 elements, developed and proposed the actinide series. Other names: Eka-tungsten[9] and temporarily by IUPAC Unnilhexium (Unh)[6].
Selenium Se Greek σελήνη (seléne) moon astrological/ mythological From Greek, "σελήνη" (selene), means "Moon", and also moon-goddess Selene.[7]
Silicon Si Latin silex, -icis flint descriptive From Latin "silex" or "silicis", means "flint", a kind of stone.
Silver Ag Anglo-Saxon seolfor From the Anglo-Saxon, "seolfor"; compare Old High German "silabar".
The symbol Ag is possibly from Latin name Argentum
Sodium Na English soda From the English, "soda", used in names for Sodium compounds such as caustic soda, soda ash, and baking soda.
The symbol Na is from Modern Latin noun natrium, derived from Greek "νίτρον" (nítron), "natural soda, a kind of salt" + Latin -ium.[19]
Strontium Sr Strontian toponym Named after "Strontianite", the mineral. ("Strontianite" was named after "the town of Strontian", the source of the mineral in Scotland.)
Sulfur S Arabic صفرا (sufra) yellow descriptive Almost certainly from Arabic "صفرا" (sufra), "yellow", the bright color of the naturally occurring form. The word passed into Sanskrit, "गन्धक" (sulvere or sulvari), the Latin, "sulpur", the English, "sulphur" or "sulfur", and also was commonly referred as "brimstone" in English translations of the Bible.

T

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Tantalum Ta Greek Τάνταλος (Tantalus) Tantalus mythological Named after the Greek, "Τάνταλος" (Tantalus), who was punished after death by being condemned to stand knee-deep in water, if he bent to drink the water, it drained below the level he could reach (on Greek mythology). This was considered similar to tantalum's general non-reactivity because of the inertness (it sits among reagents and is unaffected by them).[7]
Technetium Tc Greek τεχνητός (technetos) artificial descriptive From Greek τεχνητός (technetos), means "artificial", because of the first predominantly artificial element. Technetium has also been called Eka-manganese.[9]
Tellurium Te Tellus Earth mythological From Latin "Tellus", means "Earth" and also "Terra Mater", the goddess personifying the Mother Earth in Roman mythology [7]
Terbium Tb Ytterby toponym Named after "Ytterby", the village in Sweden where the element was first discovered.
Thallium Tl Greek θαλλός (thallos) green twig descriptive From Greek, "θαλλός" (thallos), means "a green shoot (twig)", because of its bright green spectral emission lines.
Thorium Th Thor mythological Named after "Thor", the god of thunder on Norse mythology.[7]
The former name Ionium (Io) was given early in the study of radioactive elements to Th-230 isotope.
Thulium Tm Greek Θούλη, Θύλη[20] a mythical country mythological Named after "Thule", an ancient Roman and Greek name (Θούλη, Θύλη) for a mythical country in the far north, perhaps Scandinavia. By the same token, Thulia, its oxide.
Tin Sn Borrowed from a Proto-Indo-European language, and has cognates in several Germanic and Celtic languages.[21]
The symbol Sn is from its Latin name Stannum.
Titanium Ti Greek Τιτάν (gen.: Τιτάνος; Titan) mythological From Latin "titan", means "Earth", and also "Titans", the first sons of Gaia in Greek mythology.[7]
Tungsten W Swedish tung sten heavy stone descriptive From the Swedish and Danish, "tung sten", means "heavy stone". The symbol W is from scientific name, Wolfram. The element and its ore, "Wolframite", was named in honor of "Peter Woulfe", who discovered its existence. The names Wolfram or Volfram are still used in Swedish and several languages.
[6]

U

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Unnilhexium Sg systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 106: see: Seaborgium
Unniloctium Hs systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 108: see: Hassium
Unnilpentium Db systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 105: see: Dubnium
Unnilquadium Rf systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 104: see: Rutherfordium
Unniltrium Lr systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 103: see: Lawrencium
Ununoctium Uuo systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 118. It is sometimes called Eka-radon.[9]
Ununhexium Uuh systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 116. It is sometimes called Eka-polonium.[9]
Ununnilium Ds systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 110: see: Darmstadtium
Ununpentium Uup systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 115. It is sometimes called Eka-bismuth.[9]
Ununquadium Uuq systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 114. It is sometimes called Eka-lead.[9]
Ununseptium Uus systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 117 (not yet discovered). It is sometimes called Eka-astatine.[9]
Ununtrium Uut systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 113. It is sometimes called Eka-thallium.[9]
Unununium Rg systematic IUPAC systematic element name based on Latin for 111: see: Roentgenium
Uranium U Uranus astrological/mythological Named after the planet "Uranus", which had been discovered eight years earlier. The planet was named after "Uranus", the god of sky and heaven on Greek mythology [7]

V

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Vanadium V Vanadis mythological Named after "Vanadis", a goddess on Scandinavian mythology, because of beautiful multicolored chemical compounds.[7]

X

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Xenon Xe Greek ξένος (xenos) foreign From the Greek adjective "ξένος" (xenos), means "foreign, a stranger".

Y

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Ytterbium Yb Ytterby toponym Named after Ytterbia, the compound of Ytterbium. (The compound Ytterbia was named after Ytterby, the Swedish village (near Vaxholm) where found the minerals Gadolinite) [6]
Yttrium Y Ytterby toponym Named after Yttria, the (oxide) compound of Yttrium. (The compound Yttria was named after Ytterby, the village where found the minerals Gadolinite) [6]

Z

Name Symbol Language of origin Word of origin Meaning Type of name Description Image
Zinc Zn German Zink From German "Zink". May be derived from Old Persian.
Zirconium Zr Arabic ئشقنعى (zarkûn) gold-like From Arabic "ئشقنعى" (zarkûn). Derived from the Persian, "زرگون" (zargûn), means "gold like".

Notes and References

  1. ^ Aluminum in Online Etymological Dictionary, accessed March 9, 2010
  2. ^ Antimony,
    • LSJ, s.v., vocalisation, spelling, and declension vary; Endlich; Celsus, 6.6.6 ff; Pliny Natural History 33.33; Lewis and Short: Latin Dictionary. OED, s. antimony.
    • stimmi is used by the Attic tragic poets of the 5th century BC. Later Greeks also used στίβι (stibi), which is written in Latin by Celsus and Pliny in the first century AD. Pliny also names stimi [sic], larbaris, alabaster (Greek: ἀλάβαστρον), "very common platyophthalmos (πλατυόφθαλμος)", "wide-eye" in Greek (the description refers to the effects of the cosmetic). In Egyptian hieroglyphics, mśdmt; the vowels are uncertain but in Coptic and according to an Arabic tradition, it is pronounced mesdemet (Albright; Sarton, quotes Meyerhof, the translator). In Arabic, the word for powdered Stibnite is kuhl.[1]
  3. ^ Astatine, An earlier name for Astatine was Alabamine (Ab)
  4. ^ Beryllium, At one time beryllium was referred to as Glucinium, which is from Greek γλυκύς (glykys), means "sweet", due to the sweet taste of its salts.
  5. ^ Beryl in Online Etymological Dictionary, accessed March 9, 2010
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l see Naming controversy below
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Some elements (particularly ancient elements) were associated with Greek (or Roman or others) gods or people, on Greek mythology (or other mythology), and with planets (or others in solar system), such as Mercury (mythology) - Mercury (planet) - Mercury (element), etc.
    Also, astrological symbols (for the planets) (particularly ancient elements) also often used same each ancient alchemical symbols (for the element or its metal).
  8. ^ Darmstadtium, some humorous scientists suggested the name Policium, because 110 is the emergency telephone number for the German police.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Previous to discovery of some unknown elements, Prof. Dmitri Mendeleev predicted and described most of them appropriately properties, and fill the gaps in the table, on the basis of them position in his Periodic table. The properties of 4 predicted elements, Eka-boron (Eb), Eka-aluminium (El), Eka-manganese (Em), and Eka-silicon (Es), proved to be good predictors of Scandium, Gallium, Technetium and Germanium, respectively. The prefix "eka-", from the Sanskrit, means "one" (places down from the known element in table), and is sometimes used in discussions about undiscovered elements, such as, Untriennium was referred into Eka-actinium. see also: Mendeleev's predicted elements
  10. ^ Gold in Sanskrit is jval; in Greek, "χρυσός" (khrusos); in Chinese, 金 (jīn).
  11. ^ Iron, Benvéniste 1969 cit. dep
  12. ^ Lead, Lead was mentioned in the Book of Exodus. Alchemists believed lead was the oldest metal and associated the element with Saturn.
  13. ^ Mendelevium, "Mendeleyev" commonly spelt as Mendeleev, Mendeléef, or Mendelejeff, and first name sometimes spelt as Dmitry or Dmitriy
  14. ^ Mercury, The Indian alchemy called Rassayana, means "the way of mercury".
  15. ^ Neodymium, is frequently misspelled as neodynium
  16. ^ Nickel in Online Etymological Dictionary, accessed December 12, 2008
  17. ^ Nitrogen, Pure gas is inert enough that Antoine Lavoisier referred to it as "Azote", means "without life", so this term has become the French for Nitrogen and later spread out to many other languages.
  18. ^ Protactinium, Kasimir Fajans and Otto H. Göhring, who identified, name the element 91 Brevium from Latin "brevis", means "brief, short" in 1913. The name was changed to "Protoactinium" in 1918 and shortened to Protactinium in 1949.
  19. ^ In medieval Europe, Sodanum is Latin name of "a compound of sodium".
  20. ^ Thule in Wordnik, accessed March 9, 2010
  21. ^ Tin, The American Heritage Dictionary

See also

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