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Shanghai, is the most populous city proper in the world.

This is a list of the most populous cities of the world defined according to the concept of city proper. The list ranks the world's urban municipal units (or well-defined statistical groupings of such units) according to population. Note that the populations listed are for the city proper and not for the urban area nor the metropolitan area. The meaning and role of the political units taken for the purpose of this list to be the "city proper" are not and cannot be wholly consistent, owing to the differing systems of local government around the world. Statistical definitions for each city, approximate surface area, and population density are also indicated.

Contents

Cities proper by population

Rank City Population Definition Area (km²) Population density (/km²) Country
1 Shanghai &0000000013831900.00000013,831,900[1][2] Core districts + inner suburbs &0000000000001928.0000001,928 &0000000000007174.0000007,174  China
2 Mumbai &0000000013830884.00000013,830,884[3] Municipal Corporation &0000000000000603.000000603 &0000000000022937.00000022,937  India
3 Karachi &0000000012991000.00000012,991,000[4] City District &0000000000003527.0000003,527 &0000000000003683.0000003,683  Pakistan
4 Delhi &0000000012565901.00000012,565,901[3] Municipal Corporation &0000000000000431.090000431.09[5] &0000000000029149.00000029,149  India
5 Istanbul &0000000011372613.00000011,372,613[6] Metropolitan Municipality &0000000000001831.0000001,831 &0000000000006211.0000006,211  Turkey
6 São Paulo &0000000011037593.00000011,037,593[7] Municipality &0000000000001523.0000001,523 &0000000000007247.0000007,247  Brazil
7 Moscow &0000000010508971.00000010,508,971[8] City proper (includes Zelenograd) &0000000000001081.0000001,081 &0000000000009722.0000009,722  Russia
8 Seoul &0000000010456034.00000010,456,034[9] Special City &0000000000000605.400000605.4 &0000000000017271.00000017,271  South Korea
9 Beijing &0000000010123000.00000010,123,000[10] Core districts + inner suburbs &0000000000001368.3200001,368.32 &0000000000007400.0000007,400  China
10 Mexico City &0000000008841916.0000008,841,916[11] Federal District &0000000000001485.0000001,485 &0000000000005954.0000005,954  Mexico
11 Tokyo &0000000008795000.0000008,795,000[12] 23 special wards area &0000000000000617.000000617 &0000000000014254.00000014,254  Japan
12 Jakarta &0000000008489910.0000008,489,910[13] Special capital district &0000000000000664.000000664 &0000000000012738.00000012,738  Indonesia
13 New York City &0000000008363710.0000008,363,710[14] City proper &0000000000000789.400000789.4 &0000000000010452.00000010,452  United States
14 Wuhan &0000000008001541.0000008,001,541[15] (2006-12-31) Core districts &0000000000000400.000000400[citation needed] &0000000000020004.00000020,004  China
15 Lagos &0000000007937932.0000007,937,932[16] statistical area &0000000000000999.600000999.6 &0000000000007938.0000007,938  Nigeria
16 Tehran &0000000007873000.0000007,873,000[17] City proper &0000000000000760.000000760 &0000000000010359.00000010,359  Iran
17 Kinshasa &0000000007843000.0000007,843,000[17] City-Province &0000000000009965.0000009,965 &0000000000000787.000000787  Democratic Republic of the Congo
18 Lima &0000000007605742.0000007,605,742[18] Province[19] &0000000000002670.4000002,670.4 &0000000000002848.0000002,848  Peru
19 London &0000000007556900.0000007,556,900[20] Greater London[21] &0000000000001580.0000001,580 &0000000000004863.0000004,863  United Kingdom
20 Bogotá &0000000007259597.0000007,259,597[22] Capital district &0000000000001590.0000001,590 &0000000000004566.0000004,566  Colombia
21 Ho Chi Minh City &0000000007123340.0000007,123,340[23] Province-level municipality &0000000000002095.0100002,095.01 &0000000000003401.0000003,401  Vietnam
22 Hong Kong &0000000007026400.0000007,026,400[24] Special Administrative Region &0000000000001092.0000001,092 &0000000000006434.0000006,434  China
23 Bangkok &0000000007025000.0000007,025,000[25] Administrative area &0000000000001568.7400001,568.74 &0000000000004478.0000004,478  Thailand
24 Dhaka &0000000007000940.0000007,000,940[26] City Corporation &0000000000000360.000000360[27] &0000000000019447.00000019,447  Bangladesh
25 Cairo &0000000006758581.0000006,758,581[28] Governorate &0000000000000214.000000214 &0000000000031582.00000031,582  Egypt
26 Guangzhou &0000000006367700.0000006,367,700[29] Core districts &0000000000003843.4300003,843.43[29] &0000000000001657.0000001,657  China
27 Lahore &0000000006318745.0000006,318,745[30] City District &0000000000001772.0000001,772 &0000000000003566.0000003,566  Pakistan
28 Rio de Janeiro &0000000006186710.0000006,186,710[7] Municipality &0000000000001182.0000001,182 &0000000000005234.0000005,234  Brazil
29 Bangalore &0000000005840155.0000005,840,155[31] Municipal Corporation &0000000000000709.500000709.5[31] &0000000000008231.0000008,231  India
30 Tianjin &0000000005800000.0000005,800,000[32] Core districts + inner suburbs &0000000000002057.0000002,057 &0000000000002820.0000002,820  China
31 Baghdad &0000000005402486.0000005,402,486[3] City proper &0000000000001134.0000001,134 &0000000000004064.0000004,064  Iraq
32 Kolkata &0000000005138208.0000005,138,208[3] Municipal Corporation &0000000000000185.000000185 &0000000000027774.00000027,774  India
33 Santiago &0000000005012973.0000005,012,973[33] Province[34] &0000000000002030.0000002,030 &0000000000002469.0000002,469  Chile
34 Singapore &0000000004987600.0000004,987,600[35] Country/City &0000000000000710.200000710.2 &0000000000006814.0000006,814  Singapore
35 Chongqing &0000000004776027.0000004,776,027[15] Core districts &0000000000005467.2000005,467.2 &0000000000001057.0000001,057  China
36 Chennai &0000000004616639.0000004,616,639[3] Municipal Corporation &0000000000000187.000000187 &0000000000024688.00000024,688  India
37 Saint Petersburg &0000000004581854.0000004,581,854[8] City proper &0000000000001439.0000001,439 [36] &0000000000003184.0000003,184  Russia
38 Surat &0000000004523022.0000004,523,022[37] Municipal Corporation &0000000000000326.515000326.515[38] &0000000000013852.00000013,852  India
39 Riyadh &0000000004465000.0000004,465,000[17] City proper &0000000000000800.000000800 &0000000000005581.0000005,581  Saudi Arabia
40 Alexandria &0000000004110015.0000004,110,015[28] Governorate &0000000000002680.0000002,680 &0000000000001611.0000001,611  Egypt
41 Shenyang &0000000004101197.0000004,101,197[15] (2006-12-31) Core districts &0000000000003495.0000003,495 &0000000000001173.0000001,173  China
42 Yangon &0000000004088000.0000004,088,000[17] Urban agglomeration &0000000000000598.750000598.75[39] &0000000000006828.0000006,828  Myanmar
44 Ahmedabad &0000000004068611.0000004,068,611[3] Municipal corporation &0000000000000204.000000204 &0000000000019944.00000019,944  India
43 Hyderabad &0000000004025335.0000004,025,335[3] Municipal corporation &0000000000000172.000000172 &0000000000023403.00000023,403  India
45 Ankara &0000000003901201.0000003,901,201[6] Metropolitan Municipality &0000000000002516.0000002,516 &0000000000001551.0000001,551  Turkey
46 Johannesburg &0000000003888180.0000003,888,180[40] City of Johannesburg metropolitan municipality &0000000000001644.9600001,644.96 &0000000000002364.0000002,364  South Africa
47 Los Angeles &0000000003849378.0000003,849,378[41] City proper &0000000000001290.0000001,290 &0000000000002980.0000002,980  United States
48 Abidjan &0000000003802000.0000003,802,000[17] Department/District &0000000000002119.0000002,119 &0000000000001794.0000001,794  Côte d'Ivoire
49 Yokohama &0000000003670000.0000003,670,000[42] City proper &0000000000000437.000000437 &0000000000008398.0000008,398  Japan
50 Busan &0000000003596076.0000003,596,076[9] Metropolitan City &0000000000000765.660000765.66 &0000000000004697.0000004,697  South Korea
51 Cape Town &0000000003497097.0000003,497,097[40] City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality &0000000000002454.7200002,454.72 &0000000000001424.0000001,424  South Africa
52 Durban &0000000003468086.0000003,468,086[40] eThekwini metropolitan municipality &0000000000002291.8900002,291.89 &0000000000001513.0000001,513  South Africa
53 Berlin &0000000003426354.0000003,426,354[43] City and state of Germany &0000000000000892.000000892 &0000000000003842.0000003,842  Germany
54 Pune &0000000003446330.0000003,446,330[3] Municipal corporation &0000000000000450.690000450.69 &0000000000007647.0000007,647  India
55 Pyongyang &0000000003255388.0000003,255,388[44] Directly Governed City &0000000000003194.0000003,194 &0000000000001019.0000001,019  North Korea
55 Kanpur &0000000003221435.0000003,221,435[3] Municipal corporation &0000000000000267.000000267 &0000000000012065.00000012,065  India
57 Madrid &0000000003213271.0000003,213,271[45] Municipality &0000000000000698.000000698 &0000000000004604.0000004,604  Spain
58 Jaipur &0000000003210570.0000003,210,570[3] Municipal corporation &0000000000000485.000000485 &0000000000006620.0000006,620  India
59 Buenos Aires &0000000003050728.0000003,050,728[46] Argentine Capital District &0000000000000203.000000203 &0000000000015028.00000015,028  Argentina
60 Nairobi &0000000003038553.0000003,038,553[47] Province &0000000000000696.000000696 &0000000000004366.0000004,366  Kenya
61 Jeddah &0000000003012000.0000003,012,000[17] City proper &0000000000001230.0000001,230 &0000000000002425.0000002,425  Saudi Arabia

See also

References

  1. ^ Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Statistics, Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2009, Total of permanent population (including "floating population"). Retrieved on 2009-07-17. Total population as of 2008-12-31 of the following districts (core city + inner suburbs): Pudong New Area, Huangpu, Luwan, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Zhabei, Hongkou, Yangpu, Baoshan, Minhang, and Jiading.
  2. ^ "Population". Municipality of Shanghai. http://www.shanghai.gov.cn/shanghai/node17256/node17432/node17435/userobject22ai17.html. Retrieved 14 December 2009.  Permanent population used.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j World Gazetteer estimate for 2010-02-28
  4. ^ Sindh Bureau of Statistics, Selected Tables of District Development Indicators, 2008; Population (Total) of 1998 Census and 2008 (Projected) (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2008-08-05. Including three rural towns (Gadap Town, Bin Qasim Town, and Kiamari Town, as well as six cantonments (Clifton Cantonment, Faisal Cantonment, Karachi Cantonment, Korangi Creek Cantonment, Malir Cantonment and Manora Cantonment) under military jurisdiction.
  5. ^ "CHAPTER IV Area and Density – Metropolitan Cities". Ministry of Urban Development. Government of India. http://urbanindia.nic.in/theministry/subordinateoff/tcpo/AREA_POP/CHAPTER-4.PDF. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  6. ^ a b TUIK. "Address-based population registration system: Inside-Outside District Centers Population By Province And Sex And Population Density 2007" (in Turkish). TUIK. http://www.tuik.gov.tr/jsp/duyuru/upload/adnks_Harita_TR/HaritaTR.html. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  7. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, Estimativas de População, Estimativas para 1º de julho de 2009 Retrieved on 2009-08-16. Population estimate for 2009-07-01.
  8. ^ a b Tim Bespyatov, Population Statistics for Eastern Europe Population as of 2009-01-01. Retrieved on 2009-08-05.
  9. ^ a b Thomas Brinkhoff, www.citypopulation.de; South Korea, The registered population of the South Korean provinces and urban municipalities Registered population 2008-12-31. Retrieved on 2009-08-05.
  10. ^ Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, Beijing Statistical Yearbook 2008, Total number of permanent population (including "floating population") Retrieved on 2009-03-14. Total population on 2007-12-31 (1% sample census) of the two functional areas of 1) Core Districts of Capital Function and 2) Urban Function Extended Districts, including eight fully urban districts. The data is for so-called 'permanent population'; registered population was 7,323,000 the same year.
  11. ^ National Population Council. "Mexico City Population". Government of the State of Mexico. http://www.edomex.gob.mx/poblacion/docs/2009/PDF/ZMVM.pdf. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  12. ^ Statistics Bureau, Japan, Monthly Statistics, Population of Major Cities (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Population estimate on 2009-06-01.
  13. ^ Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta: Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta Januari 2008 (Demographics and Civil Records Service: Population of the Province of Jakarta January 2008) Retrieved on 2008-10-25.
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2008 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  15. ^ a b c City and region database of Statistics Finland
  16. ^ Summing the 16 LGAs making up Metropolitan Lagos (Agege, Ajeromi-Ifelodun, Alimosho, Amuwo-Odofin, Apapa, Eti-Osa, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ikeja, Kosofe, Lagos Island, Lagos Mainland, Mushin, Ojo, Oshodi-Isolo, Shomolu, Surulere) as per:
    Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette (15 May 2007). "Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census" (PDF). http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/Connections/Pop2006.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-29. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f UN world Urbanization Prospects estimate for 2007
  18. ^ INEI 2007 Census Results
  19. ^ Composed of 43 independent districts
  20. ^ UK Office of National Statistics -- mid-2007 population estimate for London region
  21. ^ Composed of 32 independent borough councils
  22. ^ Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística. Proyecciones de población municipales por área, 2005-2009, a junio 30. (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected population on 2009-06-30.
  23. ^ http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page?_pageid=439,1090462&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&pers_id=1091147&item_id=33638381&p_details=1
  24. ^ Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong; Population and Vital Events Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Estimated population on 2008-12-31. Including 'usual' and 'mobile' residents, but excluding temporary visitors.
  25. ^ National Statistical Office Thailand, Key Statistics of Thailand 2007; Chapter 1.9, Population Projections (1 July) by Region and Sex (embedded in huge 121MB zipped file!) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected de facto population as of 2009. The registered (de jure) population was 5,695,956 in 2006.
  26. ^ Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Pocket Book, 2008 (pdf-file) 2008 Population Estimate. Accessed on 2009-08-05.
  27. ^ "Dhaka Area". Dhaka City Corporation. http://www.dhakacity.org/Page/About_us/About/Category/2/About_us_info. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  28. ^ a b Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, Population and Housing Census 2006, Governorate level, Population distribution by sex (excel-file) For Cairo, figure is an adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on the 17th of April 2008 from a.o. parts of the Cairo governorate.
  29. ^ a b "Area and Population of Guangzhou. 2007 estimate". The People's Government of Guangzhou Municipality. http://www.gz.gov.cn/vfs/subsite/JGIN7QPB-AZE4-2MTO-EA6G-R281E8V2SFJH/category/category07.jsp?catId=5713&PageNo=5. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  30. ^ GeoHive, Pakistan - The Punjab - Administrative units 1998 Census result for Lahore District. Accessed on 2008-09-28. The UN estimated the population of Lahore to be 6,577,000 in 2007. However, that estimate is based on now obsolete administrative boundaries for the Lahore Metropolitan Corporation. The administrative boundaries for Lahore was changed in 2001, when it was transformed from Metropolitan Corporation into a City District. The City District includes the old Metropolitan Corporation as well as the surrounding district. The District of Lahore had a total of 6,318,745 inhabitants in 1998, compared to 5,143,495 for the Metropolitan Corporation. Current, but vague, estimates puts the population of the district at somewhere between 7.5 and 10 millions.
  31. ^ a b "BBMP Delimitation 2009". Government of Karnataka. http://www.bbmpwards.org/bbmporg/Composition_of_BBMP.aspx. Retrieved 2009-11-09. 
  32. ^ Tianjin Statistical Information Net. Retrieved on 2009-01-29. Total population as of 2005-11-01 of the following districts (core city + inner suburbs): Heping, Hedong, Hexi, Nankai, Hebei, Hongqiao, Dongli, Xiqing, Jinnan, and Beichen. Excludes the separate urban area of Binhai.
  33. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Chile; Proyecciones de población al 30 de Junio 1990-2020, Region Metropolitana de Santiago; Provincias (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected population on 2009-06-30.
  34. ^ Composed of 32 independent municipalities
  35. ^ Statistics Singapore, Population (Mid-Year Estimates) Retrieved on 2009. Estimated population on Mid-2009, including Singapore residents plus non-residents. Population of Singapore citizens and residents was 3,642,700 on 2008-06-30.
  36. ^ City of Saint Petersburg Official Portal, Statistics
  37. ^ Surat Municipal Corporation; Mid-Year Population Estimates Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Projected population as of 2009, including areas within the new and extended city boundaries.
  38. ^ Demographics: Surat Municipal Corporation
  39. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 6 June 2009
  40. ^ a b c Statistics South Africa, Community Survey, 2007, Basic Results Municipalities (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
  41. ^ U.S. Census Bureau estimates for 2006
  42. ^ Statistics Bureau, Japan, Monthly Statistics, Population of Major Cities (excel-file) Retrieved on 2009-08-05. Population estimate on 2009-07-01.
  43. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand im Land Berlin". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. http://www.statistik-berlin-brandenburg.de/Publikationen/Otab/2008/ot_a01-01-00_124_200807_be.pdf. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  44. ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the 2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conducted on 1-15 October 2008 (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2009-03-01.
  45. ^ INE (2008)
  46. ^ Population projections (pdf-file)
  47. ^ UN OCHA, Estimate for mid-2008

External links

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