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This is a list of cities in the United Kingdom, as of 2008. Cities which have held such status since time immemorial are indicated with TI in the column headed Year granted city status. The column headed (Diocesan) cathedral shows the applicable diocesan cathedrals that were the grounds for the granting of city status in the case of cities recognised prior to 1888, i.e. cathedrals of the Church of England (including cathedrals that are now part of the Church in Wales) or pre-Reformation cathedrals in the Church of Scotland. Certain cities also have Roman Catholic cathedrals, but these are not listed. As from 1888, the presence of a cathedral ceased to be a relevant factor in granting city status and all entries after this date are, therefore, marked not applicable. Cities which have acquired cathedrals since 1888 are Birmingham, Bradford, Derby, Leicester, Newport, Portsmouth and Sheffield, while Llandaff Cathedral was included within the boundaries of the city of Cardiff in 1922. In Ireland, possession of a diocesan cathedral has never (except in the anomalous case of Armagh) been sufficient to attain city status.

City Year granted city status (Diocesan) Cathedral (pre-1888) City council
English Cities
Bath (1) TI Bath Abbey (4) Charter trustees
Birmingham (2) 1889 (33) not applicable Local government district
Bradford (1) 1897 not applicable Local government district
Brighton & Hove (15) 2000 not applicable Local government district
Bristol (1) 1542 Bristol Cathedral Local government district
Cambridge (3) 1951 (25) not applicable Local government district
Canterbury (3) TI Christchurch Cathedral Local government district
Carlisle (1) TI Carlisle Cathedral Local government district
Chester (3) 1541 Chester Cathedral Charter trustees‡
Chichester (1) TI Chichester Cathedral Civil parish
Coventry (1) 1345 Coventry Cathedral(5) Local government district
Derby (13) 1977 not applicable Local government district
Durham (1) TI Durham Cathedral Charter trustees‡
Ely (1) TI Ely Cathedral Civil parish
Exeter (1) TI Exeter Cathedral Local government district
Gloucester (1) 1541 Gloucester Cathedral Local government district
Hereford (1) (19) TI Hereford Cathedral Civil parish
Kingston upon Hull (12) 1897 not applicable Local government district
Lancaster (1) 1937 (26) not applicable Local government district
Leeds (1) 1893 not applicable Local government district
Leicester (1) 1919 (22) not applicable Local government district
Lichfield (17) TI Lichfield Cathedral Civil parish
Lincoln (3) TI Lincoln Cathedral Local government district
Liverpool (2) 1880 Liverpool Cathedral (1880) Local government district
City of London (6) TI St Paul's Cathedral Local government district
Manchester (1) 1853 (34) Manchester Cathedral (1847) Local government district
Newcastle upon Tyne (1) 1882 Newcastle Cathedral (1882) Local government district
Norwich (1) TI Norwich Cathedral Local government district
Nottingham (1) 1897 not applicable Local government district
Oxford (1) 1542 Christ Church Cathedral Local government district
Peterborough (2) 1541 Peterborough Cathedral Local government district
Plymouth (1) 1928 (27) not applicable Local government district
Portsmouth (1) 1926 (24) not applicable Local government district
Preston (14) 2002 not applicable Local government district
Ripon (1) 1836 Ripon Cathedral (1836) Civil parish
Salford (1) 1926 (24) not applicable Local government district
Salisbury (35)

(formally known as New Sarum until 2009)

TI Salisbury Cathedral Civil parish‡
Sheffield (3) 1893 not applicable Local government district
Southampton (1) 1964 not applicable Local government district
St Albans(7) 1877 St Albans Cathedral (1877) Local government district
Stoke-on-Trent (3) 1925 (28) not applicable Local government district
Sunderland (18) 1992 not applicable Local government district
Truro (1) 1877 Truro Cathedral (1877) Civil parish
Wakefield (3) 1888 Wakefield Cathedral (1888) Local government district
Wells (1) 1205 Wells Cathedral Civil parish
Westminster (21) 1540 Westminster Abbey (4) Local government district
Winchester (1) TI Winchester Cathedral Local government district
Wolverhampton (16) 2000 not applicable Local government district
Worcester (3) TI Worcester Cathedral Local government district
York (1) (8) TI York Minster Local government district
Northern Irish Cities
Armagh(11) 1994 not applicable Local government district
Belfast 1888 not applicable Local government district
Derry

(also known as Londonderry)

1604[1] not applicable Local government district
Lisburn 2002 not applicable Local government district
Newry 2002 not applicable none
Scottish Cities(10)
Aberdeen(32) Confirmed 1891(31) (royal burgh: 1179) not applicable Local government district
Dundee(32) 1889(30) (royal burgh: 1191) not applicable Local government district
Edinburgh(32) 1329 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
St. Giles' Cathedral Local government district
Glasgow(32) 1492 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
St. Mungo's Cathedral Local government district
Inverness 2000 not applicable none
Stirling 2002 not applicable none
Welsh Cities
Bangor (1) TI Bangor Cathedral Community
Cardiff(9) 1905 (29) not applicable Local government district
Newport (14) 2002 not applicable Local government district
St David's (20) 1994 not applicable Community
Swansea(9) 1969 (23) not applicable Local government district

See also

Notes

‡ The status bearers of these cities changed on 1 April 2009 due to local government reforms. Salisbury became a civil parish, while charter trustees were formed for the former district council areas of Chester and Durham in the new unitary authorities of County Durham and Cheshire West and Chester respectively.[2][3]

Note (1): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 1 April 1974.[4]

Note (2): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 25 June 1974.[5]

Note (3): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 28 May 1974.[6]

Note (4): Bath Abbey and Westminster Abbey are no longer cathedrals.

Note (5): Coventry has had three cathedrals: the first, St Mary's, from 1043 to 1539; the second, St Michael's, from 1918 to 1940, when it was destroyed by German bombardment; and its replacement, also St Michael's, built alongside the old cathedral, consecrated in 1962.

Note (6): Note that the City of London covers only the "square mile", and is usually just referred to as "the City". The larger conurbation of Greater London has no city charter, and consists of the City of London, the City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs. This can be compared to the City of Brussels, within Brussels.

Note (7): City status was confirmed by Letters Patent dated 9 July 1974.[7] The city status extends to the entire district, although the district council calls itself "St Albans District Council" or "St Albans City and District".

Note (8): Letters Patent under the Great Seal conferring City Status were issued to the unitary authority of York on 1 April 1996, confirming the right of the Lord Mayor to be styled "Right Honourable", in continuation to those granted to the previous City Council abolished 31 March 1996.[8]

Note (9): Letters Patent under the Great Seal were issued on 29 March 1996 ordaining that the counties of Swansea and Cardiff should have the status of cities from 1 April 1996. The counties replaced the previous district councils which had enjoyed city status.[8]

Note (10): According to the Municipal Year Book, 1972 the royal burghs of Perth and Elgin officially enjoyed city status. The royal burghs of Brechin, Dunfermline and Kirkwall had also been officially described as "cities". As all burghs were abolished in 1975, these areas are now often called "former cities". Although Brechin does not have city status, the community council formed for the area uses the title "City of Brechin and District".

Note (11): Armagh had previously enjoyed city status, with St Patrick's Cathedral the site of the metropolitan primate of all Ireland. The city status was lost in 1840 when the city corporation was abolished. However, the successor urban district council and district council frequently used the title of city without official sanction prior to 1994.

Note (12): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 18 March 1975.[9]

Note (13): City status granted by Letters Patent dated 7 June 1977.[10]

Note (14): City status granted to the "Town of Newport in the County Borough of Newport" and the "Town of Preston" by Letters Patent dated 15 May 2002.[11]

Note (15): Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Towns of Brighton and Hove shall have the status of a City".[12]

Note (16): Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Town of Wolverhampton shall have the status of a City".[12]

Note (17): Letters Patent dated 4 November 1980 ordained that the "Town of Lichfield shall have the status of a City". A town council had been constituted in 1980 leading to the dissolution of the Charter Trustees of the City of Lichfield.[13][14]

Note (18): City status granted by Letters Patent dated 23 March 1992.[15]

Note (19): City status was conferred on Hereford Town Council 11 October 2000.[16] The status had previously been confirmed to the district council formed in 1974. When that council was abolished in 1996 charter trustees were formed for the City of Hereford. On the formation of a town council for Hereford in April 2000 the charter trustees were dissolved, and the city status temporarily lapsed.

Note (20): St David's historically had city status because of the presence of St David's Cathedral. In 1849 it was noted that the city had no municipal corporation: There was however a recognised "city" in which a mayor had limited jurisdiction.[17] A Royal Commission appointed in 1876 reported that the corporation had long been extinct, and the city was formally abolished in 1886 under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1883.[18] Letters Patent dated 16 September 1994 ordained that the "Town of St. David's shall have the status of a City".[19]

Note (21): The title of City was used "by courtesy" after 1550 when Westminster ceased to be the see of a bishop. By Letters Patent dated 27 October 1900 city status was conferred on the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Westminster from 1 November.[20] This status was continued on the creation of the City of Westminster as a London borough in 1965.

Note (22): A letter from the Home Secretary to the Mayor of Leicester dated 14 June 1919, confirming that the city status would be bestowed, noted that this was a "restoration to your ancient town of its former status of a city".[21][22][23]

Note (23): Letters Patent dated 10 December 1969.[24]

Note (24): Letters Patent dated 21 April 1926.[25]

Note (25): Letters Patent dated 21 March 1951.[26]

Note (26): Letters Patent dated 14 May 1937.[27]

Note (27): Letters Patent dated 18 October 1928.[28]

Note (28): Letters Patent dated 5 June 1925.[29]

Note (29): Letters Patent dated 28 October 1905, which also granted the title of Lord Mayor.[30]

Note (30): Warrant issued 28 January 1889 that Letters Patent be issued under the Seal appointed by the treaty of union to be used in place of the Great Seal of Scotland, ordaining and declaring that the Burgh of Dundee shall be a City, and shall be called and styled "The City of Dundee"[31]

Note (31): Burghs of Old Aberdeen and Woodside and the district of Torry incorporated as the City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen by the Aberdeen Corporation Act 1891 (1891 c.cxxiv)

Note (32): The present council areas are designated "cities" by virtue of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, which also reserves the post of Lord Provost for the convener of the four councils. The previous local government districts and district councils created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 enjoyed the same privileges.

Note (33): Letters Patent dated 14 January 1889[32]

Note (34): Letters Patent dated 29 March 1853[33]

Note (35): Letters Patent dated 1 April 2009[34] City status had been held prior to this date by the Charter Trustees of the City of New Sarum.[35]

References

  1. ^ City commemorates the 400th Anniversary of the City’s first charter, Derry City Council press release dated July 7, 2004, (accessed December 15, 2007)
  2. ^ "Local Government (Structural Changes) (Miscellaneous Amendments and Other Provision) Order 2009". Tow. Office of Public Sector Information. 2009. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2009/draft/ukdsi_9780111475096_en_5. Retrieved 2009-02-27.  
  3. ^ "New Parish Council for the City of Salisbury". Towards One Council. Wiltshire County Council. http://www.onecouncilforwiltshire.co.uk/index/new-parish-council-city-of-salisbury.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-27.  
  4. ^ London Gazette: no. 46255, p. 4400, 4 April 1974. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 46303, pp. 6485–6486, 28 June 1974. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  6. ^ London Gazette: no. 46334, p. 7419, 31 May 1974. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  7. ^ London Gazette: no. 46352, p. 7920, 24 September 1974. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  8. ^ a b London Gazette: no. 54363, p. 4925, 4 April 1996. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  9. ^ London Gazette: no. 46522, p. 3729, 20 March 1975. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  10. ^ London Gazette: no. 47246, p. 7656, 14 June 1977. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  11. ^ London Gazette: no. 56573, p. 6160, 21 May 2002. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  12. ^ a b London Gazette: no. 56109, p. 1431, 2 May 2001. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  13. ^ London Gazette: no. 48364, p. 15451, 7 November 1980. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  14. ^ Lichfield City Council website
  15. ^ London Gazette: no. 52874, p. 5413, 26 March 1992. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  16. ^ Charters of Hereford City Council
  17. ^ Samuel Lewis (ed.), Dale - St. David's, from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1849), accessdate=2008-05-15
  18. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1883 (c.19), S.3 and Sch II, part I
  19. ^ London Gazette: no. 53798, p. 13403, 23 September 1994. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  20. ^ London Gazette: no. 27242, p. 6613, 30 October 1900. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  21. ^ The Times: Leicester, a City: Sequel to the Recent Royal Visit, June 17, 1919
  22. ^ Civic history: The making of a City, (Leicester City Council), accessed 14 February 2008
  23. ^ Leicester: The Dignity of a City 655–1926, Leicester's city status, its loss and its regaining over thirteen centuries by Daniel Williams
  24. ^ London Gazette: no. 44986, p. 12450, 12 December 1969. Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  25. ^ London Gazette: no. 33154, pp. 2776–2777, 23 April 1926. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  26. ^ London Gazette, issue no.39201, 13 April 1951
  27. ^ London Gazette, issue no.34400, 21 May 1937
  28. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33433, 26 October 1928
  29. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33063, 3 July 1925
  30. ^ London Gazette: no. 27849, p. 7249, 31 October 1905. Retrieved on 2008-04-22.
  31. ^ London Gazette, 29 January 1889
  32. ^ From the London Gazette, January 18, 1889, The Times, 19 January 1889
  33. ^ London Gazette Issue 21426, p.950, 1 April 1853
  34. ^ London Gazette: no. 59250, p. 20329, 24 November 2009.
  35. ^ "Civic History Its Charters and Silver". The Guildhall Salisbury. Salisbury City Council. 2009. http://www.salisburyguildhall.co.uk/index.php?page=503. Retrieved 25 November 2009.  
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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This is a list of cities in the United Kingdom, as of 2008. Cities which have held such status since time immemorial are indicated with TI in the column headed Year granted city status. The column headed (Diocesan) cathedral shows the applicable diocesan cathedrals that were the grounds for the granting of city status, i.e. cathedrals of the Church of England or the formerly established Church in Wales, or pre-Reformation cathedrals in the Church of Scotland, in the case of cities recognised prior to 1888. Certain cities also have Roman Catholic cathedrals, but these are not listed. As from 1888, the presence of a cathedral ceased to be a relevant factor in granting city status and all entries after this date are, therefore, marked not applicable. Cities which have acquired cathedrals since 1888 are Birmingham, Bradford, Derby, Leicester, Newport, Portsmouth and Sheffield, while Llandaff Cathedral was included within the boundaries of the city of Cardiff in 1922. In Ireland, possession of a diocesan cathedral has never (except in the anomalous case of Armagh) been sufficient to attain city status.

City Year granted city status (Diocesan) Cathedral (pre-1888) Current City status holder
English Cities
Bath (1) TI Bath Abbey (4) Unparished area
Birmingham (2) 1889 (33) not applicable Local government district
Bradford (1) 1897 not applicable Local government district
Brighton & Hove (15) 2000 not applicable Settlements (15)
Bristol (1) 1542 Bristol Cathedral Local government district
Cambridge (3) 1951 (25) not applicable Local government district
Canterbury (3) TI Christchurch Cathedral Local government district
Carlisle (1) TI Carlisle Cathedral Local government district
Chester (3) 1541 Chester Cathedral Local government district‡
Chichester (1) TI Chichester Cathedral Civil parish
Coventry (1) 1345 Coventry Cathedral(5) Local government district
Derby (13) 1977 not applicable Local government district
Durham (1) TI Durham Cathedral Local government district‡
Ely (1) TI Ely Cathedral Civil parish
Exeter (1) TI Exeter Cathedral Local government district
Gloucester (1) 1541 Gloucester Cathedral Local government district
Hereford (1) (19) TI Hereford Cathedral Civil parish
Kingston upon Hull (12) 1897 not applicable Local government district
Lancaster (1) 1937 (26) not applicable Local government district
Leeds (1) 1893 not applicable Local government district
Leicester (1) 1919 (22) not applicable Local government district
Lichfield (17) TI Lichfield Cathedral Civil parish
Lincoln (3) TI Lincoln Cathedral Local government district
Liverpool (2) 1880 Liverpool Cathedral (1880) Local government district
City of London (6) TI St Paul's Cathedral Local government district
Manchester (1) 1853 (34) Manchester Cathedral (1847) Local government district
Newcastle upon Tyne (1) 1882 Newcastle Cathedral (1882) Local government district
Norwich (1) TI Norwich Cathedral Local government district
Nottingham (1) 1897 not applicable Local government district
Oxford (1) 1542 Christ Church Cathedral Local government district
Peterborough (2) 1541 Peterborough Cathedral Local government district
Plymouth (1) 1928 (27) not applicable Local government district
Portsmouth (1) 1926 (24) not applicable Local government district
Preston (14) 2002 not applicable Settlement
Ripon (1) 1836 Ripon Cathedral (1836) Civil parish
Salford (1) 1926 (24) not applicable Local government district
Salisbury

(city status given to New Sarum)

TI Salisbury Cathedral Unparished area‡
Sheffield (3) 1893 not applicable Local government district
Southampton (1) 1964 not applicable Local government district
St Albans(7) 1877 St Albans Cathedral (1877) Local government district
Stoke-on-Trent (3) 1925 (28) not applicable Local government district
Sunderland (18) 1992 not applicable Local government district
Truro (1) 1877 Truro Cathedral (1877) Civil parish
Wakefield (3) 1888 Wakefield Cathedral (1888) Local government district
Wells (1) 1205 Wells Cathedral Civil parish
Westminster (21) 1540 Westminster Abbey (4) Local government district
Winchester (1) TI Winchester Cathedral Local government district
Wolverhampton (16) 2000 not applicable Settlement
Worcester (3) TI Worcester Cathedral Local government district
York (1) (8) TI York Minster Local government district
Northern Irish Cities
Armagh(11) 1994 not applicable Local government district
Belfast 1888 not applicable Local government district
Derry

(also known as Londonderry)

1604[1] not applicable Local government district
Lisburn 2002 not applicable Local government district
Newry 2002 not applicable none
Scottish Cities(10)
Aberdeen(32) Confirmed 1891(31) (royal burgh: 1179) not applicable Local government district
Dundee(32) 1889(30) (royal burgh: 1191) not applicable Local government district
Edinburgh(32) 1329 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
St. Giles' Cathedral Local government district
Glasgow(32) 1492 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
St. Mungo's Cathedral Local government district
Inverness 2000 not applicable Settlement
Stirling 2002 not applicable Settlement
Welsh Cities
Bangor (1) TI Bangor Cathedral Community
Cardiff(9) 1905 (29) not applicable Local government district
Newport (14) 2002 not applicable Settlement
St David's (20) 1994 not applicable Community
Swansea(9) 1969 (23) not applicable Local government district

See also

Notes

‡ The status bearers of these cities will change on 1 April 2009 due to local government reforms. Salisbury will become a civil parish, while charter trustees will be formed for the unparished areas of Chester and Durham in the new unitary authorities of County Durham and Cheshire West and Chester respectively.[2] [3] [4]

(1): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 1 April 1974.[5]

(2): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 25 June 1974.[6]

(3): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 28 May 1974.[7]

(4): Bath Abbey and Westminster Abbey are no longer cathedrals.

(5): Coventry has had three cathedrals: the first, St Mary's, from 1043 to 1539; the second, St Michael's, from 1918 to 1940, when it was destroyed by German bombardment; and its replacement, also St Michael's, built alongside the old cathedral, consecrated in 1962.

(6): Note that the City of London covers only the "square mile", and is usually just referred to as "the City". The larger conurbation of Greater London has no city charter, and consists of the City of London, the City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs. This can be compared to the City of Brussels, within Brussels.

(7): City status was confirmed by Letters Patent dated 9 July 1974.[8] The city status extends to the entire district, although the district council calls itself "St Albans District Council" or "St Albans City and District".

(8): Letters Patent under the Great Seal conferring City Status were issued to the unitary authority of York on 1 April 1996, confirming the right of the Lord Mayor to be styled "Right Honourable", in continuation to those granted to the previous City Council abolished 31 March 1996.[9]

(9): Letters Patent under the Great Seal were issued on 29 March 1996 ordaining that the counties of Swansea and Cardiff should have the status of cities from 1 April 1996. The counties replaced the previous district councils which had enjoyed city status.[9]

(10): According to the Municipal Year Book, 1972 the royal burghs of Perth and Elgin officially enjoyed city status. The royal burghs of Brechin, Dunfermline and Kirkwall had also been officially described as "cities". As all burghs were abolished in 1975, these areas are now often called "former cities". Although Brechin does not have city status, the community council formed for the area uses the title "City of Brechin and District".

(11): Armagh had previously enjoyed city status, with St Patrick's Cathedral the site of the metropolitan primate of all Ireland. The city status was lost in 1840 when the city corporation was abolished. However, the successor urban district council and district council frequently used the title of city without official sanction prior to 1994.

(12): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 18 March 1975.[10]

(13): City status granted by Letters Patent dated 7 June 1977.[11]

(14): City status granted to the "Town of Newport in the County Borough of Newport" and the "Town of Preston" by Letters Patent dated 15 May 2002.[12]

(15): Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Towns of Brighton and Hove shall have the status of a City".[13]

(16): Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Town of Wolverhampton shall have the status of a City".[13]

(17): Letters Patent dated 4 November 1980 ordained that the "Town of Lichfield shall have the status of a City". A town council had been constituted in 1980 leading to the dissolution of the Charter Trustees of the City of Lichfield.[14][15]

(18): City status granted by Letters Patent dated 23 March 1992.[16]

(19): City status was conferred on Hereford Town Council 11 October 2000.[17] The status had previously been confirmed to the district council formed in 1974. When that council was abolished in 1996 charter trustees were formed for the City of Hereford. On the formation of a town council for Hereford in April 2000 the charter trustees were dissolved, and the city status temporarily lapsed.

(20): St David's historically had city status because of the presence of St David's Cathedral. In 1849 it was noted that the city had no municipal corporation: There was however a recognised "city" in which a mayor had limited jurisdiction.[18] A Royal Commission appointed in 1876 reported that the corporation had long been extinct, and the city was formally abolished in 1886 under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1883.[19] Letters Patent dated 16 September 1994 ordained that the "Town of St. David's shall have the status of a City".[20]

(21): The title of City was used "by courtesy" after 1550 when Westminster ceased to be the see of a bishop. By Letters Patent dated 27 October 1900 city status was conferred on the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Westminster from 1 November.[21] This status was continued on the creation of the City of Westminster as a London borough in 1965.

(22): A letter from the Home Secretary to the Mayor of Leicester dated 14 June 1919, confirming that the city status would be bestowed, noted that this was a "restoration to your ancient town of its former status of a city".[22] [23][24]

(23): Letters Patent dated 10 December 1969.[25]

(24): Letters Patent dated 21 April 1926.[26]

(25): Letters Patent dated 21 March 1951.[27]

(26): Letters Patent dated 14 May 1937.[28]

(27): Letters Patent dated 18 October 1928.[29]

(28): Letters Patent dated 5 June 1925.[30]

(29): Letters Patent dated 28 October 1905, which also granted the title of Lord Mayor.[31]

(30): Warrant issued 28 January 1889 that Letters Patent be issued under the Seal appointed by the treaty of union to be used in place of the Great Seal of Scotland, ordaining and declaring that the Burgh of Dundee shall be a City, and shall be called and styled "The City of Dundee"[32]

(31): Burghs of Old Aberdeen and Woodside and the district of Torry incorporated as the City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen by the Aberdeen Corporation Act 1891 (1891 c.cxxiv)

(32): The present council areas are designated "cities" by virtue of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, which also reserves the post of Lord Provost for the convener of the four councils. The previous local government districts and district councils created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 enjoyed the same privileges.

(33): Letters Patent dated 14 January 1889[33]

(34): Letters Patent dated 29 March 1853[34]

References

  1. ^ City commemorates the 400th Anniversary of the City’s first charter, Derry City Council press release dated July 7, 2004, (accessed December 15, 2007)
  2. ^ Council Agrees Cost of Keeping City's 407 Year-Old Tradition. Durham County Council (27 February 2009). Retrieved on 2009-02-27.
  3. ^ Job Description, Senior Manager Electoral and Civic Services. Cheshire West and Chester Council. Retrieved on 2009-02-27.
  4. ^ New Parish Council for the City of Salisbury. Towards One Council. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved on 2009-02-27.
  5. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  6. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  7. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  8. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  9. ^ a b Template:LondonGazette
  10. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  11. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  12. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  13. ^ a b Template:LondonGazette
  14. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  15. ^ Lichfield City Council website
  16. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  17. ^ Charters of Hereford City Council
  18. ^ Samuel Lewis (ed.), Dale - St. David's, from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1849), accessdate=2008-05-15
  19. ^ Municipal Corporations Act 1883 (c.19), S.3 and Sch II, part I
  20. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  21. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  22. ^ The Times: Leicester, a City: Sequel to the Recent Royal Visit, June 17, 1919
  23. ^ Civic history: The making of a City, (Leicester City Council), accessed 14 February 2008
  24. ^ Leicester: The Dignity of a City 655–1926, Leicester's city status, its loss and its regaining over thirteen centuries by Daniel Williams
  25. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  26. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  27. ^ London Gazette, issue no.39201, 13 April 1951
  28. ^ London Gazette, issue no.34400, 21 May 1937
  29. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33433, 26 October 1928
  30. ^ London Gazette, issue no.33063, 3 July 1925
  31. ^ Template:LondonGazette
  32. ^ London Gazette, 29 January 1889
  33. ^ From the London Gazette, January 18, 1889, The Times, 19 January 1889
  34. ^ London Gazette Issue 21426, p.950, 1 April 1853

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Simple English

This is a List of Cities in the United Kingdom. This list includes all places with city status.

City Mayor Year granted city status (Diocesan) Cathedral (pre 1888) Type of Local Government
English Cities
Bath (1)   1590 Bath Abbey (4) Charter Trustees
Birmingham (2) Lord Mayor (44) 1889 (58) not applicable metropolitan borough
Bradford (1) Lord Mayor (45) 1897 Bradford Cathedral metropolitan borough
Brighton & Hove (17)   2000 not applicable unitary authority
Bristol (1) Lord Mayor (46) 1542 Bristol Cathedral unitary authority
Cambridge (3)   1951 (27) not applicable district
Canterbury (3) Lord Mayor (33) TI Christchurch Cathedral district
Carlisle (1) TI Carlisle Cathedral district
Chester (3) Lord Mayor (34) 1541 Chester Cathedral district
Chichester (1)   TI Chichester Cathedral civil parish
Coventry (1) Lord Mayor (35) 1345 Coventry Cathedral(5) metropolitan borough
Derby (15)   1977 not applicable unitary authority
Durham (1)   TI Durham Cathedral district
Ely (1)   TI Ely Cathedral civil parish
Exeter (1) Lord Mayor (36) TI Exeter Cathedral district
Gloucester (1)   1541 Gloucester Cathedral district
Hereford (1) (21)   1189 Hereford Cathedral civil parish
Kingston upon Hull (14) Lord Mayor (37) 1897 not applicable unitary authority
Lancaster (1)   1937 (28) not applicable district
Leeds (1) Lord Mayor (47) 1893 not applicable metropolitan borough
Leicester (1) Lord Mayor (48) 1919 (24) not applicable unitary authority
Lichfield (19)   1553 Lichfield Cathedral civil parish
Lincoln (3)   TI Lincoln Cathedral district
Liverpool (2) Lord Mayor (49) 1880 Liverpool Cathedral (1880) metropolitan borough
City of London (6) Lord Mayor
(The Rt Hon.)
TI St Paul's Cathedral Corporation of London
Manchester (1) Lord Mayor (50) 1853 Manchester Cathedral (1847) metropolitan borough
Newcastle upon Tyne (1) Lord Mayor (38) 1882 Newcastle Cathedral (1882) metropolitan borough
Norwich (1) Lord Mayor (51) 1195 Norwich Cathedral district
Nottingham (1) Lord Mayor (39) 1897 not applicable unitary authority
Oxford (1) Lord Mayor (40) 1542 Christ Church Cathedral district
Peterborough (2)   1541 Peterborough Cathedral unitary authority
Plymouth (1) Lord Mayor (41) 1928 (29) not applicable unitary authority
Portsmouth (1) Lord Mayor (52) 1926 (26) not applicable unitary authority
Preston (16)   2002 not applicable district
Ripon (1)   1836 Ripon Cathedral (1836) civil parish
Salford (1)   1926 (26) not applicable metropolitan borough
Salisbury   TI Salisbury Cathedral Charter Trustees
Sheffield (3) Lord Mayor (53) 1893 not applicable metropolitan borough
Southampton (1)   1964 not applicable unitary authority
St Albans(7)   1877 St Albans Cathedral (1877) district
Stoke-on-Trent (3) Lord Mayor (54) 1925 (30) not applicable unitary authority
Sunderland (20)   1992 not applicable metropolitan borough
Truro (1)   1877 Truro Cathedral (1877) civil parish
Wakefield (3)   1888 Wakefield Cathedral (1888) metropolitan borough
Wells (1)   1205 Wells Cathedral civil parish
Westminster (23) Lord Mayor (42) 1540 Westminster Abbey (4) London borough
Winchester (1)   TI Winchester Cathedral district
Wolverhampton (18)   2000 not applicable metropolitan borough
Worcester (3)   1189 Worcester Cathedral district
York (1) (8) Lord Mayor
(The Rt Hon.)
TI York Minster unitary authority
Scottish Cities(10)
Aberdeen(57) Lord Provost 1891(56) (royal burgh: 1179) not applicable Council Area
Dundee(57) Lord Provost 1889(55) (royal burgh: 1191) not applicable Council Area
Edinburgh(57) Lord Provost
(The Rt Hon.)
1329 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
St. Giles' Cathedral Council Area
Glasgow(57) Lord Provost
(The Rt Hon.)
1492 (royal burgh;
city status has never
been formally granted)
St. Mungo's Cathedral Council Area
Inverness Provost(11) 2000 not applicable none
Stirling Provost(12) 2002 not applicable former royal burgh, now forming part of a Council Area
Welsh Cities
Bangor (1)   TI Bangor Cathedral community
Cardiff(9) Lord Mayor
(The Rt. Hon.) (43)
1905 (31) not applicable Principal area
Newport (16)   2002 not applicable Principal area
St David's (22)   1994 not applicable community
Swansea(9) Lord Mayor (32) 1969 (25) not applicable Principal area
Northern Irish Cities
Armagh(13)   1994 not applicable unitary authority
Belfast Lord Mayor
(The Rt Hon.)
1888 not applicable unitary authority
Londonderry

(also known as Derry)

  1613 St Columb's Cathedral unitary authority
Lisburn   2002 not applicable unitary authority
Newry   2002 not applicable none

Note (1): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated April 1, 1974.[1]

Note (2): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated June 25, 1974.[2]

Note (3): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated May 28, 1974.[3]

Note (4): Bath Abbey and Westminster Abbey are no longer cathedrals.

Note (5): Coventry has had three cathedrals: the first, St Mary's from 1043 to 1539; the second, St Michael's, from 1918 to 1940, when it was destroyed by German bombardment; and its replacement, also St Michael's, built alongside the old cathedral, consecrated in 1962.

Note (6): Note that the City of London covers only the "square mile", and is usually just referred to as "the City". The larger conurbation of Greater London has no city charter, and consists of the City of London, the City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs. This can be compared to the City of Brussels, within Brussels.

Note (7): City status was confirmed by Letters Patent dated July 9, 1974.[4] The city status extends to the entire district, although the district council calls itself "St Albans District Council" or "St Albans City and District".

Note (8): Letters Patent under the Great Seal conferring City Status were issued to the unitary authority of York on 1 April, 1996, confirming the right of the Lord Mayor to be styled "Right Honourable", in continuation to those granted to the previous City Council abolished March 31, 1996.[5]

Note (9): Letters Patent under the Great Seal were issued on March 29, 1996 ordaining that the counties of Swansea and Cardiff should have the status of cities from April 1, 1996. The counties replaced the previous district councils which had enjoyed city status.[5]

Note (10): According to the Municipal Year Book, 1972 the royal burghs of Perth and Elgin officially enjoyed city status. The royal burghs of Brechin, Dunfermline and Kirkwall had also been officially described as "cities". As all burghs were abolished in 1975, these areas are now often called "former cities". Although Brechin does not have city status, the community council formed for the area uses the title "City of Brechin and District".

Note (11): The Provost of Inverness is the Area Convenor of the Inverness Area Committee of Highland Council.

Note (12): The Provost of Stirling is the civic head of the entire Stirling council area, although city status only extends to the town of Stirling.

Note (13): Armagh had previously enjoyed city status, with St Patrick's Cathedral the site of the metropolitan primate of all Ireland. The city status was lost in 1840 when the city corporation was abolished. However, the successor urban district council and district council frequently used the title of city without official sanction prior to 1994.

Note (14): City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated March 18, 1975.[6]

Note (15): City status granted by Letters Patent dated June 7, 1977.[7]

Note (16): City status granted to the "Town of Newport in the County Borough of Newport" and the "Town of Preston" by Letters Patent dated May 15, 2002.[8]

Note (17): Letters Patent dated January 31, 2001 ordained that "the Towns of Brighton and Hove shall have the status of a City".[9]

Note (18): Letters Patent dated January 31, 2001 ordained that "the Town of Wolverhampton shall have the status of a City".[9]

Note (19): Letters Patent dated November 4, 1980 ordained that the "Town of Lichfield shall have the status of a City". A town council had been constituted in 1980 leading to the dissolution of the Charter Trustees of the City of Lichfield.[10][11]

Note (20): City status granted by Letters Patent dated March 23, 1992.[12]

Note (21): City status was conferred on Hereford Town Council October 11, 2000.[13] The status had previously been confirmed to the district council formed in 1974. When that council was abolished in 1996 charter trustees were formed for the City of Hereford. On the formation of a town council for Hereford in April 2000 the charter trustees were dissolved, and the city status temporarily lapsed.

Note (22): St. David's historically had city status because of the presence of St David's Cathedral. This status was lost in the 19th. century after local government reorganization. Letters Patent dated September 16, 1994 ordained that the "Town of St. David's shall have the status of a City".[14]

Note (23): The title of City was used "by courtesy" after 1550 when Westminster ceased to be the see of a bishop. By Letters Patent dated October 27 1900 city status was conferred on the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Westminster from November 1.[15] This status was continued on the creation of the City of Westminster as a london borough in 1965.

Note (24): A letter from the Home Secretary to the Mayor of Leicester confirming that the city status would be bestowed, noted that this was a "restoration to your ancient town of its former status of a city."[16][17]

Note (25): Letters Patent dated December 10, 1969.[18]

Note (26): Letters Patent dated April 21, 1926.[19]

Note (27): Letters Patent dated March 21, 1951.[20]

Note (28): Letters Patent dated May 14, 1937.[21]

Note (29): Letters Patent dated October 18, 1928.[22]

Note (30): Letters Patent dated June 5, 1925.[23]

Note (31): Letters Patent dated October 28, 1905, which also granted the title of Lord Mayor.[24]

Note (32): Letters Patent dated March 22, 1982.[25]

Note (33): Letters Patent dated July 13, 1988.[26]

Note (34): Letters Patent dated March 10, 1992.[27]

Note (35): Letters Patent dated June 6, 1953.[28]

Note (36): Letters Patent dated May 1, 2002.[29]

Note (37): Declaration that the Chief Magistrate and Officer of the City to bear the style and title of Lord Mayor due to the city's high position in the roll of ports of [the] kingdom June 26, 1914[30][31]

Note (38): Declaration that the Chief Magistrate to bear the honorary title of Lord Mayor July 11, 1906.[32]

Note (39): Declaration that the Chief Magistrate of the City to bear the style and title of Lord Mayor July 10, 1928 in consideration of its antiquity and importance[33][34]

Note (40): Letters Patent dated October 23, 1962.[35]

Note (41): Letters Patent dated May 10, 1935, in commemoration of his Majesty's silver jubilee[36][37]

Note (42): Letters Patent dated March 11, 1966.[38]

Note (43): Style of "Right Honourable" conferred on Lord Mayor by Letters Patent dated October 26, 1956. The city was designated the capital of Wales at that date.[39]

Note (44): The first Lord Mayor was appointed June 3, 1896.[40]

Note (45): Letters Patent dated September 16, 1907.[41]

Note (46): The Lord Mayoralty of Bristol was granted as part of the Birthday Honours in 1899[42][43]

Note (47): The Lord Mayoralty was granted in 1897[44]

Note (48): The Lord Mayoralty was granted in 1928[45]

Note (49): The Lord Mayoralty was granted in 1892[46]

Note (50): The Lord Mayoralty was granted in 1892[47]

Note (51): The Lord Mayoralty was granted in 1910 in view of the position occupied by that city as the chief city of East Anglia and of its close association with his Majesty[48]

Note (52): The Lord Mayoralty was granted in 1927[49]

Note (53): The Lord Mayoralty was granted July 12, 1897.[50]

Note (54): The Lord Mayoralty was granted July 10, 1928.[51]

Note (55): Warrant issued 28 January 1889 that Letters Patent be issued under the Seal appointed by the treaty of union to be used in place of the Great Seal of Scotland, ordaining and declaring that the Burgh of Dundee shall be a City, and shall be called and styled "The City of Dundee"[52]

Note (56): Burghs of Old Aberdeen and Woodside and the district of Torry incorporated as the City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen by the Aberdeen Corporation Act 1891 (1891 c.cxxiv)

Note (57): The present council areas are designated "cities" by virtue of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, which also reserves the post of Lord Provost for the convener of the four councils. The previous local government districts and district councils created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 enjoyed the same privileges.

Note (58): Letters Patent dated January 14, 1889[53]

References

  1. London Gazette, issue no. 46255, April 4, 1974
  2. London Gazette, issue no. 46303, June 28, 1974
  3. London Gazette, issue no. 46334, May 31, 1974
  4. London Gazette, issue no. 46352, September 24, 1974
  5. 5.0 5.1 London Gazette, issue no. 54363, April 4, 1996
  6. London Gazette, issue no. 46522, March 20, 1975
  7. London Gazette, issue no. 47246, June 14, 1977
  8. London Gazette, issue no. 56573, May 21, 2002
  9. 9.0 9.1 London Gazette, issue no.56109, May 2, 2001
  10. London Gazette, issue no. 48364, November 7 1980
  11. Lichfield City Council website
  12. London Gazette, issue no.52874, March 26, 1992
  13. Charters of Hereford City Council
  14. London Gazette, issue no. 53798, September 23, 1994
  15. London Gazette issue no. 27242, October 30 1900
  16. The Times: Leicester, a City: Sequel to the Recent Royal Visit
  17. Leicester: The Dignity of a City 655–1926, Leicester's city status, its loss and its regaining over thirteen centuries by Daniel Williams
  18. London Gazette, issue no.44986, December 12, 1969
  19. London Gazette, issue no.33154, April 23, 1926
  20. London Gazette, issue no.39201, April 13, 1951
  21. London Gazette, issue no.34400, May 21, 1937
  22. London Gazette, issue no.33433, October 26, 1928
  23. London Gazettte, issue no.33063, July 3, 1925
  24. London Gazette, issue no.27849, October 31, 1905
  25. London Gazette, issue no.48932, March 25, 1982
  26. London Gazette, issue no.51416, July 20, 1988
  27. London Gazette, issue no.52861, March 13, 1992
  28. London Gazette, issue no.39983, June 6, 1953
  29. London Gazette, issue no.56556, May 1, 2002
  30. London Gazette, issue no.28845, June 30, 1914
  31. The King's Honour to Hull, The Times, June 27, 1914
  32. London Gazette, issue no.52861, July 27, 1906
  33. London Gazette, issue no.33405, June 20, 1928
  34. The Times, July 11, 1928
  35. London Gazette, issue no.42815, October 23, 1962
  36. London Gazette, issue no.34160, May 10, 1935
  37. Lord Mayor of Plymouth, The Times, May 7, 1935
  38. London Gazette, issue no.43921, March 11, 1966
  39. London Gazette, issue no.40911, October 26, 1956
  40. History of Mayoralty of Birmingham from Birmingham City Council website
  41. London Gazette, issue no.28065, October 1, 1907
  42. Birthday Honours, The Times, June 3, 1899
  43. History of The Lord Mayor of Bristol from Bristol City Council website
  44. Lord Mayor of Leeds from Leeds City Council website
  45. Lord Mayors of Leicester from Leicester City Council website
  46. List of Lord Mayors of Liverpool from Liverpool City Council website
  47. List of Lord Mayors from Manchester City Council website
  48. The King and Norwich, The Times, February 7, 1910
  49. Lord Mayors of Portsmouth from Portsmouth City Council website
  50. History of the Lord Mayor from Sheffield City Council website
  51. Stoke-on-Trent City Council website
  52. London Gazette, January 29, 1889
  53. From the London Gazette, January 18, 1889, The Times, January 19, 1889


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