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This is an alphabetical list of astronauts, people trained by a human spaceflight program to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft. More than 540 people have trained as astronauts. Until 2004, astronauts were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military or by civilian space agencies. However, with the first sub-orbital flight of the privately-funded SpaceShipOne, a new category of astronaut was created - the commercial astronaut.

While the term astronaut is sometimes applied to anyone who travels into space, including scientists, politicians, journalists, and tourists, this article only lists professional astronauts. A list of everyone who has flown in space can be found at List of space travelers by name.

Names in italic are astronauts who have left Low Earth orbit, names in bold are astronauts who have walked on the moon. The flags indicate primary citizenship during time as an astronaut.

Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


  1. United States Joseph M. AcabaSTS-119. First Puerto Rican astronaut.
  2. United States Loren ActonSTS-51-F
  3. United States Mike Adams (1930–1967) X-15
  4. United States James AdamsonSTS-28, STS-43
  5. Soviet Union/Russia Viktor M. AfanasyevSoyuz TM-11, Soyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-29, Soyuz TM-33/32
  6. United States Thomas AkersSTS-41, STS-49, STS-61, STS-79
  7. Soviet Union Vladimir AksyonovSoyuz 22, Soyuz T-2
  8. United States Buzz Aldrin (formerly Edwin A. Aldrin) — Gemini 12, Apollo 11. Flew on Apollo 11 and was the second person to walk on the Moon.
  9. Bulgaria Aleksandar Panayotov Aleksandrov
  10. Soviet Union Aleksandr Pavlovich AleksandrovSoyuz T-9, Soyuz TM-3
  11. United States Andrew M. AllenSTS-46, STS-62, STS-75
  12. United States Joseph P. AllenSTS-5, STS-51-A
  13. United States Scott AltmanSTS-90, STS-106, STS-109, STS-125
  14. United States William AndersApollo 8
  15. United States Clayton AndersonSTS-117/120
  16. United States Michael P. Anderson, (1959–2003) — STS-89, STS-107. Died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  17. United States Dominic A. AntonelliSTS-119
  18. United States Jerome AptSTS-37, STS-47, STS-59, STS-79
  19. United States Lee ArchambaultSTS-117, STS-119
  20. United States Neil ArmstrongGemini 8, Apollo 11. The first person to walk on the Moon.[1][2]
  21. United States Richard R. ArnoldSTS-119
  22. Soviet Union Anatoly ArtsebarskySoyuz TM-12
  23. Soviet Union Yuri Artyukhin (1930–1998) — Soyuz 14
  24. United States Jeffrey AshbySTS-93, STS-100, STS-112
  25. Soviet Union Oleg AtkovSoyuz T-10/11
  26. Soviet Union Toktar AubakirovSoyuz TM-13/12. First ethnic Kazakh person in space.
  27. Russia Sergei AvdeyevSoyuz TM-15, Soyuz TM-22


  28. United States James Bagian, M.D.STS-29, STS-40
  29. United States Ellen Baker, M.D.Symbol venus.svgSTS-34, STS-50, STS-71
  30. United States Michael BakerSTS-43, STS-52, STS-68, STS-81
  31. Soviet Union Aleksandr BalandinSoyuz TM-9
  32. United States Michael R. Barratt, M.D.Soyuz TMA-14
  33. United States Daniel BarrySTS-72, STS-96, STS-105
  34. United States John-David F. BartoeSTS-51-F
  35. United States Charlie Bassett (1931–1966) — No flights. Originally assigned to Gemini 9.
  36. Russia Yuri BaturinSoyuz TM-28/27, Soyuz TM-32/31. First Russian politician in space.
  37. France Patrick Baudry, first African-born man and second Frenchman in space
  38. United States Alan BeanApollo 12, Skylab 3. Fourth person to walk on the Moon.
  39. United States Robert L. BehnkenSTS-123, STS-130
  40. Slovakia Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space.
  41. Soviet Union Pavel Belyayev (1925–1970) — Voskhod 2
  42. Soviet Union Georgi Beregovoi (1921–1995) — Soyuz 3
  43. Soviet Union Anatoli BerezovoySoyuz T-5/7
  44. United States John BlahaSTS-29, STS-33, STS-43, STS-58, STS-79/81
  45. United States Michael J. BloomfieldSTS-86, STS-97, STS-110
  46. United States Guion BlufordSTS-8, STS-61-A, STS-39, STS-53. First African-American in space.
  47. United States Karol BobkoSTS-6, STS-51-D, STS-51-J. First graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut.
  48. United States Eric A. BoeSTS-126
  49. United States Charles BoldenSTS-61-C, STS-31, STS-45, STS-60
  50. Canada Roberta Bondar, M.D. Symbol venus.svg First Canadian woman in space.
  51. Russia Andrei Borisenko — No flights
  52. United States Frank BormanGemini 7, Apollo 8. Commander of Apollo 8, the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon.
  53. United States Stephen G. BowenSTS-126
  54. United States Kenneth BowersoxSTS-50, STS-61, STS-73, STS-82, STS-113/Soyuz TMA-1
  55. United States Charles Brady, M.D. (1951–2006) — STS-78
  56. United States Vance BrandApollo-Soyuz Test Project, STS-5, STS-41-B, STS-35
  57. United States Daniel BrandensteinSTS-8, STS-51-G, STS-32, STS-49
  58. United States Randolph Bresnik - STS-129
  59. United States Roy BridgesSTS-51-F. Became Director of the Kennedy Space Center in March 1997
  60. United States Curtis BrownSTS-47, STS-66, STS-77, STS-85, STS-95, STS-103
  61. United States David M. Brown (1956–2003) — STS-107. Died on the Columbia
  62. United States Mark BrownSTS-28, STS-48
  63. United States James BuchliSTS-51-C, STS-61-A, STS-29, STS-48
  64. United States Jay Buckey, M.D.STS-90
  65. Russia Nikolai BudarinSTS-71/Soyuz TM-21, Soyuz TM-27, STS-113/Soyuz TMA-1
  66. United States John S. Bull (1934-2008) — No flights.
  67. United States Daniel BurbankSTS-106, STS-115
  68. United States Daniel BurschSTS-51, STS-68, STS-77, STS-108, STS-111
  69. Soviet Union Valery BykovskyVostok 5, Soyuz 22, Soyuz 31/29


  70. United States Robert CabanaSTS-41, STS-53, STS-65, STS-88
  71. United States Yvonne Cagle, M.D.Symbol venus.svg — No flights.
  72. United States Fernando Caldeiro (1958-2009) — No flights.
  73. United States Tracy CaldwellSymbol venus.svgSTS-118
  74. United States Charles CamardaSTS-114
  75. United States Kenneth CameronSTS-37, STS-56, STS-74
  76. United States Duane CareySTS-109
  77. United States Scott CarpenterMercury 7[3]
  78. United States Gerald CarrSkylab 4
  79. United States Sonny Carter, M.D., (1947–1991) — STS-33
  80. United States John CasperSTS-36, STS-54, STS-62, STS-77
  81. United States Christopher CassidySTS-127
  82. United States Robert CenkerSTS-61-C
  83. United States Gene CernanGemini 9A, Apollo 10, Apollo 17
  84. United States Roger B. Chaffee (1935-1967), died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
  85. United States Gregory ChamitoffSTS-124/126
  86. Costa Rica / United States Franklin Chang-DiazSTS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111. First Hispanic-American in space.
  87. Australia / United States Philip K. Chapman, first Australian-born astronaut — No flights
  88. India / United States Kalpana ChawlaSymbol venus.svg (1961–2003) — STS-87, STS-107. First Indian-American woman in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  89. Italy Maurizio Cheli
  90. People's Republic of China Chen Quan, backup Shenzhou 7.
  91. United States Leroy ChiaoSTS-65, STS-72, STS-92, Soyuz TMA-5
  92. United States Kevin ChiltonSTS-49, STS-59, STS-76
  93. France Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space
  94. United States Laurel B. Clark, M.D.Symbol venus.svg (1961–2003) — STS-107. Died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  95. United States Mary CleaveSymbol venus.svgSTS-61-B, STS-30
  96. France Jean-François Clervoy
  97. United States Michael CliffordSTS-53, STS-59, STS-76
  98. United States Michael CoatsSTS-41-D, STS-29, STS-39
  99. United States Kenneth CockrellSTS-56, STS-69, STS-80, STS-98, STS-111
  100. United States Catherine Coleman Symbol venus.svgSTS-73, STS-93
  101. United States Eileen CollinsSymbol venus.svgSTS-63, STS-84, STS-93, STS-114
  102. United States Michael Collins (born 1930) — Gemini 10, Apollo 11. Born in Rome to American parents.
  103. United States Pete Conrad, Apollo 12, (1930–1999) — Gemini 5, Gemini 11, Apollo 12, Skylab 2. The third person to walk on the Moon and the commander of the first Skylab mission.
  104. United States Gordon Cooper (1927–2004) — Mercury 9, Gemini 5. First American to fly in space for a day.[4][5]
  105. United States Richard CoveySTS-51-I, STS-26, STS-38, STS-61
  106. United States Timothy CreamerSoyuz TMA-17
  107. United States John CreightonSTS-51-G, STS-36, STS-48
  108. United States Robert CrippenSTS-1, STS-7, STS-41-C, STS-41-G. Flew on the first Space Shuttle mission.
  109. Italy Samantha CristoforettiSymbol venus.svg
  110. United States Roger CrouchSTS-83, STS-94
  111. United States Frank CulbertsonSTS-38, STS-51, STS-105/108
  112. United States Walter CunninghamApollo 7
  113. United States Robert CurbeamSTS-85, STS-98, STS-116
  114. United States Nancy CurrieSymbol venus.svgSTS-57, STS-70, STS-88, STS-109


  115. United States Nancy Jan DavisSymbol venus.svgSTS-47, STS-60, STS-85
  116. United States Lawrence J. DeLucasSTS-50
  117. Belgium Frank De Winne, first ESA astronaut to command the ISS.
  118. Russia Vladimir N. DezhurovSoyuz TM-21/STS-71
  119. Soviet Union Georgi Dobrovolski (1928–1971) — Soyuz 11
  120. Japan Takao Doi, first Japanese to walk in space.
  121. United States B. Alvin DrewSTS-118
  122. United States Brian DuffySTS-45, STS-57, STS-72, STS-92
  123. United States Charles DukeApollo 16
  124. United States Bonnie J. DunbarSymbol venus.svgSTS-61-A, STS-32, STS-50, STS-71, STS-89
  125. Spain Pedro Duque, first Spaniard in space.
  126. United States Samuel T. DurranceSTS-35, STS-67
  127. United States James Dutton — No flights
  128. Soviet Union Lev Dyomin (1926–1998) — Soyuz 15
  129. Soviet Union Vladimir DzhanibekovSoyuz 27/26, Soyuz 39, Soyuz T-12, Soyuz T-13


  130. United States Joe EdwardsSTS-89
  131. United States Donn F. Eisele (1930–1987) — Apollo 7
  132. United States Anthony W. EnglandSTS-51-F
  133. United States Joe H. EngleX-15 flights 138, 143, and 153, STS-2, STS-51-I
  134. United States Ronald Evans (1933–1990) — Apollo 17
  135. Germany Reinhold Ewald
  136. France Léopold Eyharts


  137. United States John FabianSTS-7, STS-51-G
  138. Syria Muhammed Faris, first Syrian in space.
  139. Hungary Bertalan Farkas, first Hungarian in space.
  140. France Jean-Jacques Favier
  141. People's Republic of China Fèi Jùnlóng
  142. Soviet Union Konstantin Feoktistov (1926-2009) — Voskhod 1
  143. United States Christopher FergusonSTS-115, STS-126
  144. United States Martin J. FettmanSTS-58
  145. United States Andrew J. FeustelSTS-125
  146. Soviet Union Anatoli FilipchenkoSoyuz 7, Soyuz 16
  147. United States Michael FinckeSoyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-13
  148. United States John L. Finley (1935–2006) — No flights. Trained for the Manned Orbiting Laboratory program.
  149. United States Anna Fisher, M.D.Symbol venus.svgSTS-51-A
  150. United States William Frederick Fisher, M.D.STS-51-I
  151. Germany Klaus-Dietrich Flade
  152. United States / United Kingdom Michael FoaleSTS-45, STS-56, STS-63, STS-84/86, STS-103, Soyuz TMA-3. Holds the American and British time record in space (374 d, 11 h, 19 m).
  153. United States Kevin A. FordSTS-128
  154. United States Michael ForemanSTS-123, STS-129
  155. United States Patrick ForresterSTS-105, STS-117, STS-128
  156. United States Michael FossumSTS-121, STS-124
  157. United States Ted Freeman (1930–1964) — No flights. NASA group 3.
  158. United States Stephen FrickSTS-110, STS-122
  159. Belgium Dirk Frimout, first Belgian in space.
  160. Sweden Christer Fuglesang, first Swede in space.
  161. United States Charles FullertonSTS-3, STS-51-F
  162. Germany Reinhard Furrer (1940–1995)
  163. Japan Satoshi Furukawa — No flights


  164. United States F. Drew Gaffney, M.D.STS-40
  165. Soviet Union Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968) — Vostok 1. First person in space.
  166. United States Ronald GaranSTS-124
  167. United States Dale GardnerSTS-8, STS-51-A
  168. United States Guy GardnerSTS-27, STS-35
  169. Canada Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space.
  170. United States Owen GarriottSkylab 3, STS-9
  171. United States Charles GemarSTS-38, STS-48, STS-62
  172. United States Michael GernhardtSTS-69, STS-83, STS-94, STS-104
  173. Germany Alexander Gerst — No flights.
  174. United States Edward GibsonSkylab 4
  175. United States Robert L. GibsonSTS-41-B, STS-61-C, STS-27, STS-47, STS-71
  176. Russia Yuri GidzenkoSoyuz TM-22, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102, Soyuz TM-34/Soyuz TM-33
  177. United States Ed Givens (1930–1967) — No flights. NASA group 5.
  178. Soviet Union Yuri GlazkovSoyuz 24
  179. United States John Glenn (born 1921) — Mercury 6, STS-95. First American in Earth orbit, later oldest person to fly in space.[6][7]
  180. United States Linda GodwinSymbol venus.svgSTS-37, STS-59, STS-76, STS-108
  181. United States Michael T. GoodSTS-125
  182. Soviet Union Viktor GorbatkoSoyuz 7, Soyuz 24, Soyuz 37/36
  183. United States Richard GordonGemini 11, Apollo 12
  184. United States Dominic GorieSTS-91, STS-99, STS-108, STS-123
  185. United States Ronald GrabeSTS-51-J, STS-30, STS-42, STS-57
  186. United States Duane Graveline, M.D. — No flights.
  187. Soviet Union Georgi GrechkoSoyuz 17, Soyuz 26/27, Soyuz T-14/13
  188. United States Frederick GregorySTS-51-B, STS-33, STS-44
  189. United States William GregorySTS-67
  190. United States Stanley Griggs (1939–1989) — STS-51-D
  191. United States Virgil Grissom (1926–1967) — Mercury-Redstone 4, Gemini 3. First person reach orbit a second time. Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.[8][9]
  192. United States John GrunsfeldSTS-67, STS-81, STS-103, STS-109, STS-125
  193. Soviet Union Aleksei GubarevSoyuz 17, Soyuz 28
  194. Italy Umberto Guidoni
  195. Mongolia Zhugderdemidiyn Gurragcha, first Mongolian in space.
  196. United States Sidney GutierrezSTS-40, STS-59


  197. Canada Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space.
  198. France Claudie HaigneréSymbol venus.svg, first Frenchwoman in space.
  199. France Jean-Pierre Haigneré
  200. United States Fred HaiseApollo 13
  201. United States James HalsellSTS-65, STS-74, STS-83, STS-94, STS-101
  202. United States Kenneth HamSTS-124
  203. United States Lloyd HammondSTS-39, STS-64
  204. Canada Jeremy Hansen
  205. United States Gregory HarbaughSTS-39, STS-54, STS-71, STS-82
  206. United States Bernard A. Harris, Jr.STS-55, STS-63. First African-American to walk in space.
  207. United States Terry HartSTS-41-C
  208. United States Henry HartsfieldSTS-4, STS-41-D, STS-61-A
  209. United States Frederick HauckSTS-7, STS-51-A, STS-26
  210. United States Steven HawleySTS-41-D, STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-82, STS-93
  211. United States Susan HelmsSymbol venus.svgSTS-54, STS-64, STS-78, STS-101, STS-102/105
  212. United States Karl Henize (1926–1993) — STS-51-F
  213. United States Thomas HennenSTS-44
  214. United States Terence HenricksSTS-44, STS-55, STS-70, STS-78
  215. Poland Miroslaw Hermaszewski, first Pole in space.
  216. United States José HernándezSTS-128
  217. United States John HerringtonSTS-113. First Native American in space.
  218. United States Richard HiebSTS-39, STS-49, STS-65
  219. United States Joan HigginbothamSymbol venus.svgSTS-116
  220. United States David HilmersSTS-51-J, STS-26, STS-36, STS-42
  221. United States Kathryn HireSymbol venus.svgSTS-90, STS-130
  222. United States Charles HobaughSTS-104, STS-108, STS-129
  223. United States Jeffrey HoffmanSTS-51-D, STS-35, STS-46, STS-61, STS-75
  224. United States Donald Holmquest, M.D. — No flights.
  225. United States Scott HorowitzSTS-75, STS-82, STS-101, STS-105
  226. Japan Akihiko Hoshide
  227. United States Millie Hughes-FulfordSymbol venus.svgSTS-40. First female Payload Specialist.
  228. United States Douglas G. HurleySTS-127
  229. United States Rick D. Husband (1957–2003) — STS-96, STS-107. Died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.


  230. United States James Irwin (1930–1991) — Apollo 15
  231. Soviet Union Aleksandr IvanchenkovSoyuz 29/31
  232. Bulgaria Georgi Ivanov, first Bulgarian in space.
  233. United States Marsha IvinsSymbol venus.svgSTS-32, STS-46, STS-62, STS-81, STS-98


  234. East Germany Sigmund Jähn, first German in space
  235. United States Mae Jemison, M.D.Symbol venus.svgSTS-47. First African-American woman in space.
  236. United States Tamara E. JerniganSymbol venus.svgSTS-40, STS-52, STS-67, STS-80, STS-96
  237. United States Brent W. Jett, Jr.STS-72, STS-81, STS-97, STS-115
  238. People's Republic of China Jing Haipeng
  239. United States Gregory C. JohnsonSTS-125
  240. United States Gregory H. JohnsonSTS-123
  241. United States Thomas D. JonesSTS-59, STS-68, STS-80, STS-98


  242. Ukraine Leonid Kadenyuk, first Ukrainian in space since independence.
  243. Russia Alexander KaleriSoyuz TM-14, Soyuz TM-24, Soyuz TM-30, Soyuz TMA-3
  244. United States Janet KavandiSymbol venus.svgSTS-91, STS-99, STS-104
  245. United States James KellySTS-102, STS-114
  246. United States Mark E. KellySTS-108, STS-121, STS-124
  247. United States Scott KellySTS-103, STS-118
  248. United States Joseph Kerwin, M.D.Skylab 2. Became the first physician in space.
  249. Soviet Union Yevgeny KhrunovSoyuz 5/4 (1933–2000)
  250. United States Robert S. KimbroughSTS-126
  251. Soviet Union Leonid KizimSoyuz T-3, Soyuz T-10/11, Soyuz T-15
  252. Soviet Union Petr KlimukSoyuz 13, Soyuz 18, Soyuz 30. First Belarusian in space.
  253. Soviet Union Vladimir Komarov (1927–1967) — Voskhod 1, Soyuz 1. Died during re-entry of first Soyuz spacecraft.
  254. Russia Yelena V. KondakovaSymbol venus.svgSoyuz TM-20/STS-84
  255. Russia Dmitri Kondratyev — No flights
  256. Russia Oleg KononenkoSoyuz TMA-12
  257. United States Timothy L. KopraSTS-127/128
  258. Russia Mikhail Korniyenko — No flights
  259. Russia Valery KorzunSoyuz TM-24, STS-111/113
  260. Russia Oleg KotovSoyuz TMA-10
  261. Soviet Union Vladimir KovalyonokSoyuz 25, Soyuz 29/31, Soyuz T-4
  262. Russia Konstantin KozeyevSoyuz TM-33/32
  263. United States Kevin KregelSTS-70, STS-78, STS-87, STS-99
  264. Soviet Union/Russia Sergei KrikalevSoyuz TM-7, Soyuz TM-12/Soyuz TM-13, STS-60, STS-88, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102, Soyuz TMA-6. Record for longest time in space (803 d, 9 h 39 m).
  265. Soviet Union Valeri KubasovSoyuz 6, Soyuz 19, Soyuz 36/35
  266. Netherlands André Kuipers, M.D.


  267. Soviet Union Aleksandr LaveykinSoyuz TM-2
  268. United States Robert Lawrence (1935–1967) — No flights. MOL, first black astronaut.
  269. United States Wendy LawrenceSymbol venus.svgSTS-67, STS-86, STS-91, STS-114
  270. Soviet Union Vasili Lazarev (1928–1990) — Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18a
  271. Russia Aleksandr LazutkinSoyuz TM-25
  272. Soviet Union Valentin LebedevSoyuz 13, Soyuz T-5/7
  273. United States Mark C. LeeSTS-30, STS-47, STS-64, STS-82
  274. United States David LeestmaSTS-41-G, STS-28, STS-45
  275. United States William B. LenoirSTS-5
  276. Soviet Union Aleksei LeonovVoskhod 2, Soyuz 19. First person to make an EVA).
  277. United States Frederick W. LeslieSTS-73
  278. Soviet Union Anatoli Levchenko (1941–1988) — Soyuz TM-4/3
  279. United States Byron LichtenbergSTS-9, STS-45. First NASA Payload Specialist.
  280. United States Don LindSTS-51-B
  281. United States Steven LindseySTS-87, STS-95, STS-104, STS-121
  282. United States Jerry LinengerSTS-64, STS-81/84
  283. United States Richard LinnehanSTS-78, STS-90, STS-109, STS-123
  284. United States Gregory LinterisSTS-83, STS-94
  285. People's Republic of China Liu Boming, performed EVA on Shenzhou 7
  286. United States Anthony Llewellyn — No flights.
  287. United States Paul LockhartSTS-111, STS-113
  288. Russia Yuri LonchakovSTS-100, Soyuz TMA-1/TM-34, Soyuz TMA-13
  289. United States Michael Lopez-AlegriaSTS-73, STS-92, STS-113, Soyuz TMA-9
  290. United States Christopher Loria
  291. United States John LoungeSTS-51-I, STS-26, STS-35
  292. United States Jack LousmaSkylab 3, STS-3
  293. United States Stanley G. LoveSTS-122
  294. United States Jim LovellGemini 7, Gemini 12, Apollo 8, Apollo 13
  295. United States G. David Low (1956-2008) — STS-32, STS-43, STS-57
  296. United States Edward LuSTS-84, STS-106, Soyuz TMA-2
  297. United States Shannon LucidSymbol venus.svgSTS-51-G, STS-34, STS-43, STS-58, STS-76/79.
  298. Soviet Union Vladimir LyakhovSoyuz 32/34, Soyuz T-9, Soyuz TM-6/5


  299. Canada Steven MacLean
  300. United States Sandra MagnusSymbol venus.svgSTS-112, STS-126/119
  301. Soviet Union Oleg Makarov (1933–2003) — Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18a, Soyuz 27/26, Soyuz T-3
  302. Russia Yuri MalenchenkoSoyuz TM-19, STS-106, Soyuz TMA-2, Soyuz TMA-11
  303. Italy Franco Malerba, first Italian in space.
  304. Soviet Union Yuri Malyshev (1941–1999) — Soyuz T-2, Soyuz T-11/10
  305. Soviet Union/Russia Gennadi ManakovSoyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-16
  306. Soviet Union Musa ManarovSoyuz TM-4/6, Soyuz TM-11
  307. United States Thomas Marshburn, M.D.STS-127
  308. United States Michael MassiminoSTS-109, STS-125
  309. United States Richard MastracchioSTS-106, STS-118
  310. United States Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly IIApollo 16, STS-4, STS-51-C.
  311. United States K. Megan McArthurSTS-125
  312. United States William S. McArthurSTS-58, STS-74, STS-92, Soyuz TMA-7
  313. United States Jon McBrideSTS-41-G
  314. United States Bruce McCandless IISTS-41-B, STS-31
  315. United States William C. McCool (1961–2003) — STS-107. Died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  316. United States Michael McCulleySTS-34
  317. United States James McDivittGemini 4, Apollo 9
  318. United States Donald McMonagleSTS-39, STS-54, STS-66
  319. United States Ronald McNair (1950–1986) — STS-41-B. Died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  320. United States Carl MeadeSTS-38, STS-50, STS-64
  321. United States Bruce MelnickSTS-41, STS-49
  322. United States Pamela MelroySymbol venus.svgSTS-92, STS-112, STS-120
  323. United States Leland D. MelvinSTS-122, STS-129
  324. Germany Ulf Merbold
  325. Germany Ernst Messerschmid
  326. United States Dorothy M. Metcalf-LindenburgerSymbol venus.svg — No flights
  327. United States Curt Michel — No flights.
  328. United States Edgar MitchellApollo 14
  329. Denmark Andreas Mogensen
  330. Afghanistan Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space.
  331. Japan Mamoru Mohri, first professional Japanese astronaut in space.
  332. United States Barbara MorganSymbol venus.svgSTS-118
  333. United States Lee MorinSTS-110
  334. Russia Boris MorukovSTS-106
  335. Japan Chiaki Mukai, M.D.Symbol venus.svg, first Japanese woman in space.
  336. United States Richard MullaneSTS-41-D, STS-27, STS-36
  337. Russia Talgat MusabayevSoyuz TM-19, Soyuz TM-27, Soyuz TM-32/31
  338. United States Story Musgrave, M.D.STS-6, STS-51-F, STS-33, STS-44, STS-61, STS-80


  339. United States Steven R. NagelSTS-51-G, STS-61-A, STS-37, STS-55
  340. United States George NelsonSTS-41-C, STS-61-C, STS-26
  341. Soviet Union Grigori Nelyubov (1934–1966) Vostok backup.
  342. Mexico Rodolfo Neri Vela, first Mexican in space.
  343. Italy Paolo A. Nespoli
  344. United States James H. NewmanSTS-51, STS-69, STS-88, STS-109
  345. Switzerland Claude Nicollier, first Swiss in space.
  346. People's Republic of China Niè Hǎishèng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  347. Soviet Union Andriyan Nikolayev (1929–2004) — Vostok 3, Soyuz 9
  348. Japan Soichi Noguchi
  349. United States Carlos I. NoriegaSTS-84, STS-97. First Peruvian-born person in space.
  350. United States Lisa NowakSymbol venus.svgSTS-121
  351. United States Karen NybergSymbol venus.svgSTS-124


  352. United States Bryan O'ConnorSTS-61-B, STS-40
  353. United States Ellen OchoaSymbol venus.svgSTS-56, STS-66, STS-96, STS-110. First Hispanic woman in space.
  354. Netherlands Wubbo Ockels, first Dutchman in space.
  355. United States William OefeleinSTS-116
  356. United States Brian O'Leary — No flights.
  357. United States John D. OlivasSTS-117, STS-128
  358. Japan Takuya Onishi
  359. United States Ellison Onizuka (1946–1986) — STS-51-C. Died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  360. Russia Yuri OnufrienkoSoyuz TM-23, STS-108/111
  361. United States Stephen OswaldSTS-42, STS-56, STS-67
  362. United States Robert Overmyer (1936–1996) — STS-5, STS-51-B


  363. Russia Gennady PadalkaSoyuz TM-28, Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-14
  364. United States William PailesSTS-51-J
  365. United States Scott Parazynski, M.D.STS-66, STS-86, STS-95, STS-100, STS-120
  366. United States Ronald A. Parise (1951-2008) — STS-35, STS-67
  367. United States Robert ParkerSTS-9, STS-35
  368. Italy Luca Parmitano
  369. United Kingdom / United States Nicholas PatrickSTS-116, STS-130
  370. Soviet Union Viktor Patsayev (1933–1971) — Soyuz 11. Died on reentry.
  371. United States James PawelczykSTS-90
  372. Canada Julie PayetteSymbol venus.svg
  373. United States Gary PaytonSTS-51-C. First military astronaut.
  374. United Kingdom Timothy Peake — No flights.
  375. France Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space
  376. France Thomas Pesquet
  377. United States Donald PetersonSTS-6
  378. United States Donald PettitSTS-113/Soyuz TMA-1, STS-126
  379. Vietnam Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space.
  380. United States John PhillipsSTS-100, Soyuz TMA-6, STS-119
  381. United States William PogueSkylab 4
  382. United States Alan G. PoindexterSTS-122
  383. United States Mark PolanskySTS-98, STS-116, STS-127
  384. Russia Alexander PoleshchukSoyuz TM-16
  385. Soviet Union/Russia Valeri Polyakov, M.D.Soyuz TM-6/7, Soyuz TM-18/20. Record for longest continuous period in space (437 days)
  386. Brazil Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian, South American and the only lusophone in space.
  387. Soviet Union Leonid PopovSoyuz 35/37, Soyuz 40, Soyuz T-7/5
  388. Soviet Union Pavel Popovich (1930-2009) — Vostok 4, Soyuz 14. First Ukrainian-born person in space.
  389. United States Charles PrecourtSTS-55, STS-71, STS-84, STS-91
  390. Romania Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space.


  391. Israel Ilan Ramon (1954–2003), first Israeli in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  392. United States William ReaddySTS-42, STS-51, STS-79
  393. United States Kenneth ReightlerSTS-48, STS-60
  394. United States James F. ReillySTS-89, STS-104, STS-117
  395. United States Garrett ReismanSTS-123/124
  396. Germany Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS.
  397. Czechoslovakia Vladimír Remek, first Czech and first non-Soviet European in space.
  398. United States Judith ResnikSymbol venus.svg (1949–1986) — STS-41-D died on the Challenger
  399. Russia Sergei Revin — No flights
  400. United States Paul W. RichardsSTS-102
  401. United States Richard N. RichardsSTS-28, STS-41, STS-50, STS-64
  402. United States Sally RideSymbol venus.svgSTS-7, STS-41-G. First American woman in space.
  403. United States Patricia Robertson, M.D.Symbol venus.svg (1963–2001) — No flights.
  404. United States Stephen RobinsonSTS-85, STS-95, STS-114, STS-130
  405. United States Russell L. Rogers (1928–1967) — No flights. Assigned to the Dyna Soar project.
  406. Russia Roman RomanenkoSoyuz TMA-15
  407. Soviet Union Yuri RomanenkoSoyuz 26/27, Soyuz 38, Soyuz TM-2/3
  408. United States Kent RomingerSTS-73, STS-80, STS-85, STS-96, STS-100
  409. United States Stuart Roosa (1933–1994) — Apollo 14
  410. United States Jerry L. RossSTS-61-B, STS-27, STS-37, STS-55, STS-74, STS-88, STS-110
  411. Soviet Union Valeri RozhdestvenskySoyuz 23
  412. Soviet Union Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932–2002) — Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Soyuz 33
  413. United States Mario Runco, Jr.STS-44, STS-54, STS-77
  414. Soviet Union/Russia Valery RyuminSoyuz 25, Soyuz 32/34, Soyuz 35/37, STS-91


  415. United States Albert SaccoSTS-73
  416. Canada David Saint-Jacques
  417. Russia Aleksandr Samokutyayev — No flights
  418. Soviet Union Gennadi Sarafanov (1942–2005) — Soyuz 15
  419. United States Robert Satcher, M.D.STS-129. Became the first orthopedic surgeon in space.
  420. Saudi Arabia Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  421. Soviet Union Viktor SavinykhSoyuz T-4, Soyuz T-13/14
  422. Soviet Union Svetlana SavitskayaSymbol venus.svgSoyuz T-7/5, Soyuz T-12. First woman to walk in space.
  423. United States Wally Schirra (1923–2007) — Mercury 8, Gemini 6A, Apollo 7[10][11]
  424. Germany Hans Schlegel
  425. United States Harrison SchmittApollo 17
  426. United States Rusty SchweickartApollo 9
  427. United States Dick Scobee (1939–1986) — STS-41-C. Died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  428. United States David ScottGemini 8, Apollo 9, Apollo 15
  429. United States Winston ScottSTS-72, STS-87
  430. Australia / United States Paul Scully-PowerSTS-41-G
  431. United States Richard SearfossSTS-58, STS-76, STS-90
  432. United States Rhea Seddon, M.D.Symbol venus.svgSTS-51-D, STS-40, STS-58
  433. United States Elliott See (1927–1966) original command pilot, Gemini 9.
  434. United States Ronald SegaSTS-60, STS-76
  435. United Kingdom / United States Piers SellersSTS-112, STS-121
  436. Soviet Union/Russia Aleksandr SerebrovSoyuz T-7/5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz TM-8, Soyuz TM-17
  437. Soviet Union Vitali SevastyanovSoyuz 9, Soyuz 18
  438. Russia Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonautSoyuz TMA-5/4
  439. Russia Salizhan SharipovSTS-89, Soyuz TMA-5 [12]
  440. India Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space.
  441. Soviet Union Vladimir ShatalovSoyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10
  442. United States Brewster ShawSTS-9, STS-61-B, STS-28
  443. United States Alan Shepard (1923–1998) — Mercury-Redstone 3, Apollo 14. First American in space.[13][14]
  444. United States William ShepherdSTS-27, STS-41, STS-52, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102
  445. Russia Anton Shkaplerov — No flights
  446. Soviet Union Georgi Shonin (1935–1997) — Soyuz 6
  447. United States Loren ShriverSTS-51-C, STS-31, STS-46
  448. Malaysia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, M.D., first Malaysian in space.
  449. Russia Oleg Skripochka — No flights
  450. Russia Aleksandr Skvortsov — No flights
  451. United States Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924–1993) — Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. First selected as a Mercury astronaut.[15]
  452. United States Steven SmithSTS-68, STS-82, STS-103, STS-110
  453. Soviet Union/Russia Anatoly SolovyevSoyuz TM-5/4, Soyuz TM-9, Soyuz TM-15, STS-71/Soyuz TM-21, Soyuz TM-26. First Latvia-born astronaut, Record for EVA time (77+ hours in 16 spacewalks).
  454. Soviet Union Vladimir SolovyovSoyuz T-10/11, Soyuz T-15
  455. Soviet Union Aleksei Sorokin[16] (1931–1976) — No flights. Voskhod 1 backup.
  456. United States Sherwood SpringSTS-61-B
  457. United States Robert SpringerSTS-29, STS-38
  458. United States Thomas Patten StaffordGemini 6A, Gemini 9A, Apollo 10, Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
  459. United States Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-PiperSymbol venus.svgSTS-115, STS-126
  460. United States Robert StewartSTS-41-B, STS-51-J
  461. United States Susan Still KilrainSymbol venus.svgSTS-83, STS-94
  462. United States Nicole Marie Passonno StottSymbol venus.svgSTS-128
  463. Soviet Union/Russia Gennady Strekalov (1940–2004) — Soyuz T-3, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-11/10, Soyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-21/STS-71
  464. United States Frederick SturckowSTS-88, STS-105, STS-117, STS-128
  465. United States Kathryn SullivanSymbol venus.svg, first American woman to walk in space — STS-41-G, STS-31, STS-45. First American woman to walk in space.
  466. Maksim SurayevSoyuz TMA-16
  467. United States John "Jack" Swigert (1931–1982) — Apollo 13


  468. United States Daniel TaniSTS-108, STS-120/122
  469. United States Joseph TannerSTS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115
  470. United States James M. Taylor (1930–1970) — No flights. MOL
  471. Soviet Union Valentina TereshkovaSymbol venus.svgVostok 6. First woman in space.
  472. United States Norman Thagard, M.D.STS-7, STS-51-B, STS-30, STS-42, Soyuz TM-21/STS-71
  473. Germany Gerhard Thiele
  474. Canada Robert Thirsk, M.D.
  475. Australia / United States Andrew ThomasSTS-77, STS-89, STS-91, STS-102, STS-114
  476. United States Donald ThomasSTS-65, STS-70, STS-83, STS-94
  477. United States Stephen Thorne (1953–1986) — No flights. Died before completing his NASA astronaut training.
  478. United States Kathryn ThorntonSymbol venus.svgSTS-33, STS-49, STS-61, STS-73. First woman to make multiple EVAs.
  479. United States William Thornton, M.D.STS-8, STS-51-B
  480. United States Pierre ThuotSTS-36, STS-49, STS-62
  481. Soviet Union Gherman Titov (1935–2000) — Vostok 2. First person to spend a day in space.
  482. Soviet Union/Russia Vladimir TitovSoyuz T-8, Soyuz TM-4/6, STS-63, STS-86
  483. France Michel Tognini
  484. Russia Valery TokarevSTS-96, Soyuz TMA-7
  485. Cuba Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, the first Cuban, first Hispanophone, and first person of African ancestry in space.
  486. Russia Sergei TreshchovSTS-111/113
  487. United States Eugene TrinhSTS-50. First Vietnamese-American in space.
  488. United States Richard TrulySTS-2, STS-8
  489. Canada Bjarni Tryggvason
  490. Russia Vasili TsibliyevSoyuz TM-17, Soyuz TM-25
  491. Russia Mikhail TyurinSTS-105/108, Soyuz TMA-9


  492. Russia Yury UsachovSoyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-23, STS-101, STS-102/STS-105


  493. Netherlands / United States Lodewijk van den BergSTS-51-B
  494. United States James "Ox" van HoftenSTS-41-C, STS-51-I
  495. Soviet Union Vladimir Vasyutin (1952–2002) — Soyuz T-14
  496. United States Charles Veach (1944–1995) — STS-39, STS-52
  497. Austria Franz Viehböck, first Austrian in space.
  498. Soviet Union/Russia Alexander ViktorenkoSoyuz TM-3/2, Soyuz TM-8, Soyuz TM-14, Soyuz TM-20
  499. Russia Pavel VinogradovSoyuz TM-26, Soyuz TMA-8
  500. United States Terry VirtsSTS-130
  501. Italy Roberto Vittori
  502. Soviet Union Igor VolkSoyuz T-12
  503. Soviet Union/Russia Alexander VolkovSoyuz T-14, Soyuz TM-7, Soyuz TM-13, Soyuz TM-13
  504. Russia Sergey VolkovSoyuz TMA-12. Son of Alexander Volkov.
  505. Soviet Union Vladislav Volkov (1935–1971) — Soyuz 7, Soyuz 11. Died on Soyuz 11.
  506. Soviet Union Boris VolynovSoyuz 5, Soyuz 21. First Jew in space.
  507. United States James VossSTS-44, STS-53, STS-69, STS-101, STS-102/105
  508. United States Janice VossSymbol venus.svgSTS-57, STS-63, STS-83, STS-94, STS-99


  509. Japan Koichi Wakata
  510. United States Rex WalheimSTS-110, STS-122
  511. United States Charles D. WalkerSTS-41-D, STS-51-D, STS-61-B
  512. United States David M. Walker (1944–2001) — STS-51-A, STS-30, STS-53, STS-69
  513. United States Joseph A. Walker (1921–1966) — X-15 flights 77, 90, and 91. First person fly higher than 100 km twice.
  514. United States Shannon WalkerSymbol venus.svg — No flights
  515. Germany Ulrich Walter
  516. United States Carl WalzSTS-51, STS-65, STS-79, STS-108/111
  517. United States Mary WeberSymbol venus.svgSTS-70, STS-101
  518. United States Paul WeitzSkylab 2, STS-6
  519. United States James WetherbeeSTS-32, STS-52, STS-63, STS-86, STS-102, STS-113
  520. United States Douglas WheelockSTS-120
  521. United States Edward White (1930–1967) — Gemini 4. First American to make an EVA. Died in the Apollo 1 fire.
  522. United States Peggy WhitsonSymbol venus.svg, holds the American record for time spent in space — STS-111/113, Soyuz TMA-11
  523. United States Terrence WilcuttSTS-68, STS-79, STS-89, STS-106
  524. United States Clifton Williams (1932–1967) — No flights. Died in a training accident.
  525. Canada Dafydd Williams, M.D.
  526. United States Donald WilliamsSTS-51-D, STS-34
  527. United States Jeffrey WilliamsSTS-101, Soyuz TMA-8, Soyuz TMA-16
  528. United States Sunita "Suni" WilliamsSymbol venus.svgSTS-116/117. As of 2007, holder of the woman's spaceflight-duration record.
  529. United States Barry Wilmore - STS-129
  530. United States Stephanie WilsonSymbol venus.svgSTS-121, STS-120
  531. United States Peter WisoffSTS-57, STS-68, STS-81, STS-92
  532. United States David Wolf, M.D.STS-58, STS-86/89, STS-112, STS-127
  533. United States Neil Woodward — No flights.
  534. United States Alfred WordenApollo 15


  535. Japan Naoko YamazakiSymbol venus.svg — No flights
  536. People's Republic of China Yáng Lìwěi, first person launched by a Chinese space program
  537. Soviet Union Boris Yegorov, M.D. (1937–1994) — Voskhod 1
  538. Soviet Union Aleksei YeliseyevSoyuz 5/4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10
  539. South Korea Yi So-yeonSymbol venus.svgSoyuz TMA-12
  540. United States John YoungGemini 3, Gemini 10, Apollo 10, Apollo 16, STS-1, STS-9
  541. Japan Kimiya Yui
  542. Russia Fyodor YurchikhinSTS-112, Soyuz TMA-10. Born in Georgia, of Pontic Greek ancestry.


  543. Russia Sergei ZalyotinSoyuz TM-30, Soyuz TMA-1/TM-34
  544. United States George D. ZamkaSTS-120, STS-130
  545. People's Republic of China Zhai Zhigang, first Chinese national to conduct a spacewalk
  546. Soviet Union Vitaliy ZholobovSoyuz 21
  547. Soviet Union Vyacheslav ZudovSoyuz 23

See also


  1. ^ "Gemini 8". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  2. ^ "Apollo 11 Command and Service Module (CSM)". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  3. ^ "Murcury Atlas 7". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  4. ^ "Murcury Atlas 9". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Gemini 5". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  6. ^ "Murcury Atlas 6". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  7. ^ "NASA STS-95 mission archive". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  8. ^ "Mercury Atlas 4". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  9. ^ "Gemini 4". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  10. ^ "Mercury Atlas 8". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  11. ^ "Gemini 6A". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  12. ^ Salizhan Sharipov<
  13. ^ "Mercury-Redstone 3". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  14. ^ "Apollo 14 mission archive". http:// Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  15. ^ "The Flight of the Apollo Soyuz Test Project". Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  16. ^ Kosmonautenbiographie: Alexej Sorokin


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